Demographics of Glanodel
According to a 2017 estimate, the population of the Glanish Commonwealth is estimated at 14,869,859. It is the second most populous Lhedwin country, hosting almost one-third of the total population of the Lhedwin Isles. It's total population density is 62.92 per km2 (or 101.26 per sq. mi.). The cantons of Østbjorth, Særland, and Sørland are the most urbanized regions of the country, all located along the east coast bordering the Lhedwin Channel and the Asuran mainland, with most usable land developed. Graylund is the most populous city in Glanodel with 2.28 million residents (15% of the national population).
The population of Glanodel is considered a good example of a modern, transitioning demographic. This is generally characterized as typically pre-industrial populations experiencing low birth and mortality rates resulting in a slow, steady growth rate significantly impacted by immigration.
Glanodel's assumed literacy rate of 99% for citizens above the age of 15 is attributed to its aggressive public education system and its public subsidies for private education (both primary and secondary since the nation's re-establishment in 1900). Glanodel is also among the top 8 countries in the world with the highest percentage of populations with a tertiary degree. Although not officially a part of the Glanish government, the People's Church of Vænholm (Vænholm Folkekirke) was once the official church of the Glanish Kingdom prior to the establishment of the Commonwealth and was Trúathist. Today, the cathedral is used by a variety of faiths by numerous government and public officials for numerous events and ceremonies. Although Glanodel's religious demographic is fairly diverse when compared to other Asuran nations, Glanodel's dominant religion is still Trúathism.
Glanodel's population is predominantly White and of Asuran descent, with significant populations of Arabekian- and Cataian-Glens concentrated mostly along the east coast. The most frequently spoken language throughout all cantons is Glanish-Lhedwinic, with Newreyan and Midrasian being the two second most common. The majority of all Glanish residents educated in Glanodel are bilingual.
As of the 1995 Housing and Population Census, the Glanish population stood at 12,059,456 out of which 7,806,676 are males and 7,063,183 are females. According to a 2012 survey, there were 2.12 million foreign born residents in Glanodel, making up 15% of the population. A figure that has only grown in recent years.
- Population: 14,869,859 (2017 est.)
- Population density: 62.92 per km2; or 162.96 per sq. mi.
- Average annual population growth rate: 2.58%
- Birth rate: 9.3 births/1,000 population
- Death rate: 7.6 deaths/1,000 population
- Net migration rate: 5.3 migrants/1,000 population
- Total fertility rate: 1.60 children born/woman
- Infant mortality rate: 2.75 deaths/1,000 live births
- Urbanisation: 85.3% of total population
- Life expectancy at birth: 82.97 years
The 2015 Glanish census showed an increase of 380,668 compared to the 2010 census, an average increase of 76,134 annually. In the 1990s, the nation experienced exponential population growth due to a drastic increase in the birth rate to over 240,000 children per year, as well a decline in the death rate, and an immigration surge. In the early 2000s, population growth maintained a steady upward trend due to increasingly low mortality rates and immigration, despite a drop in the birth rate.
|Arabekian or Arabekian Glanish: Total||554,735||4.6%||1,035,192||7.2%|
|Arabekian Glanish: Onzaian||74,769||0.62%||507,532||3.53%|
|Arabekian Glanish: Kavoene||419,669||3.48%||352,253||2.45%|
|Cataian or Cataian Glanish: Total||530,616||4.4%||877,038||6.1%|
|Cataian Glanish: Terncan||173,656||1.44%||421,266||2.93%|
|Cataian Glanish: Elhazian||147,125||1.22%||324,935||2.26%|
|Yidaoan or Yidaoan Glanish: Total||377,024||3.2%||714,974||5.1%|
|Yidaoan Glanish: Ajerri||113,107||0.81%||207,342||1.48%|
Glanodel is generally considered the most ethnically diverse nation in Asura, and one of the most ethnically diverse in the world, with over half of its population having at least one immigrant parent.
