Culture of Glanodel

Culture of the Glanish Commonwealth
Frihedsstatuen (Statue of Liberty) is considered the most recognizable symbol of the Glanish people and the Commonwealth.
The griffin has been a frequently used symbol for the Glanish government since it was first adopted by the royal family of the Glanish Kingdom.

The culture of the Glanish Commonwealth has been most influenced by its history as an Asuran nation, as a former vassal of the United Kingdom of Lhedwin, and for serving as the presumed point of origin for the Northern Renaissance, and in some opinions, the greater Renaissance Movement. The Commonwealth has become a prime example of Western Liberalism and a liberal democratic, developed nation. Glanodel shares strong cultural and historic ties with its neighbors along the Lhedwinic Isles.

Glanodel has a rich history of intellectual and technological contributions to the world. The astronomical discoveries of Tua Farver (1546–1601), Uwe Matthiessen's (1815–88) insights into atomic physics and energy production technology, and the inventions of Ivan Thuesen (1885–1962) in artificially intelligent programs indicate the range of Glenish scientific achievement. Even today, Glanodel continues to distinguish itself as a continuing contributor to scientific endeavors with the numerous pharmaceutical innovations from Bio-Farma Industries, many of which are attributed to the genius of Dr. Birthe Hoyer (1995-). The fairy tales of Karl Derksen (1805–1875), the philosophical essays of Arina Bach (1813–55), the short stories of Brith Hejlesen (penname Drevs Mollerup), (1885–1962), the plays of Lullu Sahin (1684–1754), and the dense, aphoristic poetry of Ib Paaske (1905–96) have earned international recognition, as have the symphonies of Hendrich Sylvest (1865–1931). From the mid-1970s onward, Glenish films have attracted international attention, especially those associated with Imaginary Productions, one of the most widely known companies in the entertainment industry. The "low-production" movement of the late 1990s, where hand-held cameras were used to dynamic effect in a conscious reaction against big-budget studios began in Glanodel. Among Glanodel's most widely recognized film contributors is director, producer, and screenwriter Bjerne Bodker, generally attributed with starting the "low-production" movement, as well as the "found-footage" genre.

Since the advent of mass media and its increasingly greater reach due to the internet, Glanish popular culture has spread across the globe over the pass three decades. Despite the nation's relatively small size when compared to other modern nations, its music, cinema, media, and television, as well as its unique style of comedy and sporting events are consumed internationally (especially throughout Asura). As a result, the nation is frequently referred to as a "cultural superpower". Glanodel is also one of the largest consumers per capita in the world and has one of the most stable and expansive economies.

Regional differences

There are geographical variations in the expression of Glanish culture primarily based on canton. A notable aspect of Glanish culture is the pride displayed among many Glens regarding their canton of residence. As the area most inundated with immigration, the South Eastern Coast is generally multicultural, leans politically left, and generally displays more progressive social attitudes towards a variety of issues. Central Glanodel, heavily reliant upon metal extraction and agricultural industries, is generally center-right politically and tends to support progressive social attitudes while supporting more free market policies, protectionist trade policies, and agricultural subsidies. It is also generally more rural. Northern Glanodel, the areas closest to the Arctic Ocean, is often informally called the "Steeple of Glanodel", which is a pun on the word for a church's spire or tower, in reference to the region's more conservative and religious social tendencies.

Strong cultural differences have a long history in the Commonwealth with a prime example being between Northern and Southern Glanodel. This is a direct result of the north's relative isolation from the rest of Asura and the world, compared to the south's greater frequency of exposure to outside cultures due to its close proximity and high levels of immigration from other nations.

Language

Lhedwinic is considered the de facto national language and has been the dominant language spoken in Glanodel since it first surfaced on the Lhedinic Isles between the 12th and 14th century. When the Commonwealth's Constitution was ratified in 1900, an official language was apparently intentionally omitted, and thus Glanodel has no official language at the federal level. Aldinnheim, Eimivollr, Einvigibiod, Fossland, and Jokulheim are, as of 1968, the only cantons to establish an official language (all of which adopted Lhedwinic).

According to the 2010 nationwide census, just over 78% of Glanish citizens speak Lhedwinic as a first language. Over 120 different languages besides Lhedwinic have native speakers in Glanodel-some of which are spoken by the indigenous peoples, with the others being imported by immigrants.

