State Presidium of Xiaodong
State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì
|Founded||April 24, 1937|
|Supreme Hall of State, Rongzhuo, Xiaodong|
|Constitution of Xiaodong|
The State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 晓东吉祥共和国国家常务委员会; Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is the highest executive, legislative and judicial body in Xiaodong. It consists of 11 members - its own Chairman, the Premier, the Legislative Council President, the Examination Council President, the Judicial Council President, the chief of general staff, director of the Shujichu, the vice-premier and the ministers of international relations, finance and defence.
The State Presidium was created in 1937 during the Xiaodongese Civil War to act as a temporary executive, legislative and judicial body before the victory of the Army of National Salvation in areas controlled by the Army. Following the victory of army in 1940 it was retained as the highest body in that capacity becoming insistutionalised following the signing of the 1942 constitution on the grounds of adhering to national principlist doctrine. The Chairman of the State Presidium also quickly became the dominant leader in Xiaodongese politics due to this as the State Presidium superseded both the Legislative and Executive Councils as the centre of power in the Xiaodongese state.
Prior to the 1980's outside the positions of State Chairman and presidents of the four councils (executive, legislative, judicial and examination) membership of the State Presidium was ad hoc although senior ministers and military officers often sat on the State Presidium. The State Presidium during the 1960's reached a height of 18 members although membership was usually around half that number. In 1988 constitutional amendments resulted in members of the State Presidium being formally codified to that of the previous five defined members plus the chief of staff, vice-premier and defence, international relations and finance ministers. The Director of the Shujichu was added to the body in 2006.
The current State Presidium is led by Yuan Xiannian, who has served in the role since 2016.