Tirona

Republic of Tirona

Ir-Repubblika ta ‘Tieronħa
مملكة تيريونيوس (Mumhuriyat Tirunīyyah)
République de Tirona
National Coat of Arms
Motto: Ħafna Għadha Waħda
("Many yet One")
CapitalTirona
Largest cityRenaut
Official languagesGhalli
Badawiyan
Recognized languagesGaullican
Ethnic groups
Badawiyan (73.5%)

Melkonite (22.1%) Euclean (4.2%)

Other (1.2%)
Demonym(s)Tironan
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
• President
Abbar Hussan
Julia Céleste
History
• Tirona Becomes City
Prior to 3750 BC
• Clesonan Civilization
2500-550 BC
• Carcosan Dominance
550-251 BC
• City States
251-76 BC
• Solarian Empire
76 BC-401 AD
• Melkonite Kingdom
401-656
• Salamic Control
656-1079
• Liberation of Tirona
1079
• Floren Occupation
1719-1729
• Gaullican Protectorate
1729-1935
• Republic Established
1935
• Civil War
1935-1938
Population
• 2015 estimate
6,790,000
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$101.786 billion
• Per capita
$24,128
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$59.915 billion
• Per capita
$14,615
HDI (2017)0.856
very high
CurrencySolidus(§) (SLD)
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.tir

The Republic of Triona (Ghalli:Ir-Repubblika ta ‘Tieronħa, Badawiyan: مملكة تيريونيوس (Mumhuriyat Tirunīyyah), Gaullican: République de Tirona) is a Parliamentary Republic on the northeastern Coast of Coius of Kylaris. It is an ancient land, deeply rooted in history, with its capital city, Tirona, being the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It would be an important area for early Sotrianity. After Salamic forces overran the country in the sixth century, it would remain under Islamic rule for several centuries. During the Crusades Eucleans liberated the land, creating a Principality which would last the next seven centuries. It would undergo warfare and conflict, being at different times part of the Floren Empire and the Gauillican Empire. After the Great War the monarchy was overthrown and the Republic was founded. The Republic is diverse, with a blend of many different religions and cultures, from the descendants of Catholic Crusading Eucleans to Salamic Badawiyans to Melkonites. This diversity has lead to longtime sectarianism and conflict in the country.

Note: This is a major work in progress.

Etymology

History

Early History

Archaeologists have found traces of civilization back to before 9000 BC. The city of Tirona in particular is ancient, being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, having been inhabited since before 3750 BC. The region saw the rise of cities along a the coast, and by 2,500 a thriving trading civilization would emerge and spread their influence around the seas. Known as the Clesonan Civilization, it would turn the cities on the Tironan coast into thriving ports of trade and culture. Of these cities, Tirona was always the largest and most powerful, continuing to grow through the centuries. The coastal cities, protected by the mountains, were able to grow into their own states. This civilization, which would become great mariners, would eventually explore and settle other areas around Badawiyah and Euclea, establishing settlements in modern Florena, and Aquila.

However, the most important Clesonan settlement would be Carcosa, settled in the ninth century BC. It was this settlement that would quickly grow and become a major power. After it was invaded by the Sea Peoples, Carcosa would become the regional trade power, and dominated the Clesonan cities, incorporating them into their trade hegemony by 550 BC and taking the other old Clesonan colonies and expanding them. Despite losing their trade supremacy to the Carcosans, the cities would continue to grow. The Clesonan cities would remain under economic control of the Carcosans until the Solarians defeated the Carcosans in 251 BC.

The Clesonan cities would enjoy their independence for two centuries, although this period was marked by conflict between the two cities. After several wars, the city of Tirona would emerge dominant, with its King exercising almost direct influence over the other city states.

The Solarian Empire

By the time of the arrival of the Solarian Empire, Tirona was one of the most important cities Northern Badawiya. The Solarians conquered the region in the first century BC, and it became an important city to the Empire. With the rise of Sotirianism, the people of Tirona were the first to call the followers of the way “Sotirians”, and it became a stronghold of early Sotrianity. St. Peter consecrated St. Ignatius of Tirona (St. Ignatius) as the Bishop of Tirona. The city of Tirionius would continue to remain one of the holiest centres of Sotrianity.

Late Antiquity

After the Solarian persecutions, Saint Melkus, a monk, would found a new rite and religious way of life that became popular with many of the Sotrians on the coasts, known as Melkonites. Those who preferred to stick to the old Tironan Rite remained largely inland.After the collapse of the Solarian Empire the region would be thrown into turmoil. Conflict erupted between the Tironans and the Melkonites during the sixth century, when a Melkonite was elected as Patriarch of Tirona, with Papal Approval. The Tironans would refuse this, and would set up their own candidate as Patriarch.

Salamic Conquest

This infighting left the naturally defensible land vulnerable, so that in the sixth century, when the country was invaded by the Salamic Caliphate, they were able to conquer the natives easily and over time convert most of the population to Salam and replace their identity with a Badawiyan one. Over time the Melkonites gradually replaced their native tongue with Badawiyan for day to day speech, relegating it to a liturgical tongue.