Aquidish, West Crylantian, Midrasian, and Newreyan have official status and are almost tied for the second most frequently spoken languages. The national dialect is known as commonly referred to as Glen-Lhedwinic, which itself consists of numerous regional variations but has some shared unifying features that distinguish it from other national varieties of Lhedwinic. There are three large dialect regions within the Commonwealth—the North, the Midland, and the Eastern Coast.

Native language statistics

The following is an estimation as actual statistics vary frequently.

According to the Census Bureau, the following is the percentage of total population's native languages:

  • Lhedwinic (78.1%)
  • Newreyan (4.6%)
  • West Crylantian (4.5%)
  • Midrasian (4.5%)
  • Aquidish (4.4%)
  • Other languages (3.9%)

Human rights

The first female President of Glanodel, Margrete Thrane, elected in 1930 and reelected in 1936.

Glanodel has historically been one of the most socially liberal countries in the world and social policies (laws aimed at shaping public moral and behavioral norms) have never received much support from the Glanish public. Thus, legislation and policies adopted to protect or grant rights to groups such as women, minorities, and LGBT citizens were seen as redundant for many years due to the fact that the rights of these individuals were never legally abridged.

Prior to Lhedwinic rule in Glanodel, the First Glanish Constitution was amended in 1224 to grant absolute primogeniture to the Glanish throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, took precedence in the line of succession. In 1930, the sixth President of Glanodel was the first female President, and one of the first, elected, national female leaders in the world.

Glanodel has also been one of the strongest promoters of human rights internationally and has hosted annual Freedom Forums in Vænholm for the last two decades. Glanodel was also one of the first nations to legalize abortion, prostitution, and recreational drug use. In fact, many of the controlled substances that are legal for recreational use are still not legal in many countries, such as several club drugs, ecstasy, LSD, and marijuana.

Originally seen as a sub-culture to the dominant Glanish culture of the region, the Olre people were the subject of discrimination and abuse for many centuries, especially during the rule of the United Kingdom of Lhedwin throughout the 18th and 19th century. When Glanodel gained independence from Lhedwin at the start of the 20th century, the new liberal government enacted policies officially recognizing and protecting the Olre people. This being said, Glanodel has been greatly criticized by some of the international community for its efforts in recent history to exploit the Olre people for tourism and for continual encroachment upon traditionally Olre lands.

LGBT rights

A photograph of a Glanish (left) and a Newreyan soldier, taken in 1900 two days after the official end of the Great War.

Glanodel has been known throughout much of modern history as one of the most "gay-friendly" places in the world. While never being illegal in Glanodel, same-sex sexual activity was guaranteed protection under freedom of expression by a unanimous Supreme Court decision in 1933. Since 1977, the age of consent is 15, regardless of sexual orientation or gender. The largest LGBT rights organization in Glanodel is the LSK (Landsforeningen for seksuelle og kønsminoriteter; National Organization for Sexual and Gender Minorities) and since its founding in 1948, has been the primary proponent of LGBT rights in the country. Same-sex marriage has been legal in all 13 cantons since 1962 when the national Supreme Court ruled in LSK v. Særland that any government's refusal to grant the basic legal and financial institution of marriage to any, two, consenting adults is in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 2nd Article of the Constitution, making the nation the first to guarantee same-sex marriage. The rights of same-sex couples to jointly adopt has been guaranteed since the Supreme Court decision in the 1998 case LSK v. OGV. While gays and lesbians have always been allowed to serve openly in the military, since the 1933 Supreme Court decision, their right to do so has been guaranteed constitutionally. Public displays of affection between people of the same sex are very unlikely to provoke ire or even be acknowledged by passersby. Lesbians wishing to have access to artificial insemination do not provoke the sort of scandals that can occur in other societies.

Glanodel's largest city, Graylund is one of the most popular destinations in the world for LGBT travelers. The main gay and lesbian festival of the year is Graylund Pride, a large, carnival-like bash that occurs on a Saturday in early August. There's also the Graylund Gay & Lesbian Film Festival, held each year in October. In addition, Graylund has been host to numerous "Out Conferences" which are regular gatherings of international LGBT rights organizations.

A noteworthy exception to the generally left-leaning politics of Glanodel was the Supreme Court's Glaseret v. LSK ruling in 1974 which stated that, "while federal and cantonal agencies are bound by the Constitution to serve all citizens equally without discrimination, the government does not have the authority to compel private organizations to do the same. Thus, any private, or partially private companies reserve the right to refuse service and employment on any grounds they see fit." This being said, most public polls indicate that it is very rare (almost nonexistent) for a private company based in Glanodel to refuse employment for any reason other than a lack of credentials or refuse service for any reason. Additionally, most companies, in cooperation with unions, have a company mandated anti-discrimination policy.

