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Miersan Council Socialist Republic
Mierska Socjalistyczna Republika Rad
Anthem: La Sobrosienne
Location of East Miersa (dark green) and claimed but uncontrolled territories (light green) in Euclea.
|Government seat and largest city||Dyńsk|
Recognised minority languages
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary socialist council republic|
|5 March 1687|
|17 January 1936|
• Current constitution
|21 October 1982|
|197,568 km2 (76,281 sq mi)|
• 2021 estimate
• 2021 census
|110.04/km2 (285.0/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2021 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2021 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||East Miersan złoty (zł) (MFZ)|
The Miersan Council Socialist Republic (Miersan: Mierska Socjalistyczna Republika Rad), also known as East Miersa (Miersan: Miersa Wschodnia) or the MSRR is a country in central Euclea. It is bordered by Kantemosha and Valduvia to the north, by Auzance and Gaullica to the east, and Champania to the south. To the west, it is bordered by West Miersa, though like its western counterpart, East Miersa claims to be the sole legitimate government of the entire Miersan nation. The country has an area of 197,568 km2 (76,281 sq mi) and a population of 21.7 million. The capital city is Żobrodź and the government is seated in Dyńsk.
Miersa was first inhabited by the early Marolevs in the late classical period, as the Solarian Empire expanded into the Miersan hinterlands. Although not conquered by Solaria, the Solarians left a definite legacy in the region. Sotirianity was introduced during this period and later embraced when the pagan leaders converted to Solarian Catholicism. The first Miersan states emerged during the Middle Ages, with Wybrzeże as the principal state in the east. They were united in 1257 into one kingdom. The The kingdom would be a pivotal player in central Euclea and included territory as far west as Laudania and as far south as Champania. Much of its land was religiously and ethnically diverse although political power was rooted in the east of the kingdom. In 1623, the Miersan Interregnum began and subsequently was followed by the and the establishment of the Miersan Republic. The Republic would be short-lived, with the monarchs of Gaullica and Valduvia both claiming the Miersan throne causing the War of the Miersan Succession. By 1638, the kingdom was restored and much of the land in what is now East Miersa was annexed into Gaullica. A second partition followed the end of the Ten Years’ War when Soravia annexed much of the territory in the west and a rump state was left. In 1790, a final partition was performed and the remaining territories were fully annexed between Soravia and Gaullica.
After the Great War, the Miersan Council Socialist Republic was established in 1936. With support from Valduvia the east began to recover from the Great War and establish itself as a socialist economy. From the late 1930s to the 1960s, the East began to expand its standard of living and increase the wealth of its population. After a period of single-party rule the Rose Revolution led to the peaceful abolition of the Miersan Section of the Workers' International and the beginning of a period of radical internationalism. This reached its apex in the 1980-1981 Miersan War when the East attempted to annex the west but were unprepared for the conflict and after a few months were bogged down. A ceasefire was signed with the East annexing the Ziarnokosz region and crucially the old capital of Żobrodź. The East emerged from the war in a relatively strong position, signifying that they were not merely as client of Valduvia as had been understood by many outside of the socialist world. However, the failure to fully defeat and integrate the west in addition to changing economic circumstances led to a period of reform that abandoned much of the radicalism of the Rose Revolution.
Today, East Miersa is a unitary constitutionally socialist council republic, operating a socialist economy, with a nominal GDP per capita of $25,884. The current President of the Presidium is Iwo Kłosek. East Miersa is often considered a middle power in central Euclea, maintaining close ties to Valduvia. East Miersa is a member of the Community of Nations, the ITO, the OMS, the Mutual Assistance Organisation and AIS. It is an observer of the ASN.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
Miersa is an Estmerish translation of the endonym Mierska, which is believed to be derived from the name of a tribe. The name of the tribe is believed to translate to peaceful tribe, as the term Mier(a) means peaceful in Ambrazkan, and the name bears similarities to the Proto-Rutto-Marolevic meiˀras, which stands for peace.
The dominant view in academia is because unlike other Marolevic tribes, the Miersans did not leave the Miersan Basin, which was seen by most historians and anthropologists as the original Marolevic homeland. By this view, the Miersans were peaceful because they did not conquer other lands, unlike other Marolevic tribes. However, a prominent dissenting view was that because Miersans saw themselves as less prone to dynastic and civil conflict than other Marolevs, they saw their domains as the "land of peace."
Having been on the outskirts of the Solarian Empire the region of Miersa during antiquity was made up of a mixture of Tenic, Solarian, Marolevic and Ruttish tribes. By the 1st century the Marolevs became dominant and began to centralize into petty kingdoms. The Miersans were the dominant group being Catholic Marolevs.
