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Yisrael

The Kingdom of Yisrael

Eretz Yisroel
Royal Flag of the Kingdom of Yisrael
Flag
Yisrael (light green) in Scipia
Yisrael (light green) in Scipia
Map of Yisrael with internal borders drawn, including major cities.
Map of Yisrael with internal borders drawn, including major cities.
CapitalYerushalayim
LargestDervaylik
Official languagesAllamunnic English
Yiddish
Modern Hebrew
Ethnic groups
Jews
Demonym(s)Yisraeli
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional monarchy
• HRM King
Yaakov II
• President
Noah Feldman (RC)
Yosef Landau (RC)
Binyamin Goldschmidt (RC)
Proclamation of the Kingdom of Yisrael
circa 1713-1715
1715
November 4th, 1919
September 3rd, 1920
circa 1950 - 1951
Area
• 
150,304 sq mi (389,290 km2)
Population
• 2018 estimate
20.2 million
• 2010 census
18.76 million
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$823.97 billion
• Per capita
$40,705
Gini (2016)43.2
medium
HDI (2016)0.913
very high
CurrencyYisraeli new shekel ($)
Time zoneWest Scipian Time (WST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy CE
Internet TLDright

The Kingdom of Yisrael (commonly called Yisrael) is a federal presidential constitutional monarchy in the world.

The Kingdom is an nation-state located in the continent of Scipia. Yisrael borders Sydalon and Ascalzar to the north, the Thalassan Ocean to the west, the Periclean Sea and country of Fakolana to the far northeast, Talakh to the east, and Mont to the southeast. At 150,304 km2 and with 20.2 million people, it is one of the smaller nations in the world by both land and population.

Yisrael is the home of world Jewry and was founded as a Jewish nation-state. The kings of Yisrael are reputed to trace their lineages to the last kings of ancient Israel. It is considered the holy land for Jews and is also sacred by Christians and Muslims, although the Christian holy land is nearby in Sydalon.

The Kingdom was preceded by the Grand Duchy of Yisrael and earlier by the Jewish petty states. For much of its history, it has been largely under foreign control or occupation. From the 18th century onwards, it has developed a centuries-long rivalry with neighboring Sydalon, a Christian Crusader state which has asserted historical claims to the Yarden River Valley. Sydalon and Yisrael fought a series of wars with each other throughout the 20th century, before signing the Yarden Accords in 1973, turning a cold war into a cold peace. Since the 1970s, Yisrael has been beset by pro-Sydalene Christian terrorism. Since 2000, the nations have developed warmer, more cordial relations.

Since the 1970s, Yisrael has developed a globalizing post-industrial economy that has consistently raised Northwest Scipia's economic profile. The banking sector in Yisrael is considered a regional and global policy-setter, sparking an economic rivalry with Fakolana since the 1980s. Because of secretive banking laws and low, favorable tax rates, Yisrael has become a tax haven for Scipian and southern Belisarian elites, especially from Tarsas, earning the nickname "Banker of Scipia." Yisrael has membership in the Periclean Forum and the Pan-Thalassan Union.

Etymology

The names Land of Yisrael and Children of Yisrael have historically been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Yisrael and the entire Jewish people, respectively. The name "Yisrael" (Modern Hebrew: Yisraʾel, lit. "struggle with G-d") in these phrases refers to the patriarch Yaakov who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he successfully wrestled with an angel of G-d. Yaakov's twelve sons became the ancestors of the Yisraelites. Yaakov and his sons had lived in Kenaan but were forced by famine to go into Mitzrayim for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moshe, a great-great grandson of Yaakov, led the Yisraelites back into Kenaan during the "Shemos" (Exodus).

The area is also known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

History

Government and politics

Yisrael is a federal presidential constitutional monarchy whose structure arose from the 1919 Revolution, after which constitutionalist liberal reformers created and passed the 1920 Constitution, ending the absolute monarchy. This form of government was significantly modified in the Royal Reform Acts of 1952 in the aftermath of the Year of Blood.

