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East Miersa

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Miersan Socialist Federation

Mierska federacja socjalistyczna
Flag of East Miersa
Flag
Coat of arms of East Miersa
Coat of arms
Motto: "Nie ma wolności bez Solidarności"
"There is no freedom without solidarity"
Anthem: La Sobrosienne
"The Zobrodzian"
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East Miersa map.png
Location of East Miersa (dark green) and claimed but uncontrolled territories (light green) in Euclea.
CapitalŻobrodź
Government seat and largest cityDyńsk
Official languagesMiersan
Recognised minority languages
Ethnic groups
(2016)
Miersan (61.6%)
Kasavrine (5.4%)
Savader (2.2%)
Other (4.2%)
No answer/no ethnic identity (26.6%)
Religion
(2016)
Irreligious (64.2%)
Catholicism (27.4%)
Episemialism (1.8%)
Other (6.6%)
Demonym(s)East Miersan
Miersan
GovernmentFederal socialist council republic
• Presidium
Iwo Kłosek
Małgorzata Zgorzelski
LegislatureGeneral Congress
Formation
13th century
17th century
5 March 1687
17 January 1936
• Current constitution
21 October 1967
Area
• Total
197,568 km2 (76,281 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
21,740,000
• Density
110.04/km2 (285.0/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
$562.718 billion
• Per capita
$25,884
CurrencyZłoty (zł) (MRZ)
Time zoneUTC-1
Internet TLD.mw

The Miersan Socialist Federation (Miersan: Mierska federacja socjalistyczna), also known as East Miersa (Miersan: Mierska Wschodnia), is a country in central Euclea. It is bordered by Kantemosha and Kirenia to the north, by Aimilia and Gaullica to the east, and Champania to the south. To the west, it is bordered by West Miersa, though like its western counterpart, East Miersa claims to be the sole legitimate government of the entire Miersan nation. The country has an area of 197,568 km2 (76,281 sq mi) and a population of 21.7 million. The capital city is Żobrodź and the government is seated in Dyńsk, the largest city.

Miersa was first inhabited by the early Marolevs in the late classical period, as the Solarian Empire expanded into the Miersan hinterlands. Although not conquered by Solaria, the Solarians left a definite legacy in the region. Sotirianity was introduced during this period and later embraced when the pagan leaders converted to Solarian Catholicism. The first Miersan states emerged during the Middle Ages, with Wybrzeże as the principal state in the east. They were united in 1257 into one kingdom. The The kingdom would be a pivotal player in central Euclea and included territory as far west as Vedmed and as far south as Champania. Much of its land was religiously and ethnically diverse although political power was rooted in the east of the kingdom. In 1623, the Miersan Interregnum began and subsequently was followed by the and the establishment of the Miersan Republic. The Republic would be short-lived, with the monarchs of Gaullica and Kirenia both claiming the Miersan throne causing the War of the Miersan Succession. By 1638, the kingdom was restored and much of the land in what is now East Miersa was annexed into Gaullica. A second partition followed the end of the Ten Years’ War when Soravia annexed much of the territory in the west and a rump state was left. In 1790, a final partition was performed and the remaining territories were fully annexed between Soravia and Gaullica.

After the Great War, the Miersan Socialist Federation was established in 1936. With support from Kirenia, the East began to recover from the Great War and establish itself as a socialist economy. From the late 1930s to the 1960s, the East began to expand its standard of living and increase the wealth of its population. Power was concentrated around key individuals, who built grassroots power-bases centered around geography, personality, connections, and in some instances bribery. The collapse of Soravia led to the 1980-1981 Miersan War. The East attempted to annex the west but were unprepared for the conflict and after a few months were bogged down. A ceasefire was signed with the East annexing the Ziarnokosz region and crucially the old capital of Żobrodź. The East emerged from the war in a relatively strong position, signifying that they were not merely as client of Kirenia as had been understood by many outside of the socialist world. However, the failure to fully defeat and integrate the west in addition to changing economic circumstances led to a political shift. The east began to move away from “strongman” politics. Politics became non-partisan, with coalitions forming around various causes, mostly centered around ideology, approach, and personality. Organized, national political clubs, organizing groups, and mass organizations are among the leading political entities, however, this system is fairly informal compared to party politics in the past and in many other countries.

