List of heads of state of Etruria

President of the United Etrurian Federation
Presidente della Federazione Etruriana Unita
Predsjednik Ujedinjene Etruriska Federacije
Predsednik Priljubljena Eetruriska Federacija
Giuseppe Conte Official.jpg
Incumbent
Francesco Carcaterra

since 12th August 2016
StyleThe Most Excellent
ResidencePalazzo Orsini
Term lengthFive years, unlimited term
Inaugural holderAlessandro Luzzani
head of state (President) under the constitution of 1917
Formationfirst: 1917 Constitution
current: 2016 Constitution
Salary$460,000 annually

The United Etrurian Federation in its history has had various heads of state under different regimes in its history. Since the declaration of the federal-republic in 1917 there has been XX heads of state of Etruria, of which XX constitutionally elected presidents and 1 elected First Citizen, X military dictators and X interim leaders. Since 1917 Etrurian heads of state also serve as head of government. Since 2016, the office encompassing both head of government and state has been officially renamed as First Citizen.

The pre-republican Etruria was dominated by the Kingdom of Vespasia, which was governed through an elected monarchy, drawn primarily from the ruling families of the pre-unification statelets, maritime republics, city-states and duchies. Following the political instability of the first two-decades of the 20th century, the monarchy was overthrown and a democratic federal republic was proclaimed, with the office of President being head of state and government. Etruria's political system is parliamentary in nature, with the President coming from the United Congress of Etruria and depending on its confidence to remain in office. Between 1917 and 1938, Etruria was ruled under its parliamentary system, however, following the country's political, economic and social collapse in wake of the "Great War", the system was supplanted by a military dictatorship under the State Commission for National Resurgence (CSRN).

Following the CSRN's defeat in the Solarian War in 1943, democracy was returned with the election of President Amintore Merzagora. However, renewed political instability and rising violence among ethnic minorities during the 1970s resulted in the return of military rule through the State Authority for Order and Peace (ASOP). The ASOP would rule continuously until 1983, when it voluntarily and peacefully returned power to democratically elected government. President Niko Zaninović was the first democratically elected to assume office in 1983. From 1983 until 2016, the Etrurian government would be dominated by a two-party system, with power alternating between the Etrurian Socialist Party and Etrurian Federalist Party. In 2016, in wake of growing dissatisfaction with the socio-economic and political situation in Etruria and the failed referendum on membership of the Euclean Community, Francesco Carcaterra of the populist Tribune Movement became President. Amendments to the constitution in 2016 were key to transferring several new powers to the office from the legislature, leading some to describe the 2016 constitution as having made a "compromised parliamentary-republic."

This is a list of the heads of state of Etruria, from the formation of the Etrurian First Republic in 1784.

