This article belongs to the lore of Anteria.

Gassasinia

State of Gassasinia

دولة الغساسينة
Dawlat al-Ghasasina
Flag of Gassasinia
Flag
Coat of arms of Gassasinia
Coat of arms
Motto: إلى الأمام الغساسنة
iilaa al'amam alghasasinat
("Forwards Gassasinia")
Anthem: إلى الأمام الغساسنة
iilaa al'amam alghasasinat
("Forwards Gassasinia")
CapitalJabiyah
Official languages Gassasinian Sign Language
Minority Indigenous Languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Secular State
Demonym(s)Gassasinian
GovernmentUnitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
• King
Yousef II
Ahmed al-Rashid
• Deputy Prime Minister
Nadim Saqqaf
• Speaker of Parliament
Aden Meir
• Lord Chief Justice
Elsa Karam
• Lord President of the Privy Council
Andrew Saunthararajah
LegislatureParliament
House of Peers
House of Representatives
Independence from Riamo
• Declared
1st of March, 1949
• Constitution
2nd of May, 1979
Area
• Total
75,000 km2 (29,000 sq mi)
Population
• February 2019 estimate
15,103,000
• January 2015 census
14,729,181
• Density
200/km2 (518.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
~$927 billion
• Per capita
$61,354
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
~$891 billion
• Per capita
$58,994
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 37
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.947
very high
CurrencyGassasinian Dollars (GSD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (Gassasinian Standard Time (GST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+962
Internet TLD.ga
الغساسنة.

Gassasinia, officially the State of Gassasinia (Gassasinian: دولة الغساسينة) is a Sovereign State in Midwestern Thrismari on the the Margiric Gulf, located south of the Equator. Gassasinia is bordered by Mehrava to the east, and Basillund to the north. With an area of only ~75,000 km2, Gassasinia is considered one of the smallest and most densely populated countries in Thrismari. Gassasinia is notable for its' coalescence of varied cultures, religions and ethnic groups which have settled in Gassasinia's fertile lands throughout the country's history. Gassasinia was one of the earliest adopters of Christianity in the 4th Century, albeit nowadays it is a secular and ethnoreligiously diverse society lacking an official or majority religion.

The history of Gassasinia dates back to more than seven thousand years, to before recorded history. Prior to Arabisation, Gassasinia was home to a variety of sea-faring mercantile tribes who called themselves the "Marigics" and spoke Canaanite and Aramaic languages. Throughout the ancient period, ancient Arabian tribes - including the eponymous Ghassanids - would settle within the country's northern and in-land regions, interacting heavily with the coastal Marigics and slowly adopting their culture and society. Following the unification of the first Gassasinian Kingdom - which saw an Arabian tribal federation lead by the Ghassanids conquer the Marigic city states and the other tribes inhabiting the inland regions - the Gassasinian Kingdom would become one of the earliest countries in history to officially adopt Christianity in 309 AD.

Subsequent territorial incursions by pre-Islamic Arab tribes, and later by Arabian Islamic caliphtes would further imprint a more Arabian influence into the lands of what is now southern Gassasinia, while invasions by ancient Mehravan empires throughout history imprinted their own Persian influence upon the country. Under Islamic rule, Gassasinia would become a major hub for science and trade during the Islamic Golden Age, until the fall of Caliphate rule lead to Gassasinia falling back into feuding Christian and Islamic kingdoms. Starting in the 17th Century with the City State Concessions which - amongst others - ceded the territories of Michal, Lidya and Mansoura, the Riamese Empire would start to compete to gain influence over modern-day Gassasinia with the hope of controlling it's vital ports and trade hubs.

Between 1885 and 1891, the Ghassanid Kingdom, a rump-state centred primarily on modern-day Jabiyah province, lead a nationalist coalition which sought to reunify Gassasinia under a secular republic. However, shortly after the republic's victory, a mixture of mounting tensions with Riamo over the City State Concessions and an aristocracy which were anxious about losing power lead to a coup which subsequently collapsed the nascent Gassasinian Republic. The aftermath of the collapse lead to Gassasinia becoming a so-called protectorate of Riamo and the further concession of the entirety of Jabiyah City.

Despite a relative lack of natural resources, and major socioeconomic tensions and instability during the 1970's, Gassasinia has since rapidly developed into a highly developed country. Gassasinia's economy is considered a hub of banking and trade within Thrismari, with estimates suggesting that Gassasinian banks hold some of the highest reserves of gold per capita in the world. It is believed that Gassasinian Sovereign Wealth Funds hold in excess of $800 billion worth of assets world-wide, making the Gassasinian sovereign wealth fund one of the largest in the world. Gassasinia's economy is characterised by strong Information Technology, Electronics, Pharmaceuticals and Synthetic Chemical sectors. Gassasinians enjoy some of the highest standards of living in the developed world, with amongst the most accessible and effective healthcare and educational systems in the world, with a tertiary education graduate rate of 70% amongst those aged 25 and older in 2020 and a second-language English proficiency rate of 90%.

Gassasinia is a liberal democratic unitary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliamentary government based on the Westminster system. Gassasinia is a member of the Anteria World Assembly, and maintains strong economic, technological and political ties with Mehrava, Bakyern and Encessia, along with the Thrismari Union.

Contents

Etymology

Gassasinia was named after the Kingdom of Gassasinia, a kingdom pre-dating the formation of the Riamese Protectorate of Gassasinia. The Kingdom of Gassasinia was a former tributary state of the Mehravan Empire, and was descended from an ancient pre-Islamic Christian Arab tribe who had settled in ancient Gassasinia.

History

Marigic City States and Early Arab Tribes (2500 BCE - 300 BCE)

Mehravan Conquests (300 BCE)

Rise of Christianity (100 CE - 300 CE)

First Gassasinian Kingdom (314 CE - 642 CE)

Islamic Conquest (638 CE - 642 CE)

Second Gassasinian Kingdom (642 CE - 999 CE)

Civil War and Division (1001 CE - 1104 CE)

Fourth Gassasinian Kingdom (1104 CE - 1535 CE)

The Collapse (1535-1885)

War of Unification

Protectorate of Riamo

-Religion used as a way to divide people
-House of Maalouf client monarch of Riamo
-Earliest roots of prosperity

Independence

-Independence in 1949
-Prosperity grows, and so does economic inequality
-On and off terrorist attacks until 1980s

Gassasinian Crisis

For quite some time before the 1970's, as Gassasinia's economy grew - and so did the divide between rich and poor. For decades, the muslim populace of Gassasinia had grown as the Gassasinian economy - driven by manufacturing and textiles exports - had grown, and this made much of the Christian populace - who had at one time dominated Gassasinia's demographics - very uncomfortable. However, despite religious divides - the main division in Gassasinia's civil unrest wasn't religion - in fact, many Christians and Jews were found within the ranks of the left-wing opposition. Furthermore, much of Gassasinia's Christian middle class were divided between support for more liberal ideals and support for the Christian right-wing, while much of the Christian working class supported left-wing groups.