Today, East Miersa is a federal constitutionally socialist council republic, operating a socialist economy, with a nominal GDP per capita of $25,884. The current President of the Presidium is Iwo Kłosek. East Miersa is often considered a middle power in central Euclea, maintaining close ties to Kirenia. East Miersa is a member of the Community of Nations, the ITO, the OMS, the Mutual Assistance Organisation and AIS. It is an observer of the ASN.


Etymology

Miersa is an Estmerish translation of the endonym Mierska, which is believed to be derived from the name of a tribe. The name of the tribe is believed to translate to peaceful tribe, as the term Mier(a) means peaceful in Ambrazkan, and the name bears similarities to the Proto-Rutto-Marolevic meiˀras, which stands for peace.

The dominant view in academia is because unlike other Marolevic tribes, the Miersans did not leave the Miersan Basin, which was seen by most historians and anthropologists as the original Marolevic homeland. By this view, the Miersans were peaceful because they did not conquer other lands, unlike other Marolevic tribes. However, a prominent dissenting view was that because Miersans saw themselves as less prone to dynastic and civil conflict than other Marolevs, they saw their domains as the "land of peace."

History

Early history

Having been on the outskirts of the Solarian Empire the region of Miersa during antiquity was made up of a mixture of Tenic, Solarian, Marolevic and Ruttish tribes. By the 1st century the Marolevs became dominant and began to centralize into petty kingdoms. The Miersans were the dominant group being Catholic Marolevs.

Three Crowns

The three first significant Miersan states were known as the Three Crowns. The leading kingdom in East Miersa was Wybrzeże, which was later united with Zachódnia and Firencja by Romuald the Bold in 1257.

Kingdom

The The kingdom would be a pivotal player in central Euclea expanding into modern day Vedmed, Kirenia, Gaullica and Champania. Much of its land was religiously and ethnically diverse although political power was rooted in the east of the kingdom.

Disestablishment and foreign rule

In 1623 the king died without issue, leading to the Miersan Interregnum and the rise of the Miersan Republic. The Republic would be short-lived, with the monarchs of Gaullica and Kirenia both claiming the Miersan throne causing the War of the Miersan Succession. The war ended in 1638 put an end to the Interregnum, with a kingdom being recreated. Land in what is now East Miersa was annexed into Gaullica. The Gaullicans began to expand influence and annex more territory, establishing a strong presence. This resulted in the Miersan elite becoming Soraviophilic.

The end of the Ten Years’ War would lead to a second partition. Soravia annexed much of the territory in the west and a rump state was left. In 1790, a final partition during the Euclean Revolutionary Wars was performed. On the pretense of preventing a republic revolution in Miersa was fully annexed between Soravia and Gaullica. The remaining eastern regions of the rump state were fully annexed into Gaullica. During the period of the final partition the east under Gaullican rule would industrialize while the west remained undeveloped and agricultural. Pan-Marolevic efforts in the west were frustrated by the Catholic faith of the Miersans whilst in the east ethnic differences between Gaullicans and Miersans would end any attempt of a pan-Catholic identity.

Great War

The Great War resulted in the end of Gaullican rule over East Miersa and gave way to socialist partisans, who established control over much of the region with the support of Kirenia. Mass expulsion and persecution of local Gaullicans, including targeted killings. These insurgents also established a presence in Soravian administered lands in the west. West Miersa being perhaps the most devastated area in Euclea as the main battleground between Soravia and Gaullica. In 1935 there were more bullets than there were loaves of bread. Famine, disease outbreaks, looting, socialist insurgents armed to the teeth, and a complete breakdown in law and order pervaded the west. A unified Miersan republic was planned but the strength of socialist partisans would force the imposition of the Godfredson Plan which divided Miersa between a socialist east and authoritarian west.

Post-war history

Power was concentrated around key individuals, who built grassroots power-bases centered around geography, personality, connections, and in some instances bribery. The defining figure during this period was Stanisław Jabłoński, who served as President of the Presidium and First Secretary of the Miersan Working People’s Party (Ludowa Partia Pracy) from 1938 to 1962. He dominated politics in the east and held significant power. He faced little serious opposition during his tenure and has at times been classified as an autocrat. He stepped aside due to health challenges, creating a power vacuum that the east’s grassroots oriented political system struggled to fill immediately. In 1967, Bolesław Rakowski established himself as the central personality in the east’s politics. The east continued to develop, though faced some economic stagnation in the 1970s. Rakowski stepped away in 1978 after a series of corruption scandals shook confidence in his leadership.