Folklore

A Dark Night in the Fairy Valley (En Mørkaften i Feydale) is a play created during the late Renaissance Era, deeply rooted in North Asuran mythology.

Glanish folklore is made up of folk tales, legends, songs, music, dancing, popular beliefs and traditions, mostly communicated by the inhabitants of towns and villages across the country. Many of these were passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. As in neighboring countries, interest in folklore grew with an emerging feeling of national consciousness and a surge of national romanticism during the beginning of the 20th century Glanodel. Katrine J. Dahl is probably one of the most notable historians and archivists of early Dalish folklore. Although Dahl is best known for her book series Battle of the Five Kings, a series of four books based on early Glanish culture, Dahl traveled across the country while writing the books, collecting innumerable folktales, songs, and sayings while observing traditional dress in various regions. Folklore today is part of the national heritage, represented in particular by national and local traditions, songs, theater, folk dances, and literature.

Today's folk dancing in Glanodel dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, when there was renewed interest in the national heritage. A number of groups began to revive the music, dances, plays, and costumes of past generations. In 1901, the National Theater Society (Nationalteaterforeningen) was founded in Graylund, leading to local theater societies throughout the country. Today there are more than 300 public and private organizations focused on promoting the performing arts, not only performing regularly, but also providing courses for aspiring thespians.

Trolls are one of many types of mythical creatures believed to influence the daily lives of the Dalish people (precursors to the Glens).

The traditional costumes of Glanodel, though varying from region to region, date back roughly to the period between 1750 and 1900 when clothes were often home-made from yarn spun from wool or flax. In rural communities, the fabrication of garments for both family members and servants was an important part of everyday life. The artist Frede Schmidt, who had traveled across Glanodel as a soldier in the mid-19th century, took an interest in sketching people in local costumes in various parts of the country. He completed his collection of 31 colored sketches in 1864, publishing them as colored lithographs in Glenske Nationaldragter (Glenish National Costumes).

Numerous Glanish folktales contain a range of mythical figures such as trolls, elves, goblins, and wights as well as figures from Dalish mythology like giants and lygtemænd (hobby lanterns). The nisse is a particularly well known legendary figure in Glenish folklore, apparently dating back to Nordic times when it was believed there were household gods. Traditionally each farm had its own nisse living on the loft or in a stable. Dressed in grey with a pointed red cap, he was no taller than a 10-year-old boy. The nisse would be helpful if treated well, for instance by offering him a bowl of porridge with a clump of butter at night, but, failing good treatment, he could become quite troublesome and mean.

Cuisine

Smørrebrød (open sandwich), Left: Roast beef with remoulade, tomato and shredded horseradish on Danish rye bread Right: Egg, prawns, lemon and mayonnaise on white bread

Glanodel enjoys a very diverse food culture with cooking traditions influenced by food cultures throughout Asura since the 12th century, and several new traditions being imported from around the globe since the mid-20th century.

Like that of the other arctic countries, Glanish cuisine was traditionally simple. Fish (particularly herring), meat, potatoes and dairy products played prominent roles. Spices were sparse. Famous preparations include frikadeller (Glanish meatballs), traditionally served with gravy, boiled potatoes and lingonberry jam; pancakes; lutfisk; and the smörgåsbord, or lavish buffet. Perhaps the most typically Glanish meal of the day is the traditional lunch or smørrebrød consisting of open sandwiches, usually on thinly sliced rye bread.

Evening meals usually include fried fish, roast pork with red cabbage (perhaps the national dish), pot-roasted chicken, or pork chops. Game is sometimes served in the autumn. Steaks are now becoming increasingly popular. A popular traditional Glenish dessert, especially around Yule, consists of æbleskiver, rather like small pancake doughnuts which are fried in butter in a special pan and are served hot with jam and sugar. Traditionally, they were made with small pieces of apple in the middle which is why the are called æbleskiver, literally "apple slices". Cinnamon rolls are perhaps the most well known desert to come from Glanodel.

Cinnamon rolls originate from Glanodel and Navack.

