Narozalica

Narozalic Republic

Hoрoзалик Републіка
Norozalik Republika
ᠨᡇᠷᡇᡓᠠᠯᡇ ᡐᠠᡊᡎᡒ
Flag of the Narozalic Republic
Flag
Emblem of the Narozalyk Republic
Emblem
Motto: Об'єднані у перемозі
"United in victory"
Anthem: Березень, земляки
("March On, O Countrymen")
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Great Seal
Great Seal of Narozalica.png
Narozalica and George Ruset Land shown within Euclea in green.
Narozalica and George Ruset Land shown within Euclea in green.
Capital
and largest city
Samistopol
Official languagesNarodyn, Zalyk
Recognised regional languagesVichod, Seniak, Vedmedi, Yavorstri
Ethnic groups
(2017)
Narodyns (61.3%)
Zalyks (27.8%)
Other (10.9%)
Religion
(2017)
Episemialism (89.7%)
Irreligious (5.6%)
Other (4.7%)
Demonym(s)Narozalic, Narozalican
GovernmentAuthoritarian dominant-party federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Samuel Czenko
• Prime Minister
Dimitri Dubrinsky
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Vojnaskul
Federal Council
Establishment
• Duchy of Pavatria formed
910
• Zalyk tribes arrive
1256
• Union between Pavatria and Zalykia
1317
• Grand Duchy of Narozalica proclaimed
1498
• Empire proclaimed
1567
• Republic proclaimed
1861
Area
• Total
2,985,973 km2 (1,152,891 sq mi)[a] (4th)
Population
• 2020 estimate
89,142,866[b]
• 2017 census
88,081,653
• Density
29.9/km2 (77.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$3.028 trillion
• Per capita
$33,971
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.829 trillion
• Per capita
$20,514
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 26.6
low
HDI (2020)Increase 0.823
very high
CurrencyNarozalic Zolota (NZZ)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd
Driving sideright
Calling code+72
Patron saintSt. Gabriel
Internet TLD.nr
  1. Includes George Ruset Land.
  2. Includes Sarkola.

Narozalica, officially the Narozalic Republic is a sovereign state in western Euclea. It is the largest and most populous country in Euclea, with just over 89 million people. Clockwise, it borders Velzemia, Vedmed and Yavorstrana. It has coastal territory on the Lumine Ocean, Perovo Sea and Haillet's Sea through the territory of George Ruset Land. Narozalica is comprised of 16 provinces, each with federal devolvement. The capital and largest city of Narozalica is Samistopol, sitting on the northern coast of the country, with a population of five million.

While the ancestors of the Narodyns did roam the land beforehand, the land of what is eastern Narozalica was first consolidated and unified into one state, the Duchy of Pavatria, in 910 by Nuruk. The Duchy of Pavatria was centred in the east around modern-day Patovatra, competing to an extent with the Verliquoian Empire, who still dominated eastern Euclean affairs, over the power of the continent. Zalyk tribes arrived in the area around Lake Nimgan in 956, forming the Zalyk Khanate. The two states initially tussled over affairs in western Narozalica in the Pavaric-Zalyk Wars in the latter half of the 11th century, but Pavaric victory in the wars forced the Zalyks to surrender and become a vassal state of the expanding western duchy. The unity between the two countries was solidified in 1317 when Duke Nikolai of Lipa ascended to the Zalyk throne, and become the first person to be crowned as Duke of Pavatria and Khan of Zalykia. Over 170 years of union led to the proclamation of the Grand Duchy of Narozalica, the first instance of a unified Narozalic state, in 1498, to compete with the growing influence of the eastern Euclean states. Further consolidation led to the Empire of Narozalica being proclaimed in 1567 and the colonisation of the Ludoy Islands in the north in 1570.

In 1691 George Ruset Land was colonised, marking Narozalica's first Asterian colonial holding. Tribal presence in the military, and the cavalry-based tactics of the Zalyks led to military reformations and the creation of the Mornorda - entirely cavalry-based divisions, in 1694. The Zalyks' prowess on horseback and the lack of anything similar to the armies prior made them extremely effective armies throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, striking a large victory in the Ten Years' War, gaining most of Velzemia and some Yavorstri land in the Congress of Cislania, as well the land of the East Asterian Trading Company, now Chervolesia. The Empire would dominate Euclean affairs until the War of the Triple Alliance, where successive defeats by the Weranic-Estmerish armies caused the Zalyks - who felt they were ineffectively led by Narodyn generals chosen by the monarch, as well as some republicans who thought that the monarchy of Gaullica was exerted too much influence on the country, to revolt against the monarchy in 1857, creating the Seven Province Union, which would eventually come to be the Narozalic Republic under Eduard Olsov in 1861. Chervolesia was granted self-rule and dominionhood although remained part of the Narozalic Empire until 1960. Narozalica participated in the side of the Grand Alliance in the Great War, gaining little materially in West Arciluco and regaining land lost to Yavorstrana, but becoming extremely influential on the world stage. The Second Narozalic Civil War broke out in 1978 over Vilem Gardos' presidency, with the two sides eventually compromising and creating limited presidential terms.

In the modern-day, Narozalica is a founding member of the Community of Nations and the ICD, and a member of other organisations such as the ITO and the GIFA, and still projects its influence over western Euclea. Narozalica's economy is fast-growing as it pursues industrial measures for its natural resources, which include coal, oil and gas, and in 2020, its GDP was around $3 trillion, making it one of the strongest in Euclea.

