Atmora


Confederation of Atmora

Atmoraanse Confederatie
Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin)
“Splendour without diminishment” (English)
“Pracht zonder ruïne” (Iravian)
Anthem: 
Alexandriëslied (offical)
I Vow to Thee, My Country (unofficial)
CapitalAlexandria, SA
Largest citySierrapolis, SI
Official languagesEnglishIravian
Recognised regional languagesCaledonianNuu-chah-nulthGwich'inInnuMi'kmaqNooksackShuswapNisga'aWest Frisian
Ethnic groups
(2078)
  • 82.9% Atmoran
  • 4.3% Westphalian
  • 4.1% Mizuhan
  • 2.6% Tristanian
  • 2.2% Iravian
  • 1.7% Slavic
  • 1.4% First Nations
  • 0.3% Mixed
  • 0.5% Other
Religion
Demonym(s)Atmoran
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Katherine II
The Lady Lyria
• Deputy Prime Minister
Elizabeth Veltmate
• Speaker of the House
Joel Spencer
• Speaker of the Senate
Juliette Veldhuizen
• Chief Justice
TBD
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Commons
Independence from the Old Iravian Empire
• Atmoran Unification
15 December, 1812
• Confederation
6 January, 1813
• Constitution
13 May 1813
Area
• 
11,232,596.85 km2 (4,336,929.89 sq mi) (2nd)
Population
• 2080 estimate
879,382,271
• Density
64.62/km2 (167.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2067 estimate
• Total
ƒ82,170,269,939,484.80
• Per capita
ƒ110,998.68
GDP (nominal)2067 estimate
• Total
ƒ82,170,269,939,484.80
• Per capita
ƒ110,998.68
Gini (2078)18.68
low · 2nd
HDI (2079)Increase 0.983
very high · 2nd
CurrencyGuilder (ƒ)
(ATG)
Time zoneUTC-8h, UTC-7h, UTC-6, AIT-2
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+1
Internet TLD.at, .gov, .mil and .edu

Atmora (/'ətmôrə/), officially the Confederation of Atmora (Iravian: Atmoraanse Confederatie), is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy laying in the middle of the Atmoran Ocean. It includes 18 constituent states, covers an area of 11,232,596.85 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With about 725.8 million inhabitants, Atmora is the second most populous states in the Atmoran Ocean. After North Timeria, it is the third most popular immigration destination in the world. Atmora's capital and second largest metropolis is Alexandria, while it's largest city is Sierrapolis. The country's other major cities are Halifax, Anthold, Vianen, Lichtenburg City, Haastrecht, Brühl, Mariënburg, and Lüneburg.

Atmora is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Empress Katherine II being the monarch. The country is officially bilingual at federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries. Its advanced economy is the second largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Atmora's long and complex relationships with the United States of Conner, Irav and North Timeria has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

Atmora is a developed country and has the second highest nominal per capita income globally, and the second highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.

Etymology and terminology

The name 'Atmora' was first used in the 15th century when Iravian explorers named the land "Terra Admare" meaning the Land Towards the Sea, until Iravian settlers renamed the land "Atmeri" the Iravianisation of term Terra Admare. When the Hyrukians and Deritains came they renamed the area Atmora the latinisation of the Iravian word Atmeri.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Atmora is as a "Atmoran" or from the province/territory they're from.

History

Aborignal History

The arrival of Paleoindians from Beringia took place between 20,000 to 12,000 years ago. Hunter gatherer families were the main social structure from 10,000 to 5,000 years ago. The nomadic population lived in non-permanent structures foraging for nuts, berries and edible roots while hunting and trapping larger and small game for food and furs. Around 5,000 years ago individual groups started to focus on resources available to them locally. Thus with the passage of time there is a pattern of increasing regional generalization with a more sedentary lifestyle. Theses indigenous populations evolved over the next 5,000 years across a large area, into many different groups with shared traditions and customs.

