Etruria

United Etrurian Federation

Flag of Etruria
Flag
Emblem of Etruria
Emblem
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Location of Etruria (in light green), within Euclea (light grey)
Location of Etruria (in light green), within Euclea (light grey)
Etruria Locator Map.png
CapitalPoveglia
Largest cityTyrrhenus
Official languagesItalian
Croatian
Slovenian
Ethnic groups
(2016)
Religion
(2016)
96% Poveglian Catholic
2% Atheist
1% Other
Demonym(s)Etrurian
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary federal republic
• President
Francesco Carcaterra
Vittoria Vasari
Ivano Balić
LegislatureSenate of the Federation
State Council
Chamber of Representatives
Formation
10 November 1736
18 September 1793
• Monarchy restored
3 April 1810
10 May 1888
• Treaty of Kesselbourg
12 February 1935
• Current constitution
1 July 1983
Area
• 
548,549 km2 (211,796 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase ‭68,389,868
• 2014 census
63,888,987
• Density
119.58/km2 (309.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.213 trillion
• Per capita
Increase $33,747
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.025 trillion
• Per capita
Increase $15,637
Gini46.9
high
HDI0.843
very high
CurrencyEtrurian florin ()
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideleft

Etruria, officially the United Etrurian Federation or UEF (Vespasian: Federazione Etruriana Unita; Novalian: Sjedinjene Etruriska Federacija; Carinthian: Združena Etruriska Federacija) is a sovereign parliamentary federal republic, made up of three constituent states: Vespasia, Novalia and Carinthia and six autonomous federal regions; Carvagna, Torrazza, Ossuccio, San Eugenio and Tarpeia, and several islands, the largest being Aeolia and Apocorona. Etruria is located in southern Euclea. Its is bordered (clockwise) by Amathia to the north, Gaullica to the north-east, Florena to the east, to south, Gibany to the south, and Piraea to the west. Etruria is home to 65.5 million people, its federal capital is Poveglia and largest city is Tyrrhenus.

Since classical times, its central geographic location in Euclea and the Mazdan and Solarian Seas, Etruria has historically been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient Vespasian tribes and Vespasic peoples dispersed throughout the Etrurian interior and insular Etruria, beginning from the classical era, Pireans, XX and XX established settlements in the south of Etruria, with Vicalvii and Gaullics and Iberialcelts inhabiting the centre and the north of Etruria respectively. The Vespasic tribe known as the Solarians formed the Solarian Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated its neighbours, including the powerful and wealthy Viclavii. In the first century BC, the Solarian Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Solarian-Mazdan Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Euclean civilisation. The legacy of the Solarian Empire is widespread and can be observed in the global distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Sotirianism and the Solarian script.

During the Middle Ages, Etruria suffered sociopolitical collapse amid calamitous barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics rose in Vespasia to great prosperity through shipping, commerce, and banking, laying down the groundwork for modern capitalism, however the areas of modern Novalja and Carinthia continued to decline. These independent statelets often enjoyed a greater degree of democracy and wealth in comparison to the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Euclea at the time. By the 13th century, modern Etruria became dominated by three states, the Exalted Republic of Poveglia, Grand Duchy of Carvagna and the Ecclesiastical States.

The Renaissance spread across Etruria from Povelia, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Vespasian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths such as "Great people". The influence and commercial power of the maritime republics began to dominate the monarchies of the interior, culminating in the Povelian victory in the Etrurian Wars and becoming the dominant power in Etruria, leading to the Pax Poveliae. Povelian colonisation of the Asterias soon followed, introducing New World treasures to Etruria. The sudden rise of the Principality of Tyrrenhus in the south added pressure to Povelia. In the 18th century, Povelia’s decline began, hastened by the immense cost paid during the Ten Year’s War. This decline led to the Central Etrurian Wars and the Torazzi War between Povelia and Tyrrenhus, bankrupting and disrupting vast swathes of Etruria. The famine, debt and corruption led to the overthrow of the monarchy in Tyrrenhus, sparking the Etrurian Revolution (1783-1785) and the establishment of the Etrurian First Republic, creating one of the earliest republics in history. The Republic would go on to unite Etruria and for the next fifteen years, engage in the Etrurian Revolutionary Wars, spreading republican tradition and values across southern Euclea. The constant warfare, poor governance and state-terror would lead to the restoration of monarchy in 1810 and the United Kingdom of Etruria.

From 1810 until 1880 would enjoy prosperity, growth and development. Etruria would establish one of the largest colonial empires, while federalism was greatly expanded and refined. However, debt, a poor economy and authoritarianism resulted in the 1880 Revolution and the establishment of the Second Etrurian Republic. Etruria was a major participant in the Great War, from which it emerged victorious, however, poor territorial gains and political instability led to the emergence of the Etrurian Revolutionary Republic and the Solarian War, which saw Etruria defeated. The Third Etrurian Republic emerged in the aftermath, rebuilding the country and establishing a fixed regime of civil rights and freedoms before being overthrown by the military which established a Junta in wake of the Western Emergency. Democracy would be restored in 1983 with the current Fourth Republic, this was followed by numerous liberalising economic reforms that achieved high sustained economic growth and improvements to standards of living. Between the 1990s and 2010s, the country underwent political reforms in aim of Etruria joining the Euclean Community. A referendum held on EC membership in 2016 was defeated due to several major corruption scandals and the successful No-campaign being led by the right-wing Tribune Movement, this ended all prospect of Etrurian membership of the EC. The loss of the referendum, coupled with the corruption scandals brought about the near collapse of the establishment parties in the 2016 election and a victory for the Tribune Movement, which formed the most right-wing government in Eastern Euclea since the Great War.

Today, Etruria has a mixed market economy based around finance, industry and agriculture. It has the XX largest economy in Euclea, and XX largest in the world. It is widely considered a newly-industrialised economy, a regional power and middle power. It is a council member of the Community of Nations, GIFA, NAC and the ITO.

Etymology

The assumptions on the etymology of the name "Etruria" are very numerous and the corpus of the solutions proposed by historians and linguists is very wide. Many historians note that the Etrurian mountain range that extends across northern Etruria and rising up east of Sea/Lake X then southwards along the border with Sardenya were prominent features of Vespasic faiths in ancient history. Etruria in ancient Vespasic (Etrúra) meant "Sacred Rock" and since the Aventine mountains meet the Etrurians roughly in the central region of the north and push south towards the X Sea, many historians surmise that as the Vespasic tribes expanded, they considered the Aventines and the Etrurians to be one and the same and extended the name Etrúra to the rest of the country. As Vespasic developed into latin, Etrúra evolved into Etruria and the name has remained in use since.

The term Transetruria or Transetrurian was only introduced in the 19th century to refer to Vespasia and its territories in Carinthia and Novalia and remained in use within officialdom, eventually being adopted as the official title of the federation in 1921, as a means of unifying the three constituent states.

History

Pre-history

Excavations throughout Etruria revealed a hominid presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 210,000 years ago, modern Humans appeared about 48,000 years ago. Much of the pre-history presence is concentrated around the Poveglian Basin in the north and the Alluvian plains in southern Etruria.

The Ancient peoples of pre-Solarian Etruria– such as the Torians, the Vepasii (from which the Solarians emerged), Vicalvii, Otians, Samanians, Sorines, the Guallics, the Suratii, and many others. Other peoples were identified as the primarily mountainous, Novarians, Carumnii and the southern and coastal focused Aeoluii.

A restored Vicalvii fresco at the Aita Templi

Between the 17th and the 11th centuries BC XX established contacts with Etruria and in the 8th and 7th centuries BC a number of XX colonies were established all along the coast of Vespasia and the southern part of the Aeolian Peninsula, that became known as XX. During this time, the Vespasii were rapidly growing in and around what would become Solaria, while north of them, the Vicalvii had cleared land around the seven-hills of Vicalvus.

Ancient Solaria and Vicalvus

Solaria, a settlement on the coast of the Bay of Lasa Vecuvia conventionally founded in 757 BC, was ruled for a period of 239 years by a monarchical system, initially with sovereigns of Vespasii and Torian origin, later by Vicalvii kings. The tradition handed down seven kings: Romulus, Verus Tanis, Horius Antonius, Marcus Marcellius, Eugenius Prascus, Ceserius Tullius and Hadrianus Lutorius. In 511 BC, the Solarians expelled the last Vicalvii king from their city and established an oligarchic republic.

To the north of Solaria, Viclavus, a settlement built around the ford of the Metaia River rapidly grew under a series of successive kings, it dramatically expanded its territories to cover the entire Vicalvian Plain. Vicalvus' dominant position allowed it to influence Solaria until the expulsion of Hadrianus Lutorius. With the establishment of the Solarian Republic, Vicalvus found a serious challenger to domination over southern Vespasia. The two cities would fight numerous wars known as the Wars of the Two Cities, the wars ended in 256 BC when Vicalvus was defeated at the Battle of Veii, resulting in the city's annexation by Solaria. Vicalvii culture would fuse with Solarian, creating the long-lasting Solarian culture that spread with the empire's growth. The Solarian Republic until the first century B.C. would expand to encompass all of modern day Etruria and western Florena, crossing the Solarian sea to establish colonies on the coasts of XX and XX by 89 BC.

In the wake of rebellion by Tarchon Parusna in the first century B.C., Solaria grew over the course of centuries into a massive empire stretching from XX to the borders of XX, and engulfing the whole Solarian and Mazdan basins, in which the Vicalvii-Solarian and Helleneo and many other cultures merged into a unique civilisation. The Solarian Peninsula was named Etruria was declared "Terra Saena" (Sacred Soil), granting special status compared to other imperial provinces. The long and triumphant reign of the first emperor, Tarvinius, began a golden age of peace and prosperity.

The Solarian Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time. It was one of the largest empires in world history. At its height under Velturius, it covered 5 million square kilometres. The Solarian legacy has deeply influenced the Euclean civilisation, shaping most of the modern world; among the many legacies of Solarian dominance are the widespread use of the Vespasic languages derived from Vepsasii, the numerical system, the modern Western alphabet and calendar, and the emergence of Christianity as a major world religion.

Decline and end...

Middle Ages

After the fall of the Solarian Empire, Etruria fragmented, falling to both domestic and foreign rule, from north Gaullic and Marolev tribes advanced south to dominate much of the country, ending political unity in Etruria for the next 1,300 years. In the south, the Papacy in Solaria emerged as an independent force, using wealth and political maneuverings to coalesce the small fiefdoms around the city under its control, while in the north, the city of Poveglia which maintained some semblance of the former Empire slowly guaranteed its independence and moved to expand its own territory.