Etymology

The modern name for the country, Narozalica, is believed have been attributed to Grand Duke Ivan IV, who named the country as such upon their official unification in the 15th century. The name is formed of two parts, each referring to one of the two main constituent ethnicites Ivan IV declared to be "honourary citizens" of the kingdom - the Narodyn and the Zalyks. Narodyn stems from proto-Marolev narod, meaning "people", and has been used both as an exonym and endonym for the people ever since. Zalyk is of broadly Turkic origin, and is derived from the translation of "those who remain", used to refer to original Zalyk settlers by their Turkic contemporaries throughout the 9th century, and was transcribed into the Narodyn language as the names of the peoples.

Narozalica has been known by alternative names in its history, but until the 15th century it was widely known as Pavatria, the Solarian name for the city of Patovatra, where the early and dominant duchy was based out of.

History

Prehistory

The land that modern-day Narozalica inhabits has been inhabited since around 10000BC, where hunter-gatherer peoples settled down somewhere along the northern banks of the River Aldar, and formed small communities of subsistence farming. Early evidence of tool usage in Narozalica has been found by archaeologists and associated to these hunter-gatherer peoples, who utilised tools such as blunt hammers, axes, makeshift blades and early weaponry to make a living. Evidence of cave paintings and small artworks by these peoples have also been found within the country as well as neighbouring Velzemia, and are some of the oldest of their type in Euclea.

The Narodyns first established their state in the 6th century, but occupied the land as small, independent, loose settlements for decades prior. It is believed that a proto-form of the Narodyn language had been in use since the 5th century BC, where minimal contact was made with eastern Euclea.

Duchy of Pavatria

Following the Zalyk migrations and settlements near Lake Nimgan, charismatic warlord and prophet Nuruk formed the united Duchy of Pavatria in 910 AD after the conquest of various Narodyn tribes who had previously only been unified in fighting against the Empire of Arciluco - and scarcely even then. The newly-formed duchy succeeded in conquering land from the dwindling and declining Solarian Empire and expanded its influence into central Euclea through various conquests led mainly by Nuruk himself. By the turn of the millennium, owing both to Nuruk's conquest and the fall of the Solarian Empire, Pavatria had become a forefront power in both western and central Euclea.

The Duchy turned west toward the Zalyk Khanates beginning in the 10th century, following numerous raids on the duchy's wealthy western cities - namely Nimganopol - and began the series of Pavaric-Zalyk Wars, which would dominate the scene of western Euclean politics (especially in Narozalica). The Pavaric-Zalyk Wars would form the fabric of Narozalic military tactics up until the War of the Triple Alliance as well as the Great War. The first war began in 1013 AD with the war itself ending in a stalemate as the Pavaric armies were hesitant to advance over the flatlands near the Nimgan, a commonplace tactic that defined most of the wars. It wasn't until 1076 - the third such war - where the Pavaric armies successfully defeated the Zalyk hordes at the Battle of Ulan Khol, successfully occupying, and subsequently annexing, the flatlands the Narodyn had feared beforehand. Following the Third Pavaric-Zalyk War, the tides of the conflicts began to turn heavily in favour of the Duchy, with the hilly terrain of western Narozalica proving difficult for the Zalyk hordes to fight on, and so the tributes demanded by the Pavaric kept increasing until 1285 - the Sixth Pavaric-Zalyk War - where Ayuga Khan successfully defeated the Narodyn armies and began laying siege to Nimganopol for the first time in a hundred years. The siege is renowned for Nikolai of Lipa's defense of the city that repelled the Khanate from the city and killed the heir to the Zalyk throne. When Ayuga Khan died in 1317, Nikolai ascended to the throne of Zalykia as Khan, officially unifying the two states and concluding the Narod-Zalyk Wars.

The two countries were ruled as two entities under the Pavaric Duke between Nikolai's unification of the countries in 1317 until the proclamation of the Grand Duchy of Narozalica in 1498. The 14th and 15th centuries were shaped largely by dormancy and economic recuperation following the expenses of three centuries of almost-constant conflict. The Duchy of Pavatria lost much of its eastern land to ethnic revolt as the centralised government in Samistopol struggled to keep a firm grip on the land, especially with independence movements flourishing during the Pavaric-Zalyk Wars.

Grand Duchy of Narozalica

The Grand Duchy of Narozalica was proclaimed by Grand Duke Ivan II on the 16th of December, 1498, and aimed to formally unite the two constituent states of Narozalica by constitution, with the document being ratified by Ivan II on the 18th, establishing the Narodyn and Zalyk as an equal people under Narozalic law, although the Narodyn people were usually favoured socially and by the higher-classes of Narozalic society. Ivan II and his successor, Ivan III, largely continued the economic reforms that has shaped the previous two centuries, with Narozalica still in some debt to various guilds across Euclea as a result of the Narod-Zalyk Wars. The Royal Narozalic Bank was established in 1516 by Ivan III in an attempt to alleviate some of the fiscal pressure the country faced.