In particular, the Gassasinian Worker's Labour Party - representing left-wing social democratic and democratic socialist interests - had grown substantially in support. From 1959 to 1972, the Labour Party had grown from a mere 150 members to almost a quarter of a million. Meanwhile, far-right and far-left paramilitaries illegally imported arms. Throughout the 1960's, Gassasinia saw frequent terrorism, rioting and assassinations committed by far-left and far-right paramilitaries. It was an open secret that these paramilitaries were associated with the ruling Christian Democratic Party and the Royal Police

The Gassasinian Crisis broke out in 1972 after a far-right paramilitary associated with the Christian Democratic Party assassinated the leader of the Labour Party, leading to an open declaration of hostilities by far-left paramilitaries. Although the far-left paramilitaries effectively completely failed to achieve the mass mobilization of the working class for the overthrow of the Gassasinian government they expected - many viewing the far-left and far-right paramilitaries as "just as bad as each-other", and a majority of opposition parties condemning extremist violence - preventing the conflict from escalating into all-out civil war, the ensuing conflict would still manage to claim the lives of as many as an estimated 2,500 deaths, with dozens of thousands injured by a combination of terrorist attacks, rioting and direct combat between far-left paramilitaries and pro-government forces.

they did manage to further wreak havoc upon Gassasinia's populace. Despite being well armed with firearms and explosives, far-left paramilitary groups were repelled from the urban areas of the country by the combined counterinsurgency efforts of the Gassasinian Armed Forces, and paramilitary counterterrorist units of the Royal Police Service. Within the first three months of the conflict kicking off, most far-left insurgent groups were brutally flushed out from the cities and into the Gassasinian mountains.

Despite the efforts of the Gassasinian Armed Forces and the Royal Police, and mounting casualties for the insurgents, security forces couldn't quite flush the insurgent forces out of the mountains due to the difficult terrain and local support from disadvantaged indigenous ethnic minorities and the lower classes who inhabited the mountains.

Furthermore, as counterinsurgency operations raged on, tensions grew between the Armed Forces and the Royal Police, along with their associated paramilitary organizations. The Armed Forces felt that the government unfairly favored far-right paramilitaries associated with the Royal Police. Additionally, the Gassasinian Army drew it's lower ranks from a diverse variety of ethnic, religious and economic backgrounds - meaning that while many soldiers despised the far-left paramilitary groups they were fighting, many soldiers disliked the far-right paramilitaries just as much even though they were supposedly fighting on the same side.

Restoration of Democracy

Despite military operations successfully pushing military groups from the lower-class slums of major Gassasinian cities into the mountains, they waged a guerrilla war which wore down the will of the Gassasinian elite. In mid 1975, Gassasinian citizens, working class and middle class, Jews, Christian and Muslim, came out into the streets of Jabiyah, demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Khoury, and the removal from power of the Christian Democratic Party.

As usual, police forces and paramilitaries were deployed to the streets to brutally beat down and suppress the protests, with the military on standby in-case of an escalation. Before long, these protests exploded into some of the worst rioting Gassasinia had seen yet, during which hundreds were arrested, thousands were injured and twelve killed. Rioters trashed pro-Christian Democratic Party businesses, set several police stations on fire and occupied the Gassasinian parliament for a week, between being pushed out by police forces.

Two weeks into the rioting, King Elias II flew out to Bakyern for treatment on the 19th of November, leaving his son Prince Yousef II to his duties. Meanwhile, the Supreme Court found Prime Minister Khoury guilty of numerous counts terrorist activities, human rights abuses and abuse of power. A power struggle between the courts and the police ensued as police refused to carry out court orders.

On the 23rd of November, the 221 Regiment of the 1st Mechanized Infantry Division marched on the parliament and arrested the Prime Minister on orders of the Supreme Court. Subsequently, using his reserve powers, Prince Yousef II dissolved parliament and called up 50 Members of Parliament each from the Social Liberal and Progressive Party, the Unionist Labour Party and the Conservative Party were instituted into parliament, and a provisional government was formed by prime minister Rita Ayanampudi.

The unelected Provisional Government ruled from 1975 to mid 1979, drafting a new constitution and laying the foundations for peace and democratic rule. About a month after the coup, the Lawdada Accords was signed which saw the discontinuation of paramilitary actions, with an agreement to disarm by 1989.

Modern Day

Culture

Gassasinian culture is reflective upon the wide variety of peoples and empires that have inhabited its' lands throughout history - ranging from the numerous pre-Arabic Canaanite tribes that lived there - including Hebrews, Marigics and Arabians, early Arab settlers and tribals, the Christian Al-Yaman tribe of Gorabo, the Islamic Caliphate of Gorabo and most recently - the Anglophone empires. Modern Gassasinian culture is derived from a wide variety of influences, both Arabic and foreign. Furthermore - especially amongst upper-class Christians, there is a notable trace of Anglophone influence owing to the historical affinity amongst the Gassasinian upper-classes for Christian civilizations in contrast with other Arab, Islamic civilizations. Despite religious differences in modern Gassasinian society, Gassasinians still have more in common than they have differences. Alongside influence from past civilizations and empires, Gassasinian culture also has hints of Mehrani influence owing to Mehrani settlement, past and present.

Society

Modern Gassasinian society has a liberal view on many issues such as LGBT+ Rights and Women's Rights. Gassasinian law makes discrimination, and inflammatory or hateful speech directed against religions, ethnic groups, races, sexual orientations, genders and gender identities illegal, while upholding an expectation of equal treatment.

Gassasinia has been home to significant strife mainly amongst the lines of economic class in the past, which gave fuel to the 1972-1975 Gassasinian Crisis. While policies instituted during the 1980's have eased conditions for the working class and grown a sizable middle class, there still remains significant issues with income inequality.