Akvavit is a popular alcoholic distilled beverage, and the drinking of snaps is of cultural importance. Glanodel is known for enjoying an open-minded drinking culture. Buying alcohol is legal in shops at the age of 16, and in bars at 18. There is no minimum drinking age. However, teens are traditionally allowed to begin drinking as 13- to 14-year-olds. The traditional flat and dry crisp bread has developed into several contemporary variants. Regionally important foods are the surströmming (a fermented fish) in northern Glanodel and eel in southern Glanodel. Glanish traditional dishes, some of which are many hundreds of years old, others perhaps a century or less, are still a very important part of Glanish everyday meals, in spite of the fact that modern-day Glanish cuisine adopts many international dishes. In August, at the traditional feast known as crayfish party, kräftskiva, GLanish people eat large amounts of crayfish boiled with dill.

However, since the end of the Great War, and especially since the rise in immigration and tourism since the late 60s and early 70s, Glanish foods have greatly diversified, mostly made possible with the rise of free trade and importation of foreign ingredients. Restaurants with food traditions traced back to nations across Asura are very common, and dining establishments with food traditions from Ternca, Cheonsam, Den Helder, and Rosht are becoming increasingly common as of 2010.

Sports

Hockey is one of the most popular sporting activities in Glanodel.

Sports are very popular in Glanodel. Local, community teams are a regular occurrence in most towns and local sporting events are sponsored by local businesses through snack bars and advertisements and are held in stadiums and fields maintained by local sponsors, subsidized by the local government. The two main spectator sports are rugby and ice hockey. Thereafter, football, golf, track and field, and the team sports of basketball and bandy are the most popular.

Since the 14th century, Skanderborg, Sørland has become a center for sports culture in Glanodel. It currently houses the largest ice hockey stadium in Glanodel, the Hure Stadium. Sports have been popular in Glanodel since the 1980s with a decision made by the Department of Education to fund a nationwide effort to encourage more physical activity among Glanish youths. This resulted in numerous sports leagues forming across the nation in the 1990s as star athletes began to graduate from primary school and large companies saw the opportunity to promote their products through sponsoring teams and sporting events. Rugby became the dominant sport in 2001 when the Glanish National Hockey League was formed, and within the first two years it managed a profit of over $25 billion. This explosion in popularity resulted in more funding for the GNHL which was directed into the expansion of the organization. Now the GNHL has offices and stadiums in most major cities. In recent years, Glanodel has won numerous international tournaments and rugby is currently the national sport. Glanodel's numerous beaches and resorts are popular locations for fishing, canoeing, kayaking and a broad-range of other water-themed sports.

The Glanish national men and women's ice hockey teams, known as Hvide Ulve (White Wolves), is regarded as one of the best in the world. The team has won the World Championships several times, placing them among the top five of highest, all-time medal count. Hvide Ulve also came in first place in and won the most medals in in the 2016 Winter Games. In 2006, Tre Kronor became the first national hockey team to win both the Olympic and world championships in the same year. The Glanish national rugby team is the most successful international rugby team, holding the record for the most consecutive international championships and currently has more Rugby World Cups than any other nations. The Glanish national football league (Glankse Landesliga, or Telekom Landesliga) is also fairly successful, though not receiving as much popular support as ice hockey or rugby. The top Glanish football teams are the Bjergsted IK (#4), F.C. Særland (#2), Skanderborg Spækhuggere AC (#3), and F.C. Sørland (#1).

Other big sports events include several championships of curling, athletics, skiing, bandy, figure skating, and swimming. Other popular sports include golf, mostly popular among the older demographic; tennis, in which Glanodel is successful on a professional level; and indoor sports such as badminton and various forms of gymnastics.

Painting

Sculpture

Photography

Literature

The Graylund Edda is one of the oldest Edda still in existence. Printed in the 1450s, the texts are currently located in St. Sofie Cathedral in Vænholm.

Glanish literature dates back to the early 5th century with the establishment of the Addindirin cult and its leader, Addindir's final work, the Thu'um ("The Voice"), one of the primary bodies of texts that make up the Edda. The Thu'um was also, later used as the basis for the standardization of the Lhedwinic language in the 16th century. Education also saw extensive improvements and expansion in the late 16th century and with the popularization of secular ideals in the 17th century, this period saw several notable, Glanish authors further develop the Lhedwinic language. It was also around this period that Glanodel's reputation of skilled authors and poets began with writers such as the political theorist and satirist Albin Ohly. Being the author of both Hjärtat av en nation ("The Heart of a Nation") and Staten och Folk ("The State and the People"), Ohly is generally associated with his political activism during the early 16th century. However, many authors and historians today consider him to be responsible for originating the subjects and themes commonly associated with one of the two prominent genres in Glanish literature, social satire.