A 19th-century painting depicting a 16th-century family in Ust-Tolya

With states in eastern Euclea quickly growing in strength relative to Narozalica (who did still dominate western Euclean affairs), the Tsardom of Narozalica was proclaimed in 1567 to solidify the country's empirical status in Euclea, with expeditions into unclaimed eastern territory - then belonging to an assortment of tribal confederacies and rump states - swiftly beginning as Narozalica conquered much of the land uncontested between 1569 and 1584. In 1516, Narozalica's first colonial expeditions began, and the Ludoy Islands colony was successfully set up, with a trading base at Ust-Tolya, still the largest city on the islands to date. While Narozalica was by no means a colonial power in the sense that the eastern Euclean powers were, Assim Asteris' discovery of the Asterias peaked the interest of many Narozalic rulers, who saw it as a prime interest of the country to establish a power base in the newly-discovered continent, both as a matter of national strengthening and the royals' egotistical personalities coming to light. Various plans to begin expeditions east of Euclea were planned, and the Narozalic Navy was built up for deep-sea and long-haul voyages to the Asterias.

Jan IV in 1641

Tsar Jan IV issued the New Ovdapol Charter in 1646, staking a Narozalic claim to islands now part of Cassier under the name of New Ovdapol, an expedition to formally and officially claim the islands for Narozalica set sail a year later, but a joint Estmere-Caldia naval force prevented the Narozalic ships from passing the straits that pass between Werania and Ordennya, wishing to prevent another major Euclean nation from landing on the continent and challenging Estmerish and Caldian hegemony on the continent. The military and government of Narozalica saw the blockading of the straits from Narozalic ships as a form of attack on the nation, and plans to declare war on the two nations were devised but eventually scrapped by Jan IV in 1651 who didn't wish to embroil the country in a naval conflict. When the Gilded Wars began, Narozalica loosely and indirectly alligned itself with Gaullica, seeking revenge for the events of 1647, and actively sought to sabotage Estmerish actions during the wars. It was unsuccessful and the Estmerish League became the dominant trading force in the colonial world.

The futility of eastwards exploration and colonialism for Narozalica posed a question to many Narozalic scientists, with the discovery of Kylaris' spherical shape, would it not be feasible to travel to the Asterias westwards instead of east? This was the question posed by scientist John Aanholt, a Hennish scientist working in the employ of the Narozalic royal courts, and at the time during a conversation with Jan V. Jan V was convinced by Aanholt's proposal and set aside funding for an expedition westwards, setting off from Samistopol with admiral Michel Jarabinec as the lead, with Aanholt also on board, in 1688. Five months later, in 1689, Jarabinec and his crew reached land around 40 miles north of modern-day Volosovo. While not sure, they assumed the land to be Asterian, and thus founded the East Asterian Trading Company in 1689. The Company quickly expanded to dominate fur trading, a valuable market, in the Asterias, and Narozalica became wealthy back home from the company's profits. A separate expedition established the colony of Svobinsk in 1693. As the company was not a separate state in its own right, independence movements were scarce as the Asterian War of Secession broke out, of which neither the company nor Narozalica participated in. However, the success of the war for the independence of many Asterian states spiked the interests of Narozalic Asterians to declare their own country, independence of Narozalica, who had been exploiting the company for profit for a long time.

Gaullica and Narozalica officially began their alliance in 1722 at the end of the Ten Years' War, which saw Narozalica gain the duchies of Velzemia, as well as Vedmed and Minilov in the peace deal, setting a new precedent for Euclean conflicts with Gaullica and Narozalica together controlling a large majority of the colonial Asterias by themselves. Ten years later, Lechizna was partitioned with the Gaullican crown in 1733. With Narozalica now creeping closer to eastern Euclea, Narozalica was swiftly becoming a major global power, able to compete with those in eastern Euclea. After such a prolonged period of successful expansion, the Narozalic Empire was proclaimed in 1790.

Narozalic Empire

The high of the Narozalic rulers following the proclamation of the empire would not last long as the country quickly saw itself failing to progress at the same rate as the eastern powers. It entered a large social and economic dormancy period between 1790 and 1797 where little was done by Emperor Ivan V to combat the rapidly increasing poverty of the peasantry of Narozalica, concentrated mainly in Samistopol and Patovatra, which culminated in the Samistopol Revolt of 1797, a peasants' revolt inspired by the success of the Etrurian Revolution and the formation of the First Etrurian Republic. Ivan V cracked down hard on the revolts and the military disbanded them quickly with many people being killed and many more being injured and wounded. The peasantry's situation would continue to worsen as the Industrial Revolution spread throughout eastern Euclea, but Ivan V's reluctancy to implement reforms meant the technology of the Industrial Revolution did not reach Narozalica until much later. The employment created by the Industrial Revolution never came to fruition in Ivan V's reign, and so the peasant's population continued to expand and the unemployment rates continued to rise. Homelessness became a large problem in Samistopol in particular, but the military would often kick people off the streets if they saw them. Begging and busking was outlawed in 1823 throughout the empire, which put immense pressure on the homeless to either migrate or find a job within the city's borders. In a stroke of bad luck, the harvest of 1823 was extremely poor due to a large dip in temperatures and reduction in sunlight hours throughout the year, leading to the Famine of 1823 and increasing the unrest between the peasantry as many watched their friends and family die in the famine. As many as 300,000 people died as a direct result.

Samistopol, an 1853 painting by Catherine Beaumonoir, one of her last.

