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State of Lemovicia
Lemovician: Mendiluŕaren heŕialde
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Miersan, Savader, Slirnian|
|Ethnic groups |
• From West Miersa
|21 November, 1979|
|13,547.52 km2 (5,230.73 sq mi)|
• 2017 census
|74.9115705/km2 (194.0/sq mi)|
• Per capita
• Per capita
East Miersan grosz (MWG)
Lemovicia (Lemovician: Mendiluŕa) is a breakaway state located in central Euclea, bordered to the north and west by West Miersa, and to the south and east by Slirnia, although it claims to border Minrovina to the west. Situated in the middle of Euclea, it is one of the few doubly landlocked countries in existence in the world. As of 2017, Lemovicia has a population of 1,014,866 people, and with an area of 13,547.52 square kilometres (of a claimed 43,527.68 square kilometres), is one of the smaller countries in Euclea.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Government and politics
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
The area of Lemovicia was the named after the Lemovices, a Tenic tribe who inhabited the present-day region of Lemovicia at the time of the Solarian Empire. The name of the Lemovices derive from the term lemo, meaning elm, and vices, meaning "those who win," which indicates that the Lemovices meant "winners with elm," due to their weaponry being made of elm. However, there are claims that the name may have been what the Tenic inhabitants of present-day Lemovicia referred to the Paleo-Lemovician people, who have inhabited the territory.
The name used by the native Lemovicians to refer to the land is Mendiluŕa, which is a shortened form of Mendien luŕa meaning land of the hills, due to the terrain where the Lemovicians traditionally lived.
Historically, Małomiersa was used to describe Lemovicia, meaning "little Miersa" in Miersan and other Marolevic languages, as it was smaller than Miersa after the Kingdom of Lemovicia was annexed by the Miersans in the (TBD). It is still commonly used in Marolevic countries, and among those who refuse to acknowledge the Lemovician government's sovereignty.
Evidence of human habitation of present-day Lemovicia dates back from 16,000 BCE to 12,500 BCE, with stone tools and ruins of paleolithic settlements within the area dating back to around that period of time, particularly in the lowlands of Lemovicia. The highlands of Lemovicia began to be settled from around 9,000 BCE onward, and by around 5,000 BCE, most of Lemovicia had been settled by humans.
Solarians conquer area, settlement generally along flatter areas in the Lowlands, hill regions left alone, but extensive contacts between Lemovicians and Solarians ensue, Sotirianity comes in
probable tensions between various states over the land, chieftains switch sides depending on what is more advantageous, then following Arciluco's collapse around 1000, the Kingdom of Lemovicia is founded by TBD
in 1400s or 1500s, ruler of the Miersans is elected by the Lemovicians, personal union with Miersa established
integration with Miersa, union with Kingdom of Lemovicia dies in 1638 when it gets annexed into Soravia, Lemovicia becomes part of the Soravian Empire
increased migration from Miersa and Soravia, increasing Slavicization of Lemovicia, native Lemovician language is threatened by increasing Marolav population, especially in the lowlands
Due to Lemovicia's geographic location on the border with Amathia and Gaullica, who controlled portions of present-day Slirnia, as soon as Soravia entered the Great War in 1927, Lemovicia became a strategic target for the Entente forces, as although the southern regions of Lemovicia were mountainous, beyond the Mendija Mountains laid an easy path for the Entente forces to advance into Soravia.
In the aftermath of the Great War, the area of present-day Lemovicia initially remained part of the Miersan Governate. However, as tensions rose across the region, which culminated in the Miersan general strike which also affected Lemovicia, due to its majority Miersan population.
Despite efforts by the Lemovician community to remain part of Soravia, when the Godfredson Plan was drafted up, as the region of Małomiersa had been "thoroughly integrated" with the Miersan Governate, combined with assurances that Soravia would continue to have influence over West Miersa, it was decided that Małomiersa was to become part of the newly-established Miersan Federation, as the Małomiersan voivodeship, with its capital to be in the city of Mistózburó (present-day Topagunea).
Over the following decades, the Lemovician community were subject to a policy of Miersanization, with the Lemovician language being prohibited from being used in schools and in governmental jobs. Thus, while in 1936, the share of ethnic Lemovicians was at 46% of the voivodeship's population, by 1977, it had fallen to a mere 34% of the population, as many Lemovicians either emigrated or assimilated into the dominant Miersan identity.