To the northwest of the country are the peoples of the Na-Dene languages, which include the Athapaskan-speaking peoples and the Tlingit, who lived on the islands of southern Alaska and northern region known as Alexisburg. The Na-Dene language group is believed to be linked to the Yeniseian languages of Siberia. The Dene of the western Arctic may represent a distinct wave of migration from Asia to North America. The Interior of the country was home to the Salishan language groups such as the Shuswap (Secwepemc), Okanagan and Athabaskan language groups, primarily the Dakelh (Carrier) and the Tsilhqot'in. The inlets and valleys of the Alexisburg Coast sheltered large, distinctive populations, such as the Haida, Kwakwaka'wakw and Nuu-chah-nulth, sustained by the region's abundant salmon and shellfish. These peoples developed complex cultures dependent on the western red cedar that included wooden houses, seagoing whaling and war canoes and elaborately carved potlatch items and totem poles.

Contact with Europeans brought a series of devastating epidemics of diseases from Europe that the people had no immunity to. The result was a dramatic population collapse, culminating in the 1778 Smallpox outbreak in Sierrapolis that spread throughout the coast. European settlement did not bode well for the remaining native population of Atmora. Colonial officials deemed that colonists and the Native Americans in order to have peace and stability in the New Colony would have to work together, so the Colonial Government worked on a cure for the diseases affecting their Native brethens. So that the suffering of the Native Americans would stop. In July 1781 a women by the name of Jennette Paktou came up with a effective vacine for Measles, smallpox, and influenza, after Misses Paktou's vacine for diseases. The Parliament of Atmora declared her a national hero and that the Paktou would be treated well and would be considered as a Atmoran Noble Family.

Iravic Discovery of the Americas

Iravian Colonisation

Iravic Rule over the continent

Formation of the Atmeric Confederation and the Acadian Confederation

Geography

Flora and Fauna

Climate

Environmental Issues

Politics

Administrative Regions

Atmora is a federation composed of eighteen states and numerous colonies off world. In turn, these may be grouped into four main islands: Athabaska, Leuven, Caledonia and the Karelian Isles. States have more autonomy than colonies, having responsibility for social programs such as health care, education, and welfare. Together, the states collect more revenue than the federal government, an almost unique structure among federations in the world. Using its spending powers, the federal government can initiate national policies in provincial areas, such as the Atmora Health Act; the provinces can opt out of these, but rarely do so in practice. Equalization payments are made by the federal government to ensure that reasonably uniform standards of services and taxation are kept between the richer and poorer states.


Constituent states

<imgur w="670">f8EyGeG.png</imgur>
Kingdoms
Flag Name Capital Largest city Area (km²) Population Premier
Kingdoms of Atmora
60px Lieseltania Brühl Sierrapolis TBA TBA TBA
60px Leuven Haelen Haelen TBA TBA TBA
60px Huldenberg Halifax Halifax TBA TBA TBA
60px Gallia TBA TBA TBA
60px Laurentia Birmingham Haastrecht TBA TBA TBA
60px Brunswick Lilianburg Vianen TBA TBA TBA
60px Caledonia Balmoral Rothesay TBA TBA TBA
Grand Duchies
Flag Name Capital Largest city Area (km²) Population Premier
Grand Duchies of Atmora
60px Roeselare Roeselare Ravels TBA TBA TBA
60px Rothenburg Rothenburg Kelowna TBA TBA TBA
60px Vlieland Charlottetown Charlottetown TBA TBA TBA
60px Guldenhof Mariënburg Mariënburg TBA TBA TBA
Duchies
Flag Name Capital Largest city Area (km²) Population Premier
Duchies of Atmora
60px Lancaster Lancaster Black Burn TBA TBA TBA
60px Adenburg TBA TBA TBA
60px Geldermalsen Amstelveen Dresden TBA TBA TBA
60px Sayn-Ravenstein TBA TBA TBA
Principalities
Flag Name Capital Largest city Area (km²) Population Premier
Principalities of Atmora
TBA, light grey letters on dark grey background.jpg Vlissingen Vlissingen Vlissingen TBA TBA TBA
60px Lichtenburg Lichtenburg Lichtenburg TBA TBA TBA
60px Lorraine Straatsburg Straatsburg TBA TBA TBA
Colonies

Largest Cities

Government

Atmora has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy, the monarchy of Atmora being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The sovereign is Empress Katherine II, who is also monarch of each of Atmora's dominions and colonies.