File:Etruria1450.png
Etrurian states in 1450.

It was during this chaotic era that Vespasian towns saw the rise of a peculiar institution, the medieval commune. Given the power vacuum caused by extreme territorial fragmentation and the struggle between these polities and the growing power of the Papacy, local communities sought autonomous ways to maintain law and order, this gave way to numerous city-states and small states.

In coastal and southern areas, the maritime republics grew to eventually dominate the Solarian Sea and monopolise trade routes to between Euclea and northern Coius. They were independent thalassocratic city-states. All these cities during the time of their independence had similar systems of government in which the merchant class had considerable power. Although in practice these were oligarchical, and bore little resemblance to a modern democracy, the relative political freedom they afforded was conducive to academic and artistic advancement.

Self-portrait of the leading light of the Vespasian Renaissance, Alessandro Tiberio Volci. Ducale Grande Gallery, Poveglia.

The four most prominent maritime republics were Poveglia, Accadia, Casperia and Valestra, while less known are Apricena, Leverano and Andrano. Poveglia and Accadia were Euclea's prominent gateways to trade with the South, and a producer of fine glass, while Stazzona was a capital of silk, wool, banks and jewelry. The wealth such business brought to Vespasia meant that large public and private artistic projects could be commissioned. While Vespasia was predominately fractured and balkanised, Novalia and Carinthia rapidly united into the current forms under monarchies. These two kingdoms would maintain their independence and form until the early 18th century, when their conquest by the Floren Empire under Nèstor Pereramon, then the eventual unification of Etruria under Poveglia following Pereremon's death.

Early Modern

Francesco Cesare Candreva was a prominent figure during 16th century Etruria, as Doge of Poveglia. He is credited with producing numerous works on politics, society and religion that are heralded as great works of the renaissance.

In the 14th and 15th centuries, Etruria was divided into numerous warring states, the most powerful of these being Poveglia, Carvagna, Fauglia, Ecclesiastical States and the Valtapinia. This time was marked by the fierce rivalry between Poveglia, Carvagna and Valtapinia. The remaining states usually be fluid alliances preserved their independence form the major states, while others used marriages and lucrative trade to gain favour. The strongest among these city-states gradually absorbed the surrounding territories giving birth to the Signorie, regional states often led by merchant families which founded local dynasties. These families would use patronage of the arts and science to compete for prestige, this not only fostered the Etrurian renaissance but expanded scientific and cultural development. War between the city-states was endemic, and primarily fought by armies of mercenaries known as "Soldati di Ventura", bands of soldiers drawn from around Euclea, especially Gaullica and the neighboring Floren states, led largely by Vespasian captains. However, Poveglia and the Ecclesiastical States were the only two states known to use domestically raised forces during war. Decades of fighting eventually saw Carvagna, Fauglia and Poveglia emerged as the dominant players that agreed to the Concordat of Lake Imperia in 1489, which saw relative calm brought to the region for the first time in centuries.

This peace would hold for the next forty years. Prior to the Lake Imperia Peace, the 1470s and 1480s were dominated by Poveglian expansion along the Vespasian coastline, frequent clashes between Carvagna and Torrazza and Papal conflict with Novalia. However, as time went on the dominant position of Poveglia would be further enhanced by expansion across the Coian and Hydanian coastlines, securing more lucrative trade routes, while its naval power grew immeasurably during the 1500s.

A religious procession in Piazza della Nostra Signora Serena in 1478 by Poveglian artist, Leonadro Zaia. Poveglia from the 15th through to the 17th centuries was one of the wealthiest states in Euclea and the most powerful of the Vespasian maritime republics.

Throughout the 15th and early 16th centuries, Poveglia would engage in bitter maritime conflicts with the Gorsanid Empire based in Zorasan, these wars, coinciding with Gorsani raids on southern Euclea became known as the War of the Seas and further fuelled the naval domination of Poveglia, who used the naval conflict to innovate new naval designs and weaponry. These developments would prove vital toward the 16th century, as Poveglia sought out its own trade routes to the Asterias. In 1522, Poveglia dispatched Raffaele di Mariran, he would land in what would become Marirana. Steady development of Poveglia's Asterian colony saw significant return in gold and silver, which the republic used to modernise its fleet, army and infrastructure. It was during this time that Poveglia began to foster ambitions of unifying Etruria, however, this would be off-set by rising pressures to the south, where a resurgent Gorsanid Empire sought to evict Poveglia from its Coian territories.

The sacking the city of Aztocheletynal by Di Mariran's soldiers in 1523.

Poveglia would dramatically expand in Etruria proper during the 1550s and 1580s with the War of Santa Cecilia, in which the Poveglian armies decisively defeated the League of Villa Barbarigo, annexing the Duchies of Fauglia and Eratia, while a second war against the Kingdom of Carinthia and the Grand Duchy of Serona, saw the Republic gain control over all of northern Etruria. Rivalry and intermittent conflict with Gaullica in what became known as the Aventine Wars would remain commonplace well into the 18th century. However, due to rising capabilities among its rival Etrurian powers, steady defeats at the hands of the Gorsanids and colonial unrest, Poveglia entered a period of decline. Forced to focus ever limited forces across three continents, Poveglia was fearful of the now united Pereramonic Florena, securing the backing of its Etrurian rivals, it led an expedition into Transmutanya in 1711. Despite early success, the Etrurian coalition was deceisvely defeated at the Battle of Oclava in 1713. Nèstor Pereramon counter-attacked and subjugated the entirety of Etruria by 1716, ending centuries of city-state rule, the collapse of Poveglia saw Mariranian independence.

Revolutionary Etruria (1790–1810)

The dramatic expansion of the Kingdom of Vicalvi throughout the 18th century had ruptured the socio-political fabric of Etrurian life that had remained relatively static since the 12th century. The fall of Carvagna in 1759 to Vicalvi saw the demise one of Euclea’s most influential cultural hubs and the significant losses suffered by Poveglia saw a further loss of economic influence due to the ceding of Poveglia’s colonies to Vicalvi. Most importantly, the Central Etrurian Wars had destabilised food production in Vicalvi’s territory, while also undermining support for the absolute monarchy. In 1781, war erupted between Vicalvi and Poveglia as the latter sought to reclaim its lost territories in northern Vespasia. Eager to fund his campaigns, King Alessandro III increase taxation, causing immense hardship among the peasantry and eventually the middle classes. The rubber-stamp Senate of Vicalvi denounced the taxation increase in 1782, bemoaning its failure to confront the Kingdom’s debt crisis. Their criticism falling on deaf-ears and royal obstructionism leads to the emergence of constitutionalist movements within the Senate.

Between 1783 and 1784, tensions between the King and the Senate grew exponentially, with the emergence of middle-class dominated secret societies that agitated for a constitutional monarchy or an outright republic. Yet, the continued famine, high taxation and authoritarianism against the peasantry resulted in mass uprisings by the lower classes in 1784. The popular uprisings eventually overthrew the King, transferring power to the senate, which proclaimed the Etrurian First Republic on 19 September 1784.

The Battle of Nuovo Marena in the Summer of 1786, marked the defeat of the anti-republican Fauglian League in the Etrurian Revolutionary Wars.

The new republic was gripped with chaos and political infighting, with various factions of republicans competing for control over the new government. The situation stabilised with the emergence of the Aventine Triad, consisting of Francesco Cassio Caciarelli, Giovanni-Paolo Danova and Massimiliano Malaspina. The Triad soon found itself leading the republic into war, with the outbreak of the Etrurian Revolutionary Wars in early 1785. Facing isolation and enemies on three fronts, the Republic rapidly fell into a “fanatical state of mind.” As generals loyal to Caciarelli scored major victories against the monarchies of Etruria, his influence over the Triad increased, as he did so, his Society of the Pantheon’s fervently Catholic Republicanism became more popular among the revolutionary classes. Over the course of six months, the Pantheonista government abolished aristocratic privalege, such as personal serfdom and exclusive hunting rights.

The "Proclamation of the Republic of Heaven" was one of the most pivotal moments of the Etrurian Revolution.

In 1786, the Revolutionary Armies fell under the complete command of Patheonistas, sensing an opportunity to remove the anti-clerical factions from the Triad and wider government, Caciarelli and his allies staged a coup and purged the republican government of its rivals. The Pantheonista Domination would see the greatest violent excesses of the revolution and an escalation of the Revolutionary Wars. The La Tempsta began shortly after the Pantheonista coup, which would see an estimated 85,000 people executed for being “enemies of the revolution”, the proclamation of the “Republic of Heaven” and a Catholic religious fervency not seen in Etruria since the Reformation. In 1787, the Republic captured Solaria, annexing the Ecclesiastical States. Despite their reverance for the Papacy, Pope TBD XI refused to offer his support and fled to Rayenne in Gaullica.

This fervency gave the Revolutionary Armies the morale boost to begin expanding the Republic’s borders at a rapid pace. By late 1786, all of modern Etruria had fallen under the Republic’s control. The emergence of wider Euclean alliances against the Republic gave way to expeditions and invasions of neighbouring countries. As the Republic expanded it exported its revolutionary republicanism, establishing Sister Republics, in Florena, Amathia and southern Gaullica. For the next decade, the Republic would engage in endless war with its Euclean rivals and neighbours, while the violent excesses of the government in pursuit of establishing the Republic of Heaven proved highly destructive. With the turn of the 19th century, the Republic's fortunes began to turn, with renewed offensives by the Gaullican League and rising unrest at home. By 1809, the situation was so severe that formerally loyal revolutionaries coalesced around Caio Amadeo Caltarini, who organised a coup against the Republican government under Francesco Cassio Caciarelli. On January 18 1810, the Republic was overthrown and Caltarini proclaimed himself King of the United Kingdom of Etruria. King Caio Amadeo I instituted many constitutional reforms, establishing one of the first constitutional monarchies.

Royal Restoration and 19th century (1810–1888)

Followign the royal restoration in 1810, the newly formed United Kingdom of Etruria emerged as a rising Euclean great power. Under the reign of Caio Aurelio I, the kingdom was successfully consolidated and one of the first constitutional monarchies emerged. The royal household was keen to protect its power from any resurgence of republicanism and as a result purused a two-pronged strategy - maintaining constitutionalism and uniting the country through imperialism and colonialism. This strategy began in earnest with the annexation of Emessa in 1814 as part of the Kingdom's operations against piracy. This was followed by the acquisition of several treaty ports in modern-day Zorasan and Subarna. Between 1810 and 1830, the relationship between the Vespasian, Carinthians and Novalians was redefined and made more equal, further aiding the monarchy in consolidating its rule and Etruria as a great colonial power.

