Cavunia

Republic of Cavunia

Republika Kavunija
Flag of Cavunia
Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: Naša ziemya, naša krvavica
Our land, our sacrifice
Location of Cavunia in Mardeoratica
Location of Cavunia in Mardeoratica
Capital
and largest city
Trigorje
Official languagesCavunian
Recognised regional languagesDamantian
Demonym(s)Cavunian
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
• President
Marko Jodlić
• Prime Minister
Nikita Velov
LegislatureNegadica
Establishment
• Kingdom of Cabonae
506
• Christianization
943
• Monarchy of Crimson Kings
965
• De Folé dynasty
1503
• Spring Constitution
1820
• Proletariate regime
1923
• Winter Constitution
1987
Area
• Total
286,754 km2 (110,716 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.16
Population
• 2016 census
25,119,802
• Density
87.6/km2 (226.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$455.2 billion
• Per capita
$18,121
Gini33.7
medium
HDI0.773
high
CurrencyCavunian ban (KVB)
Time zoneCAMT (UTC +0)
• Summer (DST)
CAMST (UTC +1)
Driving sideright
Calling code+97
Internet TLD.kv

Cavunia (Cavunian: Kavunija), formally known as the Republic of Cavunia (Cavunian: Republika Kavunija) is a sovereign state in the southwestern Alisna, bordering Mizialand to the west, Styria to the northeast and Berry to the west. With an area of 286,754km², Cavunia is considered a medium-sized country. It has diverse relief, ranging from low-lying plains to high mountains, and climate, with oceanic in the north, mediterranean in the south and alpine in the west.

The present day Cavunia was firstly inhabited by Damantae people, who inhabited mostly northern parts of the country and Val-Tremè region. The southern parts were later conquered by the Sessitensian Empire that established a governor and created the regions of Cabonae and Tremenum. In late V century, Kapvan and Nebotian people arrived, attacking the country and later, after the collapse of the empire, creating the Kingdom of Cabonae in 506. King Tanuk was christianized in 943, funding a feudal monarchy, that fought for control over the region with Damantians. In 965 king Mircea I married Damantian princess Lindita, unifying the nation. In renneisance times, Cavunia became a secondary power and didn't participate in the colonial race. During XVI, XVII and XVIII centuries, De Folé dynasty, coming from Berrian nobility, was ruling the land. The Spring Constitution was signed in 1820 and Cavunia enter industrial era. In 1914 Cavunia joined the League of Three Empires in the Great Maredoratic War and after its defeat in 1920, the nation entered a political and social crisis that ended in 1923, when the last king, Juraj Nedija, was assassinated by the proletiare agents and Božan Vilkov became the new leader, turning Cavunia into generalist system, that ended in 1983, with signing Winter Constitution and creating first fully free elections.

Cavunia is a parliamentary republic, where Negadica - Cavunian version of a parliament - wields the most power. The country is divided into 14 krajs and 4 cities. The nation leads a passive role in the world's politics and it has mostly neutral stance towards international incidents and issues. It's a developing economy with a major industries being mining (especially iron, copper and silver), metallurgy and creative industries, such as cinema or music.

With a population of 25,119,802, Cavunia is ranked 30th in Maredoratica. Most of the population inhabits southern coast, lowlands and around the Proder and Trapan lakes, where the biggest cities are placed. Only 63% people live in urban areas, making Cavunia one of the least urbanized countries in the world. The capital of Cavunia is Trigorje and it's the only city with more than million inhabitants. Other big cities are Tremenica, Bijeli Breg, Vylegrad and Neđanje. Cavunia is a polyethnic country - 70% of population has Cavunian origin, while 27% declares Damantian ethnicity. Other groups include Kapvans, Nebotians, Berrians and Mizians.

