Union of Florencian Republics (UFR)
Motto: She seeks with the sword, a quiet peace under liberty
|Official languages||Achysian, Lyudic, Zhenian, Sosoni|
|Other languages||Several other native languages|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Social Republican Federal Semi-Presidential Republic|
|Maxim K. Tyroll|
|Senate of the Republics|
|Assembly of the People|
• as the Velorénsian Empire
|December 1, 1866|
• as the Union of Florencian Republics
|November 2, 1919|
|6,523,955.2 km2 (2,518,913.2 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
|212.0 million |
• 2019 census
|32.513/km2 (84.2/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2019)|| 37.7|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.910|
|Currency||Florencian Ruble (FLR)|
|Time zone||UTC-7, -6, -5, -4 (Florencia Western Standard Time (FWST), Florencia Mountain Standard Time (FMST), Florencia Central Standard Time (FCST), Florencia Eastern Standard Time (FEST))|
The Union of Florencian Republics (UFR), or commonly Florencia (Elyrian: Velorensia), is a Social Republican federal semi-presidential republic located in northern Veharia. It faces the Arctic Ocean to the north, the North Pacific Ocean to the west and the Allonian Ocean to its east, while it shares borders with (Placeholder) to the south, as well as (Placeholder) and (Placeholder) to the west and east respectively. Being home to 212 million residents and spanning over 6,523,955.2 km2, it is the largest nation in the world by land area as well as the second-most populous nation in the world.
Originating from native peoples of central Veharia, what is now Florencia developed from sedentary empires and nomadic tribes of the New World, while external input, including the arrival of Zhenians to the west and Aurorans to the east, spurred further growth and Florencia's integration into the world. While separate entities, either Elyrian, Zhenian or native, would independently co-exist in modern-day Florencia, they were unified into the Velorensian Empire, with the Republic of Shinjin finally being annexed into the Empire as a result of the War of Unification. The Empire was eventually overthrown and reorganized into a social republican federation after the Great Revolution in 1919.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Prehistory
- 1.2 Zhenian and Auroan Contact
- 1.3 Shinjin Republic
- 1.4 Imperial Period and the War of Unification
- 1.5 First World War and Prelude to Revolution
- 1.6 The Great Revolution
- 1.7 Roaring Twenties and the First Cultural Renaissance
- 1.8 The Patriotic War and Years of Stagnation
- 1.9 Second Cultural Renaissance and the Scarlet Reforms
- 1.10 Modern Era
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics
- 4 Government
- 5 Law and Order
- 6 Military
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
Traces of the Florencian state originates with the native peoples of the central New World. Disparate sedentary empires and nomadic tribes among the mountain peaks, temperate forests, grasslands, and deserts of the present day UFR would have entered a post-classical stage of development featuring distinctive metallurgy, booming cities, and a limited comprehension of writing language by the 1100's. Technological progress and population expansion would only boom with the introduction of Zhenian horses and paper. Later East Asian contact with the central New World would see the growth of commerce on the continent with the establishment of Zhenian trade cities by 1501. Ultimately the peak of Zhenian interaction with present-day western Florencia would see the establishment of a colony; the Viceroyalty of Shinjin, which would reach a mature stage of population development and government by the late 1700's, solidifying a sizable East Tarsic population in western Florencia.
Native interaction with the Auroans would be less fruitful and see the forced establishment of a Thracian colony in the western portion of Florencia, a direct counter to East Asian ambitions in the East. Whereas eastern Florencia would experience a more nuanced synthesis of native and East Asian populations, the west would experience a dominated hierarchy by the Aurorans and forced Elyrianization. The less habitable grassland interior of the current Florencian nation would be left to nomadic natives that would steadily be infringed upon by foreign settlers. The discovery of gold in the Thracian colony would prompt a sponsored series of immigration from Slavic peoples to toil the land, send resources back to the empire, and further displace the native population that had been wracked by war and disease. This would be a trend that would continue well into the existence of the current Union state.