Families are a significant aspect in Gassasinian society, and are generally passed down patrilineally. Loyalty to one's family and respect for the elderly are important values in Gassasinian life. Although Thuadian influence increasingly encouraged a more individualistic view of society, Gassasinian society still remains at it's core communitarian in nature.

While it was increasingly common to move out of one's home after turning 18 from the 1960's through to the early 2000's, in recent years, Gassasinians have increasingly reverted to living with their parents well into their thirties, until they can secure home-ownership or marriage owing to increasing costs of buying a house.

Gassasinia has a five-day weekday, which runs from Saturday to Sunday, owing to Sunday's holy significance to Christians and Jews. Furthermore, on Friday, many schools and businesses either close early or give a 2 hour lunch break to allow for Muslims to attend prayer. As of current, Gassasinia has a 38 hour average work-week. In early 2020, the Ministry of Labour announced its' intention to reduce working hours to about 21 hours a week by the end of the 2020's.

Popular Media

Much of Gassasinian media is imported from other nations, particularly of Thuadian origin. This media is generally broadcasted dubbed in English, with Gassasinian-language subtitles.

Well-known - and often bemoaned - is the Media Ratings Board. The Media Ratings Board is responsible for age-rating and approving media - ranging from video games, to music, to movies. The Media Ratings Board is well-known for its' stringent regulations controlling inappropriate and offensive material. Ratings in Gassasinia include...

  • Family - Generally family-appropriate for all ages, with bloodless and mild displays of violence at max.
  • 15+ - Appropriate for teenagers, with mild displays of blood and violence, non-sexual displays of mild nudity, mild and vague references to drugs, non-abusive alcohol usage,
  • 18+ - Media appropriate for adults with sexual themes, explicit display of drugs and drug-usage, extreme violence and blood, alcohol abuse and discrimination.

It is very easy for materials to be rated 18+. Movies which are 18+ are subject to certain controls - they cannot be screened on television except between 9 PM and 5:30 AM. Furthermore, they are subject to strongly enforced rigid age restrictions for purchase and display in cinemas. Certain exemptions for strictly educational purposes allow such media which may be rated for higher ages to be rated more liberally.

Copyright law in Gassasinia is strongly enforced - and media is no exception. Media piracy websites are quickly blocked in Gassasinia, and counterfeit movies are frequently subject to seizure by police.

Gaming

Gaming in Gassasinia has been popular since the late 1980's, when arcades started to appear in Gassasinia and gaming became a popular hobby for middle-class children. Gassasinia is home to several notable development and publishing companies involved in the gaming industry, including ARCOM, Bariq Games and Liwa Software. Along with most common contemporary gaming genres, western role-playing games and strategy games have typically been popular, owing to the rise of computer gaming in the 1990's when computers became common in many households, and gaming became available to those who could not afford game consoles.

Gassasinia has a legally-binding well-enforced age-rating system which controls games and movies containing offensive and inappropriate material, such as drug usage and extreme violence. Gassasinia has in the past refused to certify certain games, but owing to the rise of digital distribution, censorship in media has lightened in recent years.

Television, Theatre and Film

The GRT was formed in 1968 as the public broadcasting service of Gassasinia, responsible for providing entertainment and news through television and radio, along with other media services. Funded mostly through television licenses, the GRT is notable for several famous television shows and movies, well-known across the Arabic-speaking world and even translated into English. Furthermore, GRT is also well-known for its' news broadcasts, which have been criticised by it's detractors for providing a biased image of Gassasinia and the ruling Liberal Party.

Gassasinian cinema dates back to the 1920's, pioneered by the likes of Michel Awad, a businessman considered the father of Gassasinian cinema, who pursued directing movies out of personal interest and formed the first Gassasinian movie production company with his own personal income, well-known for his magnum opus, the 1941 movie The Worker, a movie examining the positives and negatives of life for Gassasinia's growing urban working class.

Music

Literature

Arts

Sports

The most popular sport in Gassasinia is cricket, followed closely by rugby. Gassasinia's largest rugby stadium is the Haddad Stadium in Lawdada, which is home to the Gassasinia National Rugby Union Team.

Basketball and fencing enjoy moderate popularity in Gassasinia, and football has become increasingly popularised by international media.

Cuisine

Holidays

Public holidays in Gassasinia are generally a mixture of Christian, Muslim and Jewish religious events, along with secular holidays which acknowledge certain events within the nation's history. The most major Gassasinian secular holiday is Independence Day which celebrates the declaration of independence of Gassasinia from Riamo on the 1st of March 1949.

Politics

Gassasinia is a three-party constitutional parliamentary monarchy with universal suffrage, subject to the 1979 Constitution of the State of Gassasinia. Under the 1979 Constitution, the parliament is made up of two houses. The Lower house, the House of Representatives, which legislates on laws and votes to send them to the House of Peers, the upper house which finally criticises, votes on and amends legislation from the lower house before it is put into law, and is also responsible for scrutinising and criticising the government's policies and actions. The House of Representatives elected based on a first-past-the-post system, and MPs are elected from 150 constituencies. General Elections are held every 4 years.

Members of the House of Peers are not elected. Instead, they are voted on by the Privy Council, which is mainly made up of prestigious politicians, experts and judges. Members of the House of Peers are required to relinquish their membership in any political parties, as Peers are supposed to be impartial to party bias. Most members of the House of Peers are prestigious politicians, technical experts, lawyers and judges. Peers are supposed to "Set aside all biases and prejudices in the name of impartially scrutinising the government and helping to secure the Liberal Democratic order of the nation."

Symbols of the Government of Gassasinia
Seal of the Government of Gassasinia
The Seal of the Gassasinian Government, used to represent the Gassasinian government in a more formal manner.
Gassasinia Wordmark
The Gassasinia branding wordmark, intended to brand the government of Gassasinia and its' projects on a global scale.

The Prime Minister, who is the executive Head of Government and chooses the ministers who form the Cabinet, is generally chosen from the leader of the party with the most seats. If the largest party fails to gain a majority in Parliament, it will form a coalition with one or more parties. Generally the second largest party in this coalition government will be chosen as the Deputy Prime Minister, who is essentially the 2nd in line of succession.

Although the elections process in Gassasinia is generally considered technically free, it can be noted that Gassasinian constituencies are heavily gerrymandered and that the media and educational system in Gassasinia often exerts a pro-government slant and has been known to attack and discredit opposition figures. The government has as such been accused of being a dominant-party state. Additionally, the prime minister can freely call elections with only a few weeks notice, allowing the Liberal Party to call elections whenever they like and to disorient the opposition.