The direct participation of the royal and viceroyal figures in areas of governance is limited. In practice, their use of the executive powers is directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Commons and chosen and headed by the Prime Minister of Atmora (at present The Countess of Lyria), the head of government. The monarch may, though, in certain crisis situations exercise their power without ministerial advice. To ensure the stability of government, Empress Katherine II will usually appoint as prime minister the person who is the current leader of the political party that can obtain the confidence of a plurality in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) is thus one of the most powerful institutions in government, initiating most legislation for parliamentary approval and selecting for appointment by the Crown, besides the aforementioned, lieutenant governors, senators, federal court judges, and heads of Crown corporations and government agencies. The leader of the party with the second-most seats usually becomes the Leader of Her Imperial Majesty's Loyal Opposition and is part of an adversarial parliamentary system intended to keep the government in check.

The Senate chamber within the Centre Block on Parliament Hill Each of the 338 members of parliament in the House of Commons is elected by simple plurality in an electoral district or riding. General elections must be called by the monarch, either on the advice of the prime minister, within four years of the previous election, or if the government loses a confidence vote in the House. The 105 members of the Senate, whose seats are apportioned on a regional basis, serve until age 75. Five parties had representatives elected to the federal parliament in the 2075 election: the Liberal Party of Atmora, the Conservative Party of Atmora , the New Democratic Party, the United New Socialist Party, Liberal Democratic Party of Atmora, and the Green Party of Atmora. The list of historical parties with elected representation is substantial.

Atmora's federal structure divides government responsibilities between the federal government and the states. States legislatures are generally unicameral and operate in parliamentary fashion similar to the House of Commons. Atmora's colonies also have legislatures, but these are not sovereign and have fewer constitutional responsibilities than the states. The colonial legislatures also differ structurally from their State counterparts.

The Bank of Atmora is the central bank of the country. In addition, the Minister of Finance and Minister of Industry utilize the Statistics Atmora agency for financial planning and economic policy development.

Law and Justice

The Constitution of Atmora is the supreme law of the country, and consists of written text and unwritten conventions. The Constitution Act, 1867, affirmed governance based on parliamentary precedent and divided powers between the federal and provincial governments. The Charter guarantees basic rights and freedoms that usually cannot be over-ridden by any government—though a notwithstanding clause allows the federal parliament and provincial legislatures to override certain sections of the Charter for a period of five years.

Atmora's judiciary plays an important role in interpreting laws and has the power to strike down Acts of Parliament that violate the constitution. The Supreme Court of Atmora is the highest court and final arbiter and has been led since 2055 by the Chief Justice Cynthia Keswick. Its nine members are appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister and minister of justice. All judges at the superior and appellate levels are appointed after consultation with nongovernmental legal bodies. The federal Cabinet also appoints justices to superior courts in the provincial and territorial jurisdictions.

Common law prevails everywhere, where civil law predominates. Criminal law is solely a federal responsibility and is uniform throughout Atmora. Law enforcement, including criminal courts, is officially a provincial responsibility, conducted by provincial and municipal police forces. However, in most rural areas and some urban areas, policing responsibilities are contracted to the Atmoran Federal Police. Atmora's primary special response unit is Scepter 4 which overseen by the Minister of the Department of Public Safety.

