Social Democrats (Paretia)

Social Democrats of Paretia
Luzelese nameSocial Democratas da Paretia
Esmeiran nameSocial Demócratas de Paretia
Vicisan nameSocial Demócratas de Paretia
Tosuton nameSocial Demòcrates de Paretia
AbbreviationSD
LeaderEsmeralda Falcão
Deputy LeadersCarolina Belo
Paulo Bracamonte
FoundersJulío Pires
Juan Ruíz Giménez
Suzana Coutinho
Lluc Delgada
Founded2 September 1976
HeadquartersPrecea, Luzela
NewspaperMudança
Student wingStudents 4 Change
Youth wingSocial Youth Movement
Women's wingSocial Feminists Movement
IdeologySocial Democracy
Progressivism
Social Liberalism
Labour movement
Pro-Eucleanism
Socialism(Faction)
Political positionCenter-left
Euclean AffiliationSocialist Alternative for Euclea
Colors     Coral Red
Câmara da Assembleia
42 / 120
Câmara do Congresso
129 / 360
Regional Presidencies
1 / 4
Regional Legislatures
131 / 435
Euclean Parliament
22 / 65
Election symbol
SocialDemParetiaLogo.png
Party flag
SocialDemParetiaFlag.png

The Social Democrats of Paretia (Luzelese: Social Democratas da Paretia; Esmeiran: Social Demócratas de Paretia; Vicisan: Social Demócratas de Paretia; Tosuton: Social Demòcrates de Paretia), or the SD is a center-left political party in Paretia. It was founded in 1976 by a merging of the Paretian Socialist Party, the New Left of Paretia and former moderate members of the Paretian Section of the Worker's Internationale. It was formed after the growth of the Conservative Union which had recently won the 1975 election in a massive landslide without the need of a coalition government to control the country. Since 2011 it has lead the opposition of the Paretian legislature and since 2017 against the center-to-right wing Compromise Coalition, despite holding the most seats in both houses.

The Party's first successes were in the 1980's when the urge to join the Euclean Community began to attract voters, they took advantage of this and promised to join the Euclean Community by the end of the century. This message and their policies on Healthcare, Promoting unions, and Infrastructure, would lead to their first victory in the election of 1990 where they had control of every party of the government, with Julío Pires as Premier. In the 1991 Paretian Referendum to join the EC, which their support would lead to joining the EC in a massive landslide vote. They would be able to successfully get Paretia to join the EC with by 1995 and implemented many of the policies the community promoted, they would be in control until 2003, and then returned to power for only three years from 2008-2011.

The Party has been the leader of the opposition since the losing to the Conservative Union's Vasco Gonçalves and their allies in the 2011 general election. Since the election the party has been lead by Esmeralda Falcão, who has been a leading figure in the party since the early 2000's. Her role as the leader has been difficult as they have not won power due to the coalition government, while fragile, has been able to exist for an entire decade.

In 2021 Premier Isilda Cerqueira would join the far-right populist Patron League and cause a snap election, the SD initially led polls until they had a few members implicated in the 2021 Trovão elections scandal, which saw the LP rise significantly in polls. Despite making gains in the election on August 4th, they did not have enough to defeat the LP, who allied with the Alt Party and created O Povo. The SD and other left-wing parties responded by creating Socialist Unity, an alliance to counter the O Povo government.

History

Julío Pires, founder of the Social Democrats, in 1981

Ideology

The party is considered left-wing in nature and has much of it's ideology centered around democratic socialism, social democracy, and progressivism. But still the party encompasses a wide rage of ideals on the left side of the political spectrum. There are smaller portions of the party who lean more towards further left socialism and towards the center with liberalism. The party is seen as a unifying party that unites the left under one banner, as other left-wing parties are much smaller in comparison, unlike the right, which in Paretia is divided into groups. In the early years of the party, support for worker's unions were a major political standing point of the party. In the 21st century, modern progressivism has become a major part of the party's platform as it advocates for policies like LGBT rights, immigration reform, and police reform. The party differs in many ways from the more radical socialist SPIT, some reasons include that it is Pro-EC and its support for eastern democracy.

Organization

Members

Election Results

Congresso

Election Cǎmara do Congresso Rank Government Leader
Votes % Seats won +/−
1978 WIP WIP
34 / 360
Increase 34 #6 Opposition Julío Pires
1981 WIP WIP
58 / 360
Increase 24 #3 Government coalition Suzana Coutinho
1984 WIP WIP
99 / 360
Increase 41 #2 Opposition Lluc Delgada
1987 WIP WIP
114 / 360
Increase 15 #2 Opposition Julío Pires
1990 WIP WIP
232 / 360
Increase 118 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1993 WIP WIP
248 / 360
Increase 16 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1996 WIP WIP
182 / 360
Decrease 66 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1999 WIP WIP
129 / 360
Decrease 53 #1 Government Coalition Eduardo De Santa Maria
2002 WIP WIP
65 / 360
Decrease 64 #2 Opposition Francisco Leitão Da Sã
2005 WIP WIP
112 / 360
Increase 65 #2 Opposition Felipe Pascoal
2008 WIP WIP
173 / 360
Increase 61 #1 Government Coalition Felipe Pascoal
2011 WIP WIP
135 / 360
Decrease 38 #1 Opposition Leovaldo Damasceno
2014 WIP WIP
103 / 360
Decrease 32 #2 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2017 WIP WIP
117 / 360
Increase 14 #1 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2020 7,734,518 33.05%
119 / 360
Increase 2 #1 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2021 9,233,115 35.83%
129 / 360
Increase 10 #2 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão

Assembleia

Election Câmara da Assembleia Rank Government Leader
Votes % Seats won +/−
1978 WIP WIP
4 / 120
Increase 4 #6 Opposition Julío Pires
1981 WIP WIP
17 / 120
Increase 13 #3 Government coalition Suzana Coutinho
1984 WIP WIP
26 / 120
Increase 9 #2 Opposition Lluc Delgada
1987 WIP WIP
35 / 120
Increase 9 #2 Opposition Julío Pires
1990 WIP WIP
65 / 120
Increase 30 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1993 WIP WIP
72 / 120
Increase 7 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1996 WIP WIP
58 / 120
Decrease 14 #1 Majority Government Julío Pires
1999 WIP WIP
50 / 120
Decrease 8 #1 Government Coalition Eduardo De Santa Maria
2002 WIP WIP
23 / 120
Decrease 27 #2 Opposition Francisco Leitão Da Sã
2005 WIP WIP
27 / 120
Increase 4 #2 Opposition Felipe Pascoal
2008 WIP WIP
49 / 120
Increase 22 #1 Government Coalition Felipe Pascoal
2011 WIP WIP
35 / 120
Decrease 14 #1 Opposition Leovaldo Damasceno
2014 WIP WIP
30 / 120
Decrease 5 #2 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2017 WIP WIP
32 / 120
Increase 2 #1 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2020
33 / 120
Increase 1 #1 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão
2021 8,319,803 35.82%
42 / 120
Increase 9 #2 Opposition Esmeralda Falcão

Senado

Governorships

Municipal