Since the start of the 1900s, however, literature and publishing have become even more important and widely recognized as a significant part of modern Glanish culture. Perhaps the most famous writer in Glanish history is Edith Lundstrom (1910-81), the author of the most famous series of books to come from Glanodel, the Battle of the Five Kings. Written between 1937 and 1949, Lundstrom took heavy inspiration from Glanish history during the Rauthmál and Glanish myths and legends, as well as tales from old Trúathist traditions. The series of four books is attributed with starting the fantasy genre and is still one of the best selling book series in history. Today, book publishing is one of the seven major industries of Glanodel and one of its main cultural exports.

Architecture

A residence used by the President of Glanodel for a variety of diplomatic events, special occasions (such as holidays), and recreational retreats for by the president, their family, and their staff. It's located in Graylund and commonly referred to as Olesengodser (Olesen Estates).

Glanish architecture was established around the 16th century during the Glanish Renaissance as a burgeoning upper, commoner class could afford to hire their own architects, a privilege originally reserved for the wealthy nobility. Prior to that, wooden houses were the most commonly used forms of architecture until the end of the 15th century when a slow transition began focusing on half-timbered properties, structures using heavy squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs (larger versions of the mortise and tenon joints in furniture). This form of architecture was actually so durable and effective that many of the structures from the late 1500s and early 1600s are still standing and in use, though with some modernization such as being outfitted with electrical wiring.

Starting in the 17th century, symmetry and regularity became primary concerns of most architects, often enhanced by a projecting central section on the main façade. This remained the focus of most building endeavors in Glanodel until in the 1800s when a style of architecture known as historicism appeared. With the arrival of Historicism, special importance was attached to high standards of craftsmanship and proper use of materials. Historicism remained the primary style used throughout the country from the later half of the 19th century until the the early 21st century. Many of Glanodel's oldest public buildings are good examples of the historicist style such as the buildings in Herregård.

Design

Glenish design is a term often used to describe a style of functionalism and architecture that was developed in mid-20th century, originating in Glanodel. Glenish design is typically applied to industrial design, furniture and household objects, which have won many international awards.

The Glenish Porcelain Factory ("Royal Dover"), including Bing & Grøndahl, is famous for the quality of its ceramics and export products worldwide. Glenish design is also a well-known brand, often associated with world-famous designers and architects such as Holger Dinesen (1914–1972), Emily Torp (1912–1989), Poul Morch (1914–2007), Ina Moller (1902–1971), Bjorn Tran (1929–1980), Margit Thorsen (1894–1967) and Elsebeth Mork (1926–1998). Pernille Nissen (1866–1935) is known the world over for modern design in silver, mainly through the company he created which bears his name, Nissen Jewelers.

Other designers of note include Edvard Olsen (1923–2003) in the area of industrial design, Per Mogensen (1919–2008) for kitchen furniture and implements and Bjarne Borup (1903–1985) who had a classical approach to furniture design.

The Glenish Museum of Art & Design in Allested exhibits the best in Glenish design.

Music

Glanodel is home to the some of the oldest concert halls throughout Asura, such as the Musikhuset Andresen (Andresen Music Hall).

Music from Glanodel is arguably the most widely recognizable, enjoying global distribution. Glanodel also has one of the most diverse musical cultures in the world, primarily due to influences from its immigrant population. The most commonly identified genres which originate from Glanodel are: big band and cabaret, classical, club or dance music, folk and country, heavy metal, and rock.

Perhaps what Glanodel is most well known for, Glanish big band and cabaret music are well defined genres. Often featured prominently in popular tourist destinations as live musical entertainment and the most widely sold musical styles from Glanodel, big band music receives the most attention while cabaret, especially burlesque, is a popular style for tourists of the Glanish night life. Glanish big band music typically consists of approximately 12 to 25 musicians and contains saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section, along with vocal performances by solo artists or multiple singers. These shows have become extremely popular for Asuran tourists and concerts occur frequently throughout Glanish performance venues. Cabaret shows in Glanodel are typically night time shows featuring music, song, dance, recitation, and/or drama. First becaming popular in the 1920s, Glanish cabaret has evolved to feature ribald comedy (lewd jokes) and striptease (even male striptease as of the late 1970s), and are usually sponsored in late night dining and drinking establishments.

Glanish singer and songwriter Hannah Nielsen singing the "Lord's Blessing" at the funeral of the late President Svendsen. His coffin is seen at the center bottom covered in the "leader's cloak".

