Rizealand

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Federation of Rizealand

Flag of Rizealand
Flag
of Rizealand
Coat of arms
Motto: "Progress in Union"
Anthem: "God Bless Rizealand"
MediaPlayer.png
Rizealand (dark blue) located within Asteria Superior (light blue).
Rizealand (dark blue) located within Asteria Superior (light blue).
CapitalCamden
Largest cityLiberty City
Official languagesnone at the federal level
Recognised national languagesEstmerish
Recognised regional languagesGhailish
Gaullican
Marchenian
Powhatan
Demonym(s)Rizealander
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Cal Aderhall
• Deputy President
Neil Harper
LegislatureCentral Assembly
Federation Council
House of Representatives
Independence from Gaullica
• Independence declared
1764
• Continental Convention
1765
• Joined United Colonies
1765
• Treaty of Vicalvi
1771
• Federation established
1775
Area
• 
1,831,549.44 km2 (707,165.19 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 census
Increase 64,571,281
• Density
35.25/km2 (91.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2,719,874,492,256
• Per capita
Increase $42,582
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2,652,743,120,048‬
• Per capita
Increase $41,531
Gini (2021)Negative increase 32.2
medium
HDI (2021)Increase .898
very high
CurrencyRizal (RIZ)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.rzl

The Federation of Rizealand, commonly known as Rizealand, is a sovereign stated located in Asteria Superior on the planet Kylaris. It is bordered by Cassier in the north, Chistovodia to the east, Marchenia to the south, and the Vehemens Ocean to the west. It consists of 9 states, three sovereign indigenous nations, and two territories including a capital territory. With an area of 1.8 million square kilometers, it is the fifth largest country by total area in Asteria. At more than 64 million people, it is the eighteenth most populous country in Kylaris. The national capital is Camden and the most populous city is Liberty City.

Indigenous peoples first migrated to Rizealand more than 12 millennia ago and Euclean colonists began arriving in the 1500s. Rizealand emerged from former Gaullican colonies that had gained independence after the Asterian War of Secession (1764-1771). From the late 1700s to middle 1800s, Rizealand expanded eastward and south through establishing new territories by annexation and conquest of indigenous peoples. By 1890, Rizealand occupied all the land in the east up to Lake Weanoke and forced the remaining indigenous populations onto reservations. After ending a period of isolation by participating in the Great War and Solarian War, Rizealand emerged as a global power. Protests and unrest in the 1960s and 1970s led to the 1975 Civil Rights Reforms, which resulted in drastic liberalization and civil rights for women, people of color, minorities, and indigenous peoples.

Rizealand is a federation organized as a democratic representative republic with three branches of government. These three branches include a bicameral legislature, a president as the head of the executive branch, and an independent judiciary, although some consider the administrative state to operate as a fourth branch of government. It is a member of the World Assembly, Community of Nations, Association for Economic Development and Cooperation, International Council for Democracy, International Trade Organization, North Vehemens Organization, Organization of Asterian Nations, and the Atomic Energy Commission, as well as an observer in the Arucian Cooperation Organization.

Etymology

Historians dispute the exact origin of the name "Rizealand" but agree it was likely derived from local indigenous languages. The majority view is that Rizealand was derived from the Onnohish word "Risi'Wa," meaning "bountiful land" or "bountiful country." The Onnohou people used the name often to describe present-day Rizealand. Another view is that Rizealand is derived from the Nehinawish word "Rizal," which was used by the Nehinaw people to describe gold. During contact between Estmerish colonists and the indigenous tribes of Rizealand, either "Risi'Wa" or "Rizal" were likely transcripted into "Rizea." This is one of the main reasons why a majority of historians reject "Rizal" as being the inspiration for Rizealand, given it was used separately by colonists to refer to money and after the Federation of Rizealand was established, Rizal was used to describe the Federation's new currency.

The first documented use of the word Rizealand was in the diary of John Stokes in 1651, where it was spelled "Rizea Land." Since then, Rizea Land or Rizealand was informally used by Estmerish colonists to describe the colonies of New Estmere and Lothicania. During the Asterian War of Secession, Rizealand became more popular as a descriptor for the rebelling former Gaullican colonies of New Estmere, Lothicania, and Fáel. Following the failed attempt to form a union with Marchenia after the Treaty of Vicalvi, the Articles of Federation established "Rizealand" as as the Federation's official name.

History

Geography

Demographics

Population

Language

Religion

Health

Education

Urban areas

Government and politics

The Central Executive Complex, workplace of the President
The Fed Council Hall, meeting place of the Federation Council
The People's Hall, meeting place of the House of Representatives
The Palace of Justice, meeting place of the High Court and workplace of the Attorney General

Rizealand is a constitutional representative democracy organized as a federal presidential republic. As a federation, power is divided between the federal government and Rizealand's political divisions which include 9 states, 2 territories, and 3 sovereign indigenous nations. Rizealand's political divisions are further divided into smaller administrative divisions as well as cities and towns. While Rizealand's political divisions exercise varying levels of sovereignty guaranteed by the Articles of Federation, the sovereignty of administrative divisions, cities, and towns depends on the laws of their political division.

The Articles of Federation, first ratified in 1773, are the "highest law in the land," meaning no other treaty, legislation, decree, or state constitution can conflict with their provisions. The Articles establish Rizealand's federal system of government by outlining the powers of the federal government as well as imposing restrictions on the federal government and the political divisions. The restrictions limit the federal government's power to those authorized in the Articles and preserve any power of the political divisions that has not been restricted by the Articles. The Articles also impose a separation of powers on the federal government by dividing legislative power, executive power, and judicial power among three separate branches of the government.

