Utamucanee

Chiefdom of Utamucanee
Leidense: Ötamukes Häuptlingreich
Utamuc: Otvlukko-Utamvkanee

Flag of Utamucanee
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Capital
and largest city
Calusa
Official languagesUtamuc
Ostovanitsches
Recognised regional languagesSebeno
Masgo
Latoa
Demonym(s)Utamucanean
GovernmentUnitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
Fenhalloway II
Edgar Hitchitimico
LegislatureNational Diet
Establishment
• Settlement by Indigenous Vestric Peoples
1100s-1500s CE
• Colonization by Leiden
Early 1500s
• Onderkoninkrijk of Ötamukland (Part of Onderkoninkrijk of Vestrim)
1632
• First Chiefdom
1824
• State of Ötamukland (Part of Ovandera)
1878
• Second Chiefdom
1922
• Port Herissee Constitution
1991
Area
• Total
604,527 km2 (233,409 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.2
Population
• 2018 estimate
18,796,438
• 2010 census
17,268,651
• Density
30.219/km2 (78.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$173.87 Billion
• Per capita
$19,766
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$157.3 Billion
• Per capita
$17,882
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 32.8
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.639
medium
CurrencyHurpe
(28.37 UMĦ = 1 US$) (UMĦ)
Time zoneUTC-8:00 (Calusa Time)
• Summer (DST)
-9:00

The Chiefdom of Utamucanee (Leidense: Ötamukes Häuptlingreich, Utamuc: Sokvklukko-Utamvkanee) is a constitutional monarchy in Central Vestrim, the only indigenous New World monarchy to survive Asuran Colonization. It is neighbored to the South by Ovandera, to the west by Kestvala, and to the north by the UVSS. Its closest maritime neighbor in the Columbian Sea is the Koningsland Territory of Leiden, near the Chatot Islands, the only area claimed by the Republic outside the Vestric Mainland. It is divided into 13 Governorates and two autonomous cities, New Braubach and Calusa, the second of which is the nation's capital city, which has been designated as such since 1973 after moving from New Braubach.

Utamucanee is remarkable among Vestric nations for being defined almost completely by native peoples, having never been entirely colonized by Asurans during the Age of Exploration due to numerous uprisings throughout the years. The precursors to the Utamuc and other tribes which call the nation home arrived in the area near the beginning of the 1100s CE, with evidence of earlier cultures present near the nation's coastlines and major rivers, including evidence of a major pre-Utamuc settlement outside the nation's capital, leading many in various fields to believe that it is the oldest continuously-occupied settlement in Vestrim. Leidense Veroveraars entered the region from modern-day Ovandera in the early 16th Century, led to the Utamuc Confederacy by tribes attempting to dismantle the Latoa Empire, an aggressive coalition of native city-states near the modern border between the two countries. After establishing the Treaty of Calusa in 1515, which granted settlement rights on the Coasts and safe passage for Alydian Missionaries, the Utamuc worked with the Veroveraars to defeat their perennial enemy. During this time, they also learned the essentials of horsemanship from the Leidense, a skill which would inexorably alter Utamuc culture, as well as make them a dangerous and highly mobile combatant for centuries to come. Following the defeat of the Latoa, it slowly became apparent that subsequent generations of colonists would not follow the agreements made by their ancestors, leading to the Cupkekunu Wars, which raged from 1632 until 1824, when the First Asuran-recognized Free Utamuc Kingdom was established alongside newly-liberated Ovandera.

Etymology

An artist's depiction of Otvmekko, Legendary War-Chief of the Utamuc Peoples

The origin of the modern term "Utamucanee", translated from the Utamuc word "Utamvkanee", is unknown to modern scholars, though local oral traditions suggest origins with a quasi-legendary founding figure. Otvmekko, roughly translated as Chief Horse Chestnut, was one of the Principal Chiefs of what was then referred to as the Cupkekunu Confederation. A historically-recognized Otvmekko did exist during the early period of Asuran Colonization in modern Utamucanee, as denoted by mentions of an "Ota Meko", a friendly native chief who met with the Veroveraars during their campaign the Latoa, further referring to the whole of the Cupkekunu culture as "Ota Meko's people" - translated back into the native language as "Otvmekko Anee", later simplified to the modern form "Utamvkanee" as indigenous peoples sought to forge a more cohesive identity between the tribes to rally behind against their oppressors. Due to Otvmekko's role in the nation's foundational legends, many politicans, especially in the earlier years of the Chiefdom, have attempted to make clear lines of descent from this figure.

