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South Kabu

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Socialist Republic of Kabu

Republik Sosialis Wong Kabupik (Kabuese)
Motto: Persatuan, Merdika, Podo, Buruh
"Unity, Freedom, Equality, Labour"
Land controlled by South Kabu shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
Land controlled by South Kabu shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
Capital
and largest city
Solo
Official languagesKabuese
Recognised regional languagesMasiorese
Ethnic groups
95.4% Kabuese
4.6% Other
Religion
(2018)
55.4% Badi
39.9% Irreligion
6.8% Sotirianity
4.7% Other
Demonym(s)Kabuese • South Kabuese
GovernmentUnitary non-partisan socialist semi-presidential republic
• President
Tirto Sutikno
• Premier
Eko Dhimas
Gatotkoco Hamengkubuwono
Trisno Joko
LegislatureCongress of Kabu
Establishment
952
1132
1482
1558
30 April 1782
• Socialist Republic
25 January 1941
14 October 1977
• Current Constitution
9 July 1994
13 November 2020
Area
• 
44,154 km2 (17,048 sq mi)
Population
• 2022 estimate
13,394,589
• 2018 census
12,038,448
• Density
273/km2 (707.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Total
$155.753 billion
• Per capita
$12,938
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$69.498 billion
• Per capita
$5,773
Gini (2020)23.1
low
HDI (2020)Increase 0.736
high
CurrencyLemuru (ỻ) (LEM)
Time zoneUTC+4 (Kabu Standard Time
Driving sideright
Calling code+62
Internet TLD.ku

South Kabu (Kabuese: Kabupik Kidul), officially the Socialist Republic of Kabu (Kabuese: Republik Sosialis Wong Kabupik) also known as the RSK, is a country in Southeast Coius constituting the southern part of the Kabuese Archipelago. The country shares a maritime border with North Kabu across the strait of TBD. South Kabu claims the entire territory of the Kabuese archipelago and claims to be the sole legitimate representative of the archipelago internationally. It has an area of 44,154km2 (17,048 sq mi) and a population of 7,841,984. The capital city of South Kabu is Solo which is also the largest city in the Kabuese archipelago.

The southern portions of the Kabuese Archipelago have experienced continuous human inhabitation since approximately 432CE according to existing records and archaeological evidence of rice farming and human civilisation on Gedhe. During the 9th century the Kingdom of Agunglintang was influential in spreading Badist beliefs across the south of the archipelago through trade with Dezevau. The archipelago was unified under several kingdoms at various points in it's history although was finally conquered by the Aguda Empire in 1558 who centralised power in the newly created city of Vinhumavizia. The islands became particularly important to the global spice trade and were an important trading hub in the Brown Sea. The islands were eventually sold to the Kingdom of Estmere after the purchase of Pulau Hujung in 1778 and were consolidated into the Carolinian Islands Colony with the administrative centre of the colony being in Solo.

Estmerish rule in the south collapsed in 1941 when Sutikno Harjo declared the Socialist Republic of Kabu (RSK), officially beginning the Kabu Civil War. Much of the south's rural and administrative centres including the capital were seized quickly by the Kabuese Section of the Workers' International (BKMI) aligned soldiers. The war ended in a stalemate between the Southern government and the Kabu Republic dividing the archipelago in two. The newly formed RSK was isolated from the non-councilist international community and faced severe economic problems owing to it's strict planned economy and isolation. The country experienced major political and social upheaval in and began the gradual transition to a semi-democratic system in 1977. The country's international isolation was ended in 1991 when the southern government was admitted to the Community of Nations. Since then South Kabu has experienced a period of considerable economic growth. Since 2020 the country has begun to adopt a fully-councilist system of government.

Today, South Kabu is seen as a developing country with a high HDI and low income inequality due to the Socialist economic system in the country which has been in place since the Kabu civil war. South Kabu has a fast growing economy although development has slowed slightly in recent years. South Kabu faces severe problems with Poverty, Corruption and ethnic tensions between the Kabuese Majority and the various minorities in the country. South Kabu is a member of the Association for International Socialism; the Brown Sea Community; the country has also established Diplomatic relations with numerous countries.