Emblem of Etruria 1794-1810.png President of the National Convention Emblem of Etruria 1794-1810.png
President Term of Office Political party Notes
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 [[File:|100px]] Aurelio Polizzi
(1730-1785)
2 January 1784 23 January 1784 21 days Scugnizzi
Emblem of Etruria 1794-1810.png Aventine Councillor of the Etrurian Republic
2 Francesco Cassio Caciarelli
(1758-1810)
23 January 1784 18 July 1784 177 days La Pantheonisti
2 Giovanni-Paolo Danova
(1749-1784)
23 January 1784 18 July 1784 177 days Rispettabili
2 Massimiliano Malaspina
(1751-1784)
23 January 1784 18 July 1784 177 days Commercianti
Emblem of Etruria 1794-1810.png First Citizen of the Etrurian Republic Emblem of Etruria 1794-1810.png
(2) Francesco Cassio Caciarelli
(1758-1810)
18 July 1784 12 August 1810 26 years, 25 days La Pantheonisti
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Etruria.png King of the United Kingdom of Etruria Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Etruria.png
3 Dipinto di Vittorio Emanuele I.jpg Caio Aurelio I
(1767-1829)
12 August 1810 26 November 1829 19 years, 106 days House of Caltrini
4 KingCarloAlberto.jpg Caio Aurelio II
(1789-1841)
26 November 1829 3 April 1841 11 years, 128 days House of Caltrini
5 Carlo Alberto Museo Risorgimento Roma.jpg Caio Onorio
(1811-1856)
3 April 1841 19 September 1856 15 years, 169 days House of Caltrini
6 VictorEmmanuel2.jpg Caio Aurelio III
(1838-1882)
19 September 1856 9 March 1882 25 years, 171 days House of Caltrini
7 Brogi, Carlo (1850-1925) - Vittorio Emanuele III di Savoia.jpg Caio Augustino
(1865-1882)
9 March 1882 20 April 1888 6 years, 42 days House of Caltrini
EmblemofEtruria.png Chief of State of the Etrurian Republic EmblemofEtruria.png
8 Laszlo - Cardinal Mariano Rampolla.jpg Romolo Alessandri
(1841-1899)
20 April 1888 17 November 1899 11 years, 211 days Independent
EmblemofEtruria.png President of the Etrurian Republic EmblemofEtruria.png
9 Benedetto Cairoli 2.png Alfredo Di Rienzo
(1879-1923)
29 November 1899 2 July 1904 4 years, 216 days National Liberal Union
10 Agostino Depretis.jpg Giorgio Maria Schiavi
(1849-1919)
2 July 1904 14 September 1912 8 years, 74 days Party of Tradition
11 Francesco Crispi.jpg Marco Antonio Loredan
(1841-1921)
14 September 1912 10 November 1916 4 years, 57 days National Liberal Union
12 Tommaso Tittoni 01.jpg Alessandro Luzzani
(1849-1927)
10 November 1916 12 December 1922 6 years, 32 days Liberal Republicans
13 Antonio Salandra.jpg Guilio Augustino Schiattarella
(1852-1940)
12 December 1922 3 July 1926 3 years, 203 days Liberal Republicans
14 EDato.jpg Vittore De Rossi
(1851-1930)
3 July 1926 20 April 1927 291 days National Liberal Union
15 Sánchez Toca.JPG Aurelio Cesare Tozzo
(1879-1942)
20 April 1927 3 June 1927 44 days (Acting) National Liberal Union
16 Giovanni Giolitti 2.jpg Fortunato Parlatore
(1888-1965)
3 June 1927 11 November 1934 7 years, 161 days Catholic Traditionalist Party (National Coalition)
17 Ivanoe Bonomi 1922.jpg Marco Antonio Ercolani
(1873-1936)
11 November 1934 2 April 1936 1 year, 143 days Catholic Traditionalist Party
EmblemofEtruria.png Co-Leader of the Etrurian Revolutionary Republic EmblemofEtruria.png
18 Mussolini biografia.jpg Ettore Caviglia
(1880-1946)
2 April 1936 25 August 1946 10 years, 138 days Revolutionary Legion of Etruria
19 Italo Balbo.jpg Aldo Aurelio Tassinari
(1893-1946)
2 April 1936 25 August 1946 10 years, 145 days Revolutionary Legion of Etruria
CommonwealthLogo.png Director-General for the Community of Nations Mandate for Etruria CommonwealthLogo.png
20 John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg Seán Fitzgerald
(1915-1961)
25 August 1946 1 January 1948 1 year, 129 days Independent
EmblemofEtruria.png President of the United Etrurian Federation EmblemofEtruria.png
21 Ferruccio Parri Senato.jpg Giuseppe Zappella
(1891-1989)
1 January 1948 22 March 1950 2 years, 80 days Democratic Action
Coalition: AD-DPL-L
22 Randolfo Pacciardi (2).jpg Domenico Dara
(Acting)
(1903-1973)
22 March 1950 1 July 1950 101 days Democratic Action
Coalition: AD-DPL
23 Giovanni Gronchi.jpg Gabriele Rumor
(1887-1976)
1 July 1950 11 March 1953 2 years, 253 days Democratic Worker's Party
Coalition: PDL-AD-L
24 Giuseppe Pella.jpg Niccolo Pazzi
(1903-1966)
11 March 1953 1 July 1954 1 year, 112 days Democratic Worker's Party
Coalition: PDL-AD-L
25 Antonio Segni Official.jpg Coriolano Virgilio Rapisarda
(1890-1982)
1 July 1954 9 September 1957 4 years, 182 days Libertas
Coalition: L-NMR-PRP-UCL-PNSL
26 Giovanni Leone 1963.jpg Maurilio Mariani
(1906-1957)
9 September 1957 1 December 1957 83 days Libertas
Coalition: L-PRP-UCL-PNSL-FWU
27 Emilio Colombo 3.jpg Fiorino Bianco
(1910-1989)
1 December 1957 1 July 1958 212 days Popular Republican Party
Coalition: PRP-L-UCL-PNSL-FWU
28 Aldo Moro in 1965.jpg Gabriele Viviano
(1903-1989)
1 July 1958 4 May 1960 1 year, 137 days Democratic Worker's Party
Coalition: PDL-L
EmblemofEtruria.png Chief of State of the United Etrurian Federation EmblemofEtruria.png
29 Giovanni De Lorenzo.jpg Capo di stato maggiore dell'Esercito Etruriano
Francesco Augusto Sciarri
(1908-1998)
4 May 1960 1 July 1974 14 years, 58 days Military
30 Domenico Corcione.jpg Capo di stato maggiore dell'Esercito Etruriano
Giovanni Aurelio Brocco
(1908-1998)
1 July 1974 10 September 1979 5 years, 71 days Military
31 DallaChiesa.jpg Capo di stato maggiore dell'Esercito Etruriano
Gennaro Aurelio Altieri
(1908-1998)
10 September 1979 1 July 1983 3 years, 294 days Military
EmblemofEtruria.png President of the United Etrurian Federation EmblemofEtruria.png
32 Bettino Craxi 2.jpg Miloš Vidović
(1929-2001)
1 July 1983 1 July 1989 6 years, 0 days Social Democratic Party
(SDP, SD)
33 Drnovsek.png Vincenzo Biava
(1937-2012)
1 July 1989 20 June 1994 4 years, 354 days Social Democratic Party
(SDP, SD)
34 Ciampi ritratto.jpg Nicolò Grassi
(1924-2015)
20 June 1994 2 July 2002 8 years, 12 days Etrurian Federalist Party
(EFP, FWU)
35 Stjepan Mesic (2) (cropped).jpg Vinko Begović
(1938-)
2 July 2002 3 July 2009 7 years, 1 day Social Democratic Party
(SDP, PLP)
36 Mario Monti 2012.jpg Urbano Onoforio
(1946-)
3 July 2009 25 February 2011 1 year, 237 days Etrurian Federalist Party
(EFP, FWU)
37 Matteo Renzi 2015.jpeg Emiliano Reali
(1974-)
25 February 2011 7 July 2016 5 years, 133 days Etrurian Federalist Party
(EFP, FWU)
38 Enrico Letta 2013.jpg Andrea Salvini
(1963-)
7 July 2016 11 August 2016 35 days Etrurian Federalist Party
(EFP)
39 Giuseppe Conte Official.jpg Francesco Carcaterra
(1969-)
7 July 2016 Incumbent 5 years, 72 days Tribune Movement
(TM)