History

Main Article: History of Utamucanee

Pre-Colonial Era

A reconstruction of Withlacvchee, a pre-Colonial Masgo Settlement

Prior to the arrival of Asuran Colonists, the landscape of modern-day Utamucanee was divided between the Utamuc Confederation, for which the modern nation gets its name, who primarily resided in the south and central portions of the Cupkekunu Plateau. This confederation was composed of the Masgo, who primarily lived in the northern regions of the High Plateau and parts of the Fakusulke regions, and Sebeno peoples, which settled the coastal areas near modern-day New Braubach. In the area which today composes the border between Ovandera and Utamucanee, a group of tribes called the Latoa began expanding northward, conquering many settlements in the formation of a rapidly-expanding early empire. It is estimated that Latoa conquests had taken place over the bulk of the 13th through the early 15th Centuries, spurring the formation of the Utamuc Confederation and shift towards a more completely agrarian and complex society. By the 16th Century, the Latoa had become a military powerhouse in the region thanks to both their advanced agricultural complex, which permitted them the ability to support a large population, as well as access to obsidian for use in weaponry. The development of the Utamuc Confederacy allowed for the largely plains-dwelling peoples to achieve access to timber supplies from their western allies, as well as other building materials and larger amounts of coordinated manpower to build the necessary fortifications to fend off Latoa attacks. This period of Pre-Colonial Utamuc history allowed for the quick development of an advanced warrior culture from pre-existing traditions, as well as development of both sophisticated spear-fighting and bow tactics. While largely successful in keeping Latoa aggression south of the Confederacy's de facto Capital of Calusa, by the early 16th Century, the remaining Latoa in the region had grown much more entrenched and brazen in their attacks, slowly choking off their supply lines and alliances.

A Masgo Brave in the mid-19th Century, trained in using the minimal equipment riders in the early days of Utamuc Horsemanship would have used.

It was at this moment that the first wild horses began appearing in the southeastern portions of the nation, specifically in the Utamuc-controlled parts of the Cupkekunu, which are believed to have been accidentally released during Leidense explorations further south and into Ovandera. While the first known attempts at developing a true culture of horsemanship was not immediately achieved, this animal was seen at the time to be a great blessing to the Utamuc as a much-needed food source for the pastoral tribes who saw their flocks sacked by Latoa invaders. Thanks to this, husbandry of these animals were quickly adopted, and knowledge of the "miracle beasts" spread quickly through the Confederacy.

Early Colonization

The first Asurans to enter modern Utamucanee were the Leidense in 1513, at the site of modern-day New Braubach, which was subsequently founded in 1521. This site would become the core settlement of the Onderkoninkrijk of Ötamukland and one of the primary foci of Leidense Colonization on the Vestric Mainland.

Onderkoninkrijk of Ötamukland (Early 17th Century-1810s)

First Chiefdom (1824-1878)

Ovanderan Ötamukland (1878-1922)

Second Chiefdom (1922-Present)

Early Years (1920s-1930s)

De Miskin-Soolesulka and the Mid-20th-Century

Pachilusa's Chiefdom (1981-2002)

Current Events

Geography

The geography of Utamucanee is divided into four distinct regions. The lowest and most populous areas near the coast, characterized by extremely fertile and vast plains, are the la'aganatka and la'aganlusi, which are sometime considered as a single set of regions called the la'agans thanks to their many similarities. There are also the cupkekunu, the Utamuc High Plateau, and fakusulke, the heavily forested region of the Far Northwest which holds the nation's only true mountains.

