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and largest city
|Recognised national languages||Hytek|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary republic|
• Duchy of Višnevas
• Union with Hytekia
• Kingdom of Hytekojuznia
• Hytekojuznik revolution
• Hytekojuznik FSR
• War of Juznik Independence
• Višnevas Accords
|October 27, 1989|
|81,246 km2 (31,369 sq mi)|
• 2017 estimate
• 2015 census
|160.2/km2 (414.9/sq mi)|
• Per capita
|Gini (2019)|| 30.7|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.802|
Juznia (Juznik: Juznija), officially the Juznik Republic (Juznik: Juznikijos Respublika) is a country in eastern Asura. It is bordered by Hytekia to the south, Leidense Republic to the east, and the Gulf of Alemannia to the West. Juznia's territory spans 81,246 km2 (31,369 sq mi) and is mostly hills and lowlands. The population is around 12.9 million and consists mostly of Juzniks with a significant Hytek minority. The capital and largest city is Višnevas. The official language is Juznik.
The first mention of the Juzniks came from Hytek documents dated in the 14th century. The Duchy of Višnevas appeared around the turn of the 15th century and by 1439 it held control over most of present-day Juznia. As the Margraviate of Hajmatland began to grow it expanded into the Duchy and the Duchy entered into a long and protracted decline. By the 17th century the Duchy had essentially become a puppet-state of the Margraviate of Hajmatland. In 1860, Johannes Melderis, the Margrave of Hajmatland, became the Duke of Višnevas. Once his son, Johannes IV of Hajmatland, came to power the two nations were brought closer together and in 1884 they unified to form the Kingdom of Hytekojuznia.
Under the new Kingdom many Juzniks migrated south to cities such as Krasno and Pekrasta in search of employment in these industrialised cities. In 1896, Hytekojuznia joined the Great War on the side of the Veleazan Empire and the Concordat fighting on the Alemannic front of the war. However, in 1900 Krasno fell and the Kingdom was forced to surrender. The post-war Kingdom was extremely fragile and in 1913 a communist uprising overthrew the King and installed the People's State of Hytekojuznia. In the early years the People's State enjoyed rapid industrialisation at the expense of the agricultural sector and leading to the famine of 1916. bla bla bla ASU warsaw pact thing bla bla 1981 fall of ASU bla bla 1986 war of indy 1989 indy.
Juznia is a parliamentary republic, with the government divided into legislative, executive and judiciary branches. The current constitution was adopted in 1998 with amendments having been made since then. The Constitutional Court decides on all matters of constitutional law.
The President is the head of state who is elected by popular vote to a five-year term. The President serves as the commander-in-chief of the military and also appoints the prime minister, has the power to veto a law without an absolute majority and has the power to dissolve the Taryba. Valdemaras Kazlauskas of the Juznik Liberation Movement is the incumbent President following the 2015 presidential election. The seat of the Presidency is the Royal Palace in Višnevas.
The Government is composed of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers. The government is responsible for proposing legislation and the budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies. The incumbent Prime Minister is Ričardas Petrauskas of the Juznik Liberation Movement.
The Taryba is a unicameral legislative body. The Taryba has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, dismiss the Prime Minister and other ministers, declare war, and ratify international treaties and agreements. It is composed of 180 members who are elected to serve four-year-terms. 150 of the members are elected through proportional representation in multi-member constituencies and the remaining thirty are reserved for the party or coalition which receives the most votes. A party or coalition must reach the 7% threshold to win seats in the multi-member constituencies. The most recent election was held in 2015 with the next due in 2019.
Politics in Juznia has been dominated by the right-wing Vystymasis! - Juznik Liberation Movement party since 1998 with the centre-left Socialist and Democratic Party usually coming a distant second in elections.
According to the most recent estimates Juzniks account for over fourth-fifths of the country's population at 80.4% of the population, an increase from accounting for 69.4% of the population in 1989. The second largest ethnic group are the Hyteks who account for 16.5% of the population. The remaining 3.1% of the population belongs to various other groups including Allemanic groups, Liidurians and not!Frisians.
Under the People's State the population of Juznia rapidly urbanised as traditionally farming groups were moved to new apartment buildings built by the communist government. This led to the country's rate of urbanisation reaching a peak of 73.4% living in urban areas in 1986. As people fled the urban centres in the south of Juznia during the war of independence and it's aftermath this rate fell to 67.6% in 1994. Since 1994 the urban population has been growing with 72.6% of the population living in urban areas. It is currently projected that the percentage of the population living in urban areas will reach 80% by 2030.
Largest municipalities in Juznia
Ministry of the Interior
Orthodox Alydianism has traditionally been the dominant religion in Juznia with no significant religious minorities living within the area. Under the People's state Alydianism was heavily persecuted and atheism was enforced by the state leading to a decline in public religiosity. However, underground churches in homes were common during this period. Following the outbreak of the war of independence in 1986 many Juzniks were attracted to the church during the turbulent times they lived through.
According to a 2017 survey 75.4% of the population claims to be Orthodox Alydian, 16% claims to be unaffiliated to any religion, 4.1% claims to be Puritan Alydian, and 4.5% of the population claim to belong to another religion. A 2005 survey by the Juznik Orthodox Alydian Church found that 48% of Juzniks believe "there is a god", 34% believe "there is a spiritual force", 11% believe "there is no god or spiritual force" and 7% "do not know".