State Presidium of Xiaodong
State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì
|11th State Presidium|
|Coat of arms or logo|
|Founded||May 12, 1935|
|Preceded by||Imperial Deliberative Assembly|
New session started
|19th January 2017|
Leader of Legislative Business
Leader of the Opposition of Xiaodong
since 1st June 2018
Length of term
FPTP (378 seats)
PLPR (185 seats)
|January 14th, 2017|
|Supreme Hall of State|
|Basic Law of Xiaodong|
The State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 晓东吉祥共和国国家常务委员会; Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is the de jure highest executive body of Xiaodong and its de facto highest legislative body.
The State Presidium was created in 1935 following the Corrective Revolution being intended to be the highest executive body of state with the Chairperson of the State Preisidum being the head of state. However due to its large size it delegated power to the smaller Council of Ministers and with the development of a single-party state based around the office of the First Minister of Xiaodong the State Presidium became increasingly a rubber stamping body for the government, only meeting twice a year to approve of decisions already made in the Council of Ministers.
Following the development of democracy in Xiaodong during the mid-1980's the State Presidium officially took the powers of a national legislature and became an elected body, similar to a national parliament - as a result many Xiaodongese refer to it as a "parliament" (国会; Guóhuì) rather than Presidium (常务委员会; Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì). The Chairman acts as the de jure speaker but in practice due to the Stte Chairmans duties as head of state the Presiding Officer often chairs the Presidium in the Chairman's place.
The 563 seats in the State Presidium is elected every five years (although the Chairman may dissolve it at any time) through a parallel voting system with 378 seats being elected via first-past-the-post and 185 seats via party-list proportional representation. There have been calls to diminish the State Presidium's legislative functions, rescind its status as an elected body and restore it to an appointed executive body. Template:Xiaodong Topics