Climate

Biodiversity

Government and Politics

Main Article: Politics of Utamucanee
The National Meeting House, located in the city of Calusa.

Since 1995, Utamucanee has been arranged as a Constitutional Monarchy. The High Chief (Lukkonopy) largely acts as a ceremonial figurehead and head of state, while most regular executive power is held by the head of government, the Chancellor of the Diet. The High Chief has the powers to grant pardons, form governments, and provide the royal assent. While most executive powers are ceded to the Chancellor, the High Chief still occasionally intervenes in Utamuc politics, as is permitted in the Constitution. Chiefly Privilege is usually invoked in cases of causes celebre which face intense, long-term parliamentary gridlock, though incidents of this have become increasingly rare over the years.

Fenhalloway II is the current High Chief and head of state of Utamucanee since 2002.

From the founding of the Second Chiefdom up until 1995, Utamucanee was an absolute monarchy. Starting in the late 1980s, High Chief Pachilusa Malatche engaged in numerous reform processes, ceding numerous executive powers to the Chancellor and to Parliament. Despite these significant democratizations, the Chief's place in Utamuc society is considered sacrosanct. As such, lèse majesté remains a criminal offense in some cases, though its severity in terms of punishment has been reduced significantly following the adoption of the 1991 Constitution and further pressure from members of the Vestric Forum in following years.

Chancellorship and Council of Elders

Main Articles: Chancellor of Utamucanee, Council of Elders
Edgar Hitchitimico is the current Chancellor of Utamucanee and head of government, instated in 2018.

The Chancellor, or Reikschappawa is the head of government of Utamucanee, and exercises chief executive powers through the Council of Elders, or Reikstimpanak, their executive cabinet. The Chancellor is elected by and responsible to the National Diet. The members of the Council of Elders are also elected by the Diet and approved by the Chancellor. A number of additional offices have been formed outside those mandated by the constitution, but carry similar responsibilities to other regular Council members. Unlike regular Elders, however, these offices are directly appointed by the Chancellor. All members of the Council of Elders are responsible for attending regular meetings with the Chancellor and Diet.

Since 1991, foreign affairs responsibilities are shared between the High Chief, Chancellor, and the Councilor-Ambassador, though the High Chief has generally defaulted to the Chancellor on most matters. Matters relating to national security are almost exclusively in the hands of the latter two, though trade and other relations have significantly more room for input left to the High Chief.

Legislature

Main Article: National Diet
The floor of the Diet, located within the National Meeting House in Calusa.

The unicameral National Diet of Utamucanee (Reikschakko) exercises supreme legislative authority in Utamucanee. It is organized in the manner of a parliamentary system, with the Chancellor acting in a manner similar to that of a Prime Minister. It may amend the constitution, draft ordinary laws, dismiss the Council of Elders, and override vetoes made by the Chancellor or High Chief. Its acts are subject to judicial review and assessment by the National Court. Members of the Diet are elected for six-year terms, which are renewable up to four times for a total of 24 possible years in national office. The last set of general elections took place on 17 October, 2018, and the next are set to take place in October of 2024, though snap elections may be called by the Chancellor with a majority vote of the Diet. The Chancellor acts as the head of the Diet, representing the leading government coalition. Representation within the 200-member Diet is currently arranged using the proportional D'Hondt Method utilizing open-list member districts.

A session of the Diet can be dissolved by the High Chief with reccomendation of the Chancellor, though this option has not been utilized since the adoption of the 1991 constitution. Prior to Its adoption, however, the High Chief was capable of dissolving it unilaterally, which occurred nine times between 1922 and 1990.

Administrative Divisions

Main Article: Governorates of Utamucanee

The Chiefdom is divided into 13 Governorates, all but one (the Chatot Islands) located on the Vestric Mainland. These are demarcated primarily on cultural lines, and are relatively immutable, though can be subdivided or merged through special local referenda and a subsequent vote by members of the Diet. Beneath that, each Governorate is divided into Departments, utilized as the primary electoral divisions during national elections. These divisions are defined as areas which hold up to 150,000 citizens, and are reorganized following each census. At present, there are 447 Departments. Departments are in turn broken down into 1,341‬ Ohompetan (roughly translates to "gatherings"), which are organized within the district, and usually reflect more local identities. There are no population restrictions placed upon Ohompetan, and because of this remain fairly static over the years, barring divisions between redrawn Departments. Ohompetan are divided lastly into 4,023 municipal units, called Chapan (roughly translates to "town" or "camp") by national registers.