During this period, coal and iron remained the dominant natural resources of Lemovicia, with these resources being extracted by the government in Żobrodź, but by the 1970s, as coal and iron mines began closing, many ethnic Lemovicians began reasserting their ethnic identity against the Miersan identity, with tensions growing between the two communities. At the same time, two factions sought to assert control of Lemovician nationalism: Eztebe Tolaregain's right-wing Lemovician Cultural Alliance, and the more established Lemovician Section of the Workers' International on the left of the political spectrum.
War of independence
As Soravia began to collapse on itself with the outbreak of the Second Soravian Civil War in August 1979, West Miersa found itself without a backer. This gave ample opportunity for East Miersa to launch an invasion of West Miersa in TBD, 1979. With East Miersa invading West Miersa, the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International, led by Nikolas Lezana and Ociote Sasiambarena, took the opportunity to lead Małomiersa to independence as a "sovereign Lemovician state."
Thus, on 21 November, 1979, in Topagunea, the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International seized control of the government buildings, and proclaimed the independence of the socialist State of Lemovicia, thereby starting the Lemovician War. From the beginning, the fledgling state found itself dependent on East Miersan support to maintain control, given Lemovicia's small population, and the opposition of most ethnic Miersans to the fledgling state of Lemovicia.
However, due to East Miersan support, by 1980, the Lemovicians were able to take control of the entire voivodeship. That year, they promulgated a constitution, which proclaimed Lemovicia to be a socialist state, largely based on the East Miersan model, although there were direct elections to the newly-established National Assembly. Elections were held that November, which saw the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International take 109 of the 110 seats.
Upon the end of the Miersan War with the Treaty of San Alessandro, Lemovicia's position became untenable, as the government was reliant on East Miersan support. This allowed the Miersan communities in northern Małomiersa to rebel against the Lemovician authorities, while the Miersan National Armed Forces, with Soravian support, began supporting the Miersans in their fight against the Lemovician government. At the same time, the East Miersan authorities were able to successfully pressure the Lemovicians into taking parts of areas that were under the control of the Nadmorzem voivodeship, in order to provide a direct supply line between East Miersa and Lemovicia.
Thus, by 1983, although the Lemovicians lost control of northwestern Lemovicia to West Miersa, they were able to secure control over what they called the Slirnian Autonomous Region, allowing the East Miersans to supply the Lemovician forces through Checkpoint Gamma. At the same time, ethnic Lemovicians began fleeing into Lemovicia, while ethnic Miersans fled into West Miersa. In 1986, Lezana died, and was succeeded by Sasiambarena as the undisputed leader of Lemovicia.
By 1988, Ipaŕateja and the regions of Ibaiak which were still under Lemovician control finally fell to the West Miersan forces, resulting in Lemovicians in these areas fleeing to Lemovician-controlled territory or to foreign countries. A stalemate gradually fell into place, and by 1992, the Alikianos Accords was signed, which established a ceasefire and a demilitarized zone based on the front lines at the time of the war's end. This meant that West Miersa and Lemovicia would maintain control over the regions of the voivodeship that they already had at the time.
Following the signing of the Alikianos Accords on 22 June, 1992, elections were held in November of that year, for the first time since 1980. This saw the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International maintain control over both the Presidency and the National Assembly, with Ociote Sasiambarena continuing to serve as the primary leader of Lemovicia.
During the 1990s, the main priority of the government was to rebuild the infrastructure damaged by nearly thirteen years of war, and to resettle all the refugees into "permanent settlements," the largest of which was Goikoecija Beŕija in Zelaja Province, to resettle those from the West Miersan-controlled town of Goikoecija. However, due to the limited international recognition of Lemovicia, as many states still recognized West Miersan claims over Lemovicia, aid was largely limited to members of the Association for International Socialism, with West Miersa in particular promoting claims that Lemovicia was a mafia state. Even after Sasiambarena stepped down from the Presidency in 1996 due to term limits, he continued to serve as First Secretary, making him the de-facto leader of the country.
By the mid-2000s, Lemovicia had largely recovered from the Lemovician War, and although it had, and continues to have, a small economy, it had a relatively high standard of living, due to the social programs instituted by the Lemovician Section of the Worker's International, particularly regarding education, healthcare, and welfare, but also cultural development. Although the recession in 2005 affected Lemovicia, it quickly recovered by 2007, helping increase the popularity of the government for a time.