1981 to present

Geography

Climate

Environment

Government and politics

East Miersa is one of two extant constitutionally socialist states in Euclea, with the East Miersan government operating along federal lines. As a council republic, East Miersa is comprised of a number of constituent workers', peasants' and soldiers' councils, which elect among themselves councils of increasing levels of importance, the most senior being the General Congress. Politics in East Miersa is officially non-partisan, and political parties are prohibited by law at the national level. Despite this, a level of factionalism remains present, and some politicians organise as part of separate political organisations. Generally, politics is split along policy lines, with Miersan reunification and intervention in the economy acting as defining issues.

Unlike in liberal democracies, there is no Seyresian separation of powers in East Miersa, with the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government all being comprised of those derived from the highest tier councils. The Chairperson tends to be incredibly influential in East Miersan politics, generally acting as a primus inter pares among the Presidium. The General Secretary, on the other hand, acts as a leading voice within the General Congress, fulfilling a similar role to speakers in parliamentary systems. Both positions are elected from among the General Congress. The Chairperson is also a member of the Presidium, which acts as the collective head of state, and is responsible for assembling the Executive Committee, the council of ministers. Like all elected representatives in East Miersa, they are bound by imperative mandates and can be recalled to trigger recall elections.

Legislature

As a council republic, the chief legislature of East Miersa is the General Congress, which acts as the most senior workers' council in the country, consisting of delegates from each constituent workers' council in the socialist republic. As such, members of the General Congress are elected through indirect elections, elected by their workers' council, and are bound by an imperative mandate to the council which elected them, meaning that they can be recalled by the workers' council. Recalls are rare, but not unheard of, and requires a two-thirds majority vote from the nominating council. The General Congress is unicameral.

Members of the General Congress are required by law, since the Rose Revolution, to be non-partisan, and not be members of any political party. Political parties are banned from organising in relation to the election of candidates or the procedure of the Congress. Despite this, a number of factions and political clubs are known to operate within the General Congress, but unlike in party systems, these groups are highly informal and are not able to whip votes among members.

The Rosalists (Różalowie) see themselves as continuing the tradition of the Rose Revolution; they are anti-authoritarian and social liberal, generally seen as pragmatic socialists or liberal socialists with more interest in internal growth than Miersan reunification. The Impossibilists (Imposybiliści) consist of syndicalists, radical trade unionists and others who are generally content with the structure of the socialist republic, but argue for more direct intervention in the Miersan economy, and a greater committment to Miersan reunification. These two factions are seen to broadly dominate the political scene.

One of the more recent clubs is the Club for Environmental Preservation (Klub Ochrony Środowiska), which espouses eco-socialism and more generally green politics. The Radicals (Radykałowie) sit on the furthest left benches in the Congress, and comprise anarchists and libertarian socialists; the Radicals dispute the legitimacy of the socialist republic, instead arguing for a stateless society. Next to them sit the Internationalists (Internacjonaliści), who argue that MASSOR should federate as the first step toward world socialism, and that East Miersa should support socialism globally. The Antitheists (Antyteiści) and the Camel Club (Klub Wielbłądów), however, debate chiefly on the role of religion in East Miersa. While the Antitheists argue from a position of militant atheism and anti-clericalism, the Camel Club supports Sotirian socialism and liberation theology. The Anti-Obstructionist Club (Klub Antyobstrukcjonistyczny) consists of authoritarian socialists and vanguardists who argue that East Miersa should streamline the political system.

Sitting on the right of the Congress are two factions, the Reformists (Reformiści) and the Core Values Group (Grupa Wartości Kluczowych). The Reformists are seen as social democrats in all but name, and tend to favour reform along the lines of Eastern Euclea, while the Core Values Group are social conservatives and generally Miersan nationalists. These factions are joined by a number of truly unaligned delegates, and representatives of minority interest groups.

Administrative divisions

East Miersa is constituted as a federal council republic, and is constituted by 12 federal units known as districts, which each have a considerable degree of autonomy. The districts are the joint highest-level subdivision within the republic. Beneath the districts are two other territorial units; the obszars and the communes. The obszars constitute larger regions, while the communes are equivalent to parishes or municipalities, with urban (gród) and rural (ziemia) variants. In some cases, the obszars and communes are merged; the autonomous cities are an example of this.