The government of Gassasinia is the Government of Gassasinia, which legally derives its' power from the constitution and the execution of the people's will through Parliament, rather than from the crown like in most constitutional monarchies.

Party Colour Party Name MPs Ideology
Government
Social Liberal and Progressive Party (LIB) 80 Centre - centre right wing, liberalism and social progressivism
Opposition
Unionist Labour Party (LAB) 55 Centre-left - left wing, Social Democracy and Democratic Socialism
People's Action Party (CON) 10 Centre-right - right wing, Conservatism, Libertarianism
Independents (IND) 5 Varied

Cabinet and Government Agencies

Office Name Head of Office Position Name Head of Office Political Party Agencies
Prime Minister's Office Prime Minister
Deputy Prime Minister
Ahmed al-Rashid
Hashem Taheri
LIB
  • Press Office
Ministry of Labour Minister for Labour Rahar Khayyam Mohammed LIB
  • Independent Commission on Worker's Rights
  • Labour Arbitration Board
  • National Labour Board
Ministry of Finance and Economy Chancellor of the Exchequer Marisa Hayek LIB
  • Revenue and Customs Agency
    • State Provident Fund Board
    • Land Valuation Board
  • Financial Auditing Agency
  • Markets and Competition Regulation Agency
  • Central Bank of Gassasinia
  • GIA Holdings
    • Foreign Trade Organisation Board
Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) Minister for Defence George Aoun LIB
  • Security Service
  • Gassasinian Defence Force
    • Royal Gassasinian Army
    • Royal Gassasinian Air Force
    • Royal Gassasinian Navy
  • Military Prosecution Agency
  • Gassasinian Forces Radio and Television
  • Defence Technological Development Agency
  • Defence Personnel and Veterans Agency
  • Defence Cadet Services
    • Army Cadet Service
    • Air Cadet Service
    • Naval Cadet Service
Ministry for Health and Social Care (MHSC) Minister for Health and Social Care Hamida Naaji LIB
  • Public Welfare Agency
  • Medical Standards and Licensing Agency
  • Food and Drug Standards Agency
  • Centres for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Public Health Insurance
  • Gassasinian Civil Defence Force
    • National Ambulance Service
    • Civil Defence Cadets
  • Disability and Social Services Agency
    • State Protective Services
Ministry of Culture and Media Minister for Culture and Media Rashad Bousaid LIB
  • National Language Commission
  • Broadcasting Standards Agency
  • GRT
  • Media Ratings Board
Home Office Secretary of State for the Home Department Jamal al-Din Mus'ad Amjad LIB
  • Gassasinian National Police
    • Police Cadet Service
  • Police Qualifications Agency
  • Firearms Regulatory Agency
  • Civil Air Patrol
  • Coast Guard and Borders Agency
  • Citizenship and Immigration Agency
    • Refugee, Displaced and Stateless Persons Services
  • National Statistics Agency
  • Family Registry Agency
Foreign Office Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Mikhail Ghosn LIB
  • International Development Agency
Ministry of Education and Youth Affairs Minister for Education and Youth-Affairs Elias Saad LIB
  • Childcare and Educational Standards Agency
  • Child Protective Agency
  • Independent Commission on Children's Welfare
  • Qualifications and Examinations Agency
Ministry of Justice (MoJ) Minister for Justice Nasser Karimi LIB
  • Public Prosecution Agency
  • Supreme Court of Gassasinia
  • Judges Advisory Commission
  • Independent Commission Against Corruption
  • Prison and Probation Agency
  • Independent Police Investigatory Commission
  • Electoral Oversight Commission
Ministry of Transportation Minister for Transportation Tarik Arif LIB
  • Rail and Highways Agency
  • National Aviation Agency
  • Travel Advisory Board
  • Automobile Licensing Agency
Ministry of Science and Technology Minister for Science and Technology Petrov Acharya LIB
  • Gassasinian Standards Agency
  • Civil Space Agency of Gassasinia
Ministry for Energy, Environment and Water Management (MEEWM) Minister for Energy, Environment and Water Management Mikhail Petrosyan LIB
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • National Parks Agency
    • Conservation and Park Ranger Service
  • Civil Nuclear Agency
Ministry for Information Technology, Communication and Information (MITCI) Minister for Information Technology, Communication and Information Basel Badour LIB
  • Information Commissioner's Agency
  • Communications and Cybersecurity Agency
    • .GA Domain Registration Authority
Ministry for Agriculture Minister for Agriculture Adar Uki LIB
Ministry for Human Rights and Equality Minister for Human Rights and Equality Saba Bagherzadeh LIB
  • Independent Commission on Human Rights
  • Independent Commission on Equality
    • Minorities Affairs Council
    • GRSM Affairs Council
    • Migrant Affairs Council
    • Disabled Persons Affairs Council
Speaker of Parliament Speaker Aden Meir LIB

Legal System and Courts

A diagram of the Gassasinian courts system.
The High Court of Gassasinia, housed at Jabiyah, and is responsible for hearing important criminal and civil cases..

The Gassasinian legal system is a Common Law system, made up of mainly two branches: criminal law and civil law. Each branch is subject to their own specific courts and procedures. Gassasinian law is based both on the legislation passed by Parliament, and case law derived from interpretations of the law from previous judges based on their reasoning and logic. Offences are divided between non-indictable misdemeanours and more serious indictable felonies.

Magistrates and judges are not chosen by the Executive but rather by the Judiciary itself. Judges are appointed by the Judicial Advisory Commission which appoints candidate Magistrates to be appointed by the Lord Justice of Gassasinia. This system, while criticised as elitist and undemocratic by some, is said to keep the application of law fair, impartial and unbiased. As a result, Gassasinia's courts are considered one of the most independent judiciaries in the world, and have often ruled in favour of cases against the Gassasinian government.

Most civil and criminal cases are dealt with at a Magistrates' or Provincial Court. Magistrates' Courts can hear misdemeanour cases and civil cases valued at under $500,000 GSD, and are organised along county lines. Provincial Courts can hear cases upwards of $15,000,000 GSD, and can also try indictable felony cases. More serious cases - such as murder, treason, rape, and serious acts of child abuse or fraud - are heard at the High Court, which is primarily situated in the High Court in Jabiyah.

The highest court of appeal in Gassasinia is the Supreme Court of Gassasinia, which is staffed by judges from the Privy Council Judicial Committee. The Supreme Court primarily rules on cases of constitutional importance, cases affecting the public as a whole and cases where it is argued that a defendant's human rights have been violated.

