New Sarmathia

Federal Republic of New Sarmathia
جمهوری فدرال سلمستان نو
Jomhuri-ye Federâl Salmstān Nu (Persian)
नई सरमातिया संघीय गणराज्य
Nayi Sarmātiyā Saṅghīya Gaṇarājya (Hindi)
Flag of New Sarmathia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: قدرت در وحدت نهفته است (Persian)

एकता में ही ताकत है। (Hindi)

In Unity lies Strength (English)
Anthem: "Kinare Hum Wayeseem"
(English: "We Must Stand Together")
CapitalNew Odessa
Largest cityNew Odessa (city proper)
Karachapa (metropolitan area)
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
Sarmathian
Saurashtrian
German
Slavic
Arab
Demonym(s)New Sarmathian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Javed Eftekhari
Ramesh Bhatt
Pavel Timofti
Indira Choudhary
Farhad Jahangir
LegislatureNational Parliament
Council of States
House of the People
Independence from Sarplesgani Empire
• Declared
July 13th 1845
Area
• Total
175,912 km2 (67,920 sq mi)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2019 estimate
17,800,000
• 2019 census
17,767,112
• Density
101/km2 (261.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
ACU 525.107 billion
• Per capita
ACU 29,555.00
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
ACU 238.328 billion
• Per capita
ACU 13,414.00
Gini (2020)Steady 25.5
low
HDI (2020)Increase 0.958
very high
CurrencyNew Sarmathia Dirham (NSD) (NSD)
Time zoneUTC-1 (EMST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC
Driving sideright
Calling code+122
Internet TLD.ns

New Sarmathia, officially the Federal Republic of New Sarmathia (Persian: جمهوری فدرال سلمستان نو Jomhuri-ye Federâl Salmstān Nu, Hindi: नई सरमातिया संघीय गणराज्य Nayi Sarmātiyā Saṅghīya Gaṇarājya) is a small nation consisting of 10 states located in Central Thrismari. It is bounded to the south by the Marmor Sea and Fallooplesburg to the west. Also, it is narrowly separated from Syrgastan by the Mairiel Corridor and shares maritime borders with Qazhshava and Gassasinia to the south-west, Sofrezia to the south, and Falloplesburg, Syrgastan and Senshen to the south-east. The capital is New Odessa and the largest city is Karachapa. New Sarmathia covers an area of 175,912 square kilometres and has an approximate population of 17.767 million people.

New Sarmathia is home to two main linguistic groups: the Persian-speaking Sarmathian community in the North, which constitutes about 55 percent of the population, and the Hindi-speaking Saurashtrian community in the South, which comprises about 45 percent of the population. New Sarmathia's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history.

Archaeological records show that the first tribal settlers arrived in present-day New Sarmathia no later than the 10th millennium BCE, settling the Diamant and Kalinga river valleys. During the 7th millennium BCE, the Sindh alluvial fan was settled by the ancestors of the Saurashtrians. At around 6000 BCE, during the Neolithic revolution, the first urban settlements developed along the river Ganga, which began to develop into city states by around 4000 BCE. In the north, the Sarmathians developed into loose coalitions of pastoralist nomadic communities, who would use their excellent equestrian prowess to annually raid the Saurashtians to the south. By 1200 BCE, the Sarmathians began to practise settled agriculture, but continued the annual practice of raiding and pillaging neighbouring towns and cities. By 1000 BCE, the Saurashtrians developed a proto-archaic form of the Brahmi script, and began recording the Vedas, a collection of hymns forming the basis of Hinduism in Saurashtra. Around the same time, the Sarmathians, coming into contact with western Persian and Arab traders, adopted Persian as the lingua franca. Zoroastrianism, founded by the Sarmathian fire priest Zoroaster, greatly rose in popularity among the Sarmathian people.

By 200 AD, the Saurashtrian kings united to form a confederacy of kingdoms, the Saurastra Confederacy, to repel the Sarmathian threat. In response, the Sarmathians shifted their raiding grounds to the east and south-west, where they came in contact with the Fallooplesburgians and several Persian communities respectively. By 300 AD, the eastern Sarmathians had stopped the habit of raiding, forming good relations with the Fallooplesburgian tribes. In the 1580s and 1590s, the Sarplesgani Empire annexed Fallooplesburg, Sarmathia and Saurashtra. Sarmathia and Saurashtra were combined to form the province of Sarmathia. The local populace were generally oppressed, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. An influential nationalist movement emerged in the 18th and 19th centuries, first non-violent, but then leading to three violent conflicts, following which New Sarmathia's independence was officially recognised in 1845.

New Sarmathia has been a secular federal republic since 1847, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. New Sarmathia currently has a population of 17.8 million and a per capita income of NSD 42,075. New Sarmathia performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. It has a space programme which has sent the country's first satellite to Anteria orbit and is planning a robotic lunar mission, developing a launch vehicle, and preparing the country's astronaut program. New Sarmathian movies and music also play an increasing role in global culture. Through careful economic interventions, New Sarmathia has substantially reduced its rate of poverty while reducing economic inequality. Protection of the environment and wildlife is a major concern of the government, with several protected habitats being developed for wildlife conservation. New Sarmathia also maintains astrong global presence, being a founding member of the Anterian World Assembly and also being a member of the South Anterian Defense Alliance (SADA), the Midwestern Thrismari Cooperation Organization (MTCO), the Initiative for Global Peace (IGP), and the International Court.

Etymology

While the exact origin is unknown, there are two major theories for the naming of the Sarmathians.

Qazhshavan scholar Safa Mawrk'ts'mt'a derived the base word from Old Qazhshavan sar- (to move suddenly). This would likely be due to the Sarmathians' quick raids carried out by horsemen. This would also explain the Sarmathian name of Sarmathia, Salmstan, as being derived from the same Old Mehrani root word.

New Sarmathian historian Gopal Chandra Shekhar derived the name from the Hindi root words sar, meaning head, and mata, meaning mother. This was due to the tendency of women in Sarmathian villages to take over the administrative duties during raiding season, and also the prominent role of women in warfare. This explanation is also supported by historical texts written in Saurashtra claiming that the villages were led by the most senior woman, or "Mother", of each community.

History

Prehistory

Classical Period

Sarplesgani Empire

Modern Era