Kingdom of Gelonia
Rouantelezh Gaelonia (Gelonian)
Motto: Frankiz pe Marv
("Freedom or Death")
Royal anthem: Ourgouilh Gaeloniaelezh
Location of Gelonia (dark green)
– in Belisaria (dark grey)
Political Map of Gelonia
and national language
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
• First Kingdom
• Second Latin conquest
|17 May 1945|
• Second Kingdom
|2 January 1950|
|77,696 km2 (29,999 sq mi) (nth)|
• 2018 estimate
• 2017 census
|134.26/km2 (347.7/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Korora (£) (GLK)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (CE)|
|ISO 3166 code||GE|
Gelonia (Gelonian: Gaelona) is a sovereign state located in western Belisaria, covering an area previously inhabited by Celtic tribes before the period of the Latin occupation. During the Crisis of the 11th Century, it became an independent kingdom, and then a prince-electorate within the Holy Audonian Empire until it was reabsorbed into Latium in 1632, and achieved independence in 1945. It is bordered by Lyncanestria to the north, to the south and east by Latium, and a maritime border with Arthurista. The official and national language is Gelonian.
In the late 1st century AD, the first kingdom of Gelonia was established by Celtic tribes in what is now northwestern Latium and southwestern Lyncanestria due to the encroachments of the advancing Latin Empire. It was absorbed into the Latin Empire by the 3rd century, and remained a Latin province until the Crisis of the 11th Century, when it reasserted its independence. The second kingdom faced threats from many forces, including the Latin pretenders in Adrianople, Caliphate of Alba, Imperial remnants in Alexandria, and the growing Audonian Empire. Eventually, Gelonia entered into the Holy Audonian Empire, and held the status as a prince-elector from 1583 until 1632. Gelonia once again fell under Latin control during the Belisarian Wars of Religion where the Gelonian crown was abolished and the province reorganized into various counties. Various attempts were made in the 19th and early 20th centuries to established a Gelonian community within Latium. In 1945, the Gelonia declared it's independence from Latium in the Gelonian War of Independence, which concluded in an independent Gelonia in 1950.
The sovereign state of Gelonia is a constitutional monarchy under a unitary parliamentary system. It is a developed country with a reasonably high standard of living. It's capital is Oxonia, while it's largest city is Dournfawr, formerly Durnovaria until the Gelonian renaming policies of the 1950s. Gelonia is the Xth largest economy in the world, which is dominated by service and industrial sectors. It is a member of the Forum of Nations.
Flora and fauna
Politics and government
Gelonia is a unitary constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary political system. The Monarch is the head of state and appoints the Prime Minister, who in turn nominates members of government. The political framework is laid out in the 1950 constitution, which includes a separation of powers and delineates civil liberties and rights. The constitution can be amended by a three step process including, two-thirds vote of the Bodadeg, Royal Assent, and popular referendum.
The king, Arthur XI, is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. The Monarch is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He can declare war and peace, negotiate and assent to treaties once passed by the Bodadeg, convene and close legislative sessions, call and postpone elections, and dismiss government and dissolve the Bodadeg. Any dismissal and dissolution of the Bodadeg must then receive a vote of no confidence from a majority of the Bodadeg. The Monarch holds veto power by the prerogative of withholding Royal Assent to a bill passed by the Bodadeg, but any denial of assent can be overturned by a two-thirds vote of the Bodadeg.
The Prime Minister is Adiuni Kloarec, is the head of government and executes daily government functions through the government. The Monarch appoints the Prime Minister, who in turn chooses ministers to serve in government. The constitution requires that the Prime Minister, and government ministers be sitting members of the Bodadeg. Unlike some constitutional monarchies, government is accountable to both the Bodadeg and the Monarchy of Gelonia, and the Bodadeg can force a government minister to resign by interpellation.
Legislative power is invested in the parliament, consisting of the Bodadeg and the Vodan. The legislature holds oversight authority. The Bodadeg is the lower house and consists of 167 members elected from single member constituencies by instant-runoff voting with elections every four years, while the Vodan is an un-elected upper house. Legislative powers in Gelonia are considered robust, as both houses can conduct inquiries into government action, and pass motions of no confidence. The Bodadeg may issue motions of no confidence in a government, but the two step process requires Royal Assent in order for the government to be dismissed. The Constitution lays out the circumstances where the Bodadeg may be dissolved; only the Monarch retains the ability to dissolve the Bodadeg. While the monarch has the power to declare war and peace, no declaration is binding without a majority vote of the Bodadeg.
Law and criminal justice
The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. There is no single supreme court, but instead two. The Supreme Court of Cassation is the court of last resort for all civil or criminal matters. The Constitutional Bench is the court of last resort for all administrative cases, and constitutional challenges of statutory law, which can include national or local laws. The Constitutional Court is empowered to ensure conformity with the constitution, and may invalidate royal decrees and legislation if deemed unconstitutional.
Since 1950, Gelonia has been divided into 27 council areas, commonly referred to as provinces (proviñs). Council areas vary in size, some classified as cities, others as counties or simply provinces, though all council areas have equal powers within its jurisdiction over education, infrastructure such as roads and highways, safety, and social services. The second level administrative division consists of 432 municipalities. From 1950 until 2003, the second level administrative division consisted of 48 districts throughout the 27 council areas.
The King appoints a Commissioner to each of the seven historical duchies of Gelonia, which may encompass more than one council area. Historical duchies are only considered administrative divisions for census purposes.