Conditions would not improve when Ivan VI succeeded to the throne in 1829, and he largely continued the brutal policies of his father. As unrest broiled, the peasantry were at breaking point. With liberalism taking hold throughout Euclea, the peasantry of Samistopol stormed the Nuruk Palace in 1848, and almost succeeded in breaching the palace gates. The storming led Ivan VI to seclude himself within in palace for the rest of the year, and he was not seen outside the palace until he made a public address in the February of 1849 explaining his absence. Ivan promised "great riches" and "the progression of all mankind" in his 1849 address, but scarcely acted on it between the speech and his reforms - which were the opposite of what he promised. Ivan VI's reforms were anything but, and they changed largely irrelevant and arbitrary things while ignoring or brushing aside the main problems that the empire had been facing for the past 60 years. The country's economy was in one of the worst recessions it had seen in years and the lack of farmers as well as the situations faced let many to resort to subsistence farming to help themselves and their family survived, only amplifying the hunger problem the country was facing. Ivan's reformed outlawed subsistence farming entirely in favour of a better system that would provide for both the farmer and the peasant. In the first year of the implementation of this new system, both farmers and urban peasants were starving as the food the farmers grew was simply not enough to sustain the growing urban population of the empire. Farmer's began resorting to hiding their food in the floorboards or under hay bales to avoid having to send it all away (a farmer had to provide a certain amount of food before they could keep some for themselves). This pushed the poverty imbalance back towards the urban centres, and the unrest broiled once again. Fearing a threat to his reign, Ivan VI attempted to unify the nation under a single cause when he declared war on Werania in support of Gaullica in 1852 and entered the War of the Triple Alliance.

Initial success was found when Narozalica entered the war in 1852, and small victories spurred on by Narozalic cavalry regiments were occurring in the theatres of the conflict, mainly against Estmere. The success faded however as aforementioned discrimination between the Zalyks and Narodyns meant inexperienced generals were commanding armies of Zalyk cavalry, which were ineffective utilising the tactics of a Narodyn army. These discrepancies ultimately culminating in the large Narozalic defeats at the Battle of Trierburg and the Siege of Rokrika, which would plunge the country into civil war, with the western republicans, under Eduard Olsov, fighting the eastern monarchists, led indirectly by Ivan VI.

Narozalic Republic

The Narozalic Republic was proclaimed in 1861 as Olsov and his republican faction emerged victorious from the civil war. The republic was shaky, being one of the first of its type in Euclea. The formation of the republic and the civil war did have grave consequences for Narozalic power though, with debts incurring from both the civil war and the War of the Triple Alliance. To counteract these debts, many overseas trading outposts were established to funnel trade from Coius back into Narozalica. Satyapur in modern-day Subarna was gained in 1861, Narozalica's Legation Quarter in Keisi in 1862 and the city of Sandai in Lainan in the same year. Olsov quickly sought about reforms that would benefit the peasantry he was once a part of, and established a sort of welfare exchange, where the Narozalic government would promise livable wages and pensions for those who served in the military. As expected, military numbers in Narozalica rose quickly. However, the Olsov reign was scarcely one of positivity, authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and corruption were rife within the new Narozalic government, and Olsov ruled as if he were a monarch, with absolute power.

Olsov solidified his presidential power in the 1877 constitution, which established the Presidency as a position of absolute power, although he would amend this in 1901 to limit Presidential powers as the threat of deposition loomed, but the position remained largely dictatorial. Olsov did well to keep stability in a rapidly-changing Narozalic society, especially one that had relied on monarchical idolisation for so long, he oversaw many changes to society, notably reducing the size of the upper-class considerably, whom he believed had been stealing wealth from the nation as a whole, although he did not describe himself as a communist, nor left-wing. Olsov was assassinated by monarchists in Patovatra in 1904, sparking a successional crisis that ended with Pyotr Petrovich taking the Presidency.

The reigns of Petrovich and his successors Maksym Ilchenko and Artyom Frecek were uneventful, and major change did not occur until Vladislav Pudovkin was chosen as the fourth President of Narozalica. He was a firm believer in the teachings of Olsov, and was a Narozalic imperialist who supported various causes to reclaim the empire's once-expansive borders. With tension mounting in eastern Euclea, Pudovkin pushed the Narozalic government into signing the Tripitate Pact with Estmere, Etruria and Werania in 1926 as the threat of a Gaullican global hegemony through its colonial empire was looming. He reigned in the island of George Ruset Land and the dominion of Chervolesia, where an independence movement had been brewing. By increasing military presence globally, Narozalica had firmly shown to everyone that it remained one of the world's great powers. Narozalica joined the Great War in 1926, and contributed heavily to the defeat of Gaullica at the end of the war, gaining hefty reparations as a result, albeit no land. Narozalica was a founding member of the Community of Nations in 1935.

Upon the outbreak of the Solarian War, Pudovkin remained adament on Narozalic neutrality, and denounced notions of involvement as it was a war that "did not concern" Narozalica or any of its interests. Pudovkin made way for Gabriel Tozulyak in 1955, who would be criticised for his extensive alignment and funding of the Equalist Regime in Amathia and the granting of independence to Chervolesia in 1957, undergoing a socialist revolution a year later. When Tozulyak was deposed in 1971, his successor Vilem Gardos attempted to centralise power to himself, which led to the outbreak of the Second Narozalic Civil War, between the traditional republicans and the Patriots' Front - an assortment of those who believed Narozalica practised an outdated ideology. The Patriots' Front won the war, curtailing presidential powers and introducing term limits as a result. Many of Narozalica's former states declared independence as a result, and Narozalica most of its overseas posessions, creating three sovereign states as a result. Since the civil war, Narozalica has generally pursued an anti-eastern foreign policy, being a vocal critic of the Euclean Community and any sort of Euclean integration. Narozalica is often seen as a geopolitical wildcard, not being a member of, or affiliated with, either of COMSED or ROSPO, with the country generally pursuing its own individual goals. The country founded the Samistopol Cooperation Organisation in the 1980s to further ties between itself and former Imperial states.