In 2009, Sasiambarena suffered a heart attack and withdrew from public life. The following year, he resigned as First Secretary, handing the position over to Andremancija Osoteguj. However, unlike her predecessor, Osoteguj has played a rather marginal role in policy-making in her position, instead allowing the Presidency and National Assembly to determine government policy. Even when she served as President, from 2012 to 2020, Osoteguj was unable to assume the profile that Sasiambarena had during his tenure as First Secretary.
Lemovicia is traditionally divided into the lowlands (Lemovician: eskariak, Miersan: niziny), situated in the northern regions of the country, and the highlands (Lemovician: mendialdean, Miersan: wyżyny), situated in the southern regions of the country, which is home to the Mendija Mountains, and the country's highest point, at 2,655 metres high, is at Mount Amalur.
The lowlands of Lemovicia have traditionally been more suitable for agriculture, as they are flat and have fertile soil, with the most fertile lands situated along the longest river in Lemovicia, the Andia River. However, the flatness of the lowlands has historically made it vulnerable to foreign invasion, as the lack of geographically defensive features within the region made it an easy target for foreign invasion. In contrast, the highlands are not as suitable for agriculture, but in addition to its defensive capabilities, it is home to much of Lemovicia's natural resources, particularly coal and iron.
Due to Lemovicia's geographic position in the middle of Euclea, it is on average colder than other places on the same latitude, such as southern Gaullica, northern Bahia, or the west coast of Halland.
The lowlands of Lemovicia have a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cool winters: average temperatures there range from a low of −10.7 °C in January to a high of 25.1 °C in July, with the highest recorded temperature set in Sechia on 13 August, 2019, at 40.3 °C.
In the highlands, although it is closer to the equator, the higher elevations gives it a hot dry-summer continental climate, with average temperatures ranging form a low of −8.0 °C in January to a high of 30.8 °C in July, and the highest elevations give an alpine climate. The lowest recorded temperature in Lemovicia is found in the highlands, with a temperature of -43.9 °C recorded at a weather station near the summit of Mount Alamur on 2 February, 1962.
For much of Lemovicia's history, the economy of the area was largely based off of agriculture, with fertile valleys along the shores of the rivers, including the longest, the Andia River, helping provide the area with much of their income. While forestry was significant, by the eighteenth century, much of the primeval forests had been cut down.
However, with the discovery of coal and iron, the economy of Lemovicia shifted as these materials were vital for the industrialization of certain countries, especially of Soravia, which Lemovicia was part of at the time. With this migration, a manufacturing sector emerged, although compared to the rest of Soravia, this sector was small.
Over the coming decades, its economy became largely based on the extraction of coal and iron, as its manufacturing sector was destroyed by the Great War. While the manufacturing sector was rebuilt in the 1940s, it played a smaller role in the national economy than what it used to.
However, following the start of the Lemovician War in 1979, the Lemovician economy was destroyed, with the result that by 1992, it had one of the smallest economies in the world. (TBC)
Government and politics
Lemovicia is a unitary constitutionally socialist council republic, with the head of state being the Presidency since the adoption of the current Lemovician constitution in 1980, which is required to be comprised of two Lemovicians, one Miersan, and one from all the other communities in Lemovicia. As of 2020, the current members of the Presidency are Chairman Alceo Arthobero, Vice-Chairman Damian Rogal, Andremancija Osoteguj, and Surány Tibor, of which one of them serves as Chairman of the Presidency, who serves as the de-facto head of state of the country. The President is chosen by the National Assembly from among all eligible Lemovician citizens.
The only political party legally allowed to operate in its organized form is the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International, with the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International controlling 87 of the 110 seats in the National Assembly as of 2020, with the remainder of the seats being allocated to independent politicians, who are allowed to run for office. Unlike other council republics, there are direct elections to the National Assembly, with elections taking place using instant-runoff voting.
However, like other council republics, Lemovicia is comprised of a number of workers' councils, which start with the district council, who elect municipal councils, who in turn elect regional councils, and then provincial councils, with the people only directly electing their local district council. In the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International, the provincial councils elect delegates to the party congress, who decide on party policy.
Lemovicia was traditionally divided into seven provinces (Lemovician: probincija, pl. probincijak), covering the entire country. The provinces date back to the original Kingdom of Lemovicia, and were reinstated following Lemovicia's independence from West Miersa in 1979.