Country and folk music are perhaps one of the more unique styles of music to emerge from Glanodel. These musical styles often consist of ballads and dance tunes, among others, with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as electric and acoustic guitars, dobros, fiddles (violin), and banjos (a four- or five-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator adapted from a Kavoene instrument), as well as harmonicas. Originating mostly from rural, agrarian communities in Glanodel with strong, Newreyan influences, country songs often focus on the struggles of the working class, religion, nationalism, and conservatism and typically emphasize the virtues of life in a small, rural community rather than densely populated, urban cities.

Metal, rock, and club music from Glanodel are among the most popular musical styles within the younger generations of Glanodel and are the most popular within the night life in Glanodel. Ubiquitous, featured performances throughout Glanodel's pubs and live street performances in popular, public venues and in fairs are the most common examples of Glanish, rock and metal musical expressions. Club music, or dance music as it's less commonly known, is also popular within Glanish night life and includes a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals. An adaptation within the rock genre, emo is also a popular style of rock music from Glanodel characterized by more expressive, often confessional, lyrics and is known for frequently addressing social and mental health issues like depression, self-harm, and suicide.

Glanish orchestras are among the most well known in the world.

Classical music also received widespread engagement from the Glanish population and the Royal Glanish Orchestra, reinstated in 1903, is among the world's oldest orchestras. Glanodel's most famous classical composer is William Bergius, especially remembered for a group of nine symphonies called Symphonic Harmony. Ganish people have distinguished themselves as classical musicians, and the Matine Classical Festival has acquired an international reputation. Glanodel has more opera companies than many nations, with the Vollrat Richardsson Company being the most well known and performing in opera houses around the world.

Glanodel's music industry is the largest and most lucrative in the world, with many of of the world's largest recording companies originating from and still headquartered in Glanodel. The Hanson Group is the largest musical entertainment company in Glanodel and the world and has recording studios around the world and recording artists from across the globe. Another notable feature of Glanish musical entertainment is the recent revival of the vinyl record, which was re-popularized by the Hanson Group in 2012 and has steadily scene its production rise since 2013.

Media

Sten Bentsen was one of the first cable news anchors in Glanodel and became a respected and widely recognized name in households throughout Lhedwin and Asura from the 1950s until his retirement in 1976.

The two major broadcasters in Glanodel are NMN (National Media Network, Glanish: Nationalt Medienetværk), which is state-sponsored, and InfoCen Grupp, which is completely commercial and privately run. The major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. Cable television in Glanodel offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. Glanish citizens listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over three-and-a-half hours a day.

While handwritten fly sheets reporting on the news had been used in Glanish cities since the 1540s, "mass media" in Glanodel arose in the early to mid-1700s. As more commoners took seats in Congress, a large construction project of numerous printing presses throughout Glanodel's major cities began in 1746. With an increasingly wealthy middle class, many private citizens began constructing their own printing presses and by the 1820s, local publishing companies began to form throughout many of the cities in Glanodel. However, most free press was suppressed by the Lhedwinic government between 1840 and 1870, and most printing shops were demolished to provide resources to the war effort during the Great War. Then, in 1918, Theodor Rosenquist, the "father of Glanish journalism", began a state paper after receiving a loan from the government during the reconstruction efforts projects, and modernization brought in new features and mechanical techniques. By 1920, the first liberal, factual newspapers reappeared. The total circulation was 500,000 daily by 1921, more than doubling to 1.2 million in 1925. Although most newspapers in Glanodel have turned to electronic distribution in lieu of printed media, Glanodel remains one of the largest consumers of printed media in the world.

Glanish news programming is primarily composed of hundreds of small local broadcasting companies, with a few commercially ran, news companies which broadcast nation wide, as well as the large news division produced by NDN. Public support for strict regulations on the nature of funding for privately-run news broadcasting resulted in legislation in 2003 which gave legal definition to news companies and have thus prevented large news conglomerates such as those common in many other countries. In 1999, state-sponsored television broadcasting lost its monopoly on cable providers and as of 2014, only 5% of the population is not connected to cable television. Digital terrestrial television in Glanodel also started in 1999 and the last analogue terrestrial broadcasts were terminated in 2007.

Cinema

Dalingr, a movie centering around the rise of Dalish culture and its spread through conquest.

