Education in Lemovicia
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Education in Lemovicia is regulated by the two constituent entities as per the 1992 constitution, with each constituent entity having their own standards and curricula used within their borders. The Lemovician Entity's education system is heavily influenced by the Solarian model of education, while the Miersan Entity's education system is heavy influenced by the Narozalic model.
Until Lemovicia obtained its independence from Narozalica in 1979, Lemovicia used the Narozalic model of education. However, following Saroi Garnica declaring the independence of Lemovicia, and the short Lemovician War of Independence, Garnica instituted policies to adopt a Solarian model of education, as he believed that the model used in Etruria and other Solarian-influenced countries would help develop a national syndicalist state.
However, with the outbreak of the Lemovician Civil War, the Lemovician opposition and the Miersan separatists refused to accept the changes made by the government, instead sticking to the Narozalic curriculum as had existed, but with some adaptions to reflect the fact that Lemovician and Miersan were widespread in the country.
Thus, following the end of the Lemovician Civil War, the 1992 constitution granted the powers of education to the constituent entities, although it required that both official languages be taught, and that students speaking the minority official language have a right to receive education in their mother tongue.
In the Lemovician Entity, they use a six point scale, where 1 is the highest grade, and 5 the lowest grade ordinarily given. A 6 is given for academic dishonesty, while an Е is given in case of special circumstances (i.e. medical reasons, or substantial modification because of a student's disability).
|1||Бікаін||Bikain||Excellent||90% and above|
|5||Ґуцієґі||Gutxiegi||Insufficient||59% and below|
|6||Гондатуко||Hondatutako||Corrupt||only given for academic dishonesty|
In the Miersan Entity, they use a 5-point scale, where 5 represents the highest mark, and 1 the worst. Zeroes are only given in cases of academic dishonesty, while an Ł is only given under special circumstances (i.e. medical reasons, or substantial modification because of a student's disability).
|5||Świetny||Excellent||90% and above|
|1||Niepowodzenie||Failure||59% and below|
|0||Nieuczciwość||Dishonesty||only given for academic dishonesty|
The first quarter starts on the first weekday after the Dormition, and lasts until the second Friday of October. It is followed by the second quarter, which starts on the fourth Monday of October, and ends on the last Friday of December. The third quarter starts on the second Monday of January, and continues until the third Friday of March. Finally, the fourth quarter starts on either the fifth Monday of March, or the first Monday of April, and continues until the second Friday of June. Final exams are traditionally done throughout the rest of June.
In the Miersan Entity, the academic year still largely conforms to the Narozalic education system, with the school year beginning on the first weekday of September, and ending on the first Friday of July, with exams done throughout the rest of July.
School years in the Miersan Entity are organised into three terms (Lemovician: сеігілекоа, seihilekoa, Miersan: półrocze), with the first term beginning on the first weekday of September, and ending on the last Friday of December, the second term starting on the second Monday of January and lasting until the last Friday of April, and then the third term starting on the second Monday of May, and going until the first Friday of July.
|Lemovician Entity||Miersan Entity|
|0-2||Infant education||Atsedenik||Infant education||Żłobek|
|6-7||Primary education||First Year||Primary education||Year One|
|7-8||Second Year||Year Two|
|8-9||Third Year||Year Three|
|9-10||Fourth Year||Year Four|
|10-11||Fifth Year||Year Five|
|11-12||Middle school||Zortzigarren||Secondary school||Year Six|
|15-16||Superior school||Hirugarren||Year Ten|
In the Lemovician Entity, preschool education is divided into four stages: atsedenik, etorrera, haurtzaindegia, and irteera, with all of them being optional. In the Miersan Entity, it is divided into three stages: żłobek, przedszkole, and dzieciniec, of which dzieciniec is mandatory.
Regardless of region or stage, children are taught basic skills, such as letters in the alphabet (Pavotrian in the Lemovician Entity and the Solarian alphabet in the Miersan Entity), basic vocabulary, and basic mathematics, as well as how to cooperate with other people. They are generally only taught in their "home language" (i.e. Lemovician and Miersan), with very little instruction, if any, given in the other official language, and if so, only in an irteera/dzieciniec.