The three first significant Miersan states were known as the Three Crowns. The leading kingdom in East Miersa was Wybrzeże, which was later united with Zachódnia and Firencja by Romuald the Bold in 1257.
The The kingdom would be a pivotal player in central Euclea expanding into modern day Laudania, Valduvia, Gaullica and Champania. Much of its land was religiously and ethnically diverse although political power was rooted in the east of the kingdom.
Disestablishment and foreign rule
In 1623 the king died without issue, leading to the Miersan Interregnum and the rise of the Miersan Republic. The Republic would be short-lived, with the monarchs of Gaullica and Valduvia both claiming the Miersan throne causing the War of the Miersan Succession. The war ended in 1638 put an end to the Interregnum, with a kingdom being recreated. Land in what is now East Miersa was annexed into Gaullica. The Gaullicans began to expand influence and annex more territory, establishing a strong presence. This resulted in the Miersan elite becoming Soraviophilic.
The end of the Ten Years’ War would lead to a second partition. Soravia annexed much of the territory in the west and a rump state was left. In 1790, a final partition during the Euclean Revolutionary Wars was performed. On the pretense of preventing a republic revolution in Miersa was fully annexed between Soravia and Gaullica. The remaining eastern regions of the rump state were fully annexed into Gaullica. During the period of the final partition the east under Gaullican rule would industrialize while the west remained undeveloped and agricultural. Pan-Marolevic efforts in the west were frustrated by the Catholic faith of the Miersans whilst in the east ethnic differences between Gaullicans and Miersans would end any attempt of a pan-Catholic identity.
1981 to present
Government and politics
Iwo Kłosek, President of the Supreme Council and Head of the Foreign Affairs and International Socialism Committee.
The MSRR is a constitutionally socialist state. It is a unitary council republic with the Supreme Council (Rada Najwyższa) is the unicameral legislature of the nation being the highest authority in the MSRR. Indirectly elected, the Supreme Council is tied to the administrative structure of the MSRR is subdivided into provinces (prowincja) which are further divided into communes (komuna). Each commune is jointly administered by the council of residents' delegates (rada delegatów rezydentów) and the council of workers' delegates (rady delegatów robotniczych). Members of the residents' council are elected by those who live in a commune with these bodies being responsible for local administration. Members of the workers' council on the other hand are elected by those who work in a commune with workers' councils ensuring that the rights and interests of workers are respected by the residents' council.
Members of local councils are elected to the provinces, which serve as an electoral college for the national legislature: the Supreme Council. Since the 1960s, politics in East Miersa is officially non-partisan, and political parties are prohibited by law. However factionalism is common with several political tendencies being prominent - the main four are the more moderate posybiliści, the more radical imposybiliści, the syndicalists and the neosocialists. Other smaller factions also exist ranging from radical Tretyakists to moderate socialist-republicans.
Unlike in liberal democracies, there is no Seyresian separation of powers in East Miersa. The Supreme Council is the highest body with its eight standing committees (komisje stałe) - foreign affairs, finance, defence, interior, education and culture, industry, social welfare and justice - handling executive duties with subcommittees specialising in these duties. Committee chairs have significant authority over the direction of their committee and the government agencies they oversee, as they act as de-facto government ministers. The President of the Supreme Council is a committee chair elected for four year terms, although they act more as a primus inter pares among the Presidium (prezydium) which is the collective head of state and serves as the council of ministers. The Presidium consists of the other chairs of the standing committees. The Supreme Council elects two vice-president to assist the president and they generally act as presiding officers in day-to-day operations of the Supreme Council.
As a council republic, the chief legislature of East Miersa is the Supreme Council. It has 350 members that are drawn from the residents' councils and workers' councils of each commune. Members of the Supreme Council are elected through indirect elections. They are elected by members of each provincial council, electoral college for members of the Supreme Council for each province. Each province is given an equal number of representatives for the workers' councils and residents' councils. Members of the Supreme Council are bound by an imperative mandate to the council which elected them, meaning that they can be recalled. Recalls are rare, but not unheard of, and requires a two-thirds majority vote from the nominating council. The General Congress is unicameral.
Since East Miersa does not have Seyresian separation of powers, much power is officially vested in the Supreme Council and its standing committees. There are 8 standing committees and 24 sub-committees.
Members of the Supreme Council are required by law, since the Rose Revolution, to be non-partisan, and not be members of any political party. Political parties are banned from organizing in relation to the election of candidates or the procedure of the Supreme Council. Despite this, a number of factions and political clubs are known to operate within the General Congress, but unlike in party systems, these groups are highly informal and are not able to whip votes among members.
