This article belongs to the lore of Elezia.

Borelian language

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Borelan, Bolanic
Borεnli - BotoBS.svgBotoOL.svgBotoRM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoNM.svgBotoLE.svgBotoIA.svg
Ethnic flag of Borelians
Pronunciation/bɔɾənʟɪ/ Speaker Icon.svg
Native to
RegionBorelian island
EthnicityBoreliani aboriginals
Native speakers
L1: ~530,000
L2: ~230,000
FL: <50,000
  • Borelian
Early forms
  • Old Borelian
Standard forms
Great Borelian Corpus
Latin alphabet
Boto script
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1BL
ISO 639-2BOL
ISO 639-3BOL
Distribution of the language
  Absolute majority
  >30% of native speakers
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Borelian language is one of the three Bornese languages, which are language isolate family, spoken by the aboriginals on the island of Storvan, it is recognized as a official language of the Storvan Autonomy and a minority language in Zhousheng.


Alphabetic version
A a
B b
C c
D d
E e
F f
G g
H h
I i
Î î
J j
K k
L l
/ʟ ~ l/
M m
N n
O o
P p
Q q
/q ~ kv/
R r
/ʀ ~ ɾ/
S s
T t
U u
V v
Ƿ ƿ
X x
Y y
Z z
& ε
Boto version
BotoBS.svg BotoBM.svg BotoBE.svg
BotoPS.svg BotoPM.svg BotoPE.svg
BotoDS.svg BotoDM.svg BotoDE.svg
BotoTS.svg BotoTM.svg BotoTE.svg
BotoVS.svg BotoVM.svg BotoVE.svg
BotoFS.svg BotoFM.svg BotoFE.svg
BotoGS.svg BotoGM.svg BotoGE.svg
BotoKS.svg BotoKM.svg BotoKE.svg
/k ~ χ/
BotoHS.svg BotoHM.svg BotoHE.svg
BotoMS.svg BotoMM.svg BotoME.svg
BotoNS.svg BotoNM.svg BotoNE.svg
BotoRS.svg BotoRM.svg BotoRE.svg
/ʀ ~ ɾ/
BotoLS.svg BotoLM.svg BotoLE.svg
/ʟ ~ l/
BotoSS.svg BotoSM.svg BotoSE.svg
BotoZS.svg BotoZM.svg BotoZE.svg
BotoCS.svg BotoCM.svg BotoCE.svg
BotoJS.svg BotoJM.svg BotoJE.svg
BotoAL.svg BotoAA.svg
Boto&L.svg Boto&A.svg
BotoEL.svg BotoEA.svg
BotoIL.svg BotoIA.svg
BotoYLGrey.png BotoYAGrey.png
BotoOL.svg BotoOA.svg
BotoUL.svg BotoUA.svg

Note: The letter Î/BotoYA.svg was very often ignored and written as I/BotoIA.svg

Detailed table

Alphabetic version Boto version Protopolyash version IPA Symbol Example of a common word with the sound
1 A a BotoAL.svg BotoAA.svg About this sound/a/ After
2 B b BotoBS.svg BotoBM.svg BotoBE.svg About this sound/b/ Label
3 C c BotoCS.svg BotoCM.svg BotoCE.svg Ϣ ϣ About this sound/ʃ/ Show
4 D d BotoDS.svg BotoDM.svg BotoDE.svg About this sound/d/ Done
5 E e BotoEL.svg BotoEA.svg About this sound/ɛ/ Bed (General American accent)
6 F f BotoFS.svg BotoFM.svg BotoFE.svg About this sound/f/ Fine
7 G g BotoGS.svg BotoGM.svg BotoGE.svg About this sound/g/ Game
8 H h BotoHS.svg BotoHM.svg BotoHE.svg Ϩ ϩ About this sound/ɦ/ Hello
9 I i BotoIL.svg BotoIA.svg About this sound/ɪ/ Bit (General American)
Î î BotoYL.svg BotoYA.svg About this sound/ʝ/
10 J j BotoJS.svg BotoJM.svg BotoJE.svg Ϭ ϭ About this sound/ʒ/ Pleasure
11 K k BotoKS.svg BotoKM.svg BotoKE.svg About this sound/k/ Key
X x About this sound/χ/ Loch Ness
12 L l BotoLS.svg BotoLM.svg BotoLE.svg About this sound/ʟ/ Middle (Southern US accent)
13 M m BotoMS.svg BotoMM.svg BotoME.svg About this sound/m/ Mother
14 N n BotoNS.svg BotoNM.svg BotoNE.svg About this sound/n/ Month
15 O o BotoOL.svg BotoOA.svg About this sound/ɔ/ Not
16 P p BotoPS.svg BotoPM.svg BotoPE.svg About this sound/p/ Play
17 Q q About this sound/q/ ~ /k͡v/ Caught
18 R r BotoRS.svg BotoRM.svg BotoRE.svg About this sound/ʀ/ Red
19 S s BotoSS.svg BotoSM.svg BotoSE.svg About this sound/s/ Surprise
20 T t BotoTS.svg BotoTM.svg BotoTE.svg About this sound/t/ Time
21 U u BotoUL.svg BotoUA.svg About this sound/u/ Boot
22 V v BotoVS.svg BotoVM.svg BotoVE.svg About this sound/v/ Valve
23 Ƿ ƿ W w About this sound/ʋ/ Vine (Indian accent)
For letter X see letter K
25 Y y About this sound/ɨ/? Lip (London accent)?
26 Z z BotoZS.svg BotoZM.svg BotoZE.svg About this sound/z/ Zoo
27 & ε Boto&L.svg Boto&A.svg About this sound/ə/ Bird
?1 - BotoLine.svg - -Silent symbol- Used for connection between linked words
?2 BotoSkip.svg Symbol for a stop between words
?3 . BotoDot.svg . Used on the end of the sentence