As of 2019, 74% of students in the Lemovician Entity are enrolled in at least one of the four stages of preschool education, although the rate is substantially higher in the cities, where 97% enroll in an irteera, compared to the countryside, where only 65% do so. In contrast, 88% of students in the Miersan Entity are enrolled in one of the three stages of preschool education, although the data is skewed due to the mandatory attendance at a dzieciniec, enrolment rates for the other two stages are largely consistent with the Lemovician Entity's trends, with higher enrolment in the cities compared to the countryside.
At the age of 6, compulsory education begins in the Lemovician Entity, while all students enter Year One. In general, subjects are taught in their home language, and are taught literacy, national history, art, physical education, sciences, and mathematics. As well, students learn the other national language (i.e. Miersan for Lemovicians, and Lemovician for Miersans). In most classes, they are taught by a single teacher, with an average class size of between twenty and thirty students.
In the Miersan Entity, there are no standardised tests until Year Five (10-11). At the end of Year Five, students take the State Assessments, with higher marks allowing students to go to more prestigious schools. In the Lemovician Entity, from Third Year onwards, there is an annual standardised test, known as the National Assessments, with the results from all of them being factored upon graduation from primary education, with higher averages enabling students to go to more prestigious secondary schools.
When students enter secondary school at the age of 11 (in the Lemovician Entity) or 12 (in the Miersan Entity), while students still have mandatory classes, such as languages (their home language, the official language, and a foreign language), mathematics (geometry, algebra, functions, pre-calculus, or calculus), science (chemistry, biology, physics), world history, physical education and the arts (drama, dance, fine arts, or applied arts), students can take elective courses. They are no longer taught by a single teacher, and instead have to go from class to class.
While some of them are offered at most schools in the country, such as home economics, mechanics classes, and financial literacy, some are only offered in specific regions (e.g. self-defense in the Lemovician Entity; and gardening classes in the Miersan Entity), while others are only offered at specific schools.
In the Lemovician Entity, when students turn 15-16, they enter a superior school, which lasts for four years, and is required for students to attend university. At the age of 16-17 in the Miersan Entity, students enter college, with a two-year programme required in order for students to attend university. However, both of these are optional, and students can choose to not enter the programme, and instead enter directly into the workforce. As of 2019, however, eighty-six percent of students attend either superior school or college.
In the Miersan Entity, they continued using the traditional system as used in Narozalica, which saw university students attend for six years before receiving a specialist degree (Miersan: ступін еспезіаліста, stupin espezialista, Miersan: stopień specjalistyczny). With the exception of medicine, where students have to undertake residency for four years until they can practice medicine, students can start their professional careers after receiving the specialist degree.
In the Lemovician Entity, they switched from the Narozalic model to the Solarian model, with students obtaining a three year bachelor's degree (Lemovician: бакалабра, bakalabra, Miersan: licencjat), whereupon students can choose to take another two years to get a master's degree (Lemovician: магістер, mahister, Miersan: magister) for most careers. However, for medicine, one was required to take a six-year course, with graduates officially being allowed to practice medicine.
However, in 2006, both entities agreed to harmonize, so that the Solarian model would be used in all of Lemovicia, from the 2011-12 academic year, with the 2010-11 academic year to be the last one where students would be admitted under the old systems: they agreed that the old systems would continue for those already enrolled after 2011-11, until the graduation of these students.
As of 2019, there are four accredited universities in Lemovicia: the University of Topagunea and the University of Zubiharra in the Lemovician Entity, as well as the University of Sechia, and the University of Loiola in the Miersan Entity.
While most vocational education is offered at secondary schools, there are a handful of technicums in Lemovicia, particularly relating to engineering. These engineering programmes are generally offered at technicums, and are required to become a certified engineer. These programmes typically last for three years, before one gets a certificate (Lemovician: добідка, dobidka, Miersan: certyfikat), which allows the graduate to be recognised as an engineer.