Motto: Sprawiedliwość i równość
Miersan: Justice and equality
Land controlled by the Miersan Entity (red) in Lemovicia (red and white)
|Recognised regional languages||Lemovician|
|Ethnic groups |
• Chief Executive
• Declaration of independence
|22 March, 1980|
• Alikianos Accords and autonomy
|22 June, 1992|
|18,825.408 km2 (7,268.531 sq mi)|
• 2017 census
|87.2631286/km2 (226.0/sq mi)|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Currency||Lemovician denar (LVN)|
|ISO 3166 code||LMV|
The Miersan Entity (Lemovician: Ентітатє Іпаралдекоак, Entitate iparraldekoak, Miersan: Mierski podmiot), historically known as the Miersan Republic of Lemovicia (Lemovician: Іпаралдеко ерепубліка Менділура, Iparraldeko errepublika Mendilurra, Miersan: Mierska Rzeczpospolita Łemowicza) from 1980 until 1992, is a constituent entity of Lemovicia, bordered to the south by the Lemovician Entity, to the west and north by West Miersa, and to the east by Slirnia.
Initially established in March 1980 by Izydor Domzalski, it was established in reaction to Saroi Garnica's policy to encourage Miersans to leave Lemovicia, and Garnica's increasing authoritarianism. Throughout the first twelve years, it sought to set itself up as a sovereign state, as Domzalski believed it was the only way that the Miersan community can be able to preserve their livelihoods in their homeland.
Today, it is the most populous constituent entity in Lemovicia, with nearly two-thirds of the country's population residing in the Miersan Entity, and is the second-largest constituent entity by area in the country.
The name of the Miersan Entity is based off the fact that the majority population of the Miersan Entity are ethnic Miersans, who have began moving in large numbers after Lemovicia's annexation by the Kingdom of Miersa, but whose population greatly increased with the Industrial Revolution while Lemovicia and Miersa were under Narozalic rule.
The former name, the Miersan Republic of Lemovicia was adopted upon their declaration of independence from Lemovicia on 22 March, 1980, as they sought to include "all ethnic Miersans in Lemovicia" under their administration, in addition to the hope by Izydor Domzalski that the Lemovician government, either under Saroi Garnica or Otxote Sasiambarrena, would be willing to give the region autonomy.
After the annexation of Lemovicia by the Kingdom of Miersa in TBD, ethnic Miersans began moving in, particularly in the northern regions of Lemovicia. However, while Miersans formed a substantial minority in northern Lemovicia by the start of the Industrial Revolution, as Lemovicia industrialized, Miersans migrated from Miersa into Lemovicia, which at the time was part of the Narozalic Empire, which led to a substantial Miersan majority in northern Lemovicia, as well as in mining towns in southern Lemovicia.
Following the end of the Great War, and the implementation of the Godfredson Plan which gave Miersa independence as West Miersa and East Miersa, substantial immigration from Miersa ceased, although with a significant Miersan population in the region, northern Lemovicia would remain majority-Miersan.
After the outbreak of the Second Narozalic Civil War in 1979, Eztebe Tolaregain of the National Syndicalists issued a unilateral declaration of independence. Following the month-long Lemovician War of Independence, Saroi Garnica emerged as the de-facto leader of the country. Under his rule, he instituted a constitution which restricted citizenship to ethnic Lemovicians.
By early 1980, Izydor Domzalski and Jan Swiech began advocating for the separation of the Miersan-majority northern Lemovicia into a sovereign state, as the central government in Topagunea cracked down on Miersans and other ethnic minorities in an effort to strengthen minority rule by the ethnic Lemovicians.
On 5 March, 1980, protests broke out in Sechia which were brutally suppressed by the Lemovician Armed Forces. Throughout the rest of the month, protests in various major cities broke out and were suppressed, leading to Otxote Sasiambarrena of the Liberal Democrats to declare himself leader of Lemovicia on 21 March, 1980, leading to the start of the Lemovician Civil War.
On 22 March, 1980, in the city of Włocłamyśl, Izydor Domzalski declared the independence of the Miersan Republic of Lemovicia from Lemovicia, citing the "efforts made by the central government to destroy our livelihoods and the right to live in our Lemovician homeland," and citing the authoritarianism of Garnica's National Syndicalist regime, with himself as President of the Miersan Republic.
Despite the ongoing Lemovician Civil War that involved the Miersan separatists, the opposition forces, and government forces, the Miersan Republic established state institutions, basing themselves in Włocłamyśl (as Sechia was initially under the control of the opposition forces), adopted the West Miersan grosz as their own currency, and adopted a constitution of their own, with relatively free and fair elections compared to Lemovicia at that point in time. In addition, as the years progressed, the Miersan Entity became the primary opposition force, displacing Otxote Sasiambarrena's opposition force, until by 1985, they formed a coalition to defeat the government forces.
While the Miersan Republic was predominantly dominated by ethnic Miersans, ethnic Lemovicians residing in its territory were still allowed to participate in its institutions, as well as exercise human rights, although those who expressed support of the national government were frequently detained on charges of treason.