Controversy about alphabet systems

Ampersand (&)

& ε
& ε

Ampersand has been included in the alphabet as the 27th/28th character, with a miniscule ε (simplified from ɛ̗́), which may make the language visually difficult for non-borelians.

Multiple linguists proposed the change in the writing system, replacing Ampersand (&) with the letter Schwa (Ә), which was already implemented in the Storvani language in 1930's. As of now, the proposal is opposed by the majority of the populace as well as the office for literal language. The support for this movement however still rises, as the Ampersand is visually difficult to write correctly when making quick notes.

There was a ironic movement to replace the mniscule ε with ﹠, however, nobody has taken it seriously due to the complexity of the letter.

Ɛ ɛ
Ɛ ɛ

The most favored change is, however, writing the &-ε pair as a Ɛ-ɛ. Proponents of this view spearhead following reasons:

  • Ɛ-ɛ would simplify the language, as there would be one less character to be learned in school
  • Ɛ-ɛ would make the writing easier, because & is hard to write in a fast notetaking
  • Ɛ-ɛ would better represent the sound, which is closest sound to E-e pair

Wynn (Ƿ)

Ƿ ƿ
Ƿ ƿ

Similar problem exists with the letter for the phoneme /ʋ/, which is not present in Borelian alphabet. While originally, the letter Wynn (Ƿ) was used on all occasions, same as in the Anglish, which in turn took it from Latin alphabet, but later, with the rise of the internet, letter "W" became more wide spread because of the adresses starting with "www.". This problem was later solved by auto-redirecting system update, which allowed users to type "ƿƿƿ." and it automatically redirected to "www."


Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
Bilabial Labiodental Linguolabial Dental Alveolar Postal-veolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal

Plosive p
Sibilant fricative s
Non-sibilant fricative f
Approximant ʋ
Tap/Flap ɾ̥
Latelar approximant l
Tongue position Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid e
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ
Open a
Diphthong u͡ɪ
Long vowels ~ ɛː ~ ɪː ~ ɔː ~ əː ~

Bold are the common sounds, while regular sounds may happen in dialects and/or in a world for easier pronunciation


Predicate-subject complex

While the Borelian language does not have a seperate predicate and subject in sentence, it has one word, which is both a noun phrase and a verb phrase (so called Predicate-subject complex). It is created out of a subjectual prefix, verbal (predicate) root and a optional adjustment suffix.

Subject prefix

Borelian has three grammatical cases for the complex:

The predicate-subject complex can be distinguished from other forms of other complexes, as it uses the predicate term in subjective case.

Predicate root



Predicate-subject complex has three suffixes, that are added to denote tense, mood and situation respectively. The first suffix (the one closest to the root) denotes tense, the middle suffix denotes mood and the last suffix denotes situation.

Tense suffix

Borelian language has 15 tenses, subdivided into 3 groups:

Only tenses no present in Common are the repetetives, which denote a action, that happened multiple times in the said time horizon. Such as "Zataribapo" means literally "I used to win (a lot)".

Mood suffix

Borelian language has 5 grammatical moods:

Situation suffix

Situational suffix can show multiple adjusting information:

  • Negation - Suffix -be
  • Doubt - Suffix -pε
  • Possibility - Suffix -sa
  • Passivity - Suffix -mε

(multiple of those can be used at the same time, there is no rule on the sequence in which those must be used)


Nouns in Borelian have 2 genders:

  • Masculine - End with a vowel
  • Feminine - End with a consonant
  • Indifferent - Impossible to distinguish a gender (End with I/Î)

It also has five grammatical cases for nouns:

And seven grades for nouns:

Grade Prefix Meaning Example Example translation
Negative Be- Object lacks the said property Berutu No friend of mine
Positive Object has the said property Rutu A friend of mine
Comparative Meî- Object A has the said property more than Object B Meîrutu rutuî Better friend than that friend
Diminutive Mol- Object has very little of the said property Molrutu Bad/unreliable friend
Augmentative Sti- Object has a lot of the said property Stirutu Good friend
Excessive Rεk- Object has too much of the said property Rεkrutu Person acting excessively friendly
Superlative Sul- Object has the most of the said property Sulrutu The best friend

Possessive representation

A word can be "owned" by another word in possessive case, if the filler prefix "&dε-" is included. Nouns are not written with a capital character, unlike the complex, so in most cases, you would see a miniscule version "εdε-".