Inaugoration of the Solaria-Vicalvi railway in 1841.

In 1847, the Kingdom's constitution was amended by Caio Eugenio II, which dramatically expanded the basic rights and freedoms of the state, but electoral laws continued to exclude the non-propertied and uneducated classes from voting. These reforms resulted in the rising domination of liberal forces. This was followed by a resurgence in Etrurian contributions to science and technological discovery. Industrialisation in the south and central regions of the country left the rural north underdeveloped and overpopulated, resulting in decades of construction and engineering to expand industrialisation to the larger cities of the north. This uneven industrialisation led to the rise of the Etrurian Socialist Party, which would come to challenge the conservative-liberal tradition from strongholds in the north.

Cardinal Romolo Alessandri was one of the most prominent figures during the San Sepulchro Revolution of 1888, being appointed Chief of State following the abdication of the King. He is widely considered the founding father modern Etrurian democracy and is credited with creating the modern federation.

Starting from the last four decades of the 19th century, Etruria developed into a colonial power by forcing under its rule on vast swathes of northern Coius. Successive Etruro-Pardarian Wars saw the annexation of the Gorsanid Empire by 1860. This was followed by the annexation of territories in Satria, in 1863, Etruria's colonial possessesion were reformed, establishing Satria Etruriana, Satria Libera, Cyrcana, Bahia Etruriana with colonial protectorates over the Pardaran and Ninavina. Colonial tensions with Estmere resulted in the Etruro-Estmerish Wars and the development of the Royal Etrurian Navy into one of the most advanced and largest of the Euclean powers. The period between 1850 and 1880 marked the zenith of the United Kingdom, being marked by territorial expansion, socio-political and cultural modernisation of Etruria and its society.

In 1882, Caio Augustino ascended to the throne aged 17, falling rapildy under the influence and control of Prime Minister Girolamo Galba. Galba's control over the monarch was so profound that when the Senate sought to curtail the prime minister's power, he had the senate dissolved on three occassions, sparking elections that further entrenched Galba's power. Popular opposition to Galba grew between 1884 and 1886, which was deepened due to chronic shortages of capital and an emerging debt crisis. Galba responded with heavy handed tactics using royal ascent, in turn souring the once close relationship between monarchy and subject. In 1887, the anti-Galba movement fell under the leadership of Cardinal Romolo Caio Alessandri, a popular and high-ranking Etrurian cardinal, and Pantheonista. In 1888, this opposition erupted into the San Sepulchro Revolution following the arrest and death of three elder Senators, blamed on Galba. In the ensuing chaos, Galba fled Etruria for neighboring Gaullica, while under pressure from his family and facing threats of regicide from the revolutionaries, King Caio Augistino abdicated. Cardinal Alessandri was proclaimed interim Chief of State (Capo di Stato). This marked the end of monarchy in Etruria and the establishment of the Etrurian Second Republic.

Second Republic (1888–1937)

Following the establishment of the Etrurian Second Republic under Cardinal Romolo Alessandri, Etruria rapidly began to reform toward establishing a wider democracy and civil liberties. Between 1888 and 1900, male suffrage was repeatedly expanded while new laws guaranteeing the freedom of speech, thought and religion were passed. The new democracy established a “federal-union” of three constituent states, granting equal power and representation to the three peoples of Etruria. This new political freedom enabled the rise of organised trade unionism and the political left. In 1899, Cardinal Alessandri died, sparking a general election that saw the victory of the National Liberal Union under Alfredo Di Rienzo. The new government fostered further expansions of male suffrage, before ultimately introducing universal male suffrage for those aged 21 and above in 1902. This was followed by economic reforms that led to significant growth and modernisation.

The 1910s would see repeated crises in the colonies, with the Khordad Rebellion in Pardaran from 1912. These colonial uprisings played a significant role in a sense of “systemic failure” which was exacberated by the Great Collapse, which sparked a global economic recession. The economic crisis led to a rise and increasing militancy among the Etrurian left-wing parties, specifically the Etrurian Section of the Worker’s Internationale. The rise of the Liberal Republics in the 1916 election under Alessandro Luzzani saw major economic reforms and crackdowns on the far left, culminating in 1924 Schiatarella Crackdown that destroyed the ESWI. This had the effect of leaving the far-right as the only alternative to the liberal-conservative tradition.

Etrurian troops fighting in the Aventines during the Great War

The 1920s was dominated by rising global tensions, led by the rise of functionalist Gaullica. The same period saw significant divisions within Etruria between functionalist movements and those who opposed the totalitarian ideology. So profound was the division in Etruria, that the government was forced to purge the armed forces of pro-Gaullican officers from the mainland to colonial postings. Etruria, nominally allied with Estmere and Werania in the Grand Alliance failed to enter the war in 1927 owing to its ideological split. However, following the removal of pro-Gaullican figures from power and influence and a series of promises for territorial expansion, Etruria entered the Great War in 1928. The country gave a fundamental contribution to the victory of the conflict as one of the "Big Three" top Allied powers. The war was initially inconclusive, as the Etrurian army got stuck in a long attrition war in the Aventines, making little progress and suffering very heavy losses. Etruria saw greater success against Amathia and Piraea in the west and in halting the Gaullican advance in Florena. In Coius, Etruria’s colonies initially came under immense pressure and facing the threat of being evicted from its colonies, the Etrurian army was reorganised. Leadership changes and the mass conscription of all males turning 18 led to more effective Etrurian operations and victories in key major battles. The Etrurian Navy re-established dominance over the Solarian Sea, enabling the mass deployment of forces to the colonies. Eventually, in December 1934, the Etrurians launched a massive offensive against Gaullica, culminating in the victory of Vittorio Rivodutri. The Etrurian victory marked the end of the war on the Aventine Front, while smaller engagements saw Etruria push Gaullica out of Florena. Combined these victories proved instrumental in ending the war three months later.

An anti-government demonstration in Ossuccio in 1936.

During the war, more than 680,000 Etrurian soldiers and civilians died, leaving the country on the verge of bankruptcy and famine. The failure by the victorious allies to award most of Etruria’s promised territories led to a significant rupture in the political stability of the Etrurian government. Nationalists, many of whom were pro-Gaullican prior to the Great War returned home to agitate against the government. This led to the emergence of the Great Betrayal theory. The war also saw a resurgence in the far left, leading to political violence across the country.

National Solarian period (1937-1946)

As the post-war situation worsened, the far-right which boasted significant support among the military, most of whom feared a far-left revolution owing to economic crisis, began to plot against the republic. In late 1936, an Emergency Government for Peace was established with President Marco Antonio Ercolani remaining as a figurehead. This military government slowly eroded institutions and played a pivotal role in the Legionary Reaction of 1937, in which the Revolutionary Legion of Etruria assumed power under the co-leaders of Ettore Caviglia and Aldo Aurelio Tassinari. The Second Republic was replaced with the single-party totalitarian Solarian Republic of Etruria. Between 1937 and 1943, the SRE focused entirely on rebuilding the economy and Etruria’s military might. The National Solarian regime also restored control over the country’s colonial possessions while rallying the people for conflict in order to “avenge the great betrayal” and to seize territories promised to Etruria. The same period saw violent repressions of political opposition and criticism, as well as the Etrurianisation of Tarpeia and Emessa.

In 1943, the Solarian War broke out with Etruria’s invasion of Piraea, followed by attacks on colonial mandates in Tsabara, Satria, and later invasions of neighboring XX to the east. The war saw Etruria face a coalition under the leadership of the Community of Nations, which steadily overwhelmed and defeated Etruria in Coius. In 1946, with Gaullica’s entry in the war against Etruria, the country itself came under direct attack. The invasion of Etruria proper led to the collapse of the SRE with the overthrow of the regime by popular revolt. Etruria unconditionally surrendered on May 16 1946.

The Solarian War left over 500,000 Etrurian soldiers and as many civilians dead, Etruria saw the total loss of its colonial possessions who were granted independence by the CoN and the Etrurian economy had been all but destroyed; per capita income in 1946 was at its lowest point since the beginning of the 20th century. The war also saw numerous atrocities committed by Etruria against occupied territories, including the Piraean Genocide. The National Solarian regime was succeeded by a Community of Nations led provisional government who oversaw the restoration of democracy and the rise of the Etrurian Third Republic.

Third Republic (1946-1960)

In late 1946, the Third Republic was officially formed in wake of free elections and the adoption of a new CoN devised constitution. President Giuseppe Zappella sought to use the reconstruction of Etruria to re-establish the country as one of Euclea’s great economic powers. However, the Solarian War had left organised crime syndicates and the mafia with immense power and influence over Etrurian industry, corruption at every level of government, driven by the devastation and destitution of the war significantly undermined progress. The economic devastation led to the emergence of far-left movements in Carinthia and Novalia, who saw little to no resources from which to rebuild. These movements grew in popularity and by 1950 began to agitate for secession from Etruria.

Partisans of the Novalian People's Liberation Front in 1956.

The crisis over secessionism escalated during the 1950s as Etruria also struggled to recovery economically from the war, far-left groups began to opt for violent militancy over independence. Mass unemployment led to widespread social and moral decline across the rest of the country. Many of Etruria’s major cities were marked by violence, criminality and poverty, a general sense of declinism and malaise gripped Etrurian society. In 1958, the Novalian People’s Liberation Front attacked a series of police stations and army bases, distributing weapons to its members. This was followed by similar actions in Carinthia, led by the Carinthian Popular Army, sparking the Western Emergency. The government response was poorly conducted with Etruria witnessing successive presidents and governments, who struggled to confront the economic and secessionist crises.

Facing the fracturing of the country and the threat of far-left terrorism in Vespasia, the Etrurian military staged a bloodless coup d’état in 1960, establishing the Supreme Council for Order and Peace. The coup resulted in the demise of the Etrurian Third Republic and twenty-three years of military dictatorship.

Military dictatorship (1960-1983)

The new military regime upon seizing power immediately dissolved the senate, abolished the 1946 constitution and stripped the country of its civil liberties. The regime instituted censorship, military courts and martial law across Carinthia and Novalia. Oppression was not limited to the restive western states, but also reached institutional opponents, artists, journalists and other members of civil society, inside and outside the country. The regime's use of brutal and often indiscriminate tactics in the west soon saw the far-left secessionist groups lose ground and support. Throughout the Western Emergency, the military dictatorship was accussed of conducting mass killings and executions against supporters of the separatists. The dictatorship was also known to use nationalist loyalist militias in Carinthia an Novalia.