Geography

The peak of Mt. Tuzla, the largest mountain in Narozalica, is part of the Ostrug Mountain Range.

Narozalica is the largest country in Euclea, with an area of over 1.5 million square kilometres, over 200,000 square kilometres larger than second-placed Yavorstrana. Narozalica is divided into 16 provinces, each with federal powers devolved from the main government. Narozalica is one of three countries (along with Estmere and Gaullica) that retains overseas territory in other continents, with the island of George Ruset Land in Asteria Superior. Narozalica was the last country to decolonise in the Asterias, with the independence of Chervolesia in 1960.

Narozalica also has access to large amounts of natural resources, including coal, oil, liquefied natural gas, and uranium, most of which has been or is exported to other countries.

Climate

The climate of Narozalica is one of the most varied in Euclea. Temperature can range from as high as 35°C inland and can drop to as low as –15°C in the northern provinces in the winter. Most of Narozalica is designated as a temperate climate, with most of its larger cities experiencing temperate climates. The warmest and brightest summers are usually located in Zalykia and Shumsk, with average summer temperatures in the provinces often exceeding 25°C, while the coolest summers and often Kriklivets and Sarkola, with temperatures sometimes dropping to near-freezing levels in the summer months. Unlike many other countries, Narozalica cannot be divided into general geographical climate zones, as they vary across the country.

Precipitation is experienced by all of the country, and can be particularly heavy in the north-east, particularly the Samistopol region which can sometimes experience daily rainfall levels of up to 40mm. However it is comparatively frequent compared to much of western Euclea. Snowfall is also common in the winter months and is more common at inland areas and especially areas near the Ostrug Mountains.

A bridge over the Dolomit at Ulan Khol.

Environment

Narozalica's environment is extremely diverse, and many geographical phenomena are located throughout Narozalica, with the Dolomit, the longest river in Euclea, passing straight through the country. Other major rivers include the Aldar, Kvasy, Sarpa, Tsyr and Vikna. In the east of the country, the province of Sarkola is renowned for its colourful autumnal forests and picturesque lake landscapes. The Ostrug Mountains lie between the tributaries of the Dolomit and Vikna and form an expansive ridge that spans most of the western Lushkina and eastern Terekhivka province, historically providing ample natural defense for the country. In the centre of the country, Lake Nimgan, one of the largest in Euclea, forms the basis for most cities settled in Terekhivka. The northern provinces of Rykovychi and Myrutyn and characterised by their colder climates and landscapes, while Shumsk and Zalykia are known for their vast plains and grasslands.

Major cities

Politics and Government

President Samuel Czenko
Prime Minister Dimitry Dubrinsky

The current Narozalic constitution states the Narozalica is a federal semi-presidential republic, with the President being the head of state while the Chairmen are the heads of the government. Narozalica is unique in that it has two simultaneously heads of government, the Chairman of the Vojnaskul and the Chairman of the Federal Council. Narozalica is structured as a multi-party democracy, but the leading party the Patriots' Front, dominate both houses. The government is comprised of three main branches:

  • Legislative: The bicameral Federal Assembly of Narozalica, made up of the 100-seat Vojnaskul and the 500-seat Federal Council, has the power to draft, debate, and enact law, declare war, impeach the incumbent President, and decide on the budget.
  • Executive: The President has the power the veto bills before they become laws, although this can be overturned by a three-quarters majority in the Vojnaskul. The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and can also appoint their 10-man cabinet.
  • Judiciary: The judiciary are responsible for interpreting law and overturning laws they deem unconstitutional.

Until 1983, the President of Narozalica was a life-long title, with a successor chosen by the predecessor, since then, they have been elected for a 5-year-term, where any incumbent President can run an indefinite amount of times. The Chairmen of the Vojnaskul and Federal Council are appointed by the President with consent from the relevant bodies. The Patriots' Front is the current and historical main party in Narozalica, and holds a large majority in both the Vojnaskul and Federal Council, because of this, Narozalica is often ranked low in democracy indexes and indexes for political freedom.

Military

The Narozalic military is comprised into four main branches: the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Forces. Narozalica maintains one of the leading global militaries and is often described as more militarised than its Euclean counterparts. The army has 760,000 active duty soldiers as of 2019, and the air force and navy are some of the largest still active in Euclea. Narozalica retains the second largest stockpile of nuclear weapons, behind Senria. Narozalica was one of the first countries to complete a successful nuclear test, with Orel-1 in 1956.

It is mandatory for Narozalic males aged 18-30 to complete 18 months mandatory military service, due to this, the total number of reserve troops in Narozalic can be as high as 10 million, one of the largest in the world. Narozalica has one of the highest military budgets in Euclea, with 5.4% of its GDP being spent on it.