An estimated 71% of the population was of at least partial Glanish descent, defined as having at least one parent born in Glanodel and having Glanish citizenship. The remaining 29% were of a foreign background, defined as immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants (with or without citizenship). Of that 29%, most originated from nations along the archipelago of Lhedwin (approximately 1,243,251), with Asuran nations are the second most common source of foreign born citizens (approximately 856,462). Of the 29% of Glanish residents who were of a foreign background, roughly 73% were foreign residents, or legal Glanish residents without citizenship. Accounting for around 21.2% of the total population, it is one of the largest proportions of non-citizen residents in the developed world, most being from Asura.
As of 2015, immigration into Glanodel is mostly from other Asuran nations, with notable proportions from Onza and Ternca. The most common regions of origin were Lhedwinic and Asuran. Vrnallians, Lhaeraidh, and Newreyans make the largest single portions of the population.
Largest cities in Glanodel
|Rank||Core City||Canton||Urban Population||Municipal Population|
|Source: Statistics Glanodel (2015; Municipal data: 2014)|
Lhedwinic is the de facto national language of Glanodel, with the lexicon and grammar of the Glanish dialect being the educational standard. Lhaeraidh, Newreyan, Vrnallian, and Midrasian are all recognized minority languages throughout the country. Lhedwinic belongs to the group of languages which encompass much of Northern Asura that share a common ancestor, usually referred to as simply Northern tongues. The languages of Lhedwin, with the exception of Vrnallian, are so closely related that it is possible for native speakers to understand each other with relatively little effort. Lhedwinic Sign Language was officially recognized as a minority language in 2011. In education, its use for Glanodel's deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide.
A large majority (86%) of Glanodel speaks at least a second language; however, three languages is fairly common. Secondary languages vary by region and the foreign nations with which they most frequently trade. Current estimates of the most commonly spoken, second languages in Glanodel are Lhaeraidh, Midrasian, Newreyan, Oser, Terncan, and Vrnallian.
In January 2016, 10.6% of the population of Glanodel were members of Trúathist churches, making it the largest religious group in the country, while 9.1% of the population are members of members of an Alydianist church, especially among Newrey-Glanish citizens.
Trúathi served as the officially recognized religion of the region from the 9th century until 1900, and has since remained the nation's dominant religion. Since the 1920s, however, other religions have been imported through immigration, especially from Asura.
Since the ratification of the Second Glanish Constitution on 5 March 1900, the government of Glanodel has officially practiced a complete separation of church and state and local governments have been prohibited from officially recognizing religious institutions or passing laws infringing upon the free exercise of religious beliefs.
Although no longer officially a part of the Glanish government, the People's Church of Vænholm (Vænholm Folkekirke) was the official church of the Glanish Kingdom prior to the establishment of the Commonwealth. Today, it holds religious services for a variety of faiths.
According to a 2012 survey conducted by the Census Bureau, 24% of Glanish citizens said that they "believe there is a God", 43% say that they "believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 33% say that they "do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force".
The Glanish education system provides access to primary, secondary, and higher education. All public college education in Glanodel is free of charge; there are no tuition fees to enroll in courses. Education in Glanodel is overseen by the Department of Education, which also issues all grants and vouchers regarding educational services, regulates the nation's education system, and sets its educational standards. Since 2006, education has been the nation's single largest government expenditure with funding for both public and private education accounting for 16.08% of the national budget (over $32 billion).
Primary school is known as the folkeskole. Attendance at pre-school is not compulsory, but all Glanish children are required to go to primary school for 10 years, from the age of 6 to 16. There are no final exams, but pupils in primary schools can choose to go to a test when finishing ninth grade. The test is obligatory if further education is to be attended. Pupils can alternatively attend a private independent school (friskole), or a private school (privatskole) – schools that are not under the administration of the municipalities, such as religious schools. Those who do can opt out of free public education and instead, receive vouchers for private education, a benefit which is also available for those who opt out of free public college education.
Following graduation from primary school, all Glanish youth are required to attend the National Service Academy from the age of 16 to 18. The institute is a military academy. Its mission is "to give all Glanish youths a basic set of survival skills which will equip the upcoming generation with the means to protect, feed, clothe, and shelter themselves in almost any circumstance". While this training is now optional as of 2011, only 2% of all students in Glanodel have opted out of the program. Additionally, around 85% of all of those who opt out chose to participate in the adult version of this training which is offered within 5 years of graduating secondary school.
