Prime Minister of Estmere

Prime Minister of the Federated Republics of Estmere
David Davis 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Reginald Wilton-Smyth

since 4th June 2019
StyleThe Right Honourable
ResidencePorte Noire, Ashcbome, Estmere
NominatorParliament
AppointerPresident of Estmere
Term length4 years or earlier, renewable.
The Parliament must be dissolved every 4 years or earlier by the Prime Minister. The person who commands the confidence of a majority of members of the Parliament will become the Prime Minister.
Inaugural holderThe Count Fairmaiden
Formation1st June 1737
Salary€150,000

The Prime Minister of Estmere has been the head of government of the Federated Republics of Estmere since the establishment of the Kingdom of Estmere in 1737. The position was created as part of the reforms supported by Clovis Richard I in the aftermath of the Estmerish Civil War. The first Prime Minister was the Count Fairmaiden, who held the position from its creation until 1772. The Prime Minister officially chairs the Cabinet of Estmere and posses ultimate authority over executive affairs. The Prime Minister is officially appointed by the president, who must appoint a candidate nominated by the Parliament through a simple-majority vote of Members of Parliament. Should the Parliament pass a motion of no confidence in a Prime Minister, the Prime Minister would be removed from office. A motion of no confidence in the Cabinet can also be passed, resulting in the removal of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet and forcing a snap election.

There has been x individuals who have been Prime Minister. The longest serving Prime Minister was its inaugural one the Count Fairmaiden (1737-1772) who served for 39 years, 6 months, 15 days whilst the shortest serving Prime Minister was TBD (TBD-TBD) who served for TBD. The current Prime Minister is Reginald Wilton-Smyth who has served in the post since June 2019.

History

Powers and duties

Selection process

Compensation

List

Political Parties:

Conservative

  Ts   Con.   NUP   EF

Sotirian Democratic

  SSP   SCPP

Liberal

  Cs   RLL   Ps

Social Democratic

  PSD   DLP

Kingdom of Estmere

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Days Election Political Party
1 3rd Earl of Bute by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpg The Count Fairmaiden
(1702-1775)
1st July 1737 16th January 1772 34 years, 6 months and 15 days 1737, 1741, 1745, 1749, 1753, 1757, 1761, 1765, 1769, 1772 Cs
Fairmaiden had close ties to Clovis Richard I and led a coalition of liberal-minded nobles and burghers, initially representing their interests as the constitution was drafted. His tenure saw the onset of the Age of Liberty, during which civil rights were greatly increased. Fairmaiden drafted the Bill on the Rights of the Citizen, also known as the Estmerish Bill of Rights in 1739. He worked to establish the rights of the citizens, including protections for free speech, a free press, and limited freedom of religion. Rights of all individuals included prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment. It also focused on the establishment of the rule of law. Fairmaiden also implemented liberal economic policies. He was influenced by the works of Cornelius Pearson and James Swift, who challenged fundamental mercantilist doctrines. He was the longest serving and is considered one of the most influential Prime Ministers in Estmerish history. Fairmaiden is considered Father of the Nation by many nationalists. He was defeated in a snap election in 1772.
2 Edward Hawke 1.jpg The Count Quinnton
(1709-1777)
16th January 1772 26th May 1777 5 years, 4 months and 10 days 1772, 1776 Ts
TBD
3 John-michael-wright-portrait-of-a-gentleman-(john-shute-barrington,-1st-viscount-barrington-(1678-1734)),.jpg The Viscount Mosley
(1716-1789)
26th May 1777 3rd March 1780 2 years, 9 months and 6 days 1780 Ts
TBD
4 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.jpg The Count Barclay
(1719-1783)
3rd March 1780 11th June 1792 12 years, 3 months and 8 days 1780, 1784, 1788 Cs
TBD
5 1stMarquessOfBute1783.jpg Sir John Benson
(1734-1802)
11th June 1792 22nd August 1798 6 years, 2 months and 11 days 1792, 1796 Cs
Fought w King - resigned & snap election
6 George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, 1778, by Batoni.jpg The Count Galemire
(1746-1814)
22nd August 1798 4th July 1802 3 years, 10 months and 12 days 1798 Cs
First Swathish PM & first born after the civil war\
7 John Jeffreys Pratt (1759–1840), Marquis Camden by William Salter.jpg The Duke Hadleigh
(1758-1826)
4th July 1802 2nd November 1807 5 years, 3 months and 29 days 1802, 1806 Ts
TBD
8 John Fane (Lawrence).jpg The Count Landsdowne
(1759-1831)
2nd November 1807 28th May 1812 4 years, 6 months and 26 days 1810 Ts
TBD
(6) George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, 1778, by Batoni.jpg The Count Galemire
(1746-1814)
28th May 1812 6th September 1814 2 years, 3 months and 9 days 1812 Cs
Led Constitutionalists in opposition and to victory in 1812. Health gradually declined, delegated power to his ministers. Dies in 1814\
9 Lord Castlereagh Marquess of Londonderry.jpg The Marquess Moreland
(1768-1845)
6th September 1814 17th July 1830 15 years, 10 months and 11 days 1816, 1820, 1824, 1828 Cs
Bisexual. Ruined his reputation and forced his resignation. Generally assessed by historians as one of the better PMs of his century.
10 John, 6th Duke of Bedford (1766-1839).jpg William H. Roberts
(1764-1840)
17th July 1830 19th February 1831 7 months and 2 days None Cs
Followed Moreland after his resignation. Ineffective leader. Infighting plagued his brief tenure. Conflict with Fleurian Constitutionalists led to collapse of his government and 1831 snap election.
11 Richard Wellesley.jpeg The Count Warrington
(1761-1842)
19th February 1831 3rd December 1839 8 years, 3 months and 9 days 1831, 1835 Ts
TBD
12 Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg Sir Arthur Morton
(1775-1862)
3rd December 1839 12th April 1847 7 years, 5 months and 9 days 1839, 1843 Cs
Expands suffrage. Some diplo scandal causes his defeat in general election
13 Francis Egerton, 1st Earl of Ellesmere by Edwin Longsden Long.jpg The Count Snowden
(1784-1867)
12th April 1847 19th June 1861 12 years, 2 months and 16 days 1847 1851, 1855, 1859 Ts
National Conservative platform. Brought Estmere into the War of the Triple Alliance, securing a significant victory of Gaullica.
14 Sir George Hayter self portrait 1863.jpg The Marquess Noirmont
(1798-1871)
19th June 1861 25th April 1863 1 year, 9 months and 28 days None Ts
TBD
15 Lord John Manners.jpg Gower Lewes
(1821-1898)
25th April 1863 15th April 1871 7 years, 11 months and 21 days 1863, 1867 RLL
First prime minister from an organized political party. Pursues liberal reforms of state institutions and the economy. Leaders the country during the Coian Wars against Etruria. Is defeated in the 1871 election after a a few major set backs in the wars.
16 John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.jpg The Marquess Great Saint Ouen
(1809-1886)
15th April 1871 7th April 1883 11 years, 11 months and 23 days 1871, 1875, 1879 Ts
Won the 1871 election and pledged to secure an Estmerish victory in the Coian Wars. His government was responsible for negotiating the Treaty of Westbrücken which ended the war and Etrurian recognition of Estmerish treaty ports in Zorasan as well as the Estmerish annexation of Bandar Amal. Was a period of significant laissez-faire. His government focused mainly on the war effort and it did not intervene to significant in the economy or society. He was the last prime minister to come from an unorganized faction.
17 Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg Jonathan Carol
(1819-1905)
7th April 1883 24th April 1891 7 years, 11 months and 21 days 1883, 1868 RLL
TBD
18 Edward Stanope.jpg Stanley Hopeworth
(1842-1914)
24th April 1891 18th March 1899 7 years, 10 months and 25 days 1891, 1895 Con.
First prime minister from the Conservative Party.
19 The Earl of Rosebery.jpg Alfred Primrose-George
(1819-1905)
18th March 1899 19th February 1903 3 years, 11 months and 1 day 1889 RLL
TBD
20 Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg Husband Lindsey
(1855-1919)
19th February 1903 4th April 1911 8 years, 1 month and 16 days 1903, 1907 Con.
TBD.
21 Crawford27.JPG Lloyd Phillips-Lawton
(1867-1941)
4th April 1911 13th December 1915 4 years, 8 months and 9 days 1911, April 1915 Con.
Great Collapse triggers a snap election which he loses.
22 Marquess of Crewe.jpg Thomas Sinclair
(1857-1940)
13th December 1915 18th November 1923 7 years, 11 months and 5 days December 1915, 1919 RLL
Oversees response to Great Collapse. Leads nation during the Airdale War.
23 1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg H. H. Arterbury
(1864-1938)
18th November 1923 28th August 1928 4 years, 9 months and 10 days 1923, 1927 RLL
Geopolitical efforts essentially caused the Great War. Resigned after the fall of Ashcombe.
24 The Air Ministry, 1939-1945. CH10270.jpg Augustine FitzWarren
(1872-1968)
18th November 1923 21st May 1929 8 months and 23 days Appointed by Parliament, elections suspended RLL
Becomes Prime Minister after Ashcombe falls. Resigns after Continental Estmere is overrun.
25 Austen Chamberlain MP.jpg Edward G. Norcross
(1865-1944)
21st May 1929 31th December 1936 7 years, 7 months and 10 days Appointed by Parliament, elections suspended Con.
Leads Fighting Estmere. Leads Estmere during the failed communist revolution. Oversees its transition to a republic.