Etrurian soldiers greeting civilians following the bloodless coup of 1960.

As the regime consolidated its control by 1961, it sought to distract and unify society. This was first achieved in 1962, when Etruria invaded the Apocorona Islands, seizing them from Piraea. This was swiftly followed by Operation Lexicon in which Etruria seized control over disputed regions of Tarpeia, which was officially justified as part of Etruria's struggle against far-left separatists. The two operations further increased the regime's popularity and denied the separatists areas of relative safety. The country's tough stance against communism and separatism led to dramatic improvements in relations with key Euclean governments, such as Werania and Estmere. The re-emergence of Etruria from post-war isolationism also enabled the military government to step up economic reforms, aided by growing investment from the Euclean Community. Between 1965 and 1975, Etruria emerged as one of the fastest growing Euclean economies, dubbed the Etrurian economic miracle. The late 1960s saw a transition by the separatist movements, who in face of successive losses to the Etrurian army, began to resort to terrorist attacks in Vespasia. In 1966, 22 people were killed in the Piazza Caciarelli bombing, 92 were killed in the 1967 Piazza della Vergine Maria bombing and 111 were killed in the 1969 San Alessandro Train Station bombing. This bombings etrenched popular opposition to the separatists and emboldened the military regime to step up its draconian measures against the separatists. By 1972, the crisis had come to an end with the collapse of separatism and the surrender of senior leaders. This alongside the economic miracle marked the peak of the regime's popularity. The regime is widely blamed for the disappearance of over 8,000 people during its twenty-three year long rule, this does not include the 1,582 people officially documented to have been killed by the regime's secret services. At least 16,000 people were killed as a result of the Western Emergency between 1958 and 1972.

Slowly however, the wear and tear of years of dictatorial power that had not slowed the repression, even after the defeat of the leftist guerrillas, plus the inability to deal with the new global econmomic crises of the period and popular pressure, made an opening policy inevitable, which from the regime side was led by Gennaro Aurelio Altieri. In 1978, he passed the Amnesty Law for political crimes committed for and against the regime. He had secured agreement from other military chiefs in 1980, to begin the "return to peace", striking up negotiations with opposition groups and political parties to restore democracy. However, the slow progress resulted in massive popular demonstrations in the streets of the main cities of the country, the first free elections in 21 years were held for the national legislature in 1981. In 1983, another election was held, this time to elect a new government, being contested without military oversight or interference, which was won by the Etrurian Socialist Party, with Miloš Vidović becoming president. Since then, the military has remained under control of civilian politicians, with no official role in domestic politics.

Contemporary (1983-present)

The return of democracy in 1983 was followed by widespread economic and social reforms led by President XX. The 1983 Constitution proved highly versatile in comparison to the 1946 constitution, delivering Etruria strong and capable coalition governments. By 1990, Etruria had returned as one of the largest industrial economies in the world and in Euclea. In 1991, XX was defeated by Enrico Biava of the centre-right Federalist Party, who entered into coalition with the Sotirian Democratic Party. The Biava government continued the neo-liberal reforms of the centre-left government under XX, seeing Etruria achieve significant improvements to living standards and per capita incomes.

In 1996, however, a group of investigative journalists published the Capo del Leone Scandal, in which it was discovered both parties had engaged in a highly lucrative embezzlement plot involving the new town of Capo del Leone. The ensuing fallout forced the resignation of Biava and a restructuring the major parties. In the subsequent election, the Sotiran Democratic Party won the election, entering the government alongside the Workers and Farmers Union under Marko Stepanovic. Strident anti-corruption laws were introduced and public confidence in the political system was relatively restored by 2003.

The 2005 Global Recession hit Etruria hard, forcing the country into facing 23 months of recession. Much of the economic progress made in the 1990s was lost and many commentators argued that the situation was worsened by the corrupt practices of Etrurian companies, especially the banking system. The 2006 snap election saw the return of the Socialist Party under Urbano Onoforio, who instituted numerous reforms and stimulus packages. By 2007, Etruria had returned to strong economic growth, with manufacturing replacing services as the key driver of Etrurian economic output.

The rise of the Tribune Movement and Francesco Carcaterra during the early 2010s has had profound consequences.

In 2011, Onoforio was defeated by Emiliano Reali and the Etrurian Federalist Party who entered into coalition with the Veritas party. This coalition led to a splinter group of the EFP forming into the Citizens’ Alliance. Invoking the closer relationship with the Euclean Community, Reali’s government announced plans in 2013, for a popular referendum on Etruria joining the bloc. This provoked a surge in support for right-wing populist parties, which united to form the Coalition of the Right alliance, led by National Action. Still requiring time to meet Euclean standards to achieve membership, the gap between announcing the referendum and holding the vote was extended to three years. During this time repeated corruption and personal scandals hit the Reali government, this would lead to the undermining of the government. In the 2016 referendum, the No-campaign defeated the government led-Yes campaign, stalling Etrurian membership of the bloc indefinitely.

Following the rejection of EC membership, the centre-right government collapsed in August, leading to the 2016 election, which saw a surprise landslide victory by the right-wing populist Tribune Movement, which entered government in coalition with the Workers and Farmers Union, with Francesco Carcaterra as president. Between 2016 and 2018, the Tribune Movement government instituted a series of reforms, including the restoration of capital punishment, federalising law enforcement, electoral reform and abolishing a series of government offices charged with securing EC membership. In 2018, during the EC-Etrurian Crisis, a snap election saw the Tribune Movement re-elected using its newly introduced electoral system, allowing the party to form the first ever single-party government since 1983. This was followed by Operation Gladio, which devastated organised crime and provoked a crisis over civil liberties. The government also passed legislation limiting debate over Etrurian war crimes during the Solarian War, increased federal control over universities and in 2020, effectively banned abortion.

Geography

Etruria is located in Southern Euclea. To the north, Etruria borders Gaullica which is dominated by the Aventine Mountaines which also encloses the Eugenian Plain to the east, which borders Florena. The Aventine Mountains are met in the north by the Etrurian Mountains which run through roughly centrally through the country to the south, flanked on both sides by wide plains, which however are marked by hilly regions, before dropping in altitude along the coasts. In the north are two major lakes, Lake Imperia and Lake Jovia. Etruria is also includes one large islands; Aeolia and numerous smaller islands.

The country's total area is 548,549 km² (211,796 sq mi). Including the islands, Etruria has a coastline of 2,636 kilometres (1,637 miles) on the Solarian and Mazdan seas.

The Aventine Mountains form Etruria's backbone and the Eturians form most of its northern and eastern boundary, Etruria's highest point is located on Monte Tinia (4,810 m or 15,780 ft) in the northern reaches of the range. The Volterra, Etruria's longest river (1,114 kilometres or 692 miles), flows from the Etrurians on the northern border with Guallica and crosses the Novalian plain on its way to the Solarian Sea. The five largest lakes are, in order of diminishing size: Imperia (1,000 km2 or 386 sq mi), Jovia (212.51 km2 or 82 sq mi), San Paolo (145.9 km2 or 56 sq mi), San Pietro (124.29 km2 or 48 sq mi) and Balestra (113.55 km2 or 44 sq mi).

The country is situated at the meeting point of the XXX Plate and the XXX Plate, leading to considerable seismic and volcanic activity. There are 17 volcanoes in Etruria, three of which are active: Vosca, Stalleria, Vesano and Veturius, which last erupted in 2015.

Because of the great longitudinal extension of the peninsula and the mostly mountainous internal conformation, the climate of Etruria is highly diverse. In most of the inland northern and central regions, the climate ranges from humid subtropical to humid continental and oceanic. In particular, the climate of the Eugenian Plain geographical region is mostly continental, with harsh winters and hot summers.

The coastal areas of Torrazza-Carvagna, Solarita and most of the South generally fit the Solarian climate stereotype (Köppen climate classification Csa). Conditions on peninsular coastal areas can be very different from the interior's higher ground and valleys, particularly during the winter months when the higher altitudes tend to be cold, wet, and often snowy. The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and generally dry summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot in summer. Average winter temperatures vary from 0 °C (32 °F) on the Alps to 12 °C (54 °F) in Sicily, so average summer temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) to over 25 °C (77 °F). Winters can vary widely across the country with lingering cold, foggy and snowy periods in the north and milder, sunnier conditions in the south. Summers can be hot and humid across the country, particularly in the south while northern and central areas can experience occasional strong thunderstorms from spring to autumn.

Government and politics

Etruria is a federal parliamentary republic governed under the 1983 Constitution, recently amended in 2017, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. Unlike other presidential republics the President is both head of state and head of government and depends for his tenure on the confidence of Parliament. It is a constitutional federal republic and representative democracy, in which "majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law".

Federalism in Etruria defines the power distribution between the federal government and the constituent states. The government abides by constitutional checks and balances, which however have never been considered overly strong. The Constitution of Etruria, which came into effect on 1 July 1983, states in its preamble that Etruria is "a sovereign, Solarian Catholic democratic republic and union of three states". Etruria's form of government, traditionally described as "quasi-federal" with a strong centre and weak constituent states, has grown increasingly federal since the late 1980s as a result of political agitation at the constituent level. However, since 2016, the level of separation between federal and state has significantly declined.

Branches of government

Executive: The President of Etruria is the head of state and head of government and is supported by the party or political alliance holding the majority of seats in the lower house of the senate. The executive branch of the Etrurian government consists of the president, the vice president, and the Federal Cabinet—this being the executive committee—headed by the president. The president is mandated to select his deputy and his Federal Cabinet, however the cabinet must receive the confidence of the state council to be confirmed. Any minister holding a portfolio must be a member of one of the houses of congress. In the Etrurian parliamentary system, the executive is subordinate to the legislature; the president and his council are directly responsible to the lower house of the congress (the chamber of representatives).

The president and the cabinet may be removed by the senate by a motion of no confidence. There are no term limits for the presidency.