Administrative Divisions

A map of Gassasinia's counties provinces and counties.

Gassasinia is made up of twenty counties which are divided between seven provinces. Most powers of local government are delegated to the municipalities - which are divided into two types. A Unitary Municipality is a municipality which consists of a single settlement - usually a city or a large town. A Federated Municipality is a municipality which is made up of several smaller settlements - usually a central town and it's surrounding villages and smaller towns.

Municipalities are divided into districts, and are responsible for handling local government responsibilities, such as public libraries, transport, local roads, waste collection, housing and education. Provinces and counties on the other hand consist of representatives from each municipality and county respectively, and are responsible for handling cross-municipal and cross-county affairs in a hierarchical manner, along with consisting of the jurisdictions for subdivisions of certain governmental agencies such as Civil Defence and the National Police.

  • Province
  • County
  • Municipality
  • District

Foreign Relations

The State of Gassasinia's foreign relations policy relies upon maintaining cordial trade relations across the world, while pushing for greater independence within Thrismari from former colonial powers. Although Gassasinian foreign policy has been to stay independent from any large regional unions, Gassasinia maintains close relations with both the Thrismari and Sekidean Unions. It is often said that Gassasinia's two greatest allies are Bakyern and Mehrava, with whom there is a significant degree of military, technological and economic cooperation.

State Relations Status Visa Requirement International Agreements First Relations Ambassador Relations Description
 Mehrava Very Positive No Free trade, visa-free travel, defence industry cooperation 1992 Lukas Lahad Mehrava has been a strong partner of Gassasinia since the 1990's, and both nations share defence and economic treaties. Gassasinia is home to a sizeable Mehrani minority, and many Mehranis at home work for Gassasinian companies, for whom Mehrava is a favourite for outsourcing, owing to its' mixture of lower labour costs and decent degree of industrialisation. Gassasinia also imports significant quantities of petroleum and natural gas from Mehrava.
 Bakyern Very Positive No Free trade, visa-free travel, defence industry cooperation 1951 Joseph Francis Bakyern and Gassasinia have strong economic, technological, political and military ties to each other. Gassasinia and Bakyern have been known to frequently cooperate on an international scale, and often share expertise. Bakyern is home to many Gassasinian government and security assets responsible for managing operations and relations in Thuadia and the Sekidean Union.
 Encessia Positive Yes Trade deal 1949 George Francis Encessia and Gassasinia are strong regional allies, and the Gassasinian government has provided investments and technological expertise to the growing Encessi economy.
Riamo Positive Yes Trade deal 1949 TBA Iden and Gassasinia are both free-market liberal democratic countries in western Thrismari on the Marigic Gulf. Iden is a significant source of agricultural produce for Gassasinia.
 Vultesia Turbulent Yes Military arms trade, trade deal 1953 TBA Vultesia and Gassasinia have a very turbulent relationship and both countries frequently present each-other negatively within their media. However, in reality, both countries maintain cordial geopolitical and trade relations, and have partaken in arms trade.

Human Rights

Gassasinia generally has a very strong track record with human rights, and is considered a Full Democracy. Gassasinia's judicial system is notable for being independent and impartial, and there are legal protections establishing the presumption of innocence. Furthermore, the Independent Commission on Human Rights is a government commission tasked with ensuring that government agencies act in line with international and national human rights laws, in particular those set out in the Gassasinian Constitution, the Equality Act of 2003, and the Human Rights Act of 2001. Furthermore, the Royal Gassasinian Civil Liberties Organisation is one of the largest political organisations in Gassasinia outside of the main three political parties, and hires hundreds of lawyers to pursue cases pertaining to human rights, along with raising awareness about one's legal rights and campaigning for the expansion and protection of human rights law.

Since 2003, Gassasinia has recognised same-sex civil partnerships. Furthermore, in 2013, Gassasinia's parliament voted 102-9-39 to legally acknowledge same-sex marriage, becoming the only country within the Midwestern Thrismari Co-operation Organization to recognise same-sex marriage. Under the equality Act of 2003, Conversion Therapy is strictly illegal. Under Gassasinian law, one can legally change their gender without necessarily having to undergo reassignment surgery before a Gender Recognition Panel made up of medical practitioners, psychologists and lawyers. Furthermore, anyone over the age of 18, or 16 with consent from the Gender Recognition Panel, can undergo sex reassignment surgery.

Gassasinia has strong legislation to protect individuals from discrimination on the basis of disability, race, gender, economic status, marital status, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation or religion, Furthermore, Gassasinia has strong laws in the areas of worker's rights and accommodation for those with disabilities. Much of this legislation was passed during the 1990's, before being finally succeeded by the Equality Act of 2003 which combined all this legislation into one act intended to modernise equality law, while labour laws were accumulated into the Worker's Rights Act of 1999 - which notably forms the National Labour Board which organises unions under a government-sponsored banner.

While free-speech is protected under the 1979 Gassasinian Constitution, there are specific speech - in particular, inflammatory, threatening, offensive, pro-terrorist or hate speech - which are specifically not protected, and have been banned by the Unconstitutional Organisations and Symbols Act of 1984 and the Threatening and Hateful Speech Act of 1979. Gassasinian inflammatory and hate speech laws have been subject to criticism. While rare, there have been high-profile cases where people have been prosecuted for making offensive jokes. Furthermore, there are accusations that despite attempts to ensure equal opportunities, those from a lower-class background and women are still subject to economic disadvantages.

Several political ideologies in Gassasinia - notably, Ba'athism, Fascism, Leninism, Zionism and Islamism - are not allowed within the Gassasinian political system. Those who publicly associate with such ideologies are disqualified from holding government office. Furthermore, symbols representing such ideologies, such as the Hammer and Sickle are illegal outside of "artistic, scientific, academic, educational and historical purposes" under the Unconstitutional Parties and Symbols Act of 1984. People who follow such ideology are frequently refused entry and even permanently banned from entering Gassasinia.

Gassasinia is considered to be a surveillance state. The State Security Act 1999 allows for the National Police and Security Service to conduct electronic surveillance without the need for a warrant on the basis of "public security" and to blanket-filter all electronics communications for potential mentions of activities considered threatening to public security. Jabiyah is considered to have one of the highest amounts of CCTV cameras per-capita in the world. Gassasinian internet is regularly subject to censorship primarily aimed against subversive "anti-constitutional" political groups considered to threaten national security.