Governorates and departments are granted sub-national government authority, and utilize unicameral legislatures similar in design to the Diet, led by a Governor as their regional executive. The only area which does not have local authority is Chicuhvtke Chapa, which is directly administered by the National Government, with the High Chief acting as its Governor.

Governorate Capital Largest City Population Area (km2)
Abacoa Abacoa Abacoa 563,893 TBD
Annitilaga Annitilaga Annitilaga 3,759,288 TBD
Arnemeer Arnemeer Reikenbock 1,334,547 TBD
Calusa-Chicuhvtke Calusa Calusa 4,699,110 1,640
Chatot Islands Hendriksport Hendriksport 484,734 TBD
Chicuchattee Chicuchattee Chicuchattee 1,090,193 TBD
Doornstad Doornstad Alachua 413,522 TBD
Istopoga Istopoga Istopoga 375,929 179,355
New Braubach New Braubach New Braubach 2,443,537 TBD
Ocala Ocala Port Herissee 1,447,326 TBD
Okahvmkee Okahvmkee Okahvmkee 958,618 TBD
Okeechobee Okeechobee Chetihaiola 647,141 TBD
Wekiva Wekiva Wekiva 770,654 TBD

Military

Main Article: Utamucanean Armed Forces

The Utamucanean Armed Forces, officially His Majesty's National Armed Forces, are composed of four professional service branches: the Combined Naval Force, Land Forces, Air Force, and Home Guard. The Armed Forces are subject to civilian control through the Utamucanean Defense Ministry, while internally it is overseen by the Interservice Council, composed of the highest ranking commissioned officer of their respective branch. Its commander-in-chief and pro forma leader is the High Chief, to whom service members swear an oath of allegiance, though the Chancellor holds more substantial executive control under the modern Constitution. The Armed Forces are charged with ensuring the territorial integrity of Utamucanee, and training for and engaging in global peacekeeping and disaster relief missions, especially elsewhere in Vestrim and Renekka.

The UAF is currently not engaged in any conflicts. During its most recent engagement from 2011 until 2017, forces were deployed into Northern Ovandera to secure the southern border, protect local native populations during the withdrawal of government forces, escort refugees out of the country, and provide support for local resistance movements among those populations. Troops were withdrawn on request of the Kardinalist government in October of 2017, and advisors were recalled in January of 2018 as the nation stabilized.

Foreign Affairs

Main Article: Foreign Affairs of Utamucanee

Human Rights

Political Freedoms

Demographics

The current population in Utamucanee sits at an estimated 18,796,438, up from the 2010 National Census' reported 15,268,651, a growth rate of 18.7%. Current figures estimate that the Utamucean population will have increased by 23.4% to a total of 18,850,750, making it among the fastest-growing populations in Vestrim.

Population Growth in Utamucanee
Year Million
1950 5.20
1975 7.44
2000 12.95
2010 15.27
2018* 18.79

Between 1950 and 1980, political instability and harsh crackdowns on civil liberties had led to a period of increased emigration from the country. Between this time, it is believed that upwards of 240,000 persons had departed the country. The phrase "Acheeschee oda ligitska" (Roughly "Love it or leave it") was utilized in the popular slang of the day by citizens, who often saw this activity as contemptible, associating those fleeing the authoritarian society with the Radical Leftists sought out by High Chief Issa and his regime. Much of this diaspora had migrated to New Velacruz, Motsvara, Vesperia, Renneque, and Marensoald. Very few Utamucean emigres of this period were actually political refugees fleeing suspicion of anti-government activities, instead seeking to escape a stalling economy and a widespread culture of fear which had been caused not just by internal issues, but by increasing sanctions from the Western powers. After the death of Issa and disavowment of their violent regime, the economy began to develop significantly, with net migration finally returning to positive numbers in 1989, and increasing consistently in the years since.