Legislature: the legislative branch of Etruria is based on the adversarial model of parliament, as such the federal legislature is parliamentary. The Senate is split into two houses: the State Council and the Chamber of Representatives. The Chamber of Representatives is the lower house and is the more powerful. The State Council is the upper house and although it can vote to amend proposed laws, the chamber can only vote to overrule its amendments should the state council reject the bill more than twice. Although the State Council can introduce bills, most important laws are introduced in the Chamber – and most of those are introduced by the government, which schedules the vast majority of parliamentary time in the Chamber. Parliamentary time is essential for bills to be passed into law, because they must pass through a number of readings before becoming law. Prior to introducing a bill, the government may run a public consultation to solicit feedback from the public and businesses, and often may have already introduced and discussed the policy in the president's State of the Union address, or in an election manifesto or party platform.

The Chamber has 680 voting members, each representing a senatorial district for a four-year term without term limits. Chamber seats are apportioned on the basis of population, with Vespasia holding 480, Novalja holding 145 and Carinthia holding 55.

The State Council has 290 members, with each constituent state providing 90 representatives each. All state councillors are elected for parallel terms to the Senate. The duty of the senate is to scrutinise all legislation, confirm appointments and ratify all international agreements. The State Council is able to table legislation over certain issues, these being; the constitution, limits of federal power, the separation between state and federal power, foreign policy and defence.

Judiciary:

Political parties

The political parties of Etruria operate at all three levels, federal, national constituent and local, however some parties operate exclusively at the constituent level. Nationally, the country is dominated by the Tribune Movement, a right-wing nationalist and populist party that won a landslide in the 2016 general election. The main opposition party is the centrist Citizens' Alliance, followed by the Novalian-dominated Farmers and Workers Union, the centre-right Democratic Alternative for Etruria, Etrurian Federalist Party, the centre-left Etrurian Socialist Party, the far-left Popular Renewal and the Etrurian Greens.

At the constituent level, Vespasia is dominated by the Tribune Movement, with the Citizens' Alliance being the other party represented in the Vespasian Assembly, this corresponds at the local level also. In Novalia, the country is dominated by the Workers and Farmers Union, although it has an legislative cooperation agreement with its branch of the PSP. In Carinthia, the state is also dominated by the Tribune Movement, being the region that first saw its breakthrough at the state-level.

Constituent states

Internally, the Etrurian Federation is divided into three constituent republics and five Autonomous Federal Regions; four under Vespasia and one under Novalia. The federal capital is Poveglia. All states, as well as the Autonomous Federal Regions, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the national model. Both the constituent states and autonomous regions are divided further into Regions (Regione) and then into Communes (Communi).

In order of population, the states are:

Map Name and flag Administrative centre Population Governor
States of Etruria
Flag of Etrurian Carinthia.png Carinthia Praproče 5,448,369 Davo Karničar (TM)
Flag of the Republic of Pisa.svg Dinara San Alessandro 5,248,480 Augustina Faustini (CA)
Flag of the Commune of Altidona.png Altidona Auronzo 1,032,742 Enrico Volpe (CA)
Flag of the Duchy of Chiastre.png Chiastre Carcoforo 2,117,055 Emmanuele Angrisani (CA)
Flag of Peravia.png Peravia Faulia ‭7,925,386‬ Alessandro Garavoglia (CA)
Flag of Cavarzere.png Veratia Carxeri 9,352,687 Giuliano Aurelio Vinci (TM)
Flag of San Francesco.png San Francesco Porto di Cristo 1,128,553 Luciano Giustiniani (TM)
Flag of Andora.png Andora Accadia 3,333,585 Giorgio Maniero (DAE)
FlagofTorrazza.png Torrazza Sagrado 3,956,111 Simone Parro (TM)
FlagofCavagna.png Carvagna Stazzona 3,809,872 Annalisa Taddei (CA)
Flag of Tyrrenhus State.png Palestrina Tyrrenhus 6,920,327 Pietro Andrea Ercolani (TM)
Flag of Solaria.png Solaria Solaria 5,869,029 Vittore Amadeo Varro (TM)
Flag of Navalia.png Novalia Vilanija 9,558,135‬ Franjo Sarič (FWU)
Federal Territories of Etruria
Flag of La Dogado.png Il Dogado Povelia 988,882 Marco Antonio Cristofori (DAE)
Flag of Tarpeia.png Tarpeia Centuripe 1,700,655 Nero Orlando (TM)

The 1983 Constitution and more specifically the 1986 Convention Amendment laid out more clearly the federal system of Etruria, openly stating that the Federal Government is the governing authority of a federal union of three states and five autonomous regions.

The government of Etruria is based on a 3 tiered system, in which the Constitution of Etruria delineates the subjects on which each tier of government has executive powers. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Federal Government (also known as the Union-Authority), representing the nation. Later, a third tier was added in the form of Municipalities. In the current arrangement, Article 15 of the constitution delimits the subjects of each level of governmental jurisdiction, dividing them into three lists:

  • National List: includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, law enforcement, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. The Federal Government alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the National List.
  • Constituent State List: contains subjects of State and local importance such as trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The State Governments alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the State List.
  • Concurrent List: includes subjects of common interest to both the Federal Government as well as the State Governments, such as education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession. Both the Federal as well as the State Governments can make laws on the subjects mentioned in this list. If their laws conflict with each other, the law made by the Federal Government will prevail.
  • Autonomous List: in effect replicates the constituent state list for the autonomous federal regions, with the concurrent list subordinated to ensure the constituent state's laws prevail over the AFR's.

Foreign relations and military

Military

The Etrurian Land Force, Etrurian Naval Force, Etrurian Air Force and the Auxiliary Defence Force collectively form the Etrurian Defence Force, under the Supreme Command (Commando Supremo), presided over by the First Citizen of Etruria. The armed forces is both voluntary and conscripted, as of 2016 the armed forces had 385,600 active personnel and 550,000 reserve, with a defence budget of $60.79 billion.

An Etrurian Defence Force solider of the Esploratori in western Novalia.

TBD..

The final branch of the armed forces is the Auxiliary Defence Force, which is a popular militia that also serves as the country's gendarme in times of national emergency. The ADF is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior during peace-time and in war-time, it is subordinate to the Supreme Command. As of 2016, the ADF had a strength of 55,000 active members and an estimated 255,000 reserve members. Since 2010, the ADF has also served as an emergency response force, assisting in the aftermaths of earthquakes. Most recently several ADF units were engaging in confronting several separatist movements in Carinthia and Marolev-ethnic armed groups, including the Battle of Starše in 2011.

Economy

Etruria is the world's 18th largest economy as of 2019, with a nominal GDP of approximately $1.025 trillion, and the 15th largest economy with a GDP PPP of $1.850 trillion. Etruria has a capitalist mixed economy. The GDP per capita as of 2017 is $15,637 (nominal) and $33,747 (PPP). Etruria is classified as a newly industrialised economy and has developed several highly competitive sectors, including its manufacturing, agriculture and tourist sectors. Its primary exports include light goods, home and electronic appliances and in recent decades, it has become a major producer of locomotives, automobiles, construction equipment and aircraft.

Etruria’s economy is noted to have suffered a Lost Generation, with economists agreeing that Etruria is at least two-decades behind its wealthier neighbours in Eastern Euclea. The “lost decades” are blamed on the Solarian War (1943-1946) and the failure in post-war reconstruction, where incompetence, corruption and bottlenecks caused profound economic instability during the Etrurian Third Republic (1948-1960). Pro-market reforms during the Military government period (1960-1983) saw some limited success in confronting the structural flaws in the economy, enabling Etruria’s industrial output to reach pre-war levels and exceed them by 1978. Following the restoration of democracy in 1983, successive democratic governments instituted neoliberal reforms, producing sufficient dynamic growth to see Etruria become a developed economy by 2008 according to the International Trade Organisation. Etruria's economic growth averaged between 4.5-5% between 1985 and 2015, in recent years growth has increased to average 5.5% between 2015 and 2020.

Today, Etruria’s economy remains mixed with the federal government regularly assisting national champions, such as Caviglia Aeronautica, Nettuno-Accadia, Casa and Valentino. Many economists also classify Etruria as neocorporatist, with significant degrees of state-aid and a vibrant trade union movement aimed at promoting social enterprise and worker welfare.

Industry

Industry accounts for 38% of Etruria’s GDP, and is the highest employer, with an estimated share of 43% of the national labour force. During the Military Dictatorship and subsequently, manufacturing has been the primary focus of government investment. This investment has supported the establishment of global brands in various sectors.

Caviglia Rotaia's G10 high-speed train is a major product.

In 2018, Etruria produced an estimated 1.3 million automobiles and motorcycles, the Nth largest in the world. These vehicles are directed toward the domestic and Euclean markets, where they have proven highly competitive in the lower-price range. Etruria is also noted as a global producer of locomotives, buses and trams, where Caviglia Rotaia has become a global brand in the production of the former as well as high-speed trains for the developing Coian economies.

During the 2000s and 2010s, Caviglia Aeronautica emerged as a growing producer of both military and civil aircraft. The company is lauded as a national champion and is the Nth largest producer of short-haul and regional-haul aircraft. The company is also the Nth largest producer in private aircraft, including helicopters.

The CA70 Passero military transport aircraft, developed by Caviglia Aeronautica, the Nth largest producer of civil aircraft and Nth largest producer of military aircraft.

Etruria has since developed a strong light goods and appliance industry, with noted brands such as Casa and Valentino becoming the Nth largest producers of kitchen appliances, electronic appliances and home appliances. Casa is known to produce almost 88% of Etruria’s televisions and home entertainment systems purchased domestically.

Etruria is also a praised shipbuilding, with its high capacity for oil tankers, freighters, cruise ships, ferries and personal yachts and mega yachts. Nettuno-Accadia is one of the largest shipbuilders in the world, is known to high quality vessels.

Other areas in industry present in Etruria include mining, logging, steel producing and industrial chemicals. The Etrurian steel industry almost vanished during the 1960s, as the highly centralised industry dominated by Acciaio Etruriano became a zombie company, owing to poor competitiveness and gross mismanagement. AE was privatised in 1988 and broken up into three smaller companies that have proven more dynamic in recent years.

Tourism

Etruria is one of the most visited countries in the world, with an estimated 48.5 million visitors in 2014. Successive Etrurian governments have made use of the country’s natural environment, historic sites and cities to launch successful tourism campaigns. Etruria’s tourism industry is in part centred around the cities of Tyrrenhus, Solaria, Povelia and Stazzona, while the interior and coasts of Novalia have since overtaken the cities as the most popular tourist destinations.

The Novalian coast has become a popular destination for Euclean tourists during summertime.

Tourism provides an estimated 14.5% of Etruria’s GDP ($ ) and employs 5.1% of the workforce ( xx workers) in 2018.