Often described as a Nanny State, Gassasinian laws and regulations are known to intrude on people's private lives. Gassasinian laws strongly regulate unhealthy foods and drinks, substances such as cigarettes and alcohol, inappropriate and offensive media, and car ownership. Section 21(c) of the Telecommunications and Internet Conduct Act 2009 requires social media corporations must verify each account owner's identity through the use of identification such as a passport or driver's licence, and tightly limits the usage of social media for those under 16 to a select amount of well-moderated approved sites.

Military

As of 2020, Gassasinia has an army of 80,000 active-duty soldiers with 45,000 reservists on stand-by who can be deployed as needed to fill demands. Equipped with 400 tanks and 528 infantry fighting vehicles, along with 282 combat aircraft, the Gassasinian Defence Force is well-equipped, well-trained and well-organised. Military spending in Gassasinia is at about 3.24% of the national GDP.

Since the 1980's, the Gassasinian Defence Force has been highly active in foreign deployments for peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. A Quick Deployment Force is kept ready to be mobilised with Gassasinian Royal Air Force C-5 Galaxy and C-17 airlift planes to provide technical help, humanitarian aid and peacekeeping forces across the world.

Gun Laws

Gun laws in Gassasinia are regulated by the Firearms Act of 1981, which replaced the Controlled Arms Act of 1965, and legislates the production, carrying and ownership of firearms, ammunition, explosives and firearms parts.

Firearms ownership is based on a may-issue basis by which the Firearms Regulatory Agency takes in requests for a firearms licence and reviews them, and often rejects licences requested by those who are considered to hold extremist political views.

To acquire a firearms licence in Gassasinia, one must attend firearms training lessons, undergo thorough vetting and prove that they can properly keep the weapon stored safely and securely. Applications for firearms must be supported by two referees of good legal standing who have known the person for at least three years, along with a licensed armourer. In Gassasinia, there are several levels of licensing that one can acquire from the Firearms Regulatory Agency. The Firearms Regulatory Agency retains the right to deny any firearms licence for any reason provided they have a basis suggesting that said person could be a potential threat.

  • Level 0 "Self-Defence" Licence: A level 0 licence allows one to possess and carry non-lethal self-defence weapons, such as pepper spray, pepper ball guns stun-guns and batons. Level 0 licences require a yearly $2,500 licensing fee. Level 0 licences may be declined or revoked for up to five years for even summary offences.
  • Level 1 "Tactical Arms" Licence: A Level 1 licence allows you to acquire firearms, including semi-automatic rifles and handguns. These firearms must be locked and stored at a licenced shooting club maintained by a licensed armourer.
  • Level 2 "Sporting Arms" Licence: A Level 2 licence allows one to acquire simple hunting weapons such as bolt-action rifles, hunting shotguns and low-calibre semi-automatic rifles such as the .22LR Ruger 10-22 which can be kept at home and taken out into the wilderness for sporting purposes. Level 2 licences are subject to yearly house-inspections by GNP to ensure that firearms are kept securely. To acquire a Level 2 licence you have to have held a Level 1 licence for at least five years.
  • Level 3A "Armourer" Licence: A Level 3A licence allows one to handle any variety of armaments held by an organisation for "historical, media or commercial purposes". Level 3A licenses requires thorough vetting by the Firearms Regulatory Agency, and requires one to work for an organisation which is certified to handle such arms, such as an armoury or museum. Businesses handling such arms are required to closely control and log the use of arms. Level 3A Licences only have to be renewed every ten years, but cost $25,000 to acquire. Generally, at least part of this expense is handled by the business for which one works.
  • Level 3B "Security" Licence: A Level 3B licence allows one to carry firearms for government-approved business purposes, such as private security for trade ships in dangerous waters. Such licences require extensive training and vetting to acquire, and it is expected that firearms are closely controlled by the organisation for which they are authorised.

The marketing of firearms is highly restricted. Marketing imagery and language is expected to be "practical and to the point", and should not be "inflammatory, violent, fantastical or heroic".

Level 1 and 2 licences cost $3,000 and $7,500 respectively, and must be renewed every three years. Furthermore, each firearm owned is taxed at $1,250 each per year and all purchases of munitions and arms are subject to a sales tax of 35%. All purchases of controlled munitions equipment must be logged on a database maintained by the Firearms Regulatory Agency.

License holders convicted of criminal acts can be temporarily - or even permanently in some repeated or severe cases - have their arms licence seized and all munitions equipment seized by police.

The largest Gassasinian firearms enthusiast community is the National Rifle Association of Gassasinia, also known as the NRA. The self-stated purpose of the National Rifle Association of Gassasinia is to "promote sport shooting, to educate about safe and lawful usage of firearms, and to organise a community for shooting hobbyists in Gassasinia."

Police

The Gassasinian National Police is the police force of Gassasinia. Formed in 1978 by the National Police Act, the National Police replaced the Royal Police, who were accused of supporting far-right paramilitaries and police brutality.

In spite of the abusive actions of its predecessor, the Royal Police, today the Gassasinian National Police is recognised as one of the most professional and responsible police forces in the region, upheld by adherence to policing by consent principles, a strong and independent judiciary which seeks to fairly prosecute and investigate police abuses and training to ensure professionality in officers, along with the promotion of a professional and approachable public image. The National Police is also known for its' policy of not regularly arming its' constables since it was founded in 1978.

Civil Defence Force

The Gassasinian Civil Defence Force is the government agency responsible for firefighting, rescue and emergency medical response in Gassasinia, along side a variety of local volunteer groups which supplement Civil Defence Force response.

Geography

The al-Maalouf Nature Reserve, as seen from Mount Ghassan
Geographical map of Gassasinia.

Gassasinia's climate is mainly characterised by a Mediterranean-esque climate featuring long, moderately hot, dry summers and cold, rainy and snowy winters, with the mountainous arid Qaroun Desert in the north.

hereas much of Gassasinia's geography is hilly and mountainous, with a few plains in the lower portion of the country. To the south-east of the country are fertile plains, whereas the north and west is characterised by hilly and mountainous terrain. The highest peak in Gassasinia's northern mountainous region is Mount Ghassan, a snowy mountain which from which Gassasinia lends its' name, and measures in at about 3,100 kilometres above sea level. Gassasinia is famous for its vast forests of Cedar trees, which are the national tree of Gassasinia.

Economy

Over-view of the capital city of Jabiyah.