There are three branches of government purposefully designed to ensure that the King has substantive executive authority that is tempered by a system of checks and balances with the President of Yisrael, the Royal Knesset, and the royal judiciary each possessing concentrations of responsibilities to counter abuse by either the monarch or the elected government. This division of power, duties, obligations, and responsibilities are outlined in the Royal Constitution, which is considered the supreme law of the land throughout Yisrael.

Branches of government

His Majesty's Royal Government of Yisrael, similar to most modern nation-states, consists of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

Executive

The current monarch is HRM King Yaakov II.
The current chief executive is HE President Noah Feldman.

The executive powers are divided between His Royal Majesty the King and the elected His Excellency the President. The King is the head of state by his hereditary right to rule and is formally the royal commander-in-chief of the armed forces and the national representative of the Yisraeli people. The chief executive of the Kingdom is the President, who is aided in his administration of the royal bureaucracy by the Cabinet, who are appointed by and serve at the President's pleasure. The reigning King is Yaakov II. The current President is Noah Feldman.

Since the Royal Reform Acts of 1952, the President has been endowed by His Majesty as the military Supreme Commander, making the President the effective commander-in-chief of the Royal Yisraeli Defense Forces on a day-to-day basis. The King has broader political powers than is typical in most constitutional monarchies, including an array of reserve powers and the ability to give or refuse royal assent.

The President also has the power to sign or veto legislative bills passed by the Knesset. He appoints his Cabinet as well as a bevy of senior and mid-level administrative and regulatory posts throughout the Royal Government.

The president serves a term of four years, and cannot run more than twice, and both the president and vice president must run on the same ticket. The president is elected through a plurality majority in an electoral college, whose votes are decided by the winner of the popular vote in each of the eight districts by eligible, registered voters in a first-past-the-post electoral system.

Cabinet
Ministry Minister Party
President Noah Feldman RC
Vice-President Yisroel Sayegh RC
Foreign Minister Yitzchok Katz RC
Defense Minister Naftali Bauman RC
Justice Minister Vacant
(since June 13, 2018)
???
Interior Minister Yehudis Eisenberger RC
Finance Minister Gedalia Rothstein RC
Transportation Minister Aryeh Leib Hurwitz AY
Immigration Minister Vacant
(since June 13, 2018)
???
Education Minister Moshe Fink CL
Religious Affairs Minister Yuri Greenspan NL
Economic Development Minister Ayelet Shakir AY

Legislative

The legislative branch of the Royal Government consists of the unicameral Royal Knesset. The Knesset, collectively, is charged with lawmaking, declaring war or authorizing military force, the power of the purse, creating or eliminating public services, the oversight, investigation, and impeachment of sitting government officials, ratifying treaties, and providing the advise and consent for presidential appointments.

The Knesset consists of 142 members. Each member serves a two-year term with the ability to run for re-election indefinitely without term limits.

Judiciary

In Yisrael, the court system is divided between religious and secular courts. Secular courts mainly deal with general societal laws (both civil and criminal) while there exists a state-sponsored confessional system for religious courts depending on the person's religious faith. Most religious courts, as reflecting the majority of the Kingdom, are Jewish courts. A smaller structure of sectarian Christian religious courts exist for specific non-Jewish populations and their individual religious traditions.

A non-practicing or secular person is required to attend to a case in a religious court of the faith of his familial upbringing; barring that or in extraordinary cases, a person may appeal and transfer their case to the Royal Yisraeli Special Court of Last Resort, an ad hoc court consisting of a select panel of Sanhedrin judges who decide which law to apply and try the case.

The Royal Yisraeli Sanhedrin is the supreme court of Yisrael. It is a properly constituted Jewish religious court (beis din) that is the final authority over all religious and secular legal disputes. It is comprised of 71 judges (dayanim), who are all Torah scholars who are well-recognized as the most revered and learned Jewish legal decisors of their generation.

The secular Yisraeli courts are referred to as the Royal Yisraeli General Courts, with courts at the district and royal levels, including an appellate division. It handles secular civil and criminal law. The highest court in this system under the Sanhedrin is the High Appellate Court.

