State Presidium of Xiaodong

State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong

晓东吉祥共和国国家常务委员会

Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì
History
FoundedOctober 13, 1940; 79 years ago (1940-10-13)
Leadership
Members
Seats10
Meeting place
Supreme Hall of State, Rongzhuo, Xiaodong
Constitution
Constitution of Xiaodong

The State Presidium of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 晓东吉祥共和国国家常务委员会; Xiǎodōng Jíxiáng Gònghéguó Guójiā Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is the highest executive, legislative and judicial body in Xiaodong. It consists of 10 members - its own Chairman, the Premier, the Legislative Council President, the Examination Council President, the Judicial Council President, the chief of general staff, the vice-premier and the ministers of international relations, finance and defence.

The State Presidium was created in 1940 following victory of the Army of National Salvation during the Xiaodongese Civil War. It was intended originally as a temporary executive, legislative and judicial body before a constitution was passed but was retained as the highest body in that capacity following the signing of the 1942 constitution on the grounds of adhering to national principlist doctrine. The Chairman of the State Presidium also quickly became the dominant leader in Xiaodongese politics due to this as the State Presidium superseded both the Legislative and Executive Councils as the centre of power in the Xiaodongese state.

Prior to the 1980's outside the positions of State Chairman and presidents of the four councils (executive, legislative, judicial and examination) membership of the State Presidium was ad hoc although senior ministers and military officers often sat on the State Presidium. The State Presidium during the 1960's reached a height of 18 members although membership was usually around half that number. In 1988 constitutional amendments resulted in members of the State Presidium being formally codified to that of the previous five defined members plus the chief of staff, vice-premier and defence, international relations and finance ministers.

The current State Presidium is led by Yuan Xiannian, who has served in the role since 2016.

History

Current composition

Position Picture Name Member since Party
State Chairman Shinzo Abe cropped.JPG Yuan Xiannian 30th March 2008
19th November 2016 (current position)
Society for Restoring Benevolence
Premier Dmitry Medvedev and Li Keqiang 20191101 (cropped).jpg Xi Yao-tong 30th March 2008
19th November 2016 (current position)
Society for Restoring Benevolence
Legislative Council President Wang Yi 2014 (cropped).jpg Wang Hongzhi 14th April 2014 Society for Restoring Benevolence
Examination Council President Jin Baoshun.png Jin Baoshun 20th August 2012 Nonpartisan
Judicial Council President Wang Qishan 2010 (cropped).jpg Yi Shaoqing 4th February 2015 Nonpartisan
Vice-Premier Yuan Qinqin.jpg Yuan Qinqin 22nd May 2018 Society for Restoring Benevolence
Chief of General Staff Headquarters Wei Fenghe.jpg Ren Shaokuan 16th June 2017 Nonpartisan
Minister of International Relations Li Yuanchao in 2015.jpg Xu Bangguo 2nd March 2012
19th November 2016 (current position)
Society for Restoring Benevolence
Minister of Finance and Public Credit Toshimitsu Motegi.jpg Mao Lejiang 19th November 2016 Society for Restoring Benevolence
Minister of Defence and Military Planning Defence minister.png Zhao Qinghai 19th November 2016 Nonpartisan