Glanodel's postwar re-industrialization saw the emergence of modern Glanish cinema around 1914, and since the 1980s has maintained a steady stream of product. The first Glanish cinema company, the Ottesen Filmography Company, was founded in 1910 by the inventor of the first motion camera, Stig Ottesen. The company's second owner, Nicklas Birch, innovated the first commercial uses for sound film. The reemergence of patronage is primarily attributed with the success of the early Glanish entertainment industry and Glanish cinema is no exception. The establishment of the Glanish Film Institute in the 1960s was the initial catalyst that spawned the emergence of modern Glanish cinema. In 1962, Ottesen Filmography was renamed Ottesen Studios after the construction of a massive filming studio was completed in the city of Blåby in south Østbjorth. At the same time, paperwork establishing Ottesen Studios as a subsidiary of the Glanish, multinational, entertainment company, Inspirekom. In 1967, Axel Pictures and Philms Motion Pictures merged to form Axel Films, becoming the second largest film studio in Glanodel, and one of the largest in the world.

Today, Glanish cinema is dominated by the products of Inspirekom, Axel, and Imaginary Productions which emerged in the 1990s. There have been three big internationally important waves of Glenish cinema: the patriotic, historical films of the 1920s which centered around retellings of the Great Uprising; the Imaginary Productions films of the 1960s and 1970s centering around the science fiction and steampunk genres; and lastly, the "low-production" movement of the late 1990s, where hand-held cameras were used to dynamic effect in a conscious reaction against big-budget studios. The widely known director, producer, and screenwriter Bjerne Bodker is generally attributed with starting this movement. He is also attributed with using techniques he pioneered during this movement to help create the emerging "found-footage" genre. Glenish films have been noted for their realism, moral themes, sexual frankness and technical and graphic innovations, despite having intentionally low-budget productions. Glenish films are popular world-wide, especially in other Arctic nations.

In the modern era, the most notable filmmaker is still Bjerne Bodker whose films consistently draw crowds of millions across the world. However, other notable Glenish contributors to the entertainment industries include Luciano Smidt, who co-created Imaginary Productions in the 1950s at the age of 25 and has since been a widely recognized filmmaker mainly in the historical fiction genre, along with multiple award-winners Fabian Meldgaard and Dorte Warming. Tyge Balle is a world-renowned Glenish actor, having starred in films such as the Last Wolf, a film centering around the final days of Wolfussian rule in Glanodel.

Television

Glenish television is probably one of the three most recognizable exported cultural products from Glanodel, behind literature and cinema. Having contributed to drama with a number of successful series since the 1970s, perhaps the most notable domestic and international successes has been Christen Hesselberg's popular series, Bor i Synd ("Living in Sin"), centering around the complexity of human sexuality, relationships, and even, on occasion, human morality. Gerold Mai, an Oscar-winner for Håbefulde Himmel (English: Hopeful Skies) in 1987 and Pav Jepperson, the Oscar- and Golden Globe-winner for "The Collapse" in 1988 are also highly regarded and well known contributors to the industry.

Theater

The theater in Glanodel continues to thrive thanks to the many theaters across the country which put on a wide variety of Glenish and foreign performances. Since the Renaissance Era, Glanish playwrights have been successful in attracting wide public interests especially in romantic drama and comedy. Among the first, widely known and successful female artist, Linnéa Skoog (1684–1754) is considered by many to be the founder of the Glanish theater. Satirical comedies such as the Lone Wolf and a Common Enemy are still performed today.

Elina Sundqvist (1779–1850) introduced romanticism to the Glanish theater. Especially successful was his play Lauritz, which premiered in 1808, and resulted in the Lhedwin King imprisoning him until his death in 1832.

In recent years, there has been something of a revival in Glanish theater. Many new playwrights and producers have appeared including Ingvar Brodd (born 1955), winner of the Glanish Drama Award in 2004. Glanish musicals have also been a particularly successful feature of the modern theater. Tobias Lindblad, commonly known as Toe, was particularly successful with A Royal Affair (1992).

Another popular Glanish theatrical tradition is the revue which has been thriving since the mid 19th century. Today revues are performed every summer to full houses in theaters across Glanodel, poking fun at the politics of the day.

Hygge

Similar to other Lhedwinic cultures, a fundamental aspect of Glanish culture is hygge. Hygge, meaning "snug", is a concept that evokes "coziness", particularly when relaxing with good friends or loved ones and while enjoying good food. Yule, when loved ones sit close together on a cold, snowy night, is a true moment of hygge, as is grilling a pølse (Glanish sausage) and drinking a beer on a long summer evening. It is suspected the concept of Hygge is part of the reason Glanish people score high on happiness and while this traditional aspect of Glanish society has slightly diminished in importance over the last decade, state-sponsored efforts to encourage this notion have successfully maintained a desire for it. This government program, known as Holde os Hygge (Keep us Cozy), is one of the only social policies intended to influence the social behaviors of Glanish citizens that the country has ever enacted.