Since the end of the Lemovician War in 1992, only four provinces are officially under the control of the Lemovician government (in whole or in part), with the remainder being part of the West Miersan voivodeship of Malomiersa. It also controls what it considers the Slirnian Autonomous Region, which according to West Miersa is part of the voivodeship of Nadmorzem, with the Slirnian Autonomous Region having more autonomy than the provinces, who are subordinate to the national government.
|Slirnian Autonomous Region||Heŕibeŕija||69,753|
Due to Lemovicia's status as a partially-recognised state, in conjunction with Lemovicia's socialist ideology, Lemovicia has been perceived by many entities, particularly Samorspi, as being an East Miersan puppet state with very little independence.
As of 2020, it is recognized by X countries, of which it has diplomatic relations with Y, mostly among members of the Association for International Socialism, of which it has applied to join, but has yet to be accepted into its ranks, due to a variety of reasons. It is not a member of the Community of Nations, due to the fact that Soravia supports West Miersa's claim over Lemovicia.
As of 2019, the Revolutionary Defence Forces has 11,900 active duty soldiers and 43,280 reservists. Its objective is to "defend the Lemovician nation from external threats," particularly West Miersa, and is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence. The Revolutionary Defence Forces is reliant on conscription of males who finished their secondary studies, and who serve a one year term, but volunteers are also permitted to enlist regardless of nationality, ethnicity, or gender.
The military is divided into seven brigades, each of them named after a provincial capital, although as Lemovicia only controls four of the seven traditional provinces (parts of Bidegurucean, Lautada, and Zelaja, and the entirety of Egunsentian), these four brigades are based in their traditional capital, while the other three brigades are based elsewhere, with the Goikoecija brigade being based in Goikoecija Beŕija, the Zubihaŕa brigade based in Topagunea, and the Haizekaŕa brigade based in Heŕibeŕija.
Traditionally, the legal system of Lemovicia was based off the lehen legeak, which was their own customary law code used by the Lemovicians. However, due to its location within central Euclea, and its history of foreign rule, the Lemovician legal system has been greatly influenced by both the legal systems used in Miersa, and in Soravia.
Following its independence, Lemovicia adopted a legal system heavily influenced by the socialist legal system used in East Miersa and TBC, with its system of courts being influenced by that of the legal system of East Miersa.
Policing in Lemovicia is provided by the Lemovician Police Force.
As of the 2017 census, 1,014,866 people live in the area controlled by the authorities in Lemovicia. (TBC)
As of the 2017 census, the largest ethnic group, at around 95.5% of the nation's population, or 968,497 people, are the indigenous Lemovicians, spread out across Lemovicia.
Of the remainder of the country's population, 20,297 people, or two percent of the nation's population, are Miersans, while 15,222 people, or around 1.5% of the nation's population, are Savaders, and the remainder belong to other ethnic groups.
As of the 2017 census, around 63% of the population, or 639,366 people, are adherents to Sotirianity, while around 35% of the population, or 355,203 people, are irreligious, and two percent of the population, or 20,297 people, follow other religions.
The largest sect of Sotirianity practiced in Lemovicia is the Episemialist Church, with 629,217 adherents, making up around 62% of the Lemovician population. While historically, the Miersan Episemialist Church served as the church of present-day Lemovicia, since Lemovicia's independence, the Lemovician government has cracked down on the Miersan Episemialist Church in favor of the Lemovician Episemialist Church, which uses the Amathian rite, but uses Lemovician as a liturgical language instead of Miersan and Old Church Marolevic.
Other prominent sects of Sotirianity practiced in Lemovicia include Catholicism, practiced by 3,383 people, or 0.3% of the population, and Witterism, practiced by 2,167 people, or 0.2% of the population, with a whole slew of other sects making up the remaining Sotirian population, or 4,599 people.
Since independence, the number of irreligious people have grown, in part due to official policies encouraging state atheism. As of the 2017 census, around 35% of the population, or 355,203 people identify themselves as being irreligious, which the census defines as being either agnostic or atheist.
Since Lemovicia's independence in 1979, it has one official language, the Lemovician language. However, it recognises three minority languages under the Constitution of Lemovicia: Miersan, Savader, and Slirnian, and allows government services to be provided in these languages where there is a sizable population of Miersans, Savaders, or Slirnians.
As of 2017, 618,559 people, or around 61% of the population, speak Lemovician as a first language, mostly ethnic Lemovicians and among younger generations. Miersan is the first language of around 37% of the population, or 375,500 people, mostly by ethnic Lemovicians born prior to 1979, or by the Miersan community. Savader is spoken as a first language by 1.2% of the population, or 13,091 people, virtually all among the Savader community. Finally, Slirnian is spoken as a first language by only 793 people, or around 0.08% of the population, mostly by the Slirnian community.
