This article or section is in the process of an expansion or major restructuring. You are welcome to assist in its construction by editing it as well. If this article or section, please remove this template.
If you are the editor who added this template and you are actively editing, please be sure to replace this template with
United Republics of Omerica
|Government||Federal parliamentary republic|
|House of Plenipotentiaries|
|House of Representatives|
|149,729 km2 (57,811 sq mi)|
|452/km2 (1,170.7/sq mi)|
|Currency||Omerican florin (ORF)|
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy AD|
Omerica (/ˌoʊməˈɹiːkə/; French: Omérique, [ɔmerik]), officially known as the United Republics of Omerica (French: Républiques unies de l’Omérique), is a sovereign state and federation of twenty-five republics. Located at the far northern end of the ? continent, Omerica is a cosmopolitan and multilingual state and shares a sense of community founded upon common historical ties, maritime symbolism and shared liberal democratic values.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 Notes
Omerica is governed as a federal parliamentary democratic republic. The three Basic Laws of Omerica govern the set-up of the Omerican state and the prerogatives and duties of its institutions. The bicameral Federal Diet of Omerica exercises legislative power and scrutinises the executive. The directly-elected House of Representatives is the lower house and consists of 300 members elected to a four-year term by universal and secret suffrage.
The House of Plenipotentiaries is the upper house and consists of 100 members representing the republics of Omerica. Plenipotentiaries are indirectly elected, with each republic’s delegation appointed to represent its government; delegations to the House can be recalled their appointing republic at any time, meaning that each republic’s elections affects the composition of the upper house.
The President is the ceremonial head of state and is elected for a single, nonrenewable seven-year term by a joint sitting of the Federal Diet. The Prime Minister is the head of government and chair of the Federal Council of Ministers, which is charged with executing the domestic and foreign policy of the state. The Council directs and coordinates the work of government institutions under the leadership of the Prime Minister; the Council bears full responsibility for all executive acts of the federal government and must consequently answer to the Federal Diet for all executive acts.
The Omerican political system has historically been characterised as a "three-party system", with Omerican Socialist Party on the left and Reformist Party and Liberal Democratic Union on the right predominating elections. These three parties have continuously been the largest in the Federal Diet since the introduction of universal suffrage, though the regionalist Federation of Civic Forces, environmentalist Federal Social Greens and centrist Radical Left have gained prominence in the late 20th and early 21st century.
Direct democracy is a political tradition older than Omerican independence, originating with the people’s assembly, where citizens gathered to set policy and budgets for the local community; the assembly is maintained in a majority of municipal governments as the direct governing body of the locality. The modern Omerican Charter of Rights defines four principal direct electoral rights—election, referendum, initiative and recall—which complement a representative democratic system, leading to the characterisation of Omerica as a semi-direct democracy.
A referendum is mandatory when a proposal to amend the Omerican constitution is passed by the Federal Diet or a majority of republican legislatures representing the majority of the population and requires a double majority to succeed, namely a majority of valid votes cast nationwide and a majority of valid votes cast in a majority of the republics. Additionally, voters may challenge laws passed by the legislature via a so-called “citizens’ veto”; if enough signatures are collected within a defined time period, a referendum is scheduled where voters decide whether to accept or reject the law, with a simple majority sufficient to repeal.
Voters may also recall elected representatives before the end of their terms. In most republics and at the federal level, the recall takes the form of a by-election, which (depending on the jurisdiction) the incumbent may or may not be allowed to contest, whereas other republics hold a referendum to decide whether the incumbent should be removed and a simultaneous ballot to decide their replacement if the recall succeeds.
Omerica is a federation of twenty-four republics, which enjoy permanent constitutional status and, in comparison with other countries, a large degree of autonomy. Each republic is constitutionally equal in status and is fully self-governing, with its own constitution, parliament, government and judiciary. However, the republics display significant diversity, with areas ranging from slightly over 200 km² to over 24,000 and populations ranging from less than 300,000 to more than 11 million.