The Viceroyalty of Shinjin rebelled against the Shindan dynasty in the 1780s, ultimately establishing the Republic of Shinjin. The same would be said of the western Thracian colony, where in the early 1800's unrest at home would see a bloodied revolution establish the Velorénsian Empire. Velorénsia itself would be the Elyrian translation for Florencia, which is itself a bastardized synthesis of both the native name for the nation and the Elyrian translate. The drawn out revolution that created the Velorénsian Empire might have begun with enlightened republican ideals, but was hijacked by a minor Thracian noble and brilliant tactician who would go the way of a Napoleon and capitalize on unrest, disorder, and exhaustion to crown himself Emperor and Autocrat. The Emperor of Velorénsia would end up marrying the exiled princess of Elyria. Both the first Emperor and later his son would expand and consolidate the realm, gobbling up the independent eastern former Zhenian colony by the 1860's in an event known as the War of Unification.
The Velorénsian Empire by the 1900's had become a cosmopolitan state with a sizable Zhenian minority on the East Coast, a thoroughly Elyrianized West Coast, and a large number of Lyudics, natives, and other Auroran migrants everywhere in between. Growing agitation with a despotic emperor would led to the Empire's entry of the first world war on the side of Zhenia, no doubt with the hope of unifying the nation and getting rich off the war. However famine, pestilence, monarchical disconnect, a type of serfdom share-cropping system, a tanked economy, and imperial performance in the war ending horribly would lead to a relatively quick revolution that would depose the Emperor and see the establishment of the Union of Florencian Republics in 1919. The events of 1919 are categorized as the Great Revolution.
Something something ancient native people build mounds
Zhenian and Auroan Contact
Surprise it's the Europeans and Asians. And they colonize places
Like the 13 colonies but with Asians
Imperial Period and the War of Unification
That one time Portugal ruled from Brazil Shinjin Republic was plagued by slavery and infighting, Empire takes advantage of this.
First World War and Prelude to Revolution
Terrible idea. War, pestilence and famine.
The Great Revolution
Enter Ba'athism with more steps
Roaring Twenties and the First Cultural Renaissance
Like the NEP but better and more fun
The Patriotic War and Years of Stagnation
Another war, but a command economy doesn't really work
Second Cultural Renaissance and the Scarlet Reforms
No more command economy, enter socialism with Florencian characteristics and a human face
The Florencian Republics considers itself a social republic; in the sense that the republic controls the commanding heights of the socialist market economy. According to the Declaration of the Freedoms and Rights of the People, it is the patriotic duty of the population to partake in democracy and specifically the workers, peasents, and other citizens to manage the economy. State control of heavy industry, democratic-self management of light industry, and entrepreneurship exemplify the socialist market economy. Government management and regulation of the economy alongside the expansive welfare state provides for the commonwealth of the Union, uplifting the worker, peasant, and all other laborer to an equitable proper standard of living.
The Declaration of the Freedoms and Rights of the People was a statement adopted by the provisional government in representation of the whole of the Florencian people. The declaration formalized the intention of the revolutionary patriots to form a republic and espoused the inalienable rights granted to the people. This decree issued amidst the conflict of the Great Patriotic Revolution helped shape the basis of the Union. According to the constitution, the principles of freedom and liberty enshrined in the declaration have constitutional value. The Constitution of the Union, which bonded together the many different guerrilla states and factions that arose in coalition during the revolution espouses a firm commitment to the peoples life, liberty, and property within the framework of a republic. It also details the capacity of the federal government, lists a bill of liberties, and organizes the whole of the social republic federal republic, while explicitly outlining a separation of powers divided among three branches of government in the Montesquieu model.
The legislative power is invested by the Florencian people and entrusted within the bicameral All-Union Congress. The upper house of the Congress constitutes the Senate of the Republics which represents the constituent social republics within the Union, whereas the lower house; the Assembly of the People, represents the whole of the Union.Senators and representatives to the Congress are elected to a term of six and three years respectively, with a limit of four terms each. All nation-wide elections for the All-Union Congress of the Florencian Republics (as well as the Chancellor) are compulsory, universal, and done by secret ballot for all persons over the age of 17.