Etymology

The name "Cavunia" was first used during Sessitensian times, when Sessitensian and local tribal languages of the region mixed, creating a distinct dialect, that later formed the basis for modern Cavunian language. The southern parts of Cavunia were firstly named "Cabonae" but the meaning of the word is a subject of discussion - the most common theory is that it delivers its name from the term "cavo" that means "to make a hole, dig", as it's the reference to many workers migrating to the area in order to dig the fundaments for many walls and fortifications that were built during the era. Others claim "Cavunia" comes from "cabo" - a cape, as a cape of civilization, since Cavunia was the westernmost part of the empire.

Migrating tribes from the north adopted the name "Cabonae", though, following the slavicisation of the people, it evolved into "Kavona" and later into "Kavuna". The first written record of the term "Kavunija" appears in the treaty De Regem from 913 and, since then, is an official name used on the court and in the documents.

History

Early history

Archeologists date the first evidence of human habitation in the Valley of Tremen back to around 40'000 BC and the first stone tools were found near the town of Praseli. The ancient people settled around lakes Trapan and Proder, forming small, warring societies of hunters-gatherers that used basic weapons, firstly from stone, later from copper. The first signs of agriculture appeared around 10'500 BC and focused mostly on wheat harvesting and livestock rearing. At the beggining of XX century, two ancient settlements were discovered - one near the village of Kraljevica and the other one about 70 km west of Tremenica, both of them preserved in a residual state but with a visible remnants of wooden fortications - most probably simple pales - and embankments.

Many independent tribes inhabited the region before the Sessitensian conquest, sharing one language family - with one of them, Damantian being still alive, and worshipping the same pantheon, where the figure of mother-breeder was the most important one, as a lot of resembling figurines of obese faceless ladies, were found across the country. Around 600 BC, sources of iron in the Morvan mountains began being exploited and the construction techniques came into use, allowing a creation of, for example, two-storied buidlings or bridges. In III century BC, tribes in the northern part of Cavunia were united, forming the basics of the Kingdom of Damantia, that later became the major tribal rival of the Sessitensian Empire.

Due to a positioning of rivers and lakes, the central part of the country played the biggest part during the era. Small towns, such as Fyrrjë or Agrtaga were economic and commercial hubs, controlling the trade over the rivers and maintaining political and military status. It's speculated that Fyrrjë was a capital of Damantian chiefs, due to its location, and it was also an important religious site.

Sessitensian era

The first appearance of the Sessitensian people is dated back to between 150 - 170 CE. Archeologist found small mining sites in the western parts of Morvan mountains that were most possibly built by Sessitensians. Due to low population of the region, Morvan foothills were slowly incorporated into the empire. The first town, Tresmontes was established around 190 CE along the Ordena river and served as marble and stone producer.

At the beginning of III century, Sessitensian army arrived in the area and began moving west, forcing Damantian tribes to move away. By 230 CE, all the land between Proder and Trapan lakes was occupied by the Sessitensian empire. Several settlements were funded and first trade route was created between the towns of Trapanto, Tremenum and Tresmontes.

In 218 CE, the second Sessitensian army passed the Getterian Massif and marched down the rivers Bobadan and then Duklja, eradicating Nebotian villages. Between years 220 - 240 CE, Sessitensian empire gain a full control over the region. Together with northern lands it formed a province of Cabonae. During the century, the province served as a source of food, fish, marble, stone and silver for the empire. Because of its economical importance and a constant threat of tribal invasions, many roads were built to improve the mobility of traders, soldiers and workers. In 251 CE, following the attack on Contium, the emperor ordered a construction of a forticiation system that would prevent the inferior tribes from raiding the province. The first wall, the Trapan Wall, was finished in 268 CE. In 270, the Red Wall and Fortes Ptolones were constructed - at the time, they were one of the largest fortifications on the continent, covering an area of over 2'000 square kilometres. Nearly 15'000 soldiers could station in 7 forts, providing a solid military force.