Federated Republics of Estmere

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Days Election Political Party
26 Hailsham1.JPG Hubert Cheney-Gosselin
(1885-1971)
1st January 1937 8th January 1941 4 years and 7 days 1936 NUP
First republican PM, mostly uneventful Oversees bulk of the Post-War recovery (or late there of in terms of the economy), creation of the UNE. Fairmaiden had close ties to Clovis Richard I and led a coalition of liberal-minded nobles and burghers, initially representing their interests as the constitution was drafted. His tenure saw the onset of the Age of Liberty, during which civil rights were greatly increased. Fairmaiden drafted the Bill on the Rights of the Citizen, also known as the Estmerish Bill of Rights in 1739. He worked to establish the rights of the citizens, including protections for free speech, a free press, and limited freedom of religion. Rights of all individuals included prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment. It also focused on the establishment of the rule of law. Fairmaiden also implemented liberal economic policies. He was influenced by the works of Cornelius Pearson and James Swift, who challenged fundamental mercantilist doctrines. He was the longest serving and is considered one of the most influential Prime Ministers in Estmerish history. Fairmaiden is considered Father of the Nation by many nationalists. He was defeated in a snap election in 1772.
27 Lord De La warr.jpg Cedric Alfredson
(1898-1979)
8th January 1941 19th January 1945 4 years and 11 days 1941 SSP
Led Estmere into the Solarian War. Rallied international support in the Community of Nations, resulting in a CN intervention. Domestic reforms were mostly derailed by the war effort and despite his popularity. His coalition with the Solarian Catholic People's Party and Radical Liberals was defeated by the NUP in the 1945 election, returning Alfredson to opposition.
28 Duff Cooper MP (cropped).jpg Richard Wainwright
(1890-1953)
19th January 1945 13th January 1949 3 years, 11 months and 25 days 1945 NUP
Oversees the end of the Solarian War and the start of !Kensyian economic recovery.
29 Herbert Morrison 1947 (cropped).jpg Sherman Andrews
(1886-1965)
13th January 1949 25th May 1952 3 years, 4 months and 12 days 1949 DLP
Rises to power leading an uneasy coalition of the SSP, SCPP, and the Radical Liberals Continues to implement !Kensyian economic recovery, oversees creation of the Federal Health Service. The 1952 Beeching Scandal results in the collapse of the government and a snap election. Is the first PM from a socialist party.
30 Photograph of Dwight D. Eisenhower - NARA - 518138.jpg Henry Beaufort
(1893-1969)
25th May 1952 31st October 1955 3 years, 5 months and 6 days 1952 NUP
The Gilded Years of economic recovery and prosperity officially begin under Beaufort, who largely leaves the economic policies of his predecessors in place. Is elected president in 1955.
31 Harold Macmillan.jpg William Norcross
(1899-1990)
31st October 1955 14th March 1964 8 years, 4 months and 14 days 1956, 1960 NUP
Gilded Years continue. Steps down as PM before the 1964 with the intent of running for president the next year.
32 80px Mauriece Auber-Neel
(1919-2001)
14th April 1964 28th April 1968 4 years, 1 month and 14 days 1964 NUP
Gilded Years continue. Estmere's role as a global power begins its steady decline.
33 Harold Wilson.jpg Eric Godwinson
(1914-1989)
28th April 1968 31st October 1970 2 years, 7 months and 17 days 1968 Ps
First prime minister from the Progressives, a merger of the SSP, SCPP, and the Radical Liberals. Serves as PM briefly before running for president.
34 GeorgeBrown1967.jpg Matthew Grey
(1909-1985)
31st October 1970 9th May 1976 5 years, 6 months and 9 days 1972 Ps
Many overseas bases are closed or transferred to joint control with host countries. Economy begins to slow.
35 Margaret Kingson.png Margaret Kingsonl
(1928-)
9th May 1976 13th April 1984 7 years, 11 months and 4 days 1976, 1980 NUP
First female PM. Forms the first coalition government with the Progressives following DLP gains in the 1976 election. Beginning of the "eternal coalitions". Stagflation catches up and the 1970s/80s global recession severely impacts the Estmerish economy. Neoliberal economic policy is implemented and light privitization begins to right the economy. Brought Estmere into the Euclozone and was a major advocate for increased economic and political ties between EC members. Steps down as party leader prior to 1984 election.
36 John Braithwaite 1990.jpg John Braithwaite
(1936-)
13th April 1984 16th June 1989 5 years, 2 months and 3 days 1984, 1988 NUP
Counties to implement neoliberal reforms while working to ensure the markets remained competitive, breaking up many former state companies into several competing private companies. The economy remains in recession and controversial plans to switch from coal to nuclear power were announced in 1988. This triggered the 1989 Estmerish political crisis. which saw the coal miners and students strike, subsequent violence, and Kiphill Massacre. He resigned after three strikers were killed after police violence in the Kiphill Massacre on 16 June 1989.
37 Neil Kinnock (1989).jpg David Miller
(1941-)
16th June 1989 29th March 1992 2 years, 9 months and 13 days None Ps
Becomes PM after Braithwaite's resignation. Negotiates with miners to end the strike, bringing an end to the political crisis. However, discontent with the government remains and the DLP wins the presidency in 1990. It later wins the 1992 general election, resulting in Miller's exit as PM. This is the first time the coalition has been defeated since its formation in 1976 and the first time since 1952 the PM did not come from the MUP or Progressives. Jindao is transferred to Xiaodong under his premiership.