The religious Yisraeli courts for Jews are referred to as the Royal Yisraeli Jewish Courts, and similar to their secular counterparts, exist at the district and royal levels, but also at the local level. They are overseen by the Sanhedrin and the Chief Rabbinate of Yisrael. The non-Jewish courts are referred to officially as the Royal Yisraeli Non-Jewish Courts and are officially administered by their respective religious authorities under nominal supervision by the Ministry of Justice.

Other courts

There exists a litany of Special Royal Courts, including:

  • Royal Yisraeli Special Court on Political Crimes and Corruption,
  • Royal Yisraeli Court for Moral Crimes (for serious religious crimes),
  • Royal Yisraeli Bankruptcy Court
  • Royal Yisraeli Tax Court
  • Royal Yisraeli Special Court of Last Resort

Politics

Yisrael has a de jure multiparty system but a de facto two-party system. The right-wing Royalist Conservatives and the center-left Constitutional Liberals dominate Yisraeli politics, but given the fractious nature of Yisraeli life, a number of minor and third parties are able to gain the loyalties of certain constituencies through bloc voting and enter the Knesset, forcing the major two parties to often form coalitions to govern effectively.

Foreign relations

Yisrael recognizes and maintains embassy-level foreign relations with most states in the world. The Kingdom has special relationships with Arthurista and Tarsas, and is on a friendly or cordial status with a litany of other countries, including many of its immediate neighbors such as Sydalon and Fakolana, as well as most of Belisaria, most of Northumbria, and elsewhere. Yisrael pursues a foreign policy based in part on ideology and in part on national interests.

However, there are several nations that Yisrael does not recognize or have diplomatic relations with (or indirect relations with), including Mutul, Ostrozava, Milostia, and the Skaldafen Confederation.

Wars

Yisrael has been involved in a number of wars and military conflicts, starting with its victory in the First West Scipian War that sparked the created of the kingdom of Yisrael from a grand duchy and continuing until the 21st century.

Military

Royal Defense Forces

The Royal Yisraeli Defense Forces consist of four military services: the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Border Guard. Currently, the Yisraeli military is comprised of approximately 1.24 million active and reserve personnel.

The Defense Forces are largely deployed to fight a hypothetical two-front war given its regional security situation, with a legacy hostile power in Sydalon (since 1973, a cordial power), a potentially hostile power in Mundaqar, and potential hostile powers in the Periclean basin. Consequently, the Sydalon, Fakolana, and to a lesser extent (for geopolitical and climatic reasons) the Mont borders are all militarized. Because of this, the Border Guard was militarized and made a part of the Defense Forces in the Royal Reform Acts of 1952.

Intelligence

The Royal Yisraeli Intelligence Service is the Kingdom's primary foreign intelligence service whose jurisdiction is largely overseas. In contrast, the Royal Yisraeli Security Service is an internal security service as well as a domestic intelligence and counterintelligence agency that is mandated to protect the safety of the Government of Yisrael inside its borders.

Law enforcement

In Yisrael, law enforcement is split along royal (national), district, and municipal levels. The regular Yisraeli Police exist as independent police agencies at the district and local level, with no central royal authority. Rather, they are overseen by district governors and city and town mayors, respectively.

On the national level, there are several special royal police forces. The Royal Yisraeli Special Political Police pursues ideological and political crimes and answers directly to the King. The Royal Yisraeli Civil Guard is a special religious police force that pursues a number of religious-specific crimes.

Administrative divisions

Yisrael is divided into eight districts, including a special district: the Northern District, Dervaylik District, Central District, Western District, Southern District, Yerushalayim District, Eastern District, and Yarden Valley Special District.

Two of the mehozos (districts) consist of just a major metropolitan city and its surrounding suburbs (Yerushalayim and Dervaylik), while four districts - Northern, Eastern, Western, and Yarden Valley - are part of Outer Yisrael, which permits a greater degree of security and military control over civilian authorities.