Foreign Relations

Atmora has been an advocate for multilateralism, making efforts to resolve global issues in collaboration with other nations. However as of late Atmora has been leaning towards mercantilism with its newly established extrasolar colonies, while maintaining ties with the Systems Alliance

The nation is a founding member of the Systems Alliance and of the Material Continuum. In addition, the nation has military and economic cooperation agreements with nations such as Irav, the Royally United Provinces, the Republic of Weco, and the Atmoran Dominions. However, it is currently embroiled in the Cold War, and as such has hostile relations with the Strategic Defence Association; United States of Conner and North Timeria. However relations with North Timeria are the most normal compared to the hostile relations between the United States and the Confederation.

The nation's foreign relations department is the Department of Foreign Affairs, headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, a post currently held by Virgil Perkins. The Minister of Foreign Affairs is a senior member of the Atmoran Cabinet.

Military

The Armed Forces of the Empire of Atmoran, officially, the Atmoran Armed Forces which consists of three professional service branches administered by the Department of National Defence: the Imperial Army (Atmora), the Imperial Navy, the Imperial Air Force. The commander-in-chief is the Atmoran Monarch, currently Empress Katherine II, to whom members of the forces swear an oath of allegiance. The roles each branch is allowed to fill and the equipment they are allowed to operate is managed by the Department of National Defence (DND), and roles are regularly updated with changes in strategy, as well as tactical advancements.

Typically, the Imperial Army is responsible for conducting mass land operations, such as invasions and defenses. The Army primarily maintains infantry and land-based weaponry, though it also manages a fleet of amphibious vessels and some rotor vehicles. However most amphibious operations are done by the Imperial Marine Corps

The Imperial Navy is the naval warfare arm of the Atmoran Forces. It is tasked with maintaining and operating all naval vessels. On board all Imperial Navy vessels are the Imperial Marine Corps.

The Imperial Air Force is the aerial warfare arm of the Armed Forces. It is in control of all aerial warfare assets under the command of the Armed Forces, including fixed-wing aircraft, most rotary craft, and space weaponry. Instead of Imperial Air Force aircraft onboard the Imperial Navy aircraft carriers, the Atmoran Fleet Air Arm deals with the naval aerial operations.

These branches, along with the JSOFCOM - the special operations command of the Unified Atmoran Armed Forces, report directly to the Department of National Defence in Alexandria, in which the DND reports to the Atmoran Parliament

Economy

Demographics

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Education

Atmoran public education is operated by the provincial and by local governments, regulated by the Atmoran Ministry of Education. Most children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven until they turn 18, by which they have graduated from the 12th grade. An estimated 0.05% of children are enrolled in private schools. Education is free in Atmora because it is provided by the government, and many students come from foreign nations because of this. This has made spend more on education per student compared to other nations.

Culture

Atmora's culture draws influences from its broad range of constituent nationalities, and policies that promote multiculturalism are constitutionally protected. In Aurora and New Derita, cultural identity is strong, and many French-speaking commentators speak of a culture of Aurora and New Derita that is distinct from Anglo-Atmoran or Dutch-Atmoran cultures. However, as a whole, Atmora is in theory a cultural mosaic – a collection of several regional, aboriginal, and ethnic subcultures. Government policies such as publicly funded health care, higher taxation to redistribute wealth, the outlawing of capital punishment, strong efforts to eliminate poverty, strict gun control, and the legalization of same-sex marriage are further social indicators of Atmora's political and cultural values.

Historically, Atmora has been influenced by Hyrukian, Iravian, Connerian, and aboriginal cultures and traditions. Through their language, art and music, aboriginal peoples continue to influence the Atmoran identity. Many Atmorans value multiculturalism and see Atmora as being inherently multicultural. Connerian media and entertainment are popular, if not dominant, in Anglo-Atmora; conversely, many Atmoran cultural products and entertainers are successful in the United States of Conner and worldwide. The preservation of a distinctly Atmoran culture is supported by federal government programs, laws, and institutions such as the Royal Atmoran Broadcasting Corporation (RABC), the United Provincical Broadcasting Company (UPBC), and the Imperial Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (IRTC).

Media

Music

Sports

Cinema

Foods

Arts and Literature

Religion

Infrastructure

Roads

Energy

Science and Technology