Agriculture

Throughout much of its economic history, Etruria had been reliant on its agricultural sectors. It was not until the late 19th century, that industry had sufficiently replaced agriculture that its agrarian economic system was replaced. However, agriculture still plays a prominent role in Etruria’s economic output. Successive governments since the 1910s have implemented numerous measures and schemes to protect and support Etrurian farms. Since the 1960s, Etruria has actively impeded the emergence and growth of agribusinesses, protecting the small family-owned plots that have defined agriculture since the middle-ages.

Vineyards of Carvagna produced much of the country's high quality wines.

As of 2018, there an estimated 1.95 million farms in Etruria, 47% being found in Vespasia (39% in the south and 61% in the north), 20% in Novalia and 33% in Carinthia. Over 90% of Etruria’s farms are small family-owned plots, averaging only 10 hectares in size. The number of farms has consistently decreased since the 1960s owing to rural-to-urban migration and cheaper imports from Coius or the Asterias.

Etruria is one of the largest producers of wine in the world and a major producer of chesse, olive oils and horticulture.

Infrastructure

Until the early 20th century, Etruria’s infrastructure was among the weakest in Euclea for a major nation. For decades, Etruria had among the major nations, the shortest and most limited rail network. It was not until the 1920s that Etruria expanded its railways beyond three lines connecting the state and national capitals. During the Great War, the Etrurian government launched a major construction program, aimed at supporting its military requirements. This resulted in the creation of the acclaimed Autostrade and Strade Provinciali road network. The war also saw dramatic expansion of railroads, with 12,500km of track added between 1928 and 1934. The project is renown for its use of penal workers and women.

Etruria has 998,365 km (620,355 mi) of serviceable roads, including 12,507 km (7,771 mi) of motorway. Both serviceable roads and motorways are state-owned and managed by Servizio Stradale Federale, though several regions have seen private companies manage the road network. Etruria’s established road-network is praised for its high quality and connectivity, consistent criticisms regarding the poor quality of roads in mountainous and isolated areas have rarely been met. In 2019, the Etrurian government launched a multi-billion euclo project to modernise and expand roads and highways in these regions.

The national railway network, state-owned and operated by Amministrazione Ferroviaria Federale Etruria, in 2019 totalled 18,888 km (11,736 mi) of which 16,213 km (10,074 mi) is electrified, and on which 5,100 locomotives and railcars run. Between 2000 and 2010, 5,900 km of railroad were upgraded to support high-speed trains, and between 2010 and 2014, this was expanded 6,500 km. In 2014, the Linea Leopardo high-speed train network was launched. The Linea Leopardo travels the length of Etruria’s eastern coastline. In 2018, the Linea Leopardo II project was launched with the aim of establishing high-speed links between the major coastal cities and the interior to the west. Etruria has 11 rail border crossings through Aventine settings and elsewhere. Plans for increase the number of rail crossings into Gaullica and Auratia are currently underway.

Etruria has 18 international airports, with the primary hubs being Pietromontecorvino in Tyrrenhus, Francesco Cesare Candreva near Povelia, and Romolo Alessandri-Solaria. There are 106 regional airports as of 2018, with plans for the construction of sixty more regional level hubs by 2030. Etruria’s national carrier is Volaretruria, which serves 82 destinations worldwide.

One of the many container ports of Accadia.

Etruria operates 39 major seaports, the largest being Accadia, which Etruria’s largest and the largest Euclean seaport on the Solarian Sea. Etruria operates a merchant fleet of 477 vessels, an increase of 13% as of 2019, compared to 2010. Etruria operates several ferry links, connecting regions and cities across Povelian Gulf, Insular Etruria and multi-national destinations, including Emessa and Auratia.

Science and technology

Historically, Etruria has produced numerous scientists and inventors, with Etruria’s prominent role in the Euclean renaissance. Notable Etrurian scientists and engineers include, Leonardo Renanti (1511-1567) who pioneered astrology, Enrico Venti (1489-1539) who made vital discoveries about human anatomy. In more modern times, Alessandri de Vecchi, who alongside Edmund Schultze, developed vaccines for anthrax and made breakthroughs in the study of rabies during the 19th century. Novalian Stepan Staric played a key role in the development of the telephone and Viktor Carraturo-Baric was vital in the development of vulcanised rubber.

The New Century Institute is a major recipient of government funding into research and development.

Today, Etruria is host to several major institutions and research groups that focus on engineering, energy, robotics and communications. The Innocenzo Dametto Institute is one of Euclea's leading research and development bodies, looking into cleaner energy production. The New Century Group is a state-backed series of R&D institutions dedicated to pioneering future technologies, primarily Artificial Intelligence, Quantum computing, information technology and robotics. As of 2018, the Etrurian government spent $23.5 billion on R&D, a 11% increase from 2016, ranking Etruria as one of the highest spenders on research and development.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
190031,475,000—    
190635,500,000+12.8%
191638,021,000+7.1%
192640,148,000+5.6%
195045,800,000+14.1%
196651,213,321+11.8%
197659,336,807+15.9%
198660,982,147+2.8%
199662,250,325+2.1%
200663,871,030+2.6%
201665,596,083+2.7%
Source: Ufficio Federale di Statistica

According to the 2014 census, Etruria had a population of 65.59 million - the 4th largest in Euclea and 15th in the world. Etruria has a population density of 119.58/km2 (309.7/sq mi), relatively lower than the Euclean standard. Population in Etruria is distributed unevenly, with concentrations found along the coastlines, the Eugenian Plain and the Carinthian Plain in the north and north-west respectively. Etruria is the one of the few countries in East Euclea to meet the replacement rate of 2.1, with a total fertility rate (TFR) of 2.4 as of 2018, as a result, Etruria's population is expected to exceed 70m by 2028 through mostly natural births instead of migration. The average age of Etruria is 32, among the lowest in Euclea. Etruria's birthrate compared to other Euclean countries has been subject to wide debate among statisticians, with many claiming income, standards of living and cultural values have played a role in maintaining the replacement rate.

During the 1990s and 2000s, Etruria experienced a large wave of immigration from former colonies Satria (55%) and Badawiya (45%), by 2010 it was estimated that these migrants constituted 6.4% of the population. This number has since fallen as many migrants moved from Etruria to other countries in Eastern Euclea.

Populations descdended from Etrurian colonists and immigrants can be found in Asteria Superior and Asteria Inferior. Beginning with the colonisation of Marirana in the late 15th century, significant numbers of colonists from Povelia and other Etrurian city states would go on to settle in what is also now Belmonte and Imagua and the Assimas. An estimated 257,400 left metropolitan Etruria for the Asterias during the 16th century. This would rise to 560,000 in the 17th century and 333,000 in the early 18th century. Following the Etrurian Revolution, migration to the Asterias would remain steady at 80,000 every decade between 1800 and 1830. The onset of the Industrial Revolution and urbanisation during the late 19th century saw Etrurian migration to the Asterias diminish. Another key diaspora can be found Caldia, which has historically been a popular destination for political exiles and free-thinkers expelled due to their beliefs. Over 5,000 Etrurians settled in Caldia during the Etrurian Revolution Republic (1938-1946) and a further 55,000 during the Military Dictatorship (1960-1983).

Ethnic groups

Etruria is a multinational and multi-lingual nation. The Etrurian nation state since its formation during the Etrurian Revolution in the 1780s has recognised this constitutionally and culturally since. The 1983 Constitution differs from previous basic laws as it defines the multinational nature of Etruria as a "federal union of three nations and six peoples", this definition plays into the degree of recognition and rights afforded to the ethnic groups of Etruria. The same definition lends to Etruria being described as a plurinational state. Regionalism within Vespasia has led to conflicts over the definition provided by the constitution. The identity of Etruria is widely based on the infusion of the territorial and ethnolinguistic idenities of its "three nations", insofar that the Etrurian identity is built from the overlap of the three dominant groups. The issue of national identity has been a long-term controversial topic in Etrurian society.

Map detailing the ethnic layout of Etruria per commune.

The "Three Nations" (Nazioni) are Carinthia, Novalia and Vespasia. The definition of a nation is based upon the historical boundaries of the ethnolinguistic state prior to unification under the Etrurian First Republic. While Carinthia and Novalia can claim to be functional nationstates before 1784, however, this definition sparked the "Vespasian Debate", owing to Vespasia being a geographical term for the Vespasian-speaking region of Etruria, which prior to 1784 consisted of thirteen distinct city states and republics. The "Vespasian Debate" centres around whether the constitution should defined Etruria as a "Federal Union of sixteen nations and six peoples", owing to the lack of a Vespasian nationstate.

Composition of Etruria by ethnicity (2016)
Vespasian
63.45%
Novalian
13.30%
Carinthian
10.04%
Miruvian
4.18%
Piraean
3.51%
Gaullican
1.19%
Mariranian
1.18%
Zorasani
1.09%
Satrian
1.06%
Source: Ufficio Federale di Statistica (UFS)

The "Six Peoples" (Popoli) refers to the largest and settled ethnic groups of Etruria; Vespasians, Novalians, Carinthians, Miruvians, Piraeans and Gaullicans. While being recognised as a People affords equal civil and political rights, in reality, Etruria has experienced discrimination along ethnic lines since its unification in 1786 and it was not until the 1984 Constitution, that either the Miruvians or Gaullicans were officially recognised as ethnic groups in Etruria. Despite official recognition, the Etrurian census provides the options of Etrurian, Vespasian, Carinthian or Novalian for identity, owing to the constitution's definition of an Etrurian citizen as a "person who resides, inhabits and identifies with the Federation of Etruria", as Piraeans, Gaullicans and Miruvians (though a stateless multi-national ethnic group) can identify with separate and distinct nationstates outside of Etruria, providing these options in the census would "contradict the constitutional definition of an Etrurian."

According to the 2016 census, 87% of citizens idenify as Etrurian, 11% identified as their ethnicity (4% Vespasian, 4% Novalian and 3% Carinthian) and 2% idenitifed as "Other." The census showed that of the national population, 63.45% are Vespasian, 13.30% Novalian, 10.04% Carinthian, 4.18% Miruvian, 3.51% Piraean, 1.19% Gaullican, 1.18% Mariranian, 1.09% Zorasani, 1.06% Satrian, 0.98% Tsabaran and 0.02 Savader.

