Lothicania

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State of Lothicania
State
Flag
Flag
Seal
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Liberty State (official)
Gateway to Rizealand
Motto(s): 
"Sic Semper Tyrannis"
Thus always to tyrants
Wiki Map Lothicania.png
Map of Rizealand with Lothicania in red
CountryRizealand Rizealand
Before StatehoodColony of Lothicania
Capital
(and largest city)
Liberty City
Joined FederationApril 9, 1773 (2nd)
Government
 • GovernorZoey Hagan (NPC-D)
 • Deputy GovernorTyler Richardson (NPC-ND)
 • LegislatureLothicania State Assembly
 • Federal councillorsAppointed

Elected

 • Federal representatives
Area
 • Total97,409.49 km2 (37,610.01 sq mi)
Population
(2021)
 • Total18,456,321
 • Density189.47/km2 (490.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 to +10 (Western/Central)
Abbreviation
LO
ISO 3166 codeRZ-LO
Websitewww.lo.gov.rzl

Lothicania, known officially as the State of Lothicania and unofficially as "LO" or "Lothi", is a state in northwestern Rizealand that is bordered by Charlotte to the north, the Capital Territory to the northeast, Fáel to the east, the Vehemens Ocean to the south, and New Estmere to the west. Lothicania has a total area of 97,409.49 square kilometers, making it the eighth largest state and ninth largest political division of Rizealand. Lothicania also has a population of 18,456,321, making it the most populous state and political entity in Rizealand. Lothicania's capital and largest city is Liberty City. It is also home to several other large cities including Vehemens City, Vehemens Beach, and Marymore.

Etymology

The Colony of Lothicania was named after Gerald Ruyter, the Baron of Lothican, who led successful military campaigns against the Nehinaw in modern-day Lothicania, opening up the region for settlement by Estmerish settlers. After the Colony of Lothicania declared its independence from Gaullica leading to the Asterian War of Secession in 1764, it became the "State of Lothicania."

Geography

Lothicania is located in northwestern Rizealand and has a total area of 97,409.49 square kilometers, making it the eighth largest state and ninth largest political division of Rizealand. The highest point in Lothicania is the town of Waterville in Rogers County at 901 meters above sea level. The lowest point is the Vehemens Ocean at 0 meters above sea level. Located on the west coast of Rizealand, Lothicania has two large natural harbors along its coast. The largest harbor is Lothicania Bay and the second largest harbor is White Bay. Lothicania Bay is the largest natural harbor in Rizealand and is accessed by Liberty City, the largest city in Rizealand. Its location at the mouth of the Weanoke River, the largest river in Rizealand that extends across almost the entire length of the nation, makes it the busiest and most important port and trading location in Rizealand. The Weanoke River extends across Lothicania to the east where it forms the border between Lothicania, Fáel, and the Capital Territory. This part of Lothicania is in the Weanoke River Valley and is one of the most urban and densely populated areas in the state, including cities such as Liberty City, Nashua, Marymore, Richmark, Plycaster, and Anmore.

White Bay is accessed by the urban metro of St. Richards-Vehemens City and fed by the White River which runs through the center of the state, forming the White River Valley. Unlike the urbanized Weanoke River Valley in eastern Lothicania, the White River Valley is more rural with small towns and farms dotting its banks. The landscape of Lothicania is flat with no mountains except low rolling hills. The area west of the White River is mostly flat farmland and small towns, except for the Camasett Hills in Rogers County that mark the highest point in the state. Between the White River Valley and Weanoke River Valley are the Smoky Hills which are less densely populated than the surrounding areas, serving as a green belt and location for suburban development and expensive country estates.

Ecology

Historically, Lothicania was covered by temperate coniferous forest but today, temperate coniferous forest biomes only exist in a handful of small locations, replaced by deforestation and widespread urbanization. Where forests are still standing, there are different varieties of douglas fir, oak, maple, walnut, and ash. Other plants growing in Lothicania include bunch grass, festuca grass, rye grass, sedges, rushes, shadbush, blackberry, dogwood, snowberry, mouse ears, gentians, dandelion, aster, orchid, and roses.

Lothicania has many species of birds including loon, duck, goose, eagle, tern, seamews, snipe, heron, hawk, Asterian condor, owl, wren, thrush, hummingbird, sparrow, woodpecker, swallow, chickadee, warbler, finch, Asterian robin, crow, cardinal, new world oriole, meadowlark, blackbird, wild turkey, grouse, pheasant, and pigeon. Lothicania also has other land mammals including deer, Asterian black bear, muskrat, fox, mink, raccoon, opossum, skunk, marmot, cottontail rabbit, red squirrels, gray squirrels, ground squirrel, bushdog, and wildcat.