Crusades

During the First Crusade, Gaullican noble Count Raymond de Montfort brought his forces to liberate the city of Tirona after the success in capturing Adunis. They captured Tirona, Raymond was proclaimed Prince of Tirona, and quickly set about stabilizing his newly liberated land. Over his and his successors’ reigns their realm was slowly expanded. The native Melkonites were at first hestitantly welcoming, but soon became antagonistic due to interference in Church matters. The already hostile Tironan Rite, which had conflicts with the Melkonite, entered into official schism with the Solarian Church, while the Melkonites reaffirmed their union.

Decline

Over time the Principality receded as the other crusader states fell, and the influence of the monarchs beyond the coastal cities was non-existent, largely relying upon local Melkonite leaders to enforce their rule, although the Eucleans were able to defend the naturally defensible land, preventing the neighboring Salamic states from conquering the Principality.

Early Modern Period and the Pereramonic Wars

Coming under Gaullican influence in the mid 16th century, it would remain an ally until the Pereramonic Wars when Nestor Pereramon sent a small expedition which replaced the monarchs with one of his own, though after his defeat it was granted to a Gaullican noble.

Gaullican Protectorate

It would become a part of the Gaullican colonial empire after this, a protectorate under the protection of said family.

Great War and Civil War

Upon sudden independence and the forced abdication of the monarchy in 1935 tensions began to boil over, and the newly made republic fell into a brief civil war as Melkonites and Badawiyans were outraged over the constitution biased towards Euclean control. Occupying forces were able to broker a ceasefire and construct a constitution granting powers and protections to each religious and ethnic group, and delegate power to them, though still unproportionally.

Modern Republic

Although enjoying a period of rapid modernisation and economic boom into the 80s, since then increasing Badawiyan control has seen the constitution altered many times with the Melkonites and Eucleans losing their bonus seats and the removal of mandatory shared executives, allowing for Badawiyan dominance at least publicly.

Geography

Politics

Government

File:Tirona House of Delegates 1.svg
Tirona House of Delegates:
Government:
  Conservative Party: 52 seats
  Federal Party: 36 seats
  Tirona First: 12 seats
  Catholic Party: 10 seats

Opposition:
  Republican Party: 25 seats
  Labor Party: 23 seats
  Salamic Front: 14 seats
  Badawiyan Union Party: 13 seats
File:Tirona House of Assembly 1.svg
Tirona House of Assembly:
Government:
  Conservative Party: 67 seats
  Federal Party: 43 seats
  Tirona First: 18 seats
  Catholic Party: 16 seats

Opposition:
  Republican Party: 34 seats
  Labor Party: 29 seats
  Badawiyan Union Party: 20 seats
  Tamzik Freedom Party: 10 seats

Crossbenchers:
  Salamic Front: 22 seats

Tirona is a Unitary Parliamentary Republic, according to the Constitution of 1935. The Head of State is the President, and the Prime Minister is the Head of Government. Power is divided between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches as set out in the Consitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

who has a mostly ceremonial function, is chosen by both houses of parliament every five years. The President officially convenes parliament, and general plays an important role in foreign affairs. The executive power of government is lead by the Prime Minister, which is appointed by the party which controls the House of Delegates. The Prime Minister then selects ministers

Legislative power The Parliament is divided into two chambers, the House of Delegates, and the House of Assembly. The House of Delegates is a body of 250 delegates that are elected every 2 years, that represents the 25 provinces of the Republic, with each province getting 10 seats. This is considered the official main House of Parliament. The other house, the House of Representatives, is a body of 350 Representatives that is representative of religion in the Republic. Each religion has a certain amount of guaranteed seats based on the percentage of the population, and only members of that religion are allowed to vote in elections that take place annually. Every ten years a census is taken which determines the amount of assembly members each religion will have in the House.

Political Parties and Elections

Foreign Relations and Military

Demographics

Ethnic Groups

Eucleans (Ghalli | Għalli | Al-Ghalia) 4% - An urban population, largely upper and middle class, exclusively Solarian Catholic, descended from crusaders, Melkonite and Salamic converts, and colonial and modern Euclean immigrants, largely speak a Badawiyan influenced Solarian language Ghallian (!Maltese) natively and most Badawiyan and Gaullican as a secondaries, and are named after what the Badawiyans called them (i.e. after the Gaullicans, the most numerous crusaders). Very influential economically and politically but very vulnerable. Melkonites 22% - Melkonites, although originally only referring to those who followed the religious Rite of Saint Melkus, the Salamic conquerers used the term to refer to all native Sotrians who live in Tirona. The smaller of the two and the namesakes, the Melkonites, are in full communion with the Catholic Church, are largely located in the coastal and urban regions. The larger and Tironan Apostolic Church is largely rural, with some communities scattered in the x mountains, largely belong to the Speak Badawiyan dialect as a native language, and most Ghallian as a secondary Badawiyans 76% - Largely interior and rural, though also found on the coast and in the cities. Most (70%) are Shima, while the rest are Tamazik or other minor sects.

Languages

Ghalli - (!Maltese) Badawiyan - (!Arabic + dialects)

Religion

Solarian Catholic - 4% Tironan Apostolic - 12% Melkonite Catholic - 11% Shima - 70% Tamazik + other - 6%

Healthcare

Education

Economy

Science and Technology

Transport

Energy

Culture

Dress

Literature

Music

Sport

Public holidays