The Supreme Council is scheduled to meet four times a year. It convenes for three week sessions in January, April, July, and October. Special sessions can also be called and this is becoming increasingly common. The Supreme Council is considered to be a slow-moving body due to its consensus-building nature and infrequent sessions. This means that it can take long periods of time for legislation to pass.
The MSRR is constituted as a unitary council republic, and is constituted by 12 units known as provinces, which each have a considerable degree of autonomy. The provinces are the joint highest-level subdivision within the republic. Beneath the provinces are two other territorial units; the obszars and the communes. The obszars constitute larger regions, while the communes are equivalent to parishes or municipalities, with urban (grodzki) and rural (ziemski) variants. In some cases, the obszars and communes are merged; the autonomous cities are an example of this.
As MSRR embraces the principle of national personal autonomy, the geographically-organised provinces share autonomy with the non-territorial autonomies; associations of persons sharing a common national, ethnic, linguistic or religious identity. The distinction between the provinces and the autonomies, aside from the latters' non-territorial nature, is that provinces have more autonomy on economic matters, while autonomies have more autonomy on cultural, social, linguistic and religious matters. There are 21 autonomies.
East Miersa is considered to be an active member of the socialist world through the Association for International Socialism. Its most important bilateral relationship is with Valduvia with the MSRR sometimes being seen as a client state of the latter. Although this image has dampened over time the MSRR remains politically, economically, militarily and culturally close to Valduvia with the two enjoying a close alliance.
As a constitutionally socialist state, internationalism is an important factor in East Miersan foreign policy, along with the achievement of global socialism. Alongside Valduvia, Champania and Auzance, East Miersa is a founding member of the Mutual Assistance Organisation collective security agreement.
East Miersa shares a strony rivalry with West Miersa, stemming from the partition which created the two countries under the Godfredson Plan. This rivalry resulted in open warfare in 1979, with the Miersan War remaining an influential event in regional foreign relations. The Treaty of San Alessandro signed between the two states in 1982 began a long process of normalisation between the two Miersas, who now share limited diplomatic relations. The rivalry persists, but attempts at reconciliation and detente have been made from both sides, and the two states increasingly send joint teams to international competitions. Relations continue to flare up, and the West Miersan government continues to covet the disputed region of Ziarnokosz, which has been occupied by East Miersa since 1980.
East Miersa has been a member of the Community of Nations since 1936, the International Council for Democracy since 1957 and the International Trade Organization since 1996. It is a member of the Organisation of Marolevic States and an observer of the Association of Solarian Nations.
East Miersa has a complicated relationship with Champania over the region of Lemovicia. While the East Miersan government has officially recognised the independence of Lemovicia from the western administration, it has not officially renounced the East Miersan claim to the region. It asserts that Lemovicia is constitutionally part of the Miersan nation, in a current state of "unratified and unconfirmed union" within East.
East Miersa maintains a strong standing army and armed forces in the form of the Miersan Revolutionary Armed Forces (Mierska Rewolucyjne Siły Zbrojne; SZ) The primary objective of the East Miersan military is to act as a defensive force against a potential West Miersan invasion, and in comparison to the west, East Miersa has a much smaller but far more technologically superior force. An important component of the East Miersan defense strategy is the collective security arrangement with Valduvia
Land forces are organised into the Miersan Revolutionary Army (Mierska Rewolucyjna Wojsko; MRW), which maintains an estimated 128,000 active troops. The MRW also contains the Exceptional Circumstances Corps (Korpus Wyjątkowych Okoliczności; KWO), the elite special forces component of the MRSZ that is often deployed abroad as part of the government’s “revolutionary exportation” foreign policy. Deployment takes the form of logistical and training support for foreign revolutionaries and occasionally limited combat operations.
The Miersan Revolutionary Air Force (Mierska Rewolucyjne Siły Powietrzne; MRSP) has an active troop count of 22,000. There is also the Revolutionary Defence Guard (Gwardia Obrony Rewolucji; GOR) which performs a similar role to a gendarmerie. The country maintains a large reservist force. All citizens between 18-32 are members. They are all military trained as reservists and can be activated if needed.
The East Miersan government spends 2.8% of gross domestic product on defense, surpassing the MASSOR minimum. East Miersa abolished conscription in 1992, and all branches of the armed forces are open to all healthy applicants over the age of 18 regardless of gender, nationality or sexual orientation. While conscription ended, all citizens are required to register with the Homeland Defense Crops from ages 18 until 32. Obligations are minimal, however.
