2022 Shangean legislative election

Jump to navigation Jump to search
2022 Shangean legislative election

← 2017 7th-16th January 2022

700 of the 750 seats in the Legislative Council
376 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Xi Jinping 2019.jpg 高雄市長 韓國瑜.jpg Rocky S. Tuan in Oct 2019.png
Leader Jiang Zhongyu Zhao Xiaojing Yang Weisheng
Party Society for Restoring Benevolence Association for Promoting Democracy National Regeneration Movement
Leader since 2015 2014 2017
Seats before 420 76 24
Seats won 515 61 44
Seat change Increase95 Decrease15 Increase20
Popular vote 225,890,784 41,469,783 44,273,202
Percentage 66.84% 12.27% 13.1%

Legislative Council President before election

Wang Hongzhi
Society for Restoring Benevolence

Legislative Council President


The 2022 election for the Shangean legislative council was held across the month of January 2022. Voting took place for 700 of the 750 seats in the legislative council. It is the first national election to be held since the start of Normalisation in 2017.

The election saw the governing Society for Restoring Benevolence win a supermajority of both the vote and seats.

Electoral process

Shangea holds elections every five years for 700 of the seats in the Legislative Council (550 elected by universal suffrage and 150 elected through occupational constituencies). Voting for the directly-elected seats is done through a single non-transferable vote system with multi-member electoral districts ranging from 2 to 7 seats. Occupational constituencies use single-member plurality voting.

Voters were given a single ballot paper for district seats. Voting is either done by paper or through electronic voting in certain localities. Ballots are deposited in clear boxes and voters must dip their right thumb in ink after voting in order to deter electoral fraud. Shangeans living overseas can vote in either the embassies and consulates, mobile polling stations, or by post.

Eligible voters must be Shangean citizens, 18 or older than 18, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the district seats and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid voter identification card issued by the National Electoral Bureau. The National Electoral Bureau can bar people from voting if they have comitted certain crimes or show "disrespect for the electoral process". For occupational constituencies voters are chosen by the National Electoral Bureau and approved by the Examination Council.

Voting is staggered over two weeks and held in five stages with different provinces voting during these sections. Voting during each stage lasts from 7AM to 11PM. Campaigning and polling is strictly prohibited during this period. The National Electoral Bureau must release the results of the election 14 days after the final polling stations close.

The National Electoral Bureau announced in December 2021 that 497,859,377 people were on the electoral roll. There are 553,177 polling stations averaging about 900 voters per station. Around 4,500,000 individuals and 14,507 companies vote in occupational constituencies. 28 million people are involved in the running of the electoral process consisting of election officers and polling station guards. A budget of €3.2 billion has been allocated to hold the election.


The last Shangean election was held in 2017 being the first snap election in Shangean history being held as a result of the 2016-17 Shangean Protests. The elections saw the incumbent ruling party, the Society for Restoring Benevolence lose a significant amount of seats and votes despite retaining a majority in the Legislative Council. The results were widely suspected to have been influenced by electoral fraud including ballot stuffing, invalidation of ballots and tampering electronic voting systems with the opposition Democratic Action Alliance (DAA) calling for the Judicial Council to declare the election results as invalid. When the Judicial Council president Yi Shaoqing certified the results as valid the protests intensified. This led to the Shangean government to order a mass crackdown on the protesters on the 28th January and introduce a series of purges against perceived dissent in Shangea. Terming the process Normalisation (Shangean: 拨乱反正; bōluànfǎnzhèng, literally meaning "eliminating chaos and returning to normal") up to 100,000 people were arrested and a further 300,000 dismissed from their jobs.

On the 4th February 41 opposition legislators including the DAA leader Hu Wenjuan and protest leader Chen Qianshi were detained by the Shangean government on sedition charges. The Shangean government also banned the Path of Democracy political party for terrorism with co-leader Kang Yongqing fleeing to Senria. These actions led to the the member parties of the DAA to resign from their seats in the Legislative Council in protest, leaving the Legislative Council without any opposition (dangwei) representation. On the 23rd April 2018 the main dangwei party, the People's Party, re-elected Hu Wenjuan as their leader despite her continued imprisonment leading to the National Electoral Bureau on the 1st June barring the member parties of the DAA from contesting national elections on the basis of "failing to apply by electoral standards".

A partial relaxation of Normalisation measures was made on the 13th May 2018 when the state of emergency declared on the 29th January 2017 was repealed, which also ended an association curfew, the ability to police to search houses without warrants and liberalise some media controls. On the 10th August 2020 State Chairman Yuan Xiannian announced that Normalisation measures would not be renewed for 2021 and that the government would introduce a new National Security Law and constitutional revisions to institutionalise aspects of Normalisation. The constitutional reforms including merging the semi-autonomous anti-sedition courts into the existing judiciary system, moving appointment of judges to be solely the purview of the Judicial Council with approval from the State Presidium and transferring powers from Ministry of Justice to the Judicial Council and the State Presidium. The constitutional amendments also made it illegal to insult Shangea, the Shangean nation, Shangean government institutions, or Shangean national heroes such as the Jianzhao Emperor or Lu Keqian. The reforms also imposed a five year term limit for the premier, vice-premier, ministers and the President of the Legislative Council which can be renewed once and will take effect upon the elections for the Legislative Council in 2022. The reforms were passed by the Legislative Council on the 17th January 2021 and received approval from the State Presidium the next day.