Yule

Artists depiction of a Yuleaften family gathering.

Possibly the most widely known and oldest holiday of Glanish society is Yule (Glanish: Jul), from the Old Dov jól for "midwinter". Midwinter celebrations have been an important part of even the earliest Dovish cultures and over time, the term became specific to this celebration by the mid-16th century after Trúathist leaders pronounced it an official holiday. While the day of Yule is often seen as the main day of celebration and festivities, in Glanodel, the most important day of the holiday season is Yule Eve, the day before Yule, (Glanish: Juleaften) when families come together, usually in the evening, when a traditional dinner is served. The next morning can be spent in various ways but most often it is the time when preparations are made for the evening.

The menu is usually white and browned potatoes, red cabbage and brown sauce (gravy) accompanying either roast duck or goose depending on the size of the family. "White potatoes" are ordinary boiled potatoes without their jackets and "browned potatoes" are caramelised white potatoes. Some families enjoy a special Glanish version of roast pork, called flæskesteg complete with crackling or maybe a special sausage called medisterpølse. For dessert, ris à l'amande is served, a name that suggests a foreign origin – but it is Glanish. Sometimes it is confused with rice pudding, since they share the main ingredient (rice). However, the second main ingredient stands out, and that's whipped cream. Ris à l'amande needs to be prepared a day in advance, and then on serving, chopped almond and vanilla can be added, among other things. It is served cold, with hot cherry sauce. An unchopped almond can also be added and hidden in the dessert. The person who finds it in his portion receives a small prize. Afterwards, the candles on the Yule tree are lit and the family dances around it singing songs and carols and subsequently exchange presents.

While this season has become somewhat commercialized within the past few decades, it does not appear to have diminished public sentiments towards the holiday itself. Yule has also become a very popular time of year for winter tourists who take advantage of holiday sales that most businesses have during this time.

Science

The latest version of the Vare gaming console by Avansvare.

Glanodel has a long tradition for scientific engagement in all fields. The contributions to science has steadily continued through the ages, with the discoveries of Tua Farver (1546–1601), the contributions to linguistics by Paula Sommer (1787–1832), the neglected articulation of the principle of conservation of energy by Uwe Matthiessen's (1815–1888), Arvid Haugaard (1842–1927), Felix Asmussen (1860–1943) and others, into modern times with numerous pharmaceutical innovations from Bio-Farma Industries, many of which are attributed to the genius of Dr. Birthe Hoyer (1995-).

Ivar Nicolaisen founded several institutions in relation to quantum physics and both attracted and stimulated an important international and lasting scientific milieu in the country. This has since produced many important discoveries and advancements in physics, astrophysics, chemistry, mathematics and engineering, particularly in the areas of quantum physics, quantum optics and lately nano-technology. Although an international environment, notable Glenish scientists from this milieu includes Frederik Berg (1908-1987), Bendt Ottesen (1922-2009), Christopher Marcussen (1941-) and Kamilla Lauritsen (1959–).

Glens have made significant contributions to the field of information technology. Most notable is probably Ivan Thuesen (1945–2014) who created most of the basics for artificial intelligence programs for electronics gaming systems. Glanodel is also well known for their electronic gaming systems, especially since the invention of the Infra-net by a team of electrical engineers. Avansvare software engineers have taken leading roles in programming, especially with their development of the Transit Communications Array, a breakthrough made possible with their advances in advances in quantum computing, nanoscale engineering and linear optics. The Glenish pharmaceutical company, Bio-Farma pioneered the development of advanced cyber-prosthetics.

The science of archaeology, has also benefited from many Glenish contributions, with prominent scholars such as Mary Kristiansen, Lasse Kristoffersen, Anna Hansen and Christen Martinsen. The contributions have often been of a fundamental nature, such as the discoveries of kitchen middens or bog bodies and their great potential for advancing archaeology. Glenish archaeologists have contributed with many defining archaeological discoveries, such as the the Nordic Stone Age cultures. With a great international engagement and a long tradition for interdisciplinary collaborations with anthropologists, geologists, zoologists, botanists, antiquarians and historians, Glenish archaeologists have been, and still are, involved with all kinds of cultural archaeology around the globe.