Rythene Third Republic
Anthem: Pledge on the Homeland
Location of Rythene
|Demonym(s)||Rythenean / Rythenes|
• Prime Minister
• Kingdom of Rythene is established
• Rythene Revolution
|26 November 1793|
• Current constitution is adopted
|1 September 1986|
|216,078 km2 (83,428 sq mi)|
• 2017 estimate estimate
|37.29 million (8th)|
• 2012 census
|164.84/km2 (426.9/sq mi)|
|2.641 trillion (6th)|
• Per capita
very high · 5th
|Time zone||RST (UTC -2)|
• Summer (DST)
|RDST (UTC -1)|
|ISO 3166 code||.RYT|
Rythene (/raɪðiːn/), officially the Rythene Third Republic, is a democratic nation in Western Auressia. Situated both on and north-west of the Auressian mainland, the country is bordered to the east by Blayk, and shares intermediate maritime borders with them and the Imperial Confederacy. Rythene proper comprises of twelve constituent states, covering an area of 216,078 square kilometres (83,428 sq mi), and is the eighth most populous nation with an estimated 37.29 million inhabitants in 2017.
The Kingdom of Rythene emerged as a unified state in the early eleventh century, following the events of the southern invasion from the mainland. They were first governed by King Alaric the Great, former Prince of Casmire, who ascended the throne in place of his father Edgar I, who remained bedridden on the mainland until his death two years later. The nation resided under the monarchy for nearly a millennium before the disposition of King Charles IV under the new parliamentary regime, with the establishment of the First Republic in 1793 after the Rythenean revolution. The new democratic society consisted of a governing council, with the head of state elected via the wealthy landed elite.
In the nineteenth century, Rythenean republicans waged war against Auressian monarchist forces, shaping the course of foreign politics for the following century. Their subsequent defeat saw the brief reinstatement of the monarchy in Rythene, before being overthrown eight years later in 1824, marking the establishment of the Second Republic. In accordance to rising tensions at the turn of the century, the outbreak of the Great War saw Rythene and their allies emerge victorious.
In 1986, the new and current constitution was adopted, officially forming the Third Republic. The national parliament are seated in the capital of Hyreathe, with the President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.
In the twenty-first century, Rythene is a semi-presidential republic and is officially recognised as a great power, and has the world’s sixth largest economy by nominal GDP. Rythene is the leading exporter of numerous precious metals and machinery. Along with the exportation of several luxuries, Rythene is typically renowned for its production of mineral fuels and organic chemicals. The nation has a high standard of living and is a developed country, ranking highly in numerous metrics of national performance, including; health care, education, equality, civil liberties and human development. It also has a “very high” Human Development Index, ranking fifth in the world.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
Prehistory and antiquity
Early Middle Ages (5th century - 10th century)
Late Middle Ages (10th century - 15th century)
Early Modern Period (15th century - 1790)
Revolutionary Rythene (1790 - 1824)
In mid-April of 1790, the long withstanding tensions between the monarchy and republican supporters culminated in the outbreak of the Rythenean revolution, marked by the burning of the royal’s residence in Hyreathe. King Charles IV proclaimed the revolutionary action an opposition of the nation’s founding beliefs, and called for support from foreign monarchies to aid in the war effort. However, as neighbouring countries didn’t wish to spark a wider conflict, the Rythenean monarchists were left to fight for themselves.
The beginning of the war looked positive for the royalists, as they controlled the highly equipped military and were easily winning one sided-skirmishes. Smalltown militia groups were tasked with fighting a fully trained national army, and were losing quite unquestionably. It wasn’t until revolutionary leaders appointed a more sustained and operational leading body (the Delegated Assembly) that a formal republican army was established in opposition. This resulted in gradual victories for the rebellion forces, and encouraged wider participation for the war effort.
After a decisive republican victory in Westpool, a few kilometres outside of the capital, the national military turned on the royal family and sacked the city. Charles IV attempted to negotiate a peace, but was imprisoned and soon hanged in the city centre. His only son and heir, John, had escaped and fled to the Imperial Confederacy two months prior, where he would later be implemented on the throne for a brief period after the War of the Commons. On the 26th of November 1793 the First Republic was declared, and an interim government was established until elections on the first day of the new year.
Headed by temporary President Richard Matthews, the new republic was internationally disregarded and received little foreign aid. Elections in 1794 were held only for the landed gentry, and sparked minor suffrage movements across the country. In a decision to resolve growing political discontent, an earlier election for the next year was promised instead of the intended six year term to quell a possible counter revolution. The 1795 election had a much higher voter count as all males were allowed to vote, and the republic finally appeared to be working as it was intended.
With the outbreak of the War of the Commons in 1799, Rythene, Blayk and other minor republican forces defended against invading foreign powers intent on establishing autocracy in Western Auressia. With the conclusion of the war in 1816, the Rythenean monarchy was forcefully re-established under the rule of John VII. Despite the new King’s good willed intentions, political tensions during the aftermath never eased, and he was overthrown in 1824 after an eight year reign. The Second Republic was established and officially recognised globally, but was still the cause of tension between eastern powers.