For secondary school, Glanodel provides many opportunities to its citizens. The Gymnasium (STX) attaches importance in teaching a mix of humanities and science, Higher Technical Examination Programme (HTX) focuses on scientific subjects and the Higher Commercial Examination Programme emphasizes on subjects in economics. Higher Preparatory Examination (HF) is similar to Gymnasium (STX), but is one year shorter. For specific professions, there is vocational education, training young people for work in specific trades by a combination of teaching and apprenticeship. It is a government priority to keep the attendance in secondary schools high, with 98% of youths since 2012 graduating from secondary school, at least. Glanish universities and other higher education institutions offer international students a range of opportunities for obtaining an internationally recognised qualification in Glanodel. Many programmes may be taught in the English language, the academic lingua franca, in bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, Ph.D.s and student exchange programmes.
Glanodel employs a combination of both single-payer healthcare and private insurance whereby the majority of major operations, treatments for major illnesses, and medical expenses resulting from pregnancy, as well as most expenses resulting from long term, continued care for chronic diseases and other medical expenses considered particularly burdensome financially are all covered by a universal healthcare system which is financed primarily through taxes levied by cantonal governments. Additionally, all medical expenses in general are covered under the single-payer system until the age of 18. Health and medical care spending constitutes 12.99% of the national budget (over $25.9 billion). The average Glanish citizen costs $5,344 in healthcare expenses, of which direct federal funding covers 30.81% and private insurance covers 48.69%. Out-of-Pocket costs are usually no more than 12.3%, or just over $600 per person, annually.
Private insurance is then used to supplement the costs of regular, preventative care (i.e. regular doctors visits, minor dental procedures, optometry, and ophthalmology), for individuals over the age of 17. Students actively enrolled in public tertiary education receive coverage, as well, and private university students are generally covered through a healthcare plan provided by their school. Most private health insurance is provided as part of an employee benefits package, though individual plans are purchased by some citizens, such as self-employed workers. Citizens can also opt out of the public healthcare program and purchase full coverage through a private provider, receiving a tax deduction each year as "compensation" for not benefiting from the program. Around 18% of the Glanish population has completely private health insurance.
The nation's healthcare system is organized and managed on three levels: federal, cantonal, and municipal. At the national level, the Department of Health and Social Services is primarily responsible for establishing principles and guidelines for care and provides funding to cantonal and municipal health and medical care entities. All cantons have their own, independent healthcare agencies which manage the provision of healthcare (namely state-provided insurance) within their jurisdiction, as well as supervise the activities of medical care at their level and issue grants and funding for local medical research and development. Municipalities are primarily responsible for the management and oversight of hospitals, most of which are publicly-owned.
Glanish citizens are among the world's healthiest and physically active people, with 81% considered "in good health". Although it is a growing problem, obesity is not as prevalent as in other developed countries. Glanodel has many campaigns for health and well-being, and outdoor activities and local sports are commonplace. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the Asuran average. Almost all women choose to terminate pregnancies of children with Down Syndrome in Glanodel. As of 2012, Glanodel has a life expectancy of 81 years at birth (79 for men, 83 for women), up from 75 years in 1990. Since the 1900s improvements in public health occurred as a result of development in several areas such as social and living conditions, changes in disease and medical outbreaks, establishment of the health care system and emphasis on public health matters. Vaccination and increased treatment opportunities with antibiotics resulted in great improvements within the Glanish population. Improved hygiene and better nutrition were factors that contributed to improved health. The biggest health concerns for Glanodel as of 2014 are drug abuse, alcoholism, and alcohol-related traffic accidents, collectively amounting to half of all years of life lost.
Additionally, Glanodel has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner hydroelectric energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens. The amount of toxic material in the atmosphere is far lower than most industrialized countries.
Glanodel is a major developer of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals. Bio-Farma is currently the largest corporation in Glanodel involved in medical research. In recent years, Bio-Farma has made numerous innovations in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. The Brondum Group is the second largest medical research company in Glanodel and is the dominant innovator of medical equipment technology, producing supplies for countries around the world.