Gassasinia's economy is a developed social market economy dominated by the services economy, featuring a highly competitive free market, a high rate of innovation, straight-forward and business friendly regulations, and a relatively low level of corruption. The main exports and industries of Gassasinia include electronics, computer software and hardware, pharmaceuticals, phosphates and refined metals. Before the 1970's, Gassasinia was considered an emerging economy and many predicted that Jabiyah would become a major business centre by the 1980's. However, this was partially disrupted by the outbreak of the Insurgency in Western Gassasinia in 1972. Regardless, after the end of the Insurgency in 1975, the country quickly got back onto the road of recovery, and since the 2000's, Gassasinia has become a major trade and economic centre within the region.

Although located in a region often associated with oil-rich nations, Gassasinia was thought to be mostly devoid of significant natural resources other than phosphates. As such, Gassasinia was forced to work hard to build up a diverse, industrialised economy with a well-educated population. Although Christian populace of Gassasinia is somewhat better off economically than the Muslim populace, the ethnoreligious wealth-gap shrunk substantially and nowadays the primary division in Gassasinian society is along class rather than ethnoreligious lines. Most economists put the transition from an emergent developing economy to a developed economy around the late 1980's to the early 1990's.

As of 2020, Gassasinia has an unemployment rate of 4%. Although generally considered a high-income country, Gassasinia has a history of stark economic inequality, and despite the measures instituted in the 1980's meant to even the disadvantage between the poor and privileged, even today Gassasinia suffers from income inequality.

Gassasinia has strong trade relations with Bakyern, Mehrava and New Sebronia, amongst other developed nations. Gassasinia is home to a wide variety of modern high-tech industries including: Computer hardware and software, electronics, fruits and vegetables, communications equipment, optical equipment, ship-building, precision and scientific equipment, tourism, medical equipment and technology, refined materials, phosphates, metallurgy, plastics, textiles and chemical production. On the other hand, Gassasinia's main imports are fossil fuels - particularly diesel and petroleum, along with natural gas, raw metal ores, motor vehicles, foodstuffs, meat, miscellaneous raw materials and consumer goods.

Gassasinia is home to a moderate variety of major international and regional businesses including Zhayed Heavy Industries, Hacohen Microsystems, DCC Digital Systems, MEDTEK Health Solutions, GSM Heavy Industries, JT Communications, SuperSouq Supermarkets, BlueCross Pharmaceuticals, amongst others.

Gassasinia is a trade partner of Gorabo and Mehrava, who both have strong economic ties with each other and Gassasinia and form the single market of the Midwestern Thrismari Cooperation Organization. Mehrava is an important business partner of Gassasinia, giving Gassasinian companies a large cheap labour and industrial base, while Gorabo is important for its' role in providing for Gassasinia's energy and commercial needs.

In recent years, Gassasinia has started to focus on building its' relations with the small nation of Sofrezia, which lies across the Sofrezi Channel from Gassasinia.

Until around the mid 1990's, Gassasinia was a wide-scale manufacturer. However, nowadays, much of manufacturing by Gassasinian companies has been outsourced to cheaper countries as Gassasinia became a higher income country, inflating costs of labour. Nowadays, most Gassasinian manufacturing is outsourced to Mehrava and Neferheim where labour costs are much lower.

The currency of Gassasinia is the Gassasinian Dollars ($GSD), with a value of about $1 GSD to $0.20 ACU.

Taxation and Welfare

Gassasinia's taxation and welfare system is based mainly upon economically liberal values, which aim to provide a social safety-net for the poorest of families while also encouraging self improvement, economic development and minimising unnecessary bureaucratic processes.

This unique system of liberal social welfare and taxation is based on the ideas promoted by key liberal economists throughout the 1950's and 1960's, including the Liberal Economic Forum, a Gassasinian think-tank that emerged in the 1920's amongst economists in Jabiyah. Throughout the 1980's, the Liberal Economic Forum heavily influenced the Liberal government's reforms of Gassasinia's complicated, inefficient and often corrupt taxation and welfare policies, which are argued to have propelled Gassasinia's rapid development during the 1980's.

State Provident Fund Board

Each Gassasinian citizen and permanent resident has a State Provident Fund Account which is managed by the State Provident Fund Board. This system is intended to reduce the spending impact of state welfare while encouraging saving, long-term planning and ensuring a social safety net. This mandatory saving account is restricted in what purposes money can be withdrawn for, and is paid by a 20% contribution paid both by an employee and their employer.

The State Provident Fund Account is made up of three funds, which can be used to pay for specified important expenses:

  • Investment Fund - The Ordinary Fund is intended to be spent on housing, investment, insurance and education.
  • Retirement Fund - The Retirement Fund is drawn upon once someone reaches the age of at least 62, and can be used to pay for investments and insurances relating to retirement.
  • Healthcare Fund - The Healthcare Fund is drawn upon to pay for medical expenses, including insurance.

After one retires, one's Ordinary Fund and Retirement Fund are merged into a Post-Retirement Fund.

Along with each fund's intended purposes, money can also be fully or partially withdrawn if:

  • The account holder is moving to a foreign country.
  • The account holder renounces their own citizenship or residency.
  • The account holder dies.
  • The account holder is certified as temporarily or permanently unfit for work.

Provident Fund Supplement Scheme

Although generally effective, the Provident Fund Board System has been criticised for being ineffective at protecting the lower percentage of income-earners from financial trouble and poverty, due to the fact that it relies on the income one already gets.

In response, the Provident Fund Supplement Scheme was established in 2000 under a Labour Party government, which sees the government make supplementary payments into the Provident Fund Accounts of lower-income Gassasinians. The money paid into this account is equal to 5% of the difference between their income and their calculated National Income tax Living Wage Baseline.

Student Finance

Student Finance in Gassasinia is handled by the State Provident Fund Board. Gassasinian universities can charge maximum tuition fees of $25,000 per year, and students who cannot afford this can apply for a loan to cover some or all of this cost. This loan is then paid at a progressive rate of up to 9% for anyone who does not apply for Negative Income Tax payments.

Students have one opportunity to change their major within a year of starting their degree to still receive student loan. One must wait until their loan is paid off or cancelled before applying for another student loan, unless they are applying for further postgraduate studies.

Negative Income Tax

Gassasinia's welfare system is mainly a system of Universal Basic Income based on the Negative Income Tax model by which those who earn under a certain calculated basic living wage receive a stipend instead of being taxed. This system is one of the first Universal Basic Income systems in the world, and was implemented by the Provisional Government under the Household Welfare and Taxation Act 1976. This system requires one to be disabled, employed, seeking employment, a parent or in education.

