Hallanic Wars

Hallanic Wars
CWRArticleImage.jpg
Date29 May 1916 - 22 March 1918
Location
Result Breakup of Hallania and the formation of independent successor states
Belligerents
Until December 1916
Kingdom of Hallania
Until December 1916
Green Movement
1916 - 1917
Kingdom of Hallania

1916 - 1917
Kingdom of Svaldheim
Kingdom of Crethia


Green Movement
Other factions
April 1917 - March 1918
Kingdom of Hallania
April 1917 - March 1918
Republic of Svaldheim
Crethian Free State
Republic of Velsken

The Hallanic Wars (Tuskish: De hallaniske krige), were a series of separate but related ethnic conflicts and wars of independence fought in the territories of the Kingdom of Hallania after its defeat in the Continental War. The conflicts lasted from 1916 to 1918, and resulted in the breakup of the Kingdom of Hallania. The conflicts were largely organised along ethnic lines, with the former constituent kingdoms declaring independence and separatists beginning insurgencies.

The first revolt began in 1913 with the start of the Fourth Crethian Uprising. While the initial revolt was suppressed, Crethian nationalists and anti-monarchists organized a continued insurgency. As Hallania faced defeat in the Continental War, tensions in the other constituent realms grew. The Green Movement was formed in May 1916 by separatists throughout the kingdom, starting a coordinated effort to secure independence from Hallania. While initially the Royal Hallanic Army sought to preserve the unity of the Kingdom of Hallania, it came under increasing influence of the Tuskish-dominated royal government as the conflict worsened, with the separatists beginning to make significant gains.

With the dissolution of the kingdom becoming more and more of a certainty, the Royal Army's focus shifted from the preservation of Hallanian integrity to the "lesser solution" of the establishment of a "Greater Tuskval" based on its pre-unification borders. This alienated non-Tuskes, causing the Royal Army to lose the support of its ethnic Crethians, Svaldish, and Velskish supporters, transforming it from a pan-Hallanic force to a predominantly Tuskish army bolstered by loyalists forces, notably in Velsken. While there were dozens of belligerents on the separatist side throughout the conflict, by April 1917, only the Crethian Free State, the Republic of Svaldheim, and the Republic of Velsken remained against the royal government.

The Hallanic Wars ended in (some date) 1918 following the Some City Accords, resulting in the independence of Crethia, Svaldheim, and Tuskval. The peace would prove itself to be unstable, with issues left unresolved by the Accords, most notably the status of Velsken and the continuing insurgency, as well as the delimitation of the Svaldish-Tuskish border, led to the eruption of the Second Hallanic Wars a decade later.

The wars came with a massive human cost and resulted in severe economic damage to the archipelago. Overtime, post-wars tensions eased and cooperation between the countries of Hallania would culminate in the formation of Hallanic Commonwealth in 1956, marking a formal end to wars on the archipelago.

Background

Wars

Crethian War for Independence

Ruined buildings destroyed in the Torching of Rokesborg.

Insurrection in Crethia began after a period of growing opposition to Hallanic participation in the Continental War. The opposition was led by prominent Crethian nationalists, who had been allowed to participate openly in Crethian politics and the public sphere following the end of de-Foranization in 1872. The revolt first began in 1913 when a general strike was called by the Crethian Trade Union Confederation in opposition to conscription policies. The Hallanic government violently cracked down on the picketers, resulting in the Battle of Kongens Have. Left-wing paramilitaries organized after the violent confrontation and they were supported by nationalists across the ideological spectrum. As the government began to spar with the left-wing groups, more paramilitary groups began to form and confront Hallanic forces. A royalist government-in-exile was set up in support of Margaret of Donhaven's claim in 1914 and a rival republican group emerged later that year. These groups often targeted Hallanic soldiers, police officers, and government officials. This resulted in reprisal attacks from the government, resulting in the Torching of Rokesborg.

By 1914, the Crethian Civil War had broken out between royalists and republicans and coincided with the war for independence. The two groups came to control large portions of Crethian territory and by 1916 had control over the majority of the main island. In 1916, the assassination of Margaret of Donhaven resulted in the collapse of the royalist cause. The republicans came to control all monarchist territory by February 1917 and continued to confront the Hallanic army, which had mostly withdrawn from Crethia in accordance with the "Lesser Solution".

Other Wars

Foreign involvement

War crimes

Consequences

Legacy