In addition, as the northern regions of the Miersan Entity were less hard-hit by the war, which included cities such as Sechia or Włocłamyśl, they became major economic centres, as their infrastructure was not as destroyed as Loiola or Topagunea as a result of the war.
After the signing of the Alikianos Accords on 22 June, 1992, which ended the Lemovician Civil War, the Miersan Republic officially became an autonomous constituent entity of Lemovicia. The accords gave control of territory controlled by the opposition forces led by Otxote Sasiambarrena to the Miersan Entity.
Thus, although the Miersan Entity no longer was independent, it still maintained many of its powers, especially after the 1992 constitution was codified, which included education, cultural affairs, policing, social policies, and direct taxation within the territory of the Miersan Entity.
On 1 November, 1992, as Izydor Domzalski was voted to become part of the presidency, Domzalski was succeeded by Bolesław Buchalski as the Chief Executive of the Miersan Entity. Under Buchalski's tenure as Chief Executive from 1992 until 2008, he oversaw the recovery and modernization of the local economy, while overseeing Sechia become the primary economic centre in not just the Miersan Entity, but all of Lemovicia.
Despite this economic growth in the Miersan Entity mostly being concentrated in Sechia and its metropolitan area, the entity capital of Włocłamyśl became a secondary economic centre, as it was still home to the governmental institutions, as it was felt by Buchalski and Domzalski that moving the capital to Sechia would result in the rest of the Miersan Entity being neglected in favour of Sechia.
In 2008, as Bolesław Buchalski announced his intention to run for the Presidency, he was succeeded by Sławomir Rozak as the Chief Executive. Under Rozak's tenure, he helped the Miersan Entity exit the recession, while continuing to invest in upgrading the entity so that it would enjoy a standard of living similar to that of Narozalica. Rozak was re-elected in 2012, before losing in 2016 to Fabian Duch.
The geography of the Miersan Entity largely coincides with the lowlands of Lemovicia, partially due to history, given that many Miersans settled in the lowlands of northern Lemovicia, as it is home to rich soils.
However, in the southeast of Zelaia, there are some areas which belong to the Lemovician highlands, including the highest point in the Miersan Entity, the 2,248 metre tall Mount Kamienia, situated on the border between the Miersan Entity (in Lemovicia) and Slirnia. Historically, this was home to coal and iron, although like in the rest of the country, they have been mostly exhausted since the 1970s.
Climatically, the Miersan Entity is largely a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cool winters: average temperatures there range from a low of −10.7 °C in January to a high of 25.1 °C in July, with the highest recorded temperature set in Sechia on 13 August, 2019, at 40.3 °C, while the lowest recorded temperature in the present-day Miersan Entity was set on the summit of Mount Kamienia, at −42.9 °C on 2 February, 1957.
The Miersan Entity is headed by a chief executive (Lemovician: бурузаґі наґусія, buruzagi nagusia, Miersan: dyrektor generalny), elected every four years by all Lemovician citizens residing in the Miersan Entity. The current holder of the office is Fabian Duch of the Liberal Democrats, who was first elected in 2016, defeating the then-incumbent chief executive Sławomir Rozak.
The legislature of the Miersan Entity is the Miersan Assembly (Lemovician: Іпаралдеко бацара, Iparraldeko batzarra, Miersan: Zgromadzenie mierskie), which is comprised of fourty-seven members, elected every four years via a party-list proportional representation system, with the next elections scheduled to take place in November 2020. It is currently governed by a Liberal Democratic-Northern Alliance coalition.
As per the Alikianos Accords, the Miersan Entity is divided into four provinces (Czarnoziem, Równiny, Zbieg, and Zelaia), with Zbieg Province in particular being formerly the northern areas of the Bidegurutzean Province before being divided in the accords into Zbieg Province and South Bidegurutzean Province.
On the national level, the Miersan Entity is represented by 55 seats in the Lemovician National Assembly, or exactly half of the total seats, as per the Alikianos Accords and the 1992 constitution.
As of the 2017 census, the Miersan Entity is home to 1,642,764 people, or nearly two-thirds of the national population of Lemovicia.
Ethnically, the largest ethnic group are the Miersans, who number 1,222,098 people, making up 74.4% of the population, followed by the Lemovicians, who number 320,563 people, or around 19.5% of the population. Finally, other ethnic groups number 100,103 people, or around 6.1% of the population.
Linguistically, the most dominant language is Miersan, which is the only official language of the Miersan Entity, with 1,149,935 people reporting that they speak it as a first language, or about seventy percent of the population. The next most prominent language is Lemovician, which although is not official, is a recognised language, spoken by 328,553 people, or around twenty percent of the population. Other prominent languages include Narodyn and Savader.
Religiously, 998,601 people are Episemialists, or around 61% of the population of the Miersan Entity, while 564,081 people, or around 34% of the population are Catholics. Finally, 80,082 people, or around five percent of the population, either follow other religions, or are irreligious, split roughly evenly.
As the Miersan Entity is home to a majority of ethnic Miersans, the culture of the Miersan Entity is largely identical to that of West Miersa, with some differences as a result of influence by the ethnic Lemovicians.