Lanugages

Etruria has three official languages Vespasian, Novalian and Carinthian. All three languages and are used for the federal and state government's acts and laws, this is required constitutionally in all fifteen states regardless of ethnic makeup. This has been in place since the Etrurian First Republic as a means of fostering "unity and cohesion through the shared politic." Owing to the limited intermixing geographically of the three national ethnicities, everyday life is generally spoken in the respective "nation's" language. Regions where intermixing is prevalent, notably the Tarantine regions and the country's largest cities, Vespasian is most spoken in everyday and cultural life. Education across the country is conducted evenly in Vespasian, Novalian and Carinthian, this policy is mandated by the constitution and is known as "Tri-lingual Education". This has enabled the an overwhelming majority of Etrurians to speak the opposing languages from their mother tongue to an advanced degree by completion of secondary schooling.

Exceptions to the TLE rule are found in certain states, notably Dinara and Peravia, where communes in the far north boast sizeable Gaullican populations local schools teach the Gaullican language to Vespasian students over Novalian and Carinthian. The most prominent dialect of Gaullican spoken is Gaullo-Aventine and is the dialect taught to Vespasian students.

The Etrurian constitution recognises a series of regional languages, though the number has been reduced steadily since the 1888 constitution's universal recongition. The most widely spoken regional languages recognised include Piraean, Miruvian (viewed as distinct to Novalian) and Gaullo-Aventine. The remaining regional languages are recognised dialects of Vespasian, the only Vespasian dialects to be recognised as regional languages are Povelian, Dinarian and Solarian. With the exception of Miruvian and Piraean, regional languages may be used for state acts, laws, public signage and education, however the three national languages must also be present.

Religion

Healthcare

Education

Functional urban areas

Culture

Arts

Tomb of King Tarquinius is the oldest known fresco in Etruria.

Art in Etruria across its history has played a key role in the development of Euclean artwork, with one of the oldest frescoes in Euclea found in the Tomb of King Tarquinius, which dates as far back as 930 BC. Ancient Etrurian artwork owes much of its infuence and characteristics to those found in Ancient Piraea, however, Tyrrenhian and later Solarian art developed unique characteristics of their own. Most of Ancient Solaria's artwork was produced in the decoration of personal homes as the means of pursuing status among peers and often portrayed personal stories in extravagent ways.

The emergence of panel paintings was pioneered by early Novalian painters, drawing on influence from neighboring Piraea, who shared in the works of Episemalist iconography. This in turn led to the introduction of Solarianesque art during the early middle ages, where it grew in popularity across Vespasia. Artists in Vespasia began to explore improvements in realism and a focus on volume, producing many great artworks during the middle ages.

The Family (1540-41) by Giovanni Aldrovandini in the Galleria della Laguna.
The Kiss of Betrayal (1602-1603) by Giulio Venti in the Galleria Federale is the leading example of Vespasian Baroque.

The golden age of Etrurian painting and sculpture came during the renaissance (1320-1635), driven by the patronage of Etruria's ruling elites, including the Solarian Catholic Church and outside influences. The renaissance produced numerous artists and scultpures, who's work played significant roles in the development of modern Euclean arts and the freedom of artistic expression and innovation. Leading Etrurian artists of the renaissance including Andrea Farese, Giovanni Aldrovandini, Tiziano della Vadera, Andrija Vareši and Ivan Antonevic revolutionised painting through innovative uses of perspective, proportion and a refinement of the use of human anatomy, which in turn greatly refined portraiture and landscape works. With the innovations of proportion and understanding of human anatomy, Etrurian sculpture works became integral fixtures of the renaissance. Many great sculpture artists were hired by leading patrician families or rulers to honour ancestors or heroic figures, while the Church played a prominent role in Etruria through its patronage of artists in the production of statues of Saints and holy figures.

The succession of the Renaissance period by Vespasian Baroque saw further transitions into different expressions by artists, which dominated the 17th century. This in turn was replaced by the emergence of Rococ art, which played a significant role in the evolution of landscape artists specifically, who's use of plastic paints enabled the creation of numerous masterpieces depicting various Etrurian locales and cities. Etrurian art would decline during the late 18th century owing to the upheveal of the Etrurian Revolution, where many established painters and sculpture arists were persecuted for their historic service to monarchs or leading patrician families. Following the revolution, Romanticism spread to Etruria in the 19th century, where many artists embraced the style to critique or lament the struggles of the revolutionary period. The most prominent Etrurian romantic artist was the Povelian Ugo Desiderato, who produced numerous scenes depicting the glory of the Exalted Republic of Povelia prior to its downfall during the Revolution. However, the romantic period saw the leading artistic hubs move away from Etruira to northern Euclea.

The early 20th century saw Etruria give way to the futurist movement, and Etruria's resurgence as a leading light in painting and sculpture. Futurism grew in popularity during the Great War, due to its expressive use of colours to depict violence, machinery and modernity. The movement was patronised by the Etrurian Revolutionary Republic as a means of expressive propaganda, this connection to the National Solarianist regime and Solarian War saw the descrediting of futurism and its ultimate demise across Etruria and Euclea.

Literature and philosophy

The first recorded instance of literature in Etruria is a stage play performed in Tyrrenhus in 669 BC, references to this play were recorded by later Ancient Solarian historians. The Tyrrhenian oral tradition was adopted by the Ancient Solarians following the establishment of the Solarian Republic in 356 BC, where the speeches and thoughts of prominent patricians were documented in great detail, this in turn consolidated the foundation of Solarian literature. The literature of Ancient Solaria remains highly influential today, owed to the preservation of works by the likes of Tinian, Aitan, Arminius and Sacerio. Among the most treasured works of Ancient Solaria are the preserved transcripts of speeches made by the leaders of the Solarian Republic, especially Sacerio, who's thoughts and monologues on classical republicanism would prove pivotal in the Etrurian Revolution in the late 18th century. Ancient Solaria was also famous for its poetry, drama and mythical epics. Ancient Solarian writers, much like their successors during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, through their work also constitute philosophers of equal measure.

Aurelio Adriano Cioni is considered to be Etruria's most acclaimed poet, the founder of modern Vespasian and one of Carvagna's greatest rulers.

Going into the middle ages and renaissance, Etruria's most prominent poets, especially in Vespasia would commonly serve in prominent political positions. This celebration of literary talent through public office would play a pivotal role in some of Etruria's leading poetry, story telling and essay production. As such, many Vespasian works from those two periods would take on loftier tones, while many stories and poems took on the form of allegories. The renaissance period saw numerous Vespasian political leaders take inspiration from their Ancient Solarian ancestors, in documenting their inner thoughts, oratory and ideals, be it on love, religion or politics. This is best exemplified by the works of Francesco Cesare Candreva, when serving as Doge of Povelia, produced The City, is one of the most famous essays on political science and modern philosophy. Carinthia and Novalia drew inspiration from both the Marolevic west and the Vespasian east, with emphasis on virtues and principles. Novalia's Pavle Babić produced the poem Izgubljena Zora, considered to be one of the best poems on chivalry. Carinthia's Ivan Tavčar in 1563, wrote Marija je Dostavila, one of Etruria's most translated and re-published stories, and acclaimed for its prose and religious themes.

The 17th and early-to-mid 18th centuries saw Etrurian literature dominated by recurring themes of Sotirian values, providence and interpretations of Etrurian mythology. Giovanni Pio Renaldi's La Bestia is considered to be the most read fairytale book in Etruria, with its numerous short-stories focusing on individual mythical beats and beings. The role of Sotirian themes came as a backlash against the Amendist movement in northern Euclea, these produced numerous poems, stories and essays. The works by Dante Fattoruso's works on Solarian Catholicism would go on to be integral sources for the development of Etrurian Republicanism in the lead up to the Etrurian Revolution.

Etrurian literature was thrown into chaos with the Etrurian Revolution, the lead up saw the emergence of themes regarding liberty, justice, democracy and dignity. The overthrow of the Vespasian states during the Etrurian First Republic dispatched numerous poets and writers across Euclea, many of whom fled persecution over their patronage to aristocrats and patrician families. Those who remained pioneered new literary themes, celebrating or defining the Republic of Heaven ideal of the revolution. The Revolution is also acclaimed as Etruria's philosophical golden age, with Antonio Gennaro Volci's Il Carillon della Repubblica was praised by revolutionary leader Francesco Caciarelli as the epitome of Etrurian republicanism and by many writers since. Prežihov Rusjan's Božja Podoba (1786) is widely considered to be one of the most articulate arguments against slavery and is cited by the First Republic in its decree abolishing slavery and the slave trade in Etruria.

The 19th and early 20th centuries for Etrurian literature was dominated by the celebrations of industry, science and modernity. While some writers decried the destruction of nature in pursuit of industrial progress, a vast majority of Etruria's writers welcomed the change, with poems and stories advocating the mill and factory as measures of humanity's progress. The same periods saw a resurrection of Revolutionary-era literary themes in the preceding years to the San Sepulchro Revolution of 1888 and the second and final overthrow of monarchy in Etruria. Romanticism played its role during the latter stages of the 19th century, with images portrayed in prose of a new and united Etruria destined for global prosperity. The previous celebrations of modernity and industry ultimately gave way to the emergence of futurism, which in turn sought the celebration of youth, violence, speed and the machine. Etrurian literature of the 20th century, especially in the 1950s and 1960s was defined by the popularity of dystopian fiction, a cultural reaction to the devastation and conditions of Etruria during and after the Solarian War.

Cinema

Etrurian film first emerged in the late 1900s, with two companies dominating the industry: Fauglia Cinematografica and Serenità Cines, with both producing anticipated silent films throughout the 1910s. During the 1920s, a further eight companies emerged, producing quality films, which were soon exported out of Etruria. Cinema was later used by both the Etrurian Second Republic and Etrurian Revolutionary Republic to produce wartime propaganda during the Great War and Solarian War respectively, this would be repeated in a different manner under the Military dictatorship during the 1960s and 1970s.

Etrurian cinema declined rapidly in the post-solarian war period, where mass destitution and economic devastation hindered the capital or means for production of feature length products. It was not until the late 1950s, that Etrurian cinema made an artistic comeback. In 1960, the CineTyrrenio studios were launched, unleashing an entirely new genre of films produced and directed by Etrurians, under the influence of the military government. During the 1960s and 1970s, Pepla films emerged, centred around the Piraeo-Solarian period, and usually following Ancient Solarian heroes or epics. Many of these films were extravagent with their set designs and costumes and became immensely popular in Etruria and beyond. Other genres to emerge during this time was Serafici (Seraphic), historic epics based around the lives of Solarian Catholic Saints, another was Dogi e Commercianti (Doges and Merchants), which often constituted comedies or romantic tragedies set during the Etrurian renaissance. Etrurian cinema during the 1960s and 1970s was noted for its "escapism", diverting attention away from the poor condition of Etruria in the post-war period and the violence of the Western Emergency. Mariranian Spaghetti easterns became immensely popular in Etruria during the 1960s and 1970s, leading to a short period of Etruria imitations being produced, though they failed to make significant impact.