Foreign Relations

Narozalica's foreign relations mainly stem from its align to the EC, and the country often finds itself aligning slightly with the countries of ROSPO, although the country is not a member of the organisation. Narozalica can often trace lengthy rivalries with the countries of eastern Euclea, with some, like Estmere, going as far back as the 17th-century Gilded Wars. Despite this, Narozalica maintains a diplomatic presence in every member of the EC, with the same being true vice versa.

Narozalica is widely regarded as one of the world's great powers, being a founding member of the Community of Nations and a permanent member of its Security Council, the country holds significant influence in global affairs, particularly those in western Euclea. Narozalica is a founding member of the Samistopol Cooperation Organisation, strengthening ties on western Euclea, particularly states once part of the Empire of Narozalica. Narozalica has begun to attempt to expand its influence in Coius, through its Narozalic Development Fund, aiming to fund infrastructure in less developed countries across the continent.

Political divisions

In Narozalica, the main politicial divisions are provinces. Established by the 1861 constitution, a province has federal devolvement from the main government in local affairs, however is not permitted to introduce province-exclusive legislation and must adhere to all Narozalic law. A province has devolvement over aspects such as the judiciary, where local courts prosecute offenses where appeals can be taken to the upper courts in Samistopol, the country-wide courts. In total Narozalica has eleven provinces and one territory (George Ruset Land).

Provinces of the Narozalic Republic: 1 Zalykia; 2 Shumsk; 3 Rykovychi; 4 Myrutyn; 5 Terekhivka; 6 Lushkina; 7 Pavatria; 8 Samistopol; 9 Sarkola; 10 Kriklivets; 11 Ludoy Islands

Economy

Narozalica has historically been an economy that bridged the gap between agriculture and industrialisation, particularly in the 19th century. Narozalica was hit badly by the Great Collapse in the 1910s and operated autarkic policies under the guidance of Vladislav Pudovkin for much of the early 20th century. International trade began to flourish following the conclusion of the Great War and Narozalica became a prime exporter of military armaments, carrying on from the market created by the Great Collapse, marketed its arms to many illiberal regimes in Coius who the eastern Euclean powers refused to sell weapons to. The Pardarian Revolutionary Resistance Command during the Pardarian Civil War in Zorasan marked one of the first major breakthrough for Narozalic armament selling in the 1940s, and has since gone on to arm allies of itself in many members of Samorspi as well as countries like X and X. Narozalica itself produces a plethora of military weaponry, vehicles, as well as spacecraft.

Narozalica still retains a somewhat significant agricultural sector and subsistence farming still exists in some rural communities. Narozalica remains one of the highest exporters of agricultural produce in Euclea, aimed mainly at budget supermarket chains across Euclea and the Asterias, exporting mainly seafood and beef products. Narozalica was one of the first countries to introduce mechanisation for farming in the 1800s.

The Narozalic economy suffered profusely with the breakup of the Narozalic Empire, with the economy not recovering to the 1979 level until 1990. Industrial production skyrocketed after 1990 as the government introduced significant re-employment plans to allow people affected by the civil war to enter the workforce again. Due to this, a large amount of workers began working industrial jobs in government-subsidised factories for a wide-range of manufactured products. Strong economic continued through the 1990s and the 2000s and the Narozalic economy was comfortably the fastest growing economy of the developed Euclean powers. Today, Narozalica's economy is the world's fourth-largest and Euclea's second-largest economy by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), with a gross domestic product of over $3 trillion. It operates a mixed economy that blends privatisation and the free market with controlled levels of state interventionism, and is often described as a middle-income country in Euclea, although in recent times this has rapidly changed.

Energy

The Borsha Dam was completed in 2001 and produces the most hydroelectricity in Euclea.

Narozalica produces some of the highest amounts of energy in the world, both for use within the country and for export to other countries. It has direct access to the large sea oil reserves in the Haillet's Sea through George Ruset Land, which it shares with Cassier, and smaller oil reserves within the Perovo Sea. Narozalica is one of the largest oil exporters in the world and often sells to Coius, and is a member of the League of Oil Producing States. By 2023, it is estimated that Narozalic oil production will rise to 3 million bbl/day.

Narozalica also produces a significant amount of electrical power, mainly through an increased amount of hydroelectric activity on the country's six rivers, which has been criticised by countries who also share the rivers with Narozalica. Hydroelectricity makes up a significant portion of Narozalica's energy use, and is the least exported method of energy in Narozalica. Most of Narozalica's energy income comes from its vast reserves of natural gas. Narozalica has continued to fund gas pipelines in western Euclea, often selling energy to members of the Samistopol Cooperation Organisation, and has particular political influence in countries such as Velzemia, who rely heavily on Narozalic natural gas for energy resources. The Borsha Dam on the river Kvasy produces the most hydroelectric output in Euclea, at 36.7 tWh.

Industry

An offshore oil platform in the Perovo Sea.

Narozalica is a heavily industrialised country and boasts one of the largest industrial sectors in Euclea. Having been industrialised later than its eastern Euclean counterparts, Narozalic industry was hit particularly hard by the Great Collapse in 1913, however government intervention in the economy created a funded industrial sector for unemployed workers to produce military equipment for the state, which employed many who had been made redundant by the crisis. President Vladislav Pudovkin is often credited for a revival of the Narozalic industry, with the country still having a large industrial sector in the modern day, and one of the largest in Euclea.