Estmere parties

This article lists political parties in Estmere.

Parties with federal representation

Party logo Party name Leader Status Seats in the Lesser House Euclean Parliament
seats
Ideology
NUP Logo.png
National Union Party
Theedish Fay
Union nationale
David Davis 2016.jpg
Reginald Wilton-Smyth
In Government
169 / 500
17 / 118
Conservatism
Neoliberalism
Social conservatism
Liberal conservatism
The NUP was founded in 1937 following Estmere's transition to a republican government. It succeeded the National Conservative Party as the party of the right. It dominated the post-war years and has formed the most governments of any party since Estmere's establishment as a republic. It entered into an electoral alliance with the Progressives since 1976. Their coalition has only been unseated twice, first in 1992 and later in 2008. The party has faced a decline in recent years, losing support to other right-wing parties. In 2016, the first NUP-led government was formed since 2004. It is currently the senior partner in the Federal Appeal coalition.
Estmere Progressives Logo.png
The Progressives
Se Forblowings
Les progressistes
Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP.jpg
Oliver Osborne
In Government
142 / 500
25 / 118
Social liberalism
Progressivism
Sotirian democracy
The Progressives were formed in 1965 following a merger of the Liberal Party, the Sotirian Social Party, and the Solarian Catholic People's Party. It was established a secular party with a centrist platform that positioned itself as the moderate alternative to both the right-wing National Union Party and the left-wing Democratic Labour Party. Overtime, the party has become increasingly socially liberally and has a growing soft left wing. It has formed a number of governments since 1968 and entered into an electoral alliance with the NUP in 1976. The last Progressives led government was formed in 2012 after Federal Appeal returned to power after being unseated by Estmere First in 2008. It is currently the junior partner in the Federal Appeal coalition.
DLP Logo 2020.png
Democratic Labour Party
Folks Arvethpartie
Parti démocratique travailliste
Andy Burnham2.jpg
Robert Spencers
In Opposition
78 / 500
33 / 118
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Founded in 1937, the Democratic Labour Party was established as the party of the Estmerish left. It has struggled to gain traction due to the anti-left alliance of the DLP and the Progressives, the latter of which has ties to the country's traditional sectarian trade unions. It has relied on secular trade unions as its support base. The party only formed a government 1992 in the aftermath of the 1989 political crisis. Its tenure in government was racked by infighting, bringing it back to the opposition. It is traditionally the largest opposition party.
Estmere First Logo.png
Estmere First
Eastmarchon Forthgo
L'Estme d'abord
Osborne 2015.jpg
George Avery
In Opposition
64 / 500
5 / 118
Estmerish nationalism
Conservatism
Soft-euclosceptism
Populism
Estmere First was formed in 1984 by right-wing members of the National Union Party who were opposed to Estmerish participation in the Euclozone. It positioned itself as conservative party that drew inspiration from National Conservatism and had a smaller classical liberal faction. Support for the party grew during the 1990s and after the 2005 World Financial Crisis it capitalized on anti-government sentiments. It formed a government following the 2008 general election and held a referendum on withdrawal from the Euclozone in 2010, which was defeated. The party was hit by a number of scandals during its tenure. It was defeated in 2012 by Federal Appeal and a number of its members were prosecuted by the Sharpe Government. Support for Estmere First has since declined, losing supporters to the NUP or to the recently formed National Interest - Party for Democracy.