As East Miersa embraces the principle of national personal autonomy, the geographically-organised districts share autonomy with the non-territorial autonomies; associations of persons sharing a common national, ethnic, linguistic or religious identity. The distinction between the districts and the autonomies, aside from the latters' non-territorial nature, is that districts have more autonomy on economic matters, while autonomies have more autonomy on cultural, social, linguistic and religious matters. There are 21 autonomies.

Name Administrative centre Population
Mikołůw District Mikołůw tbd
Kordyn District Kordyn tbd
Dyńsk District Dyńsk tbd
Rylin District Rylin tbd
Capital District East Żobrodź tbd
Tryzno District Tryzno tbd
Chortyn District Chortyn tbd
Luskie District Luskie tbd
Chezin District Chezin tbd
Bełskie District Bełskie tbd
Starziądz District Starziądz tbd
Sokary District Sokary tbd

Foreign relations

Anna Wlodarska and Kirenian diplomat Radovan Suchánek delivering a joint declaration in 2019.

East Miersa is often considered a middle power with significant influence in central Euclea. East Miersa is closely aligned with Kirenia, and the two countries share an amicable relationship. East Miersa is a founding member of the Association for International Socialism, and is considered a key backer of Intercon. As a constitutionally socialist state, internationalism is an important factor in East Miersan foreign policy, along with the achievement of global socialism. Alongside Kirenia and Aimilia, East Miersa is a founding member of the Mutual Assistance Organisation free trade area and collective security agreement.

East Miersa shares a strony rivalry with West Miersa, stemming from the partition which created the two countries under the Godfredson Plan. This rivalry resulted in open warfare in 1979, with the Miersan War remaining an influential event in regional foreign relations. The Treaty of San Alessandro signed between the two states in 1982 began a long process of normalisation between the two Miersas, who now share limited diplomatic relations. The rivalry persists, but attempts at reconciliation and detente have been made from both sides, and the two states increasingly send joint teams to international competitions. Relations continue to flare up, and the West Miersan government continues to covet the disputed region of Ziarnokosz, which has been occupied by East Miersa since 1980.

East Miersa has been a member of the Community of Nations since 1936, the International Council for Democracy since 1957 and the International Trade Organization since 1996. It is a member of the Organisation of Marolevic States and an observer of the Association of Solarian Nations.

East Miersa has a complicated relationship with Lemovicia. While the East Miersan government has officially recognised the independence of Lemovicia from the western administration, it has not officially renounced the East Miersan claim to the region. It asserts that Lemovicia is constitutionally part of the Miersan nation, in a current state of "unratified and unconfirmed union" within East. In reality, however, the East Miersan and Lemovician governments share close ties, due to shared enmity with the west, and East Miersa is seen as a key backer of the separatist Lemovician state.

Military

Homeland Defence Corps at a military appreciation day in Dyńsk.

East Miersa maintains a strong standing army and armed forces in the form of the People's Protection Forces. The primary objective of the East Miersan military is to act as a defensive force against a potential West Miersan invasion, and in comparison to the west, East Miersa has a much smaller but far more technologically superior force. An important component of the East Miersan defence strategy is the collective security arrangement with Kirenia.

The East Miersan government spends 2.6% of gross domestic product on defence, surpassing the MASSOR minimum. East Miersa abolished conscription in 1992, and all branches of the armed forces are open to all healthy applicants over the age of 16 regardless of gender, nationality or sexual orientation.

Land forces are organised into the People's Revolutionary Army, which maintains an estimated 150,000 active troops. The PRA also contains Exceptional Circumstances, the elite special forces component of the East Miersan military. The People's Revolutionary Airforce has an active troop count of 50,000, while the People's Naval Guard exists as a small lake-bound navy, the primary objective of which is to defend Dyńsk from possible incursions from the east. The Homeland Defence Corps is the primary reservist force, while the People's Civil Defence Corps performs a similar role to a gendarmerie.

Law

Economics

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1936 18,764,000—    
1944 19,730,000+5.1%
1956 20,191,000+2.3%
1969 20,900,000+3.5%
1982 21,124,000+1.1%
1998 21,428,000+1.4%
2010 21,629,000+0.9%
2017 21,740,000+0.5%
Source: Godfredson Plan estimate (1936); CN estimates (1944-present)

Culture