Dual governorship

---wip

Middle Ages

Early modern era

XIX century

People's Republic of Cavunia

Recent history

Geography

Cavunia is located in southern Alisna, covering an area of 286,754km², with 6,193km² standing for water bodies. Cavunia forms one landmass, with no islands or peninsulas within its territory. The country is located between 43° and 54° latitudes and lies west of the prime meridian. The country is mostly mountainous and hilly, with only around 20% of the land laying lower than 300 metres. There are 31 peeks over 3'000 metres, with Mount Darmatan reaching 3'729 m. Geographically, Cavunia is divided into 6 regions - from north to south they are: North coast, Damantian Massif, Central highlands, Morvan Mountains, Getterian Massif and Southern lowlands. Often, Cavunian landscape is diversified by rivers, Duklja for example, or lakes, like Proder or Trapan.

File:Kavunia physical map.png
Physical map of Cavunia.

North coast is the smallest part of the country. Its main features are wide, sandy beaches with cliffs and grassy plains, covered by mostly deciduous forests. The delta of the Landh river is the lowest lying area of the entire Cavunia and it's very diverse, with bogs, swamps and small lakes. The soil is fertile but it is often too wet to allow big-scale farming.

File:Trapan Lake.jpg
Trapan lake is the second biggest lake in Cavunia.

Damantian Massif separates north coast from central parts of the nation. It's the oldest mountainous formation, with heights not exceeding 2000 metres. The highest peek is Mount Arva - 1'924 metres. Two important rivers have their springs in these mountains: Landh and Kalava. Landh drives north, through the Girjan Upland while Kalava goes south, passing Damantian foothills and Drog's Bareer. It's a sparsely populated region, due to its mountainous relief and progressing erosion of terrian. The landscape is monotonous, with grey hills and mixed forests covering the area. The region is poor in natural resources.

Central parts of the country are the most varying one in terms of landscape composition. The region is further divided into Proder valley, extending from the Drog's Bareer in the north to the river Ardena in the south. The valley features different karst formations, including caves, limestone walls and, most notably, hills that stretch around lake Proder and then into southwest. Trapan valley cover area around lake Trapan and rivers Risna and Kalava. Despite being hilly, it has low relative heights, reaching only about 70 - 80 metres. A complex river system creates unique natural elements, like even 10 km deep gorges or "hill islands" - peeks of hills isolated by the river flow.

Morvans westernmost parts are present in Cavunia, creating a natural border with Styria and Berry. Cavunian Morvans are divided into 12 other mountain ranges, varying in geomorphological history, structure, relative heights and placement. The highest parts, in Furan Mountains, reach over 3'000 metres - while Kačavskij Mountains are only 1'600 metres high average. In the easternmost parts of the region the snow border is surpassed and glaciers exists, while mountains closer to the center are naturally covered by snow only in winter and early spring. There are hundreds of U-shaped valleys and small, circular lakes.

Morvan Mountains are separated from Getterian Massif by Latapian Gate, which spans on over 100 kilometres. Getterian Massif is and old landmass, reaching around 2'200 metres in its highest parts. Duklja river has its springs there and floats south into Southern Lowlands. It's a large, wavy region, covered by grasslands, Mediterranean forests and valleys. Due to its specific location, it's the hottest and most humid region of the country.


Climate

Climate of Cavunia varies between areas. This is a result of latitudinal extent and geographic features, such as mountain ranges. Climate in northern parts is classified as oceanic climate, with warm summers, cool winters and high annual precipitation. It's also the region with the lowest average sunshine hours and the strongest winds, especially in autumn. The climate gains more continental features while moving south, which is especially visible in the central parts, where the summers are hot and winters harsh, with low precipitation at the same time through a whole year. Areas around Proder and Trapan lakes maintain higher rainfall. Starting from Morvan foothills, west Cavunia, as well as parts of Getterian and Damantian Massif, climate changes into Template:Alpine climate. Summers are usually cool and windy, while winters are very cold. Higher elevations are also year-round covered by snow. South of Getterian Massif, Cavunia is influencedhumid subtropical climate that turns into mediterranean climate on the coast and areas in a close proximity to the sea. It's the warmest part of the nation, with sunny, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.

Highest recorded temperature was 43.1 °C in August 1983, while the lowest was -37.9 °C in January 1957. Growing season lenght ranges from 150 days in the western parts of Morvan Mountains to even 300 on south coast.


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