Judiciary and law
In East Miersa, the judiciary is not an independent branch of government. All of the courts officially fall under the purview of the Judiciary Committee of the General Congress, which consults with the Presidium in appointing judges. The Supreme Court is the highest court while People's Courts handle the bulk of civil and criminal cases. The constitutionality of laws are not reviewed by the judiciary, but rather the Constitutional Oversight Committee of the General Congress.
East Miersa officially maintains a system of civil law. Judges issue rulings based on the People's Code and legislation passed by the General Congress. The inquisitorial system is also used in East Miersa. The judiciary system operates under the presumption of innoence until proven guilty.
The law is enforced by the Public Security Force (SPB), the national police of East Miersa. It maintains six departments and is under the oversight of the Judiciary Committee. While it is a national force, it operates mostly at a provincial level and is organized accordingly. Today, the SPB rarely engages in political repression. However, prior to the 1980s this was a common activity of the force.
East Miersa is a developed and high-income country. By the end of 2021, the country's GDP (PPP) per capita was €33,371 and its gross domestic product (PPP) was €725.5 billion. The national currency is the złoty (zł). The East Miersan economy has largely transitioned to a post-industrial economy. The country has a large service sector. Despite this, approximately 29% of the population works in industry and manufacturing and 7% works in agriculture.
The economy is centrally planned and all industries are either nationalized or worker-owned. The state executes five-year plans that are developed in consultation with the trade union federations. The country uses an economic model that is focused on public investment and development in the high-tech sector. East Miersa is among the leading exporters of goods and services in Central Euclea but these have been declining in the past decade.
The industrial sector is diversified, with strong automative, chemical, electronics, food, textile industries. Since the onset of the 21st century, biotechnology and information technology industries have also emerged. Most industry is centered around Żobrodź, Dyńsk and Lówniak.
East Miersa has a service sector with socialist characteristics. Almost all financial and business services are publicly owned, either by the national government or local governments. As part of five year plans, service sector industries distribute centralized resources to the rest of the economy. Many of these services are considered by some to qualify as additional government agencies. However, they are not officially part of national or local bureaucracies.
Agriculture is an important component of the East Miersan economy. The agricultural sector noteworthy contributor to both the Euclean and global markets due to the variety of products supplied by East Miersa. East Miersa is one of Euclea's leading exporters of wheat. It also exporters maize and barley in significant quantities. In addition, horticultural and animal products are also an important part of the agricultural sector. Nearly 45% of the country's total area is used for agricultural purposes predominantly in the sparsely-populated north. The climate and soil in most areas of East Miersa are suitable for mixed farming.
Agriculture has historically been an important part of life in the lands that presently make up East Miersa. Prior to the country's establishment, most of the population was of the rural peasant class. Since the 1930s, a policy of collectivization has been in place. There are two types of farms in East Miersa. The first type is State Agricultural Farms (Państwowe Gospodarstwo Rolne, PGR). These are found mostly on estates seized from the old aristocracy, from the Catholic Church, and non-Miersans. They are owned and managed by the state, but since the 1980s communal government have been brought in as partners for management. The other type is Cooperative Agricultural Farms (Spółdzielcze Gospodarstwo Rolne, SGR) - more organically among Miersan farmers in historically Miersan regions and on historically peasant lands. They were created by pooling together the lands of independent farmers. Prior to the 1960s, the East Miersan agricultural sector struggled. However, reforms made in the 1960s that coincided with the decline of agriculture in the All-Soravian Union of Republics allowed for the East Miersa to assert itself as a leading producer.
Science and technology
Scientific and technological research are typically conducted through networks of research and development units at universities and state-managed institutions. There are hundreds of economic, medical, and technological institutions that are operated by the government. These have differing degrees of autonomy based on their mission. These fall under jurisdiction of the Science, Technology, and Higher Education Committee.
East Miersa cooperates closely on research and development with Valduvia. There are numerous bilateral government-funded research efforts between the two countries. East Miersa also works closely with Champania and other socialist governments. In recent decades, some cooperation between East Miersan and Gaullican state institutions has begun.
All workers in East Miersa are required to join a union affiliated with the Free Congress of Miersan Trade Unions (Wolny Kongres Mierskich Związków Zawodowych, WKMZZ. The WKMZZ is the national trade union center and the single largest mass organization in the country by membership. Nominally, it represents all workers in the country. East Miersa has one of the world's highest rates of union density in the world. The congress has over 30 affiliated unions and operates 14 regional branches throughout East Miersa. Since the 1980s, the WKMZZ has shifted towards grassroots decision making by its membership. Members vote on positions the congress takes on issues, including legislation.
Transport and energy
|Source: Godfredson Plan estimate (1936); CN estimates (1944-present)|