Narozalica continues to imploy a large portion of its current industrial workforce in the production of military-related equipment, including armoured vehicles, aircraft, naval ships, small arms and spacecraft. The second largest industrial employer is the energy industry, which includes workers in oil rigs in the Haillet's Sea and Perovo Sea, as well as natural gas fracking workers who work primarily in the mainland. It is estimated that around 10% of Narozalica's workforce is employed in an industrial sector such as energy or production, however this rate is slowly decreasing as more and more people secure jobs in tertiary or quaternary research sectors, such as health, medicine or research.

Infrastructure and transport

Narozalica's infrastructure is significantly more widespread that any other country in Euclea, due to its size. Most major cities in Narozalica are linked with a variety of high-speed transport methods, including motorways, rail links, and air routes. Narozalica has Euclea's largest air traffic zone that extends out into the Lumine Ocean and Perovo Sea. In 2013 the Narozalic government announced plans to begin the construction of several high-speed rail links connecting the cities of Samistopol and Patovatra with the western provinces and south-eastern cities, where construction is scheduled to begin in 2021. Narozalica has also theorised plans of a major high-speed rail, nicknamed the "Spine of Euclea" (Narodyn: Хребет Євклея; Khrebet Yevkleya), which aim to connect to major members of Samorspi. The Spine of Euclea rail system, if completed in its theorised form, will run from Samistopol to the capital of Gibany in Drosnja, passing through 8 sovereign states.

The roads in Narozalica are generally good quality and most cities are connected by motorways to the rest of Narozalica. Narozalica has the longest motorway network of any Euclean country, with 16 different motorway routes within the country. The SH-1, which connects Samistopol to the city of Gashun in Zalykia, is also the longest single road in Euclea. Narozalica has no active high-speed rail plans however the nation is fairly well connected with normal rail links running to and from most major cities frequently.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1900 33,726,681—    
1937 54,188,263+1.29%
1947 61,028,377+1.20%
1957 64,725,516+0.59%
1967 69,415,623+0.70%
1977 72,618,729+0.45%
1987 73,019,922+0.06%
1997 76,838,191+0.51%
2007 83,716,201+0.86%
2017 88,081,653+0.51%
2020 89,142,866+0.40%

Narozalica has a population of 88 million in the 2017 census, however this number is expected to have exceeded 89 million in 2020 and is expected to rise further to 90 million by July 2021. It is the most populous country in Euclea and the second-most populous outside of Coius, behind only Satucin. This population is primarily dominated by Episemialist Narodyns, who make up around 80% of the population, with the next largest demographic being the Zalyks in Zalykia at around 14%, with the remaining 5-6% being made up of immigrant communities or ethnic populations near the borders of the former imperial republics, including Vichods, Seniaks, Vedmedis, and Minilovians.

Narozalica has a fairly high birth rate, with 12.8 people born per 1000 women, higher than the average seen in the Euclean Community, but this is beginning to decrease as technology progresses within the country and more families choose to not have children. Life expectancy in Narozalica is 74.6 years for men and 79.1 years for women, which has risen in recent years due to a major crackdown on violent crime, especially within the adolescent and teenage populace, in Narozalica's major cities. Narozalica encourages immigration, especially from states formally within its borders, and the government has launched many programs to assist immigrations in settling down in Narozalica. Despite this, there is still large social prejudice against immigrant populations, especially those originating from outside of Euclea or Chervolesia. Many independent organisations have called Narozalica's social prejudice against immigrants one of the worst still remaining in Euclea. Despite these prejudices, Narozalica's immigrant populace, numbering around 4-5 million, is one of the largest in Euclea.

Education

The entrance to the astronomy building at the University of Malbay is situated in the middle of the city.

Education in Narozalica is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16, where students will rise through three tiers of the schooling system. At the ages of 5 and 6, students will attend kindergarten, where the begin to learn basic intellectual skills such as the alphabet, small words in Narodyn, and counting. Kindergarten in Narozalica is often compared to daycare systems in eastern Euclea, with before-and-after school clubs widely available to care for kids whose parents are working at usual start and end times for the school day. At 6, students enter their first year of primary school, while the first year is comparatively similar to kindergarten, learning eventually picks up through the year, building on skills they have learnt in kindergarten.

At age 11, students will take their preliminary secondary exams, which are non-binding for high school entry but are used to arrange the students into respective bands for their high school education. Students will enter high school aged 11-12, and will remain until they are 16. For the final two years of high school students choose subjects to take forward for two years and to study their primary secondary exams on. A wide range of subjects are offered at most schools throughout the country, however some schools may choose to offer subjects others do not. Most common subjects, such as geography or STEM subjects, are offered at all schools. One primary secondary exams have been completed, students may enter the workforce or attend college until 18, where they will study two or three subjects to take to their university preliminaries. At 18, students can then enter university through their prelim exams. Narozalica has a range of quality universities, with its main one, the University of Malbay, consisting ranking in the top 10 in Euclea.

Religion

Narozalica has historically been dominated by its Episemialist populace and the Episemialist Church, which spread from Amathia and Piraea in the 6th century BC. Much of Narozalica's history centres around its religious status, with the Narozalic Episemialist Church being of the largest geographical religious denominations in Euclea. Around 90% of Narozalica's populace in Episemialist, the highest majority of Sotirianism in any country in Euclea (with the exception of Tibernum) by a significant margin. Zalyks have historically followed a variety of religions, including Irfan, Satyism and their own forms of paganism, however most of these differing beliefs were eradicated when Saint Nikolai of Lipa converted much of the Zalyk populace during its subjugation by the Duchy of Pavatria.