Reptiles and amphibians located throughout Lothicania include garter snake, kingsnake, rattlesnake, horned lizard, spiny lizard, side-blotched lizard, skink, painted turtle, pond turtle, salamander, and the frog. In the freshwater lakes and rivers throughout the state, there are trout, bass, perch, muskellunge, carp, bearded fish, and pike. Lothicania also has a variety of anadromous fish including pink haddo, silver haddo, king haddo, red haddo, and coastal cutthroat trout. Off the coast of Lothicania in the Vehemens Ocean or in coastal marine habitats, there are orca, dolphin, seal, sea otter, gray whale, humpback whale, sea bass, cod, Vehemens halibut, lobster, shrimp, clam, oyster, mussel, and crab.

Climate

Lothicania has a marine climate due to its location on the western coast of Rizealand. The state sees moderately dry summers with precipitation ranging from 3 to 2 inches a month and highs ranging from 67°F to 78°F. Winters are wetter with precipitation ranging from 10 to 13 inches a month and highs between 45°F and 53°F. On average, the state receives between 10 and 5 inches of snow a year, with more snow in the interior of the state than on the coast. Coastal Lothicania can be subjected to extratropical cyclones from the west which can range from minor to severe. Other natural hazards include flooding along major rivers like the Weanoke, wildfires in the forested areas of the state, and landslides.

Conservation

Lothicania has significant problems with deforestation as overlogging for commercial purposes and clearing of trees for farmlands have greatly reduced the number of forests in the state, compared to when it was first settled in the 1600s. The loss of habitat has caused a reduction in the populations of bear, deer, and other forest animals. Lothicania also has some of the worst water and air pollution in the country, due to it having numerous industrial centers and the largest urban area in the nation, Liberty City. Massive public transit networks in metros like Liberty City and a host of governmental regulations have kept the air pollution in the state's urban areas slightly below the national average but significant water pollution from industrial centers, farmlands, and urban areas remains a big issue. Lothicania also has issues with dwindling haddo populations due to water pollution and overfishing remains a problem for marine wildlife off the coast.

Below are a list of state preserves and reserves maintained by the government of Lothicania.

Government and politics

The Executive Mansion, workplace and residence of the Governor
The State House, meeting place of the State Assembly
The Hall of Justice, meeting place of the Court of Appeals

The government of Lothicania is established and organized according to the Constitution of Lothicania, one of the oldest constitutions in Rizealand and inspirations for the Articles of Federation. Because Lothicania is a constituent state of Rizealand, the powers of its government are subject to certain limits by the Articles including the requirement of a democratic form of government and prohibitions on forming alliances with foreign governments, declaring war, raising or maintaining armies, establishing forms of currency, and placing unlawful restraints on interstate and international trade. In addition to constitutional restraints on state power, the Articles also allow the Central Assembly to enact legislation that can supersede state laws when involving national security, interstate commerce, foreign affairs, immigration, and the public's welfare. Like the federal government of Rizealand, the government of Lothicania is divided into three branches of government.

The legislative branch consists of a unicameral State Assembly. The State Assembly's 135 seats are filled through closed party list proportional representation elections held every five years. As the state legislature, the State Assembly is responsible for enacting legislation and can do so with a simple majority, although a majority of two-thirds is required to override the veto of the Governor or enact super laws. The State Assembly is also responsible for approving the Governor's executive and judicial nominations and has the power to remove government officials from office.

The executive branch is headed by the Governor and Deputy Governor, who are the heads of state and and government elected in statewide two-round direct elections at the same time as the State Assembly for five-year terms. The Governor is responsible for signing legislation into law, nominating executive agency heads and judges, and enforcing the laws of the state.

The judicial branch consists of the Court of Appeals, circuit courts (further divided into appellate divisions and trial divisions), district courts, and city courts. There are also specialized courts including Family Court, Claims Court, and Tax Court. All judges of Lothicania courts are nominated by the Governor, often with the advice and recommendation of judicial nomination boards, and appointed for lifetime terms by the State Assembly.

There are also independent agencies and commissions established by state super laws that do not neatly fit into any branch of government, as they often enforce state laws (executive), issue rules and regulations (legislative), and adjudicate cases or claims (judicial). While their agency heads or commission members are usually nominated or appointed by the Governor, they can only be removed from office through impeachment and removal by the State Assembly.

Lothicania has a common law legal system with some Estmerish influences. Unlike most states in Rizealand, the Lothicania Constitution does not allow citizens to recall government officials, refer legislation to a referendum vote, or propose legislation through an initiative process. However, voters in Lothicania are required to approve amendments to the state constitution, although they cannot propose them.