Example of the language

Sonnet 18 translation into Borelian:

Common Borelian (Alphabet) Borelian (Boto)
Q1 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Zakaviboxa dati iz-claxεdime-îuvaci? BotoZS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoKE.svgBotoAA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoIA.svgBotoZM.svgBotoLine.svgBotoCM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoYL.svgBotoUL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoCE.svgBotoIA.svg
Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Deba Fildi meîtulraîno- e meîhmarino-: BotoDS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoBE.svgBotoAA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoFS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoDE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoMS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoRM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoNS.svgBotoOL.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoMS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoHM.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoRM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svg
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, Xrtiîno-Fucitic &ditεrcε tulratime-budeni εdεdivlini,[a] BotoKS.svgBotoRM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoFM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoCM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoCE.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoTM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoRM.svgBotoCE.svgBoto&A.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoTS.svgBotoUL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoRM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoBM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svg[a]
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: E claxεdi εdεdendu Zamabapo molklertino-îuvaci: BotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoCS.svgBotoLM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDS.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoDE.svgBotoUA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoZS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoPE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoMS.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoKM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoYL.svgBotoUL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoCE.svgBotoIA.svg 4
Q2 Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, Moltliknilo rεkclakino pnimadi εdεkukna &dizermε, BotoMS.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoRM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoKM.svgBotoCM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoPS.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoDE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDS.svgBoto&L.svgBotoKM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoNE.svgBotoAA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoZM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoRM.svgBotoME.svgBoto&A.svg
And often is his gold complexion dimmed; E stitliknilo Malkedime-canastiîεd &diofzipo; BotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoSS.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoMS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoKM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoCM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoSM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoYL.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDE.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoZM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoPE.svgBotoOA.svg
And every fair from fair sometime declines, E Sul-&-zlit moltliknilo &diofzi, BotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoSS.svgBotoUL.svgBotoLE.svgBoto&A.svgBotoZS.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoMS.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoZM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNE.svg
By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed: Ti-flivini lim ti-retnaîni εdε-alenino-fnelx, beofzinino: BotoTS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoFM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoLS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoME.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoTS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoRM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDS.svgBoto&L.svgBotoLine.svgBotoAL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoFM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoKE.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoBS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoOL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoZM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoOA.svg 8
Q3 But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Iliî- Dama-sultlikino-claxε &diofzifubobe, BotoIA.svgBotoLS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoYL.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoSM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoCM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKE.svgBoto&A.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoOL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoZM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoBE.svgBotoEA.svg
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st; Belim Zamat de-cεdi zliti datihεokε &diaxijafubo; BotoBS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoME.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoZS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoCM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoDE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoZS.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoHM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoOL.svgBotoKE.svgBoto&A.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoAL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoJM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoBE.svgBotoOA.svg
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade Belim &dizole ufli deba-zamat sxe-Canabezermi BotoBS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoME.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoZM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLE.svgBotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoUA.svgBotoFS.svgBotoLE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoEL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoZM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoMM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoSS.svgBotoKM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoCM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoZM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoRM.svgBotoME.svgBotoIA.svg
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st: Xatlik sxe-sultlikino-lεînoî fin-tliki Daermi: BotoKS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKE.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoSS.svgBotoKM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoSM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoLM.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoLine.svgBotoLM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoYL.svgBotoNE.svgBotoOA.svgBotoYA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoFS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoLine.svgBotoTM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoAL.svgBotoEL.svgBotoRM.svgBotoME.svgBotoIA.svg 12
C So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, Stivedniî Jukofugεbomε kuknal &dikuklebomε BotoSS.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoYA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoJS.svgBotoUL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoFM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoGM.svgBoto&L.svgBotoBM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoME.svgBoto&A.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoKS.svgBotoUL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoNM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoLE.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoUL.svgBotoKM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoME.svgBoto&A.svg
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. Stivedniî Judlebomε, e &digadla dlexi fin-dati. BotoSS.svgBotoTM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoVM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoNE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoYA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoJS.svgBotoUL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoLM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoBM.svgBotoOL.svgBotoME.svgBoto&A.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoEA.svgBotoSkip.svgBoto&A.svgBotoDM.svgBotoIL.svgBotoGM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoDM.svgBotoLE.svgBotoAA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoDS.svgBotoLM.svgBotoEL.svgBotoKE.svgBotoIA.svgBotoSkip.svgBotoFS.svgBotoIL.svgBotoNM.svgBotoLine.svgBotoDM.svgBotoAL.svgBotoTE.svgBotoIA.svg 14

  1. 1.0 1.1 Divlin is the 2nd traditional month out of 8-month cycle of the Borelian calendar, that corresponds to first half of April and all of May. Alternative term may be "Maî", taken from Common

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