District District Capital Population Largest City
Northern District Shomrom 454,098 Natzras
Dervaylik District Dervaylik 1,302,885 Dervaylik
Central District Netanya 6,874,231 Rishon LeZion
Western District Tel Eilat 5,412,976 Ashkelon
Southern District Beersheva 881,935 Beersheva
Yerushalayim District Yerushalayim 1,431,566 Yerushalayim
Eastern District Modiin 3,483,677 Modiin
Yarden Valley Special District Yericho 632,713 Chevron

Economy

Geography and climate

Geography

Yisrael is geographically diverse, traversing a number of different geologic classifications. It is bounded in the northeast and west by the Thalassan Ocean, in the far north by the Judean Mountains abutting Sydalone, and arid and semi-arid desert in the south/far south bordering Mont and Talakh. In the country's center are fertile temperate plains.

The Great Dry Desert lies to the southern reaches of the nation, while the far north is marked by a mountainous plateau punctuated by several water systems - the Great Salt Sea, the Kinneres, and the Yarden River.

Climate

The climate in Yisrael is extremely polarized, depending on the season, the location, and the geography. Northern Yisrael, from the Judean Mountains to the northern coast between the Sydalene Exclave and Fakolana, is largely a cold-summer Mediterranean climate. This area has cool summers, cold-to-mild winters, and wetter, less dry spring and autumn. For example, Yerushalayim in the Judean plateau receives typically several snowfalls in the winter seasons.

This gives way in western and central Yisrael to hot summer Mediterranean climate, which has hot and dry summers and wet, mild winters. This corresponds well to the agricultural and tourism sectors, who thrive on the extended growing season and foreign tourist-packed beaches, respectively.

In the far south, the Great Dry Desert and cities such as Beersheva are located in a narrow strip of cold semi-arid desert biomes, which has moderately hot, dry summers, cool-to-cold winters, and very wet spring and autumns.

Because of the wide breath of climate locales in Yisrael, there exists several phytogeographic regions that produce over 3,000 types of plants and vegetables.

Wildlife

Likewise, Yisrael has extensive fauna in addition to flora due to its position between climatic extremes. Often, Yisrael is at the border of many species' territory. It hosts a number of Scipian and Belisarian mammals, invertebrates, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

Demographics

Major cities

Ethnic groups

Languages

The official languages of Yisrael are Modern Hebrew and Allamunnic Anglic. Yiddish, Standard Latin, and Hellenic are all major secondary and/or regional languages.

Education

Health

Religion

Culture

Cuisine

Media

Yisrael has a robust and complex media environment, with dozens of newspapers, magazines, and radio stations, all of which contribute to an crucial role by the press in Yisraeli political, social, and cultural life.

There are over 9 languages in the media landscape, with Modern Hebrew and Allamunnic Anglic topping the list as the main languages. They are followed by Yiddish (among Chasidish Jews and other ethnic Belisarian Jews), Standard Latin (among papers and radios near the borders with Sydalon and Fakolana), Hellenic (among ethnic Tarsan Jews), and others.

The media market was competitive in the 1920s after the fall of the absolute monarchy, when a plethora of independent newspapers and radio stations emerged, but was curtailed under the nationalization of media and widespread censorship program under the Autocracy regime in the 1930s and 40s. The media market burst out again in the 1950s-90s, until the developing digital media trends began to put a number of smaller media outlets out of business. As of 2010, media in Yisrael is largely controlled by three media conglomerates.

The press in Yisrael is rated by the global Press Freedom Index has having "moderate problems," largely due to strong libel/slander laws, strong government control over state secrets and national security information, the prohibition on certain ideological and religious ideas, and the general politicized/partisan nature of many media outlets, who favor one political party or one sector of society over the other. Despite all this, Yisrael is still rated as #2 most free press in Scipia, behind Fakolana, tied with Sydalon, and ahead of Lusittia, Abalessa, Gran Aligonia, Almadis, Tulura, Talakh, and Mundaqar.

For a list of media organizations, see: List of media outlets in Yisrael.

Politics & society

Architecture

Art

Literature

Music and film

Music

Film