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Chao in 2001
|1st Chief Executive of Jindao|
April 10, 1996 – April 4, 2001
|Premier||Yang Zhengming (1996–1999)|
Han Guanzheng (1999–2001)
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Sou|
|Born||July 31, 1933|
Yanglin, Senrian Jindao
|Political party||Liberal Party|
|Height||177 cm (5 ft 11 in)|
|Spouse(s)||Olivia Wen (m. 1976)|
|Net worth||$55.4 million|
Chao Hieou-ying JMH, JAOcE (Xiaodongese: 邵秀英; Shào Xiùyīng, born 31 July 1933) is a Jindanese businessman, entrepreneur and former politician who served as the first Chief Executive of Jindao from 1996 to 2001. He is currently the owner of his company, Chao Holdings Ltd., which is a real estate firm that operates across Jindao. As of 2020, he has a net worth of $55.4 million, making him one of the wealthiest heads-of-state in the 21st century.
Born during the Senrian occupation of Jindao in 1933, Chao spent much of his early life with his family in relative isolation from the Senrian Army. With Jindao's cession to Estmere in the Treaty of Keisi in 1935, Chao was exclusively taught Estmerish growing up, and did not learn Xiaodongese until his mid-20s. He graduated from Knowleston University in 1954 with a degree in natural histories. A historian for around 20 years, working both in Jindao and Xiaodong, Chao resigned from his job in 1975 to become a politician within Jindao, advocating for Jindao's return to Xiaodong as an autonomous administrative territory. Chao's domestic influence as well as external pressure from Xiaodong culminated in the signing of the Xiao-Estmerish Jindao Treaty in 1991, scheduling the city's return in 1996. When Jindao was returned to Xiaodong, it was designated as an AAT and Chao appointed as its inaugural Chief Executive by Xiaodongese Premier Yang Zhengming, simultaneously forming his Liberal Party in 1996.
Chao's policies led much of the continued framework of Jindao's economic liberalism and global tax haven status, however his tenure was also littered with controversies pertaining to the cession of Jindao to Xiaodong, including the 1997 Wanqian protests. Chao maintained a good relationship with Xiaodong throughout his tenure and was personal friends of both Zhengming and later Guanzhang. He created his real estate firm, Chao Holdings Ltd., in 2000, eventually attracting claims of embezzlement and corruption by the end of his tenure. His Liberal Party never entered government in Jindao again and eventually disbanded in 2005. Chao continues to operate his business within Jindao, owning many high-end apartments and houses in central locations in Jindao, and has amassed a personal wealth of over $50 million. He remains a controversial figure both in Jindao and the outside world, but is commended in Xiaodong, especially by the Xiaodongese government, for his relative pro-Xiaodong stances and policies that eased the transition of the city.