The Senate is comprised of 36 senators; that is, three senators per social republic, chosen through individual republic-wide, universal direct elections. The Senate is an advisory board to the Chancellor, approves supreme court justice and first secretary nominations, as well approves bills passed by the Assembly of People.
The Assembly of the People is comprised of a total of 800 representatives. 700 representatives are elected on the basis of mixed-member proportional representation, with one representative per 400,000 people in trans-republican constituencies. Public organizations such as the trade unions, national academies, Pioneer Scouts, recognized religious institutions, and the armed forces elect representatives to 100 reserved seats. The Assembly regulates both foreign and union commerce, admits republics into the Union, creates laws, power of the purse, and can investigate, scrutinize, and impeaches the Chancellor, among other duties.
The Florencian Republics is a semi-presidential republic with power invested in a Chancellor and First Secretary. Colloquially both the Chancellor and First Secretary along with their respective cabinets are refereed to as the Executive Council.
The Chancellor is the Union's head of government and nominally the most powerful person within the country. He/She is elected via an electoral college to a five year term and is only eligible to serve two terms consecutively. The role of the Chancellor as outlined in the constitution is the purview of foreign and constitutional policy; that being the negotiation of foreign treaties, nominating justices to the Supreme Court, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Secretary of War, and all other positions deemed by Congress to be necessary and proper.
The head of state, the First Secretary is appointed by the Chancellor from whichever party or coalition commands a majority in the Assembly of People. Their term lasts the extent that the Assembly of People is in session (3 years), though they can be removed or replaced at anytime should they lose the commanding confidence of the party in power. Their duties are implementing domestic policy and the regulation of the socialist market economy and capitol. To that end they appoint the Attorney General, Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Finance, Secretary for the Preservation of the Florencian Homeland, and all other commissions or offices needed for the basic administration of the state.
The Supreme Court of the UFR is the highest court. Supreme Court justices are nominated by the Chancellor and approved by the both the All-Union Congress and the First Secretary before serving for a single term for ten years, or till retirement. The constitution stipulates that there shall be a limit of 17 Supreme Court justices, with one holding the post of Supreme Justice. The Supreme Court is granted the authority by the people to interpret the Constitution, interpret law, and the broad authority of judicial review over the Executive and the All- Union Congress.
The Florencian Union is a federation of constituent sovereign republics. Some of these republics represent homogeneous titular nationalities or cultures, others are a grouping of heterogeneous minorities or slim majorities of different peoples that have ultimately emerged as distinct from other republics. These republican governments can follow a federal structure such as the Federative Republic (FR) of Athicar and be further broken into autonomous states to politically represent the diverse peoples and groups living under such the state, or be an unitary entity such as the Republic of Aydakho.
Republics are nominally autonomous and accepted into the Union provided they have a constitution modeled along social republican lines. Every SR has an elected or nominated head of state equivalent position, along with a legislature and supreme court. Typically most republics draw their highest legislature from elected representatives of local municipal and county workers', peasents', and citizens' councils. The natural form of national organization and the basis of the Union is these workers'councils. The authority of the people is therefor invested in a national elected government and their appointed local, regional, and constituent republican deputies.
Republics are allowed to establish their own language alongside the national one and promote their titular culture. Besides retaining their own government, republics are guaranteed their own respective judiciary forces and organize their own National Militia components.
|1||Federative Republic of Athicar||Krastal||78.7 million|
|2||Republic of Belyaruthena||Kharyv||11.2 million|
|3||Republic of Bithynia||Nikongrad||5.6 million|
|4||Federative Republic of Decatur||Praha City||42.3 million|
|5||Republic of Aydakho||Twin Springs||3.6 million|
|6||Republic of Galitsiya||Huliaipole||20.6 million|
|7||Commonwealth of Evangeline||Edessa||23.8 million|
|8||Republic of Sosona||Righeira||4.5 million|
|9||Sovereign Republic of Makedon||Pella||4.2 million|
|10||Federative Republic of Trans-Owhyee||Oreana||6.7 million|
|11||Free State of Polaine||Katowise||29.6 million|
|12||Federative Republic of Shinjin||Shinyang||67.4 million|
Social Republicanism was originally a Florencian nationalist ideology that supported the creation and development of a left-orientated federal republic through progressive revolutionary means. The ideology represents a fusion of civic nationalism, workers democracy, and democratic socialist economics within the structure of a liberal republic. It supports political pluralism and individualism, rejecting such concepts as a vanguard party or heavy handed confiscatory policies in regards to private property.