File:La grande guerra.jpg
The Great War (1961) was at that time the most expensive Etrurian film made and followed the true story of twin brothers fighting in Auratia against Gaullica.

Etrurian cinema also provoked controversy during the same period with the genre of Epiche Eroiche (Heroic Epics), where films were produced as a cinematic series covering Etruria's battles during the Great War and the Solarian War, usually with the Etrurian characters in question facing suicidal odds, only to survive through bravery, pluck and determination. The 1968 film Outcry was widely condemned as historical revisionism, by portraying Etrurian soldiers during the Solarian War fighting to defend Piraean nuns from Piraean partisans who sought to attack their nunery. With the restoration of democracy in 1983, Etrurian film transitioned toward more international and away from nationalistic genres. The Povelia Film Festival has been an annual fixture since its establishment in 1949.

Media

In 1925, Ammisitrazione Radiotelevisione Etruriana was founded and is Etruria's publicly funded radio, television and Internet broadcasting corporation. It operates television and radio stations across the entirety of Etruria, specifically serving local, regional, state and national audiences and is funded directly by the Etrurian government and through advertisment, which abolished the historic license fee in 2009. ARE News is the nation's most popular provider for daily broadcast news and information. Other major providers in Etrurian media include Orrizonte TV, which competes with ARE at the national and regional level, other competative providers include NNT, which operates at the Novalian regional level and Zora do Sumraka, which serves Carinthian regional audiences.

Newspaper readership in Etruria differs per region, where preferances for national or regional papers fluctuates. In the Vespasian states of Etruria, the overwhelming preferance is for national level papers, including the centrist Il Popolo, right-wing Telegrafo Solariano and the independent Nuovo Percorso. Readers in Novalia and Carinthia are shown to be major consumers of regional or local newspapers, many of which are sister publications of national papers. During the 1990s and early 2000s, tabloid newspapers grew in popularity, with La Stella briefly overtaking the established national papers as the most circulated. However, a series of scandals indicating extensive falsifications and its use as a political tool to descredit politicians eventually led to the downfall of La Stella and tabloid journalism in Etruria.

The media sector in Etruria is decentralised between Tyrrenhus, Solaria and Fauglia, where national newspapers and television and radio are largely based. While, Praproče and Dubovica dominate the media sectors of Carinthia and Novalia respectively. The Etrurian publishing industry, including books, directories and databases, journals, magazines and business media, newspapers and news agencies at the local and national levels produce an estimated $12.5 billion for the Etrurian economy each year. Etruria is also home to some of the oldest continuously serving publishing houses in Euclea, with San Dionigi Editore (1603) and Stefano Barbarigo Editore (1611) still in business.

Music

Ever since Ancient Solaria, music has played a prominent role in Etrurian culture. From folk music, including the iconic tarantella to opera, classical music, Etruria has been a hotbed for innovations in instruments and genres of music, with the violin and piano being invented in Etruria and the musical forms of the symphony, concerto, and sonata, tracing their roots back to innovations of Baroque-era Vespasian music. Famous Etrurian composers from the renaissance include Valaseno, Montecorvino and Karelo, who introduced acclaimed magridals and innovated polyphony.

La Leone operahouse in Povelia.

In music, Etruria is most famous for the creation of opera, where it began as a popular form of theatre, shared by all classes. The origins of opera are believed to be northern Vespasia, primarily Povelia and Faulia during the early 17th century. No major works from the earliest period of opera have survived, though later works and pieces produced in the 19th century remain popular and stand as some of the most famous ever written. Many works by Gioachino, Ercolani, Vitiello and Bonera are perfomed in operahouses worldwide. Etruria operates the highest number of opera houses in the world, with the La Leone in Povelia, the Ducato Giorgio in Faulia and Papa Pio X in Tyrrenhus being the most popular establishments in Etruria. La Leone and the Ducato Giorgio are considered to be among the best in the world for operatic perfomances. While considered to be a classical form, operas remain among the most popular music forms in Etruria, enjoyed across all age groups and socio-economic classes.

Girolamo Enrico Bonera is considered to be Etruria's greatest producer of operas and dance melodies.

During the 1950s, Etrurian music genres were dominated by swing and schlager music, imported from Werania. Sophia Valentino became a Euclean chart topper during this decade with her take on popular swing and schlager music. During the 1960s and 1970s, the policies of the military government stemmed the spread of popular genres like progressive rock and free jazz, though they became widely embraced genres in the underground cultural scene. The policies of the dictatorship however did lead to the emergence of turbo folk in the early 1980s, which initially began among the Miruvian minority, before being emulated by the Novalians and Carinthians, turbo folk in the latter two languages also became popular among Vespasians, leading to turbo folk being considered the "genre of democratisation." The late 1980s saw musical innovations in electronic and dance music, introducing the sub-genres of Etrurodance and EtruroHouse; known for their futuristic sounds and prominent use of synthesisers and drum machines. Etrurodance and Etrurohouse faded by the early 2000s, though have seen a revival in the 2010s. The leading artists of Etrurian electronic music include Inferno 12, Leo Scipio, Mario D'Santis and the Novalian due Castra.

Cuisine

Etrurian cuisine is greatly defined by its multiethnic nature, with its food drawing influences from the climate, geography and three major cultures. The role of its Solarian roots is found its extensive use of fish and seafood dishes, and its inspirations from the land in the form of cuisines from Novalia and Carinthia have helped develop a great variety of dishes and divisions of its cuisine. Over the centuries, the distinct cuisines of Etruria's cultures have merged to create a unique "Etrurian fusion" of popular Central Euclean recipes with those of the Vespasian region. There are four divisions of Etrurian cuisine:

Vespasian Goulash is a popular national dish, including the ingredients and recipes of all three nations.
  • Vespasian: Defined as the Solarian diet, Vespasian cuisine is centred around pasta, alongside herb enriched sauces, though with distinct regional differences.
  • Carinthian-Hinterland: The stews, thick soups and meath dishes of Carinthia and inland Novalia, such as Matevž and goulash.
  • Novalian: Heavily inspired by its Solarian roots, with a primary focus on seafood dishes, such as the fish stew Brudet, salted or grilled sardines (slana riba), usually served with salad.
  • Etrurian Fusion: Etrurian Fusion refers to numerous dishes that draw influences from the above divisions. The most prominent of Etrurian Fusion is Vespasian Goulash, which includes the use of tomato, onion & garlic Marinara sauce, alongside macaroni pasta and grounded beef.

Sport

The most popular sport in Etruria is a football, varieties of which have been played in regions of Etruria since Solarian times, however it was not until the late 19th century that football came to dominate Etrurian sports. S.S Solaria is the oldest team in Etruria, being founded in 1894. Etruria's Lega A is the nation's premier league division and one of the most watched in Euclea, with S.S San Marco and A.S Tyrrenhus among the most successful football clubs in the world. The national team also stands as one of the best in the world, recently coming third in the 2019 IFF Coupe du monde. Etruria had historically won the Coupe du Monde in XXXX, XXXX, XXXX and XXXX.

Fans A.S Tyrrenhus during a derby with S.S Palestrina in 2018.
The Foro degli Eroi in Tyrrenhus hosts the Etrurian Open tennis tournament.

Tennis, basketball, volleyball and futsal are other popular sports enjoyed by Etrurians. The country has hosted the Etrurian Open tennis tournament since 1956,and since grown in viewership and prestige since the 1990s. The country's rising sports in popularity are motorcycle racing and formula one, the annual Accadia Grand Prix held at the Sergio Virzì Ippodromo elevated Etrurian motor racing to global audiences. Rugby first emerged as a sport in Etruria during the Great War, when it was introduced by Estmerish soldiers during the 1920s, since rugby has become a popular sport, particularly in southern Vespasia. The national rugby team has competed internationally since 1950 and is considered a tier-one rugby team. Bicycle racing is a popular and familiar sport, especially in Carinthia and Novalia, the Ogled Koroške hosted in Carinthia is an annual fixture in international bicycle racing and has grown in prominence owing to the natural beauty of the designated racing route through the country's foothills.

Owing to the mountainous terrain of Etruria and the Aventine Mountains, Skiing is considered to be a national sport, Aventine skiing is the third most practiced sport, and the country is a popular international skiing destination, known for its ski resorts in both the Aventines and Tarantine mountains. Etruria has among the most extensive and high quality skiing facilities in the world, with Etrurian skiers regularly achieving good results at the Winter Invictus Games, and the skiing world cup and championships.

Etruria is the birthplace of the modern Invictus Games, hosting the first games in 1898, then in 1998 and most recently in 2010. Etruria has hosted the games the second most times, after Gaullica. The country has also hosted the Winter Invictus Games twice, in 1920 and 1956.

Public holidays

Citizens of Etruria enjoy a large number of public holidays, officially known as Federal Holidays. The origins of the holidays are varied; some are cultural holidays, steeped in Eturian history, while a majority are derived from the Solarian tradition, and others are derived from the country's modern history. There are currently 19 official public holidays, all of which are non-working day

Date Estmerish name Official Etrurian name Remarks
1 January New Year's Day Capodanno
6 January Epiphany Epifania
10 February Rivodutri Victory Vittoria Rivodutri Final battle of the Great War, resulting in a victory over Gaullica
A Sunday in spring Easter Pasqua
Monday after Easter Easter Monday Lunedì dell'Angelo, Lunedì in Albis or more commonly Pasquetta
1 May International Workers' Day Festa del Lavoro (or Festa dei Lavoratori)
10 May Day of Serenity/Union Day Giorno della Serenità or Giorno Unione Birth of the Etrurian Federation, 1888
4 June Liberation and Unification Day Liberazione e Unificazione Celebrates the unification of modern day Etruria following the Pereramonic Wars
15 August Ferragosto/Assumption Da Ferragosto or Assunzione
1 November All Saints' Day Tutti i santi (or Ognissanti)
26 November Sons of Romulus Day Figli di Giorno Romolo Celebration of the Etrurian Armed Forces
8 December Immaculate Conception Immacolata Concezione (or just Immacolata)
25 December Christmas Day Natale
26 December Saint Stephen's Da Santo Stefano