Population Distribution

Population density sits at 30.219/km2, and is highly skewed, with most of the population concentrated in the Eastern Cupkekunu Governorates and Coastal Areas, while the Northwestern Governorates are sparsely populated. The largest metropolitan area is the Calusa-Chacohvtke Metroplex, holding 22.7% of the population (4,278,119 Citizens) within a 1,640 km2 area. The least populated, most rural area in the country is the Istopoga Governorate, with only 2% of the entire national population (375,929 Citizens) across 179,355 km2, 29.6% of the country's entire landmass.

Ethnic Makeup

Ethnic Groups in Utamucanee (2010)

  Masgo (59%)
  Sebeno (18%)
  Latoa (5%)
  Other Native Vestric Peoples (1%)
  Gemis (4%)
  White (4%)
  Other (2%)

The Utamucanean Ministry of Population Statistics generally sorts the national population into three groups: Native Vestric, Colonial Vestric, and Post-Colonial Communities. The native vestric bloc, the largest subset of the population, is further demarcated into Utamuc peoples (the Masgo and Sebeno, whose tribes composed the pre-Colonial Utamuc Confederacy) and Non-Utamuc peoples, primarily of Latoa heritage, which entered the nation during incursions from modern-day Ovandera in the 13th-16th Centuries CE. Gemis communities still persist into the modern day, though it has largely folded into other native identity groups over the years. The Masgo, the native peoples of the Central Cupkekunu, compose a plurality of the national population, and are often the most generally affluent politically and economically.

Vestro-Majulans or Black Utamucaneans, the second largest population bloc, is composed of the descendants of Majulan slaves which were introduced into the region during Colonial Rule. Due to interracial relations between the indigenous peoples and Vestro-Majulans, actual reporting of their ethnic identities have remained difficult as Utamuc culture mandates matrilineal succession and inheritance of identity, while Black cultures opt for the inverse. Due to this disparity in choice of expression, it is estimated that genetically, an additional 19% of all indigenous and Gemis peoples may be closer related to this aspect of their ancestry than to their adoptive culture.

Lastly, white colonial communities make up the final 4% of the primary population blocs in Utamucanee. The majority of these citizens are of Ovanderan and Fiorentino origin, and often live in major cities along the la'agans in the North and South or in disparate agricultural enclaves peppered throughout the country.

2% of the nation's residents do not fit into these communities, as they are not typically related to native or colonial Vestric populations. A number of these citizens are immigrants from Ajerrin, Timeria, Indragiri, Renneque, Marensoald, and Ashihara. During their respective conflicts in their home countries, Utamucanee accepted a number of refugees fleeing the conflicts in Aramas, The Mawusi, and Araabyne as well.

Languages

The lingua franca of Utamucanee is Nordovanisches, a major Almannic dialect among the Colonial Leidense on the continent. While this is the most commonly spoken language and language utilized in public life, it is rarely the mother tongue of most citizens. More commonly, citizens of indigenous descent learn the second national language, Utamuc, which is far more commonly used beyond the coastal and urban regions of the country.

Beyond the two official national languages, the most commonly spoken languages among Utamuceans which are recognized by the national government regionally include:

  • Masgo, the predominant regionally-recognized language, taught since primary school across the Cupkekunu geographic region
  • Sebeno, the traditional language spoken by most of the coastal peoples of the La'agans and Chatot Islands
  • Latoa, which only has limited usage among an approximately 300,000 persons near the border with Ovandera in the South

Aside from these recognized languages, due to the influx of immigrants into the urban centers of the country during the latter decades of the 20th Century onward, a number of other language communities have arisen, including Midrasian, which has been gaining traction to be taught as a third language among more affluent school districts. Due to their proximity to New Velacruz, many districts in the Northeast choose to teach Veleazean as a third language.

Health

Religion