Political Factions and Elections
Democratic Workers and Farmers Party (DWFP) Party of Socialists-Revolutionaries (SR, Esers)
National Republican Party (NRP, NazRebs) Citizens Ecology Union (Greens) National Vecinik Party (NazVeks)
League of Radicals, Anarchists, and Libertarians (RAL) True Democratic Party (Democrats, Bourgeoisie)
Law and Order
The Union Defense Forces is divided among the Union Army and Union Navy. Four independent arms of service exist as well: the Union Strategic Weapons Command, Air Defense Forces of the Homeland, All-Union Marine Corps, and the Union Stellar Forces Command. As of 2019 the UDF comprised 1.2 million active duty personal, making it one of the largest standing armies on the planet. Additionally the reserve components of the UDF: the National Militia and Scarlet Guards contribute 2.5 million reservists. Currently it is mandatory for all able bodied male and female citizens to be drafted into the Scarlet Guards to perform at least six months of service to the State. The Union Army and it's National Militia components, the Union Navy, and the four independent arms are comprised of voluntary contract soldiers.
Organized under the War Department, the Union Defenses Forces fall under the supreme authority of the Chancellor.
The State Commission for Security (CommSec) operates an extensive force of border patrol units known as the Frontier Guard and internal paramilitary Osnaz forces under the Security Troops that are separate from the structure of the UDF. Along with the Justice Department's Coastal Revenue Service these uniformed soldiers answer to the Office of the First Secretary, however in times of war can be transferred to the War Department.
The Strategic Weapons Command maintains a respectable stockpile of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. The Strategic Weapons Command operates all of the military's ground based inter-continental, inter-mediate, and medium ranged ballistic missile systems. Coupled with Union Army Air Forces's strategic bombers and the Navy's three ballistic missile submarines, a nuclear triad is kept up.
The UFSR has an extensive military-industrial complex that supplies the majority of arms and equipment to the UDF. Sophisticated aeronautical electronics or other computer systems are outsourced from nations such as Zhenia. The indigenous arms industry of Florencia is one of the largest on the planet, to meet the demands of the "Total National Defense Policy" that calls on virtually all able bodied citizens to personally provision themselves with arms for the defense of the state. Based on the national arms registry there is nearly 121 small arm civilian weapons per 100 citizens. The estimated 7 million militiamen of the Unorganized Reserve Scarlet Guards are permitted and encouraged to use personal weapons.
The Union Defense Forces is appropriated a budget of 249 billion rubles by the War Department. This being 3.5% of the national GDP. While this is a staggering amount to spend, since the 1990's the Union government has been scaling back military spending in order to spur growth in other industries. This along with reforms to the military has encouraged the axe to fall on needless or reckless military spending.
The Florencian Republics has four national languages: mainly both Elyrian (spoken by 41.3% of the population, mostly in the Eastern republics) and Zhenian (spoken by 35.6%, mainly in the Shinjin FR). Lyudic is spoken by 20.2% and Sosoni by 2.6% of the population, mostly concentrated within the more sparsely occupied republics in the interior and North East. Additional Aboriginal Florencian languages are spoken by around 630,000 persons, or .3%. Like Lyudic and Sosoni this is in the less thoroughly Achysified and Zhenicized coasts. Modern Standard Elyrian is the most common working language at the federal level, however it has no "official" status.
The culture of what can be defined as the Florentine people is as ever changing as the demographics that make up such a Union of diverse peoples.