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Dinner by the Sea

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Dinner by the Sea
Moldanian: Cina la Mare
Moldan Art.png
ArtistStefan Florentina
Year1866 (1866)
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions98.1 cm × 129.9 cm (38 5/8 in × 51 1/8 in)
LocationInternational Museum of Fine Arts

The Dinner by the Sea is an oil painting by the Moldanian impressionist painter Stefan Florentina. (Oil on canvas, 98.1 by 129.9 centimetres (38.6 in × 51.1 in). The painting was acquired by the International Museum of Fine Arts after an auction in Sopava, which lead to it's selling for $120 million (adjusted to modern fees $800 million), making it the most expensive painting in history. An important piece of Moldanovican history, it has been described as 'The best known painting in the world'[1]

History of the Piece

Florentina's self-portrait from only a year prior.

Florentina spent the summer of 1866 on holiday with his family in the town of Scorțeni, in the province of Cachia. It was there, in a garden with a view of Cachia on the horizon, that he painted this picture, which combines smooth, traditionally rendered areas with sparkling passages of rapid, separate brushwork, and spots of pure colour.

The models in the painting are thought to be his mother Tereza, brother Eduard, his fiancée and later wife Denice and his cousin Felix. It is believed that it is Tereza and Eduard standing by the harbour in the background of the painting, with Denice and Felix sat turned away from the painter in the foreground. Although the scene projects affluent domesticity, it is by no means a family portrait. Florentina's relations with his father were tense that summer, owing to family disapproval of the young artist's liaison with his companion, Denice Doncieux, his wife-to-be.

The flag of the Principality of Mouldania between 1774 and 1883

The painting is also known for it's display of two flags, the tricolor of the Principality of Mouldania[2] on the right and the old Cachian province flag [3]

Florentina called this work in his correspondence "the Hoterallian painting in which there are flags". His friend Neculai Moisuc referred to it as "the Japonic painting". In the 1860s, the composition's flat horizontal bands of colour would have reminded the sophisticated of Hoterallian colour wood-block prints.

The painting was initially brought by the Sopava Fine Arts Museum in 1926, following the passing of Florentina, when his children were selling paintings he had left in his home. The buying price was believed to be $15 million, which adjusted to modern inflation is around $150 million. It remained in the museum, where it became a world-famous piece as it was the centrepiece of the museums renaissance section of arts. It was in 1988 that the painting went on auction, being brought by the International Museum of Fine Arts for around $120 million (Now valued at $800 million).


See Also


  1. -Quote by Harold Fitchmenn of the Adobe Museum.
  2. The flag used between 1774 and 1883
  3. The flag used between 1844 and 1966