Finally, 6,923 people, or around 0.7% of the population, speak other languages that are not recognised by the Lemovician government, mainly TBD.
Largest cities or towns in Lemovicia
While for the most part, the education system in Lemovicia is still based off of the West Miersan and Soravian models, as a consequence of Lemovicia's independence and alignment with the Association for International Socialism, the curriculum of the two polities have grown more different, most notably in the use of Lemovician in the education system, and in the promotion of socialist ideology in the country's education system.
The healthcare system of Lemovicia is regulated by the n goverationalnment, as per the 1992 Lemovician constitution. Thus, the main ministry responsible for overseeing the Lemovician healthcare system is the national Ministry of Health, currently held by Aiora Harambure as of 2020. The Ministry of Health is responsible for licensing doctors, nurses, clinics, and regulating the operations of doctors, nurses, clinics, and hospitals.
As of 1993, Lemovicia has a single-payer universal healthcare system, and since the Lemovician Civil War has improved the nation's healthcare system. As of 2017, life expectancy is 77.13 years, with 81.53 years for women, and 72.73 years for men.
The motorway network in Lemovicia is sparse: as of 2019, the only motorway is the A1, which starts at Checkpoint Epsillon in Topagunea, and connects the cities of Topagunea with Kocija, Bailaŕa, Zubizurija, and Heŕibeŕija before ending at Checkpoint Gamma with East Miersa.
Railways are operated by Lemovician National Railways. Lemovician National Railways is responsible for operating passenger services and maintenance of the railway infrastructure, which all use the standard gauge of 1,500 mm.
There is only international airport in the controlled territory of Lemovicia: Topagunea International Airport, located just south of Topagunea, and serving as the hub for the state-owned flag carrier Lemavia.
Traditionally, Lemovician cuisine is dictated by Lemovicia's geography, as well as the ethnicities inhabiting the country, with Miersan cuisine being more influential in the northern parts of Lemovicia, and Lemovician cuisine more influential in the south of Lemovicia, due to the fact that Miersans form the majority of the population in the north, and Lemovicians form the majority of the population in the south.
Despite the historically poor relations between the two communities in Lemovicia, common pan-Lemovician foods consumed by both the Lemovician and Miersan communities include śeŕa, gazta gogoŕa, kielbasa, pierogi, ospakizun, and pączek. As well, since the end of the Lemovician Civil War in 1992, and the subsequent opening-up of Lemovicia to the world, globalisation has led to foods such as pizza and hamburgers becoming popular, particularly among the younger generations residing in cities.
Traditionally, ethnic Lemovicians played traditional Lemovician sports, with the most popular traditional sports that continue to be played by the Lemovician community including haŕi-jasocailejak, sokatira, oilar jokoa, and the country's national sport, pilota.
However, due to rule by foreign powers throughout its history, such as by Miersa and Soravia, combined with migration by Miersans into Lemovicia during the industrial revolution, sports from these countries, such as basketball, zadany, ice hockey, and football have gained popularity in Lemovicia, and are today widely played among all peoples in the country.
Of these, the most popular sports are pilota and football, although pilota is more popular among ethnic Lemovicians than Miersans, while football is more popular among Miersans than ethnic Lemovicians.
The Lemovician government operates the Lemovician language Lemovician National Television and Radio, which is the only television and radio network allowed to be based in Lemovicia, although foreign television and radio broadcasts from other socialist nations are allowed to be received.
Newspapers are still popular among Lemovicia, with the newspapers of record, and the most popular newspaper being the Lemovician language Aztercaileja, which is published daily, while the most popular newspaper from a foreign language is the Miersan Obserwator z Przejścia, which is published weekly.
|Date||Estmerish name||Lemovician name||Description|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Urte beŕiak||Celebrates the start of the year|
|7 January||Nativity Day||Gabonak||Celebrates the birth of Jesus Sotiras|
|21 March||Landaketa||Landaketa||Celebrates the end of winter, and the start of planting crops|
|1 May||Labour Day||Langileen eguna||Celebrates the achievements of the workers|
|22 June||Memorial Day||Hildako eguna||Commemorates the end of the Lemovician War and all its victims|
|21 September||Uzta||Uzta||Traditional start of the autumn harvest|
|21 November||Liberation Day||Askapenaren eguna||Celebrates the declaration of Lemovician independence, and the national day|
|31 December||New Year's Eve||Silbester||Celebrates the end of the year|