Andreas III Anicius
|Andreas III Anicius|
|Latin Emperor |
|Reign||19 August 1842 – 15 November 1846|
|Coronation||19 August 1842|
|Predecessor||Michael VII Gentilius|
|Successor||Theophylactus I Anicius|
|Born||30 August 1789|
Palatium Blachernia, Blachernia, Latium
|Died||5 November 1846 (aged 57)|
Villa Ravennae, Ravenna, Latium
Imperial Crypt, Palatine, Castellum ab Alba
Octavia Lucilia (m. 1813)
|Mother||Princess Maria of Latium|
Andreas III Anicius (Gaius Anicius Probus Andreas Felix Caesar; 30 August 1739 – 5 November 1846) was Latin Emperor from 19 August 1842 until his death in 15 November 1846. He was the first Monarch of the Anicii dynasty, chosen as the lawful heir of Emperor Michael IV Gentilius by the 1842 Grand Council. He was the eldest son of nobleman Constantine Anicius and his wife Princess Maria of Latium, making Andreas the grandson of Emperor Andreas II Gentilius.
Andreas served in the Latin Navy during his youth and was stationed in Belfras from 1807 to 1812, resulting in the nickname "Belfrasian Sailor". In 1813, he married Octavia Lucilia, and together they had one child, Constantine, who died in 1835. Andreas first came to prominence when he fostered his nephews, Theophylactus and Thomas, despite their humble and impoverished. During the waning years of Michael IV's reign, Andreas was regarded as a possible claimant to the throne as Michael lacked any lawful heirs. In the ensuring succession crisis and Grand Council, Andreas was one of at least six candidates, including his cousin Prince Leo of Ghant, over whom he was determined to be the lawful successor despite being a cousin to Michael IV in the female line.
Andreas is regarded as a reluctant emperor who's personal popularity was constantly surpassed by his nephew and heir – the future Theophylactus. Despite this, Andreas is credited for shaping Theophylactus and making the first steps towards the modern-Latin government, and oversaw the restoration and expansion of the Palace of Augustus in Castellum.