Legislative power is exercised by the legislative branch, which is the bicameral Central Assembly. The House of Representatives is the larger and lower house of the Central Assembly with 535 seats. The House of Representatives' seats are apportioned among the political divisions based on their population. Each state and territory's seats in the House of Representatives are filled through closed list proportional representation elections held every five years. Each sovereign indigenous nation adopts its own format for elections to fill its seats in the House of Representatives. The Federation Council is the upper house of the Central Assembly with 38 seats. Unlike the House of Representatives, the Federation Council's seats are apportioned equally among the states and sovereign indigenous nations of Rizealand, with each state or nation receiving three seats, while territories only receive one seat each. Each territory's seat and two of each state's seats in the Federation Council are filled in two round direct elections every five years. Each state's remaining seat in the Federation Council is filled by that state's legislature and that councilor's term lasts until they are removed by the legislature. Each sovereign indigenous nation's seats are filled by their own procedures or customs.

A majority vote of both the Federation Council and House of Representatives is required to pass legislation and take most forms of legislative action. However, amendments to the Articles of Federation, overrides of presidential vetoes, and enactment of super laws require a three-fourths majority in each house. The House of Representatives is also responsible for initiating all taxation and appropriation legislation, approving the President's executive nominations, and impeaching government officials. The Federation Council is also responsible for ratifying all treaties, approving the President's nominations for diplomatic and ambassador posts, and removing government officials from office.

Executive power is exercised by the executive branch of Rizealand. At the top as head of state and government is the President and Deputy President. The President and Deputy President are elected in national two round direct elections for five year terms with a two term limit. The President is responsible for signing legislation into law; appointing executive agency heads, ambassadors, and judges; and ensuring the laws of the federal government are being enforced through overseeing federal executive agencies. While historically the President exercised all executive power, the President now shares some of that power with independent administrative agencies and the Attorney General.

Independent administrative agencies are executive agencies not under the President's direct control. They are not established individually in the Articles of Federation but the Articles authorize their formation by the Central Assembly through super laws and they operate with specific functions such as law enforcement, rulemaking, or adjudication. The Attorney General however is a position established by the Articles and although he is considered a member of the judicial branch, his powers are primarily executive. The Attorney General is responsible for criminal prosecutions, fighting corruption, protecting civil rights, issuing opinions, and enforcing the orders or mandates of the federal courts. The Attorney General also has the authority to issue a constitutional challenge to legislation passed by the Central Assembly which suspends it from taking effect until the High Court has reviewed it. The Attorney General is appointed by the High Court for a single 10 year term and cannot serve more than one term.

Judicial power is exercised by the judicial branch, which is headed by the High Court of the Federation. The High Court is the only federal court established by the Articles of Federation and is the highest court of last resort. Below the High Court is the federation courts of justice, which are divided into five circuit courts. Within each circuit, there is a trial division and appeals division. The trial divisions of federal circuit courts are staffed by federal magistrate judges while the appeals divisions are staffed by federal appellate judges who hear appeals from the decisions of trial divisions. The High Court consists of seven justices and handles appeals from the federation courts of justice as well as cases where it has original jurisdiction. All federal justices, judges, and magistrates are appointed for life by the President from a slate nominated by the Federal Judicial Selection Committee. Federal courts have the power of judicial review. At the federal level, they operate under a common law legal system with Estmerish influences, although some states with Gaullican influence follow civil law instead.

The Articles of Federation establish a list of individual rights for Rizealanders including the freedom of speech, right to petition the government, freedom of conscience, right to self-defense, and right to privacy, among others. Citizens in Rizealand also have the right to recall federal government officials, refer legislation to a referendum vote, enact legislation via an initiative vote, and approve amendments to the Articles of Federation.

Political divisions

Map Name Capital City Largest City Joined Federation Population Area (km2) Council Seats House Seats
States of Rizealand
Assimia Pendleton 9th 2,910,542 42,147.84 3 24
Cahoka Cahoka City Gadsen 8th 3,824,043 325,264.91 3 32
Charlotte Ardougne 4th 3,597,600 247,845.34 3 30
Fáel Tyrell 3rd 3,938,200 104,330.06 3 33
Lothicania Liberty City 2nd 18,456,321 97,409.49 3 152
Lyhoming McDowell 7th 6,016,900 283,733.60 3 50
New Estmere Portmouth 1st 10,456,900 245,195.34 3 86
Providence Winchester 5th 3,337,791 155,730.39 3 28
San Andreas Fremont Los Santos 6th 9,373,100 170,390.68 3 77
Territories of Rizealand
Capital Territory Camden 2nd 2,067,539 1,196.46 1 17
St. Ellen Ellensport 1st 58,108 1,128.96 1 1
Sovereign indigenous nations in Rizealand
Nehinaw Nation Enkoodabooaoo 2nd 75,336 11,788.59 3 1
Onnohou Nation Fort Liberty 1st 111,567 16,137.62 3 1
Powhatan Nation Wahchintonka 3rd 347,334 129,250.16 3 3

Parties and elections

Foreign relations

Government finance

Military

Law enforcement and crime

Economy

Science and technology

Income, poverty, and wealth

Infrastructure

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Energy

Culture

Literature, philosophy, and visual art

Food

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Cinema

Sports

Mass media