|Republic||Code||Federated||Capital||Population||Area (km²)||Density||GDPpc (NSD)||Official language(s)|
|Alleos||AL||9 June 1894||Volubourg||2,100,213||11,741||179||41,202||French|
|Altomare||AM||22 September 1893||Romainbourg||3,110,907||3,051||1,020||47,653||French|
|Braganza||BR||6 June 1894||Sassari||1,767,270||3,852||459||42,408||French|
|Bridgecastle||PC||19 September 1893||Saint-Jean||1,476,180||7,258||203||50,251||French|
|Charlottesville||CV||1 January 1983||—||5,610,545||558||10,055||47,893||French|
|Coleraine||CR||17 March 1894||Derry||2,665,499||8,010||333||42,938||English|
|Emerald Isles||EM||25 August 1893||Charlottetown||1,824,352||6,224||293||44,341||English|
|Free State||FS||30 June 1893||Nassau||6,463,963||6,958||929||43,555||English|
|Great Arden||GA||1 August 1893||Templemore||2,310,855||7,447||310||46,910||English|
|Heathmoor||HE||17 November 1893||Strongford||1,368,355||8,210||167||40,927||English|
|Marche Rouge||MR||1 November 1893||Châlons||308,643||1,695||182||44,679||French|
|Mespalia||ME||1 January 1995||Christiana||7,461,993||1,310||5,696||53,416||English|
|New East Flanders||EF||28 February 1900||Saint-Christophe||6,311,646||8,382||753||46,575||French|
|New Guernsey||NG||3 March 1894||Castlerock||293,088||682||430||62,294||English|
|New Vaucluse||NV||18 August 1893||Bayoneta||710,622||5,768||123||43,606||French|
|New West Flanders||WF||28 February 1950||Westhaven||4,742,764||16,044||296||43,699||English|
|North Provence||NP||21 April 1894||Carthagène||1,229,654||9,395||131||40,911||French|
|Port-des-Saints||FC||12 December 1920||—||1,909,375||820||2,329||60,658||English|
|Romainbourg||RB||1 January 1971||—||3,191,185||204||15,643||63,451||French|
|Seafoam Islands||SF||3 January 1894||Saint Anne||757,549||1,477||513||50,994||English|
|South Provence||SP||18 April 1894||Syracuse||1,646,248||9,408||175||38,979||French|
|Strathavon||SA||28 March 1894||Falconhurst[lower-alpha 1]||4,170,152||8,547||488||43,839||English|
|Terreneuf||TN||2 November 1893||Épiteaux||480,228||1,806||266||38,049||French|
|Westavon||WA||1 January 1932||Bristol||3,577,573||8,157||439||45,453||English, French|
|Windstead||WS||2 July 1893||Langholm||2,231,881||12,725||175||45,835||English|
On aggregate, the republics spend more than the federal government, though the federal government has used its spending powers and its power to make financial grants to the republics to incentivise republics to pursue specific policies in areas where the Union does not have legislative power; republics can opt out of these national policies, but rarely do so in practice. The republics set aside part of their revenue to be used for federal equalisation payments, which aim to ensure that all republics have a uniform capacity to raise revenue.
Republics have plenary power to enact any law they wish, subject to certain limits set out by the Omerican constitution, whereas the Federal Diet may only legislate on specifically enumerated subject areas. However, where the Federal Diet has the power to enact legislation, federal law prevails over republican law to the extent of any inconsistency. Almost all criminal law is enacted by the republics, as well as most laws relating to healthcare, social welfare, law enforcement, public education, job training and promotion of the arts and sciences.
Law and judiciary
The Omerican economy is almost exclusively classified as developed, with above average per capita GDP and human development index. Omerican economic policy is defined by the concept of the État marchand (roughly translated as “merchant state”), whereby private corporations compete with the government for service provision in certain sectors, and by economic tripartism. The right of labour to unionise is protected by constitutional law and major labour unions hold considerable political clout.
The florin (ORF, symbol: ƒ) is the currency of Omerica, which is subdivided into 100 cents (symbol: ¢). Issued by the Federal Monetary Authority of Omerica, the nation’s central bank, the florin is roughly equivalent to 20 NationStates cents.
Science and technology
Omerica is characterised as a cultural mosaic, a conglomeration of regional and ethnic subcultures, which was first articulated by early Omerican writer Jean-Martin Michelakis: “For every two Omericans, there are three cultures.” Omerica is defined by its diversity, evident in the fact that English and French are co-official at the federal level and several native languages of the First Peoples remain in use.
Omerican culture has been further shaped by the indigenous heritage of the First Peoples and immigration of African and Asian nationals. Omerican national identity is centred on the nation’s common colonial history, ubiquitous maritime background and common cultural and political values, namely neutrality, direct democracy, social solidarity and universal human rights.
Freedom of the press and the right to free expression are constitutionally protected by the Omerican Charter of Rights. Due to its cultural diversity and strong economy, Omerica has had a strong tradition in the media sector. Omerica boasts a large number of published newspapers in proportion to its population, though competition from online news outlets have led to newspapers and magazines folding in increasing numbers. Nonetheless, most towns and all major cities have at least one daily newspaper and a number of national papers circulate throughout the country, the largest being The Northern Times, Le Financier, La Travailliste and The National.
Television and radio broadcasts heavily influence modern Omerican media and culture. Système fédérale de radiodiffusion (English: “Federal Broadcasting System”), a federation of republican broadcasters, is the oldest and largest broadcaster on both media, airing three general programming stations, six special interest stations and several foreign language networks for non-Omerican audiences. SFRD’s competitors include the federally-operated Radiotélévision nationale (English: “National Radio-Television”), three for-profit networks and several pay and non-profit radio and television services.
- Falconhurst is the administrative and legislative capital, while Queensferry is the judicial capital.