Etymology

History

Prehistory

Kingdoms of Kabu

Aguda control over the Kabuese archipelago

Estmerish colonisation

  • Colonialism bad
  • Establishment of the Kabuese Section of the Workers' International (BKMI) & League Against Imperialism (LNI)
  • LNI-BKMI popular fromt formed (FRAIKK)

Kabu civil war

Estmerish Federal Marine near Sargede during the Kumahi Campaign
Representatives at the opening of Senate of Kabu
FPNK soldiers entering Solo on 31 December 1941

The beginning of the Estmerish withdrawal from southeast Coius announced in 1936 spurred talks to grant independence to the Carolinian Islands which were fuelled by growing dissident activity from the newly formed All-Kabu Anti-Imperialist People's Front (FRAIKK). Whilst the announcement originally only applied to the former Gaullican colonies in the area, the rise in separatist activity combined with severely weakened Estmerish authority as a result of its occupation by Gaullica during the Great War meant reconsolidating the pre-war order was impossible to complete without a surge in resources including soldiers and money to the area.

In November 1937 the decision to include the Carolinian Islands in the original announcement was taken and negotiations between FRAIKK representatives and Estmere began in Solo on 17 February 1938. Initial talks were led by FRAIKK co-leaders Purnama Sutoro and Sutikno Harjo as well as Estmerish representative X, meetings between the three were described as 'tense' by The Standard as Estmerish intelligence believed Sutikno was taking instructions from the newly established Valduvian diplomatic presence in Solo. By early 1940 negotiations had concluded and elections were scheduled for the Senate of Kabu which were held in August and resulted in a massive victory for both FRAIKK parties who won nearly every contestable seat. Both the BKMI and LNI won 48 seats each out of the 100 seats in the chamber and were forced to form a grand coalition to pass legislation. In September, the Senate elected Purnama Sutoro to be Prime Minister and Sutikno Harjo to be Deputy-Prime Minister in a cabinet split equally between the BKMI and LNI. The rushed political arrangement proved to be unstable as BKMI ministers accused their LNI colleagues of disrespecting their positions and being obstructive towards BKMI legislation whilst the LNI accused the BKMI of introducing forced collectivisation policies in their southern strongholds. On 1 October 1940 the government had fallen apart and all BKMI ministers resigned en-masse from the cabinet citing conflicts with the LNI. The LNI in response arranged to form a government with several smaller moderate parties as Estmere began to delegate more powers to the Kabuese government. On 25 January 1941 Sutikno Harjo declared the creation of the Socialist Republic of Kabu which sparked the Kabu Civil War and the end of total Estmerish rule on the archipelago.

The BKMI aligned paramilitary force, the National Liberation Front of Kabu (FPNK), quickly took control of much of the rural south whilst the Estmere-backed Kabuese Republic remained in control of much of the north and most urban areas including the two largest cities in Kabu, Solo and Magelang. Initial hopes for a peaceful resolution to the crisis were dashed after the FPNK's Kumahi Campaign in 1941 which saw the councilist paramilitaries defeat the Kabuese Republic's armed forces on Pasareyan and the Republic's evacuation from the island by August 1941. Further advances by the FPNK put pressure on Republican forces although were unable to make any major advances in part due to outside interference to support the Kabuese Republic which continued to maintain control of most of the archipelago. The Kumahi Campaign triggered a mass exodus of Estmerish-Kabuese from the archipelago and towards Kingsport, the ensuing refugee crisis saw upwards of 80,000 white and mixed Kabuese as well as native and Estmerish land-owners, industrialists and many civil servants who had served under Estmerish rule be evacuated from the main archipelago. The success of the Kumahi Campaign as well as the refugee crisis saw a surge in Estmerish military forces into Kabu which had previously been limited to small-scale ground forces and air activity.