Narozalica is known and renowned for its unique religious architecture, and boasts some of the largest churches and cathedrals in Euclea. St Nikolai's Cathedral in Samistopol is one of the largest in Episemialist Euclea and is one of the primary landmarks of the religion, inciting many visitors from Episemialist followers in Amathia, Piraea and Velzemia, as well as small Episemialist populations in eastern Euclea. Narozalica runs many political and overseas funds for Episemialist populations abroad, and often encourages their migration into Narozalica in cases of severe persecution.

Culture

Music and Art

The Newlyweds, a realist painting by Catherine Beaumonoir.

Narozalica is famous for its vibrant musical and artistic scenes, and was the one of the forefront countries in artistic innovation throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Narozalica is often viewed as the birthplace of realism in art, and the deviation from social normalities in art seen in the works of the famous painter Catherine Beaumonoir allude to the changing cultural aspect of Narozalica, despite her being abroad at the time. Many of Beaumonoir's contemporaries were enticed by the realist movement, and by the time Beaumonoir had passed in 1856, it had become one of the most popular artistic movements in Narozalica. Narozalica is also famous for its many religious frescoes that depict influential religious or royal figures and adorn many of the grand cathedrals within the country.

Narozalica's music scene is often referred to as Euclea's most unique, having blended two wildly different cultural backgrounds in the Narodyn and Zalyk to produce its own historical music scene that was unlike any seen in Euclea before it. Progression from medieval music and military chants such as Ulämörndün, often attributed to the legendary conquerer Ekkin, in the 9th century blended with the traditional music of the Narodyns, similar to many Eucleans, taking large influence from religion and ceremonial instruments such as the organ and harp. During the Imperial era, Velzemian-born composer Dimitri Hopko wrote and performed his Symphony No. 3 at the Nikolai IV Theatre in Samistopol in 1798, eventually growing to be one of Euclea's most famous compositions, especially of the baroque era.

In the modern day, musicians such as Daile have projected Narozalica onto the global musical scene. One of the pioneering states of electronic music and one of the first to utilise the advent of the synthesiser in the 1960s, Narozalica has a storied history of modern music, include many forms of disco, rock and pop music.

Cuisine

Buuz are a staple in Zalyk cuisine, and are similar to dumplings.

Narozalica has a wide array of cuisines that stem from many different regions of the world. In particularly, Zalyk cuisine has had a profound influence on the overall Narozalic culinary identity. Dumplings such as buuz are often filled with meat and eaten by the Narozalic populace, and they are often compared to dim sums or dumplings from southern Coius, where they originate. Suutei tsai has become popular as a unique iteration of the famous Narozalic tea culture, and a popular choice for tourists travelling to Narozalica to try. Yak butter and kumis are traditionally farmed by Zalyk farmers and are a staple in Zalyk day-to-day cuisine, while khorkhog and boortsog are more of a delicacy.

On the Euclean side, Narodyn cuisine has blended traditional foods of the east with the flair of Zalyk cuisine in the west, especially in the modern day. Soups and stews are especially popular in Narozalica, and many versions of noodle soups and meat-based stews found across the country, stemming from the popularity of the dishes during wartime. Soups often make use of common vegetables or produce from Narozalica's vast agricultural diversity and output, commonly featuring foods such as beef, carrots and cabbage. Desserts like blini, small wheat pancakes, have also grown in popularity recently as a staple street food, especially among tourists to the country.

Sports

The Narozalic national ice hockey team in its first year, 1906.

Narozalica is an extremely sporty country, and features in many competitions in a massive variety of sports across the world. Some of the more popular supports include football, basketball and ice hockey. Narozalica participates in the Lumine Classic with ex-dominion Chervolesia, an annual basketball match for the Lumine Cup, a prestigious trophy for basketball players of both countries. Narozalica's P-Liha is one of the world's top basketball leagues, and attracts stars from across the world. In football, Narozalica is the most recent winner of the IFF Coupe du Monde, having won the 2019 edition of the tournament that was jointly hosted by Piraea and Gibany, beating Nuvania 3–2 in the final. Narozalica is traditionally one of the better ice hockey nations, and participates regularly in international tournaments. Narozalica is also renowned for its proficiency in winter sports, and has one of the largest Winter Invictus medal tallies in history.

Narozalica is currently hosting the 2020 Winter Invictus Games in the city of Ulan Khol in Terekhivka Province. It is the first time the country has hosted the Winter Invictus Games and the second time it has hosted the Invictus, having held the Summer Games in Patovatra in 1966. Narozalica also unsuccessfully bid for the 2015 Coupe du Monde, with the Narozalic Football Federation stating it wishes to host an edition of the tournament sometime in the near future.

Narozalica has many sporting rivalries, particularly with eastern Euclean nations, Chervolesia in basketball and ice hockey and Cassier in ice hockey. Most recently, Narozalica won gold in the women's ice hockey event at the 2020 Winter Invictus Games and is scheduled to play Gaullica for the gold medal in the men's final. Narozalica also regularly sends teams to the GBF Basketball World Cup, and has a constructor that competes in the Formula One, as well as a racing circuit in Garbuzy that appears in many annual racing calendars, including Formula One.