Electoral stage by province
– Stage 1 voting - 7 January 2022.
– Stage 2 voting - 10 January 2022.
– Stage 3 voting - 12 January 2022.
– Stage 5 voting - 16 January 2022.
28 October 2021 The State Presidium fixes the date of elections from the 7th to 16th January in 2022.
12 November 2021 Last day members of the public could register to vote.
14 November 2021 Last day for candidates to file nomination papers.
5 December 2021 Formal dissolution of the Legislative Council; start of campaign period.
7 January 2022 Phase 1 of voting in Qigao, Heping, Luoyuan, Baiqiao, Baishadao, Nanqing and Meishan provinces.
10 January 2022 Phase 2 of voting in Zhongan, Rongzhuo, Wushan, Tuohe, and Chanwa provinces.
12 January 2022 Phase 3 of voting in Anqian, Weishang, Shenkong, Xiangshan, Yongba and Baozhou provinces.
15 January 2022 Phase 4 of voting in the occupational constituencies.
16 January 2022 Phase 5 of voting in Chengchao, Jianghui, Xufang, Zhijian and Yunjin provinces.
16 February 2022 New Legislative Council Assembled


As a result of constitutional reform in 2021 to register for elections in Shangea strict limitations for parties have been introduced. Parties can only run for the Legislative Council if they operate nationally; that is run in all provinces of Shangea (with the exception of Jindao) and have membership in all provinces. Provincial parties must have at least 5,000 members. All parties must be approved by the Examination Council. Additionally, all parties have to abide by the "Five Cardinal Principles" of the Shangean nation with those being -

The Examination Council approved eight political parties to run in the 2022 election, the lowest since the 1989 Legislative Council election. The majority of these parties have been considered to be part of the managed opposition that functionally support the incumbent government; only the National Regeneration Movement list is seen to run dangwei politicians on it.

Party Ideology Leader Alliance Outgoing
In government
Society for Restoring Benevolence logo small.png Society for Restoring Benevolence National Principlism, Shangean nationalism Jiang Zhongyu None
420 / 750
Green tickY
APD logo.png Association for Promoting Democracy Shangean ultranationalism, Revanchism Zhao Xiaojing None
76 / 750
Red XN
NPM logo.png Movement for National Principlism National Principlism, Left-wing populism Yang Weisheng National Regeneration Movement
24 / 750
Red XN
Democratic Progressive Party Hong Kong Logo.svg Democratic Party of the People Populism, Shangean nationalism Ding Xifeng National Regeneration Movement
0 / 750
Red XN
SDCP logo.png Shangean Democratic Communist Party Communism, Democratic Socialism Wei Pengfei National Regeneration Movement
0 / 750
Red XN
Reform and Innovation Alliance logo.png Reform and Innovation Alliance Neoliberalism, Social conservatism Yin Hong None
0 / 750
Red XN
League of Social Democrats logo.png Liberal Socialist Party Social democracy, Social liberalism Dong Xiaotong National Regeneration Movement
0 / 750
Red XN
PV logo variation.svg National Solidarity Party National Principlism, Religious nationalism Zeng Bojing None
0 / 750
Red XN


Opinion Polls



2022 LegCo.svg
Party Votes Seats
Geographical Constituencies % Occupational Constituencies % Geographical Constituencies Occupational Constituencies Total
Society for Restoring Benevolence 225,890,784 66.84 2,809,573 62.15 408 107 515
Nonpartisan 18,258,938 5.40 1,250,303 27.66 33 29 62
Association for Promoting Democracy 41,469,783 12.27 85,865 1.90 59 2 61
Movement for National Principlism 16,105,839 4.77 59,374 1.31 16 1 17
Democratic Party of the People 14,086,942 4.17 70,583 1.56 14 2 16
Reform and Innovation Alliance 6,001,795 1.78 169,373 3.75 6 8 14
Shangean Democratic Communist Party 8,695,387 2.57 101 0.0 7 0 7
Liberal Socialist Party 5,385,034 1.59 583 0.01 4 0 4
National Solidarity Party 2,068,723 0.61 74,977 1.66 3 1 4
Military representatives - - - - - - 50
Invalid/blank votes 8,069,483 15 - - -
Total 346,032,708 - 4,520,747 - - - -
Registered voters/turnout 497,859,377 69.50 4,521,229 99.9 - - -