Kabuese delegates sign the Treaty of CITY on 14 March 1947

In December 1942 the FPNK forces launched their Battle of Solo against the Kabuese Republic's then capital which saw the city itself fall on 31 December 1942 and the Estmerish backed Republic retreat to Magelang. The military defeat at Solo was a significant victory for the rebels who now controlled the largest city and former capital of Kabu, the city's fall also sparked horror amongst the Kabuese diaspora and anti-communists who saw its fall as a mark of shame although the Jamlok Islands off the coast of Solo continued to have a heavy Estmerish military presence until the Treaty of CITY. Brutal fighting continued on Walantaka and smaller surrounding islands for several years with much of the south's infrastructure being destroyed by Estmerish air raids, Solo experienced heavy bombing following its fall to the councilists who established a new Provisional Government in Solo in 1943 which claimed authority over the entire archipelago including Kingsport and Nouvel Anglet. In 1944 the FPNK launched the Masiora Offensive which saw FPNK forces take control of most of Walantaka within a few months as well as securing the FPNK's position in western Sakalor. The Estmerish Army officially withdrew from Walantaka shortly afterwards although maintained a a local garrison in Jamlok to oversee evacuations, the islands themselves were withdrawn from in 1946.

The Provisional Government in the South, the Kabuese government now in the North and Estmere signed the Treaty of CITY on 14 March 1947 to end fighting on the archipelago as well as maintaining an Estmerish position in Kingsport. South Kabu agreed to release Estmerish POWs after the signing of the Treaty in exchange for X, many POWs claimed to have been malnourished and treated badly by the Socialist authorities and there were reports of executions of POWs who did not work in 'Democratic Enemy Labour Committees' (KBMD/DELCs). Very few Northern POWs were returned to North Kabu following the Treaty with South Kabu claiming that the remainder had chose to begin a new life in the South.

Socialist Republic of Kabu

Democratisation and reform

Geography

  • Area
  • Number of Islands
  • Mountains
  • Rivers
  • Lakes
  • Caves
  • Tallest and lowest points

Climate

  • Weather
  • Average temperature
  • Seasonal changes
  • Rate of precipitation
  • Weather events
  • Climate change

Biodiversity

  • Animals native to South Kabu
  • Endangered species
  • National animal
  • Flora
  • National parks
  • Conservation efforts

Environment

  • Poaching and hunting
  • Unexploded Kabu Civil war mines
  • Use of herbicides

Government and Politics

South Kabu is a unitary non-partisan socialist semi-presidential republic. Prior to 2022 the Kabuese Section of the Workers' International (BKMI) is the sole legal party in South Kabu. The BKMI was the dominant and governing party of South Kabu since the end of the Kabu civil war. Since 1985, South Kabu has liberalised some aspects of it's government however the party retains it's grasp on South Kabuese political society. As of 2020, close to 15% of eligible voters in South Kabu are registered members of the party. Since 2022 the party has not ran candidates in the Congress of Kabu and has effectively ceased being a political party in favour of being a political organisation in South Kabu.

The President is the head of state of the country and has executive powers and is the commander in chief of the South Kabuese military. The President of South Kabu is elected democratically every 5 years, there is no constitutional limit to how many terms a President can serve. During the Negara Darurat the office of President has been granted near dictatorial powers over South Kabu's government with the ability to dissolve parliament, remove government officials and the ability to veto bills. The President of South Kabu is also immune from prosecution whilst in office and becomes a Senator for life upon leaving office.

The Premier of South Kabu is the head of government of South Kabu and is appointed by the Congress of Kabu. The Premier represents South Kabu in foreign affairs and legislative affairs. Since 2022 the President of South Kabu no longer has the ability to dismiss the Premier and must seek prior approval from the Congress of Kabu. The current Premier is Eko Dhimas.

The Congress of Kabu (Kongres Kabupik) is the unicameral state legislature of South Kabu composed of 115 directly elected members. It was first elected in 2022 to replace the old partisan legislature and is a non-partisan body.

Administrative divisions

  • Administrative districts map
  • Changes in district borders

Wilayah Lor

  • Brief description of claimed territory. N. Kabu, Kingsport, Nouvel Anglet

Military

  • Kabuese People's Armed Forces
  • Informal paramilitary use
  • Military expenditure
  • Human rights abuses and influence in politics

Foreign relations

  • Kabu conflict
  • Claimed territories
  • Strained relations with East Euclea
  • Relations with other socialist states
  • Brown sea community membership

Human rights

Eko Slamet was arrested, tortured and murdered in 2004 after speaking out against the government

According to a CN report published in 2013 says "Human rights in the Socialist Republic of Kabu are poor compared to it's counterparts in the Brown Sea area. There are reports confirmed by investigators of torture, kidnapping, forced disappearances and politically motivated murders that were conducted between 1950 and largely subsided in 1994. Despite this human rights abuses particularly in Masiora and in areas affected by the ongoing insurgency are extremely poor and reports of war crimes conducted by fighters in the area have been investigated." It is estimated that over 8,000 people were abducted and killed by security services between 1962 and 1993. In 2004, activist Eko Slamet was abducted at Solo Airport before being tortured for several days and then murdered before his body was found off the coast of Solo. South Kabu officially denies any state involvement in the death of Eko Slamet and blamed the murder on organised criminals.

Serious allegations of war crimes in Masiora and north-eastern Walantaka were confirmed by the CN in 2018 including rape, mass murder and the usage of child soldiers by anti-government militias and the Kabuese People's Armed Forces. On 17 October 2021 the CN released a report that "expressed serious concern at the rapidly declining human rights situation in Masiora which is being blockaded by government forces." A CN expert also warned of a devastating famine orchestrated by the South Kabuese government to starve the militias was likely if the international community did not act within months.

Economy

  • Economy info
  • Socialist economy
  • Foreign aid
  • Rural and Urban poverty
  • Economic growth

Agriculture

  • Primary crops grown
  • % of economy focused on agriculture

Technology

  • Science and technology
  • Cooperation with AIS and BSC on science

Tourism

  • Popular tourist destinations
  • Tourism industry
  • Promotion of tourism

Infrastructure

Transport

Solo MRT passenger commuter train in Desapasar
  • Roads
  • Ferries
  • Rail transport
  • Airports
  • Solo metro
  • River transport

Energy

  • State owned energy company
  • Hydropower
  • Solar power
  • Gas power
  • Power supply issues

Health

  • Life expectancy
  • Malnutrition
  • Lack of healthcare in rural/isolated areas

Education

Solo New State University is the highest ranked university in South Kabu

The vast majority of schools in South Kabu are state ran schools with the Ministry of Education and Youth Development being responsible for establishing the national curriculum. Primary and secondary education in state-ran schools is divided into four sets, the first three of which are mandatory: preschool, primary school, basic secondary education and higher secondary education. All primary and secondary education in South Kabu up to the age of 15 is subsidised by the government and approximately 92% South Kabuese adults have achieved a secondary diploma. South Kabu has a literacy rate of 93.9% for all adults although men on average have a higher literacy rate than women by a few percentage points according to the most recent census.

Since the establishment of the South Kabuese government, the state has made significant progress in developing the education system in the South which historically was conducted by religious schools and Sotirian missionaries. Education infrastructure and expertise was lacking as many educated Kabuese emigrated during the initial years of the southern government and formed a major part of the Kabuese diaspora and many buildings particularly in rural areas and Solo were damaged as a result of the Kabu Civil War. In the 1990s the government began a major effort to revitalise the education system in South Kabu which was comparably lacking compared to other countries in the region and began an effort to encourage more people to enrol in Universities by making access easier, as of 2015 approximately 41% of South Kabuese adults held a tertiary degree of some kind although this was disproportionally biased in favour of urban people rather than rural people who still face challenges accessing education due to a lack of infrastructure in some areas.

In 2022, South Kabu spent 11.5% of it's total annual GDP on education which was the highest in the region as part of a national plan to develop education access in rural areas.

Telecommunication

  • Government sponsored telecommunication expansion
  • Lack of telecommunication infrastructure in rural areas
  • Internet access

Demographics

  • Population pyramid
  • Young average age
  • Kabuese abroad

Urbanisation

Solo is the largest city in the Kabuese archipelago
  • Growth of Solo post independence
  • Other cities

Languages

  • Kabuese
  • Mandated use of Kabuese over minority languages
  • Masiorese

Religion

  • Religious history
  • Current status

Culture

  • Literature
  • Art
  • Music

Cuisine

Media

  • State media
  • Newspapers
  • Underground media

Sports

Pencak silat is a popular form of Martial Arts in Kabu
  • S.Kabuese football team
  • Other popular sports
  • Traditional sports

Holidays and festivals

  • Public holidays template