This system is intended to reduce excessive bureaucratic processes while granting more freedom and responsibility to low-income earners.

The average National Income Tax Living Wage Baseline - the baseline calculated for an individual which decides the boundary between negative and positive tax is equivalent the median average income in Gassasinia - which is about GS$211,700. Anyone below the Living Wage Baseline is subject to a stipend worth 50% of their income tax, subject to further tax exemptions for being a parent.

Land Value Tax

A significant source of tax for Gassasinia's government is Land Value Tax, which is a property tax based on the unimproved value of land, rather than the improved value of land which includes infrastructure and buildings. This tax system is intended to incentivize development of land by costing those who sit on undeveloped plots of lands.

The responsibility for evaluation of land value lies with the Land Valuation Board. In some municipalities, land is mostly state-owned and rented out to private entities on long-term contracts. Land Value Tax and the Land Valuation Board were introduced in 1981 through the Land Valuation and Taxation Act 1981.

Other Taxes

Gassasinia has a corporate tax rate of 18%. Critics argue that this corporate tax rate is not enough to ensure sufficient welfare to all, and that the corporate tax rate should be raised to accommodate for the income inequality in Gassasinia. New businesses started by those earning less than $500,000 a year are subject to a five-year 50% corporate tax exemption.

Income tax in Gassasinia is progressive, and ranges from 0% to 22%.

Carbon Pricing

National Health Insurance Board

Gassasinia has a public health insurance system called Public Health Insurance which is provided at little to no cost to children, the elderly, those with disabilities and severe health issues.

The National Health Insurance Board was formed by the Health Insurance Act 1977. This act reformed health insurance with the aim of making healthcare coverage affordable and accessible to the average citizen. Furthermore, it established the National Health Insurance Board to cover vulnerable individuals for whom health insurance might prove difficult to acquire.

Housing Grants Board

Communal Mutual Aid Groups

Another aspect of Gassasinian welfare is Communal Self-Help Groups, local government-guided organisations organised along municipal lines. These communal groups are funded by a token $10 payment from one's State Provident Fund Account, along with charitable donations and membership fees. These aid societies are lead by locally elected councils, who decide on a more localised level on how to allocate welfare and social services, and also serve to provide free or affordable financial and legal advice for their constituents.

The first such organisation was formed in 1972, and quickly gained recognition and support. The Community Mutual Aid Group Act 1984 established such groups in every municipality in the country with government support. By default, all citizens are a member of these groups.

While generally effective in smaller municipalities, such groups are often criticised in larger municipalities for being too large and thus less capable of their goal of efficiently allocating welfare and social support.

Companies

Company Headquarters Serves CEO Sector
 Gassasinia,  Gorabo,  Sofrezia,  Qazhshava

Science and Technology

Tourism

Deir Boutrous, a resort town in south-east Gassasinia popular amongst holiday-makers due to it's traditional Marigic Gulf architecture.

Tourism is a major industry in Gassasinia, particularly in the north of the country where many communities have been reliant on tourists for continued income since much of the country's industries and economy have shifted towards major urban centres in the south and along the coast. It is estimated that as many as ten million tourists visit the country every year - as much as two-thirds of the country's population - contributing to about $12 billion of Gassasinia's GDP. Major factors in Gassasinia's tourism market include the country's low crime rates, varied history, lively shopping malls, along with a pleasant and varied climate.

Due to the country's higher quality of healthcare compared to other countries in Thrismari, Gassasinai is a major destination for medical tourism on the continent. It is estimated that more than half a million persons visit Gassasinia yearly to seek medical services.

Transport

The largest airport in Gassasinia is Ayanampudi International Airport, located about 20 miles south of the city centre of Jabiyah, is responsible for handling international flights in and out of Gassasinia, along with providing a stop-off point for long-range flights.

Most Gassasinian towns and cities have a comprehensive public transport system, which are generally funded through heavy taxes levied against automotive vehicles. As a result, Gassasinia has one of the lowest car ownership rates in the developed world. Many town and city centres have closed themselves off for all but commercial and public transport traffic. The Municipality of Jabiyah City is amongst the many major Gassasinian cities which levy a congestion tax, with rates reaching as much as GSD $100 (or approximately 20 ACU).

Energy

A pie-chart of Gassasinian energy production.

Gassasinian energy companies are mainly private companies who are regulated by the Energy Regulatory Commission. Most of Gassasinia's energy is generated in gas and petrol plants, and as such Gassasinia is partially reliant on Mehrava for fossil fuels imports, with further imports of crude oil and natural gas coming from Abjekistan and Krenya, which is then locally refined into petroleum.

In early 2020, the Gassasinian government set out the Renewable Energy Plan for 2045, an ambitious plan meant to bring Gassasinian energy production to 100% renewable and nuclear sources within 25 years.

Dana Hydro-electrical Plant, along the Dana Gorge. Dana Hydro-electrical Plant is one of Gassasinia's largest dams.

Maroun Nuclear Power Plant, Gassasinia's first atomic power plant started construction in 1971. However, due to major civil strife during the 1970's, it was only finished in 1985. Gassasinia's nuclear program is completely peaceful, and Gassasinia has never maintained a nuclear weapons development program, having renounced the possession of all weapons of mass destruction in 1986, and having signed the Anterian Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in 2020.

Healthcare

Healthcare in Gassasinia is a mix of private and public universal health insurance, which is paid in a ratio of 50:50 by the private individual and their employer. By law, all Gassasinian citizens and residents are required to have health insurance which covers all healthcare costs. Most citizens of Gassasinia have private health insurance provided by a non-profit corporation. Alternatively, children, individuals in state care, elderly over 65 and those with pre-existing serious health conditions are provided for by Public Health Insurance with costs being scaled based on calculations of one's disposable income after taxes, bills and costs of living.

Private for-profit health-insurance is generally only paid for by some middle-class citizens, along with most upper-class citizens. Private for-profit health insurance generally tends to get one seen quicker for less-urgent treatments and check-ups as private for-profit health insurance pays out much more, and often allows greater access to private clinics who often have a top-tier standard of care and shorter waiting lists.

About three quarters of hospitals and GP Practice clinics are run by non-profit corporations, whereas one in five are state-run by the Ministry of Health, often in poorer areas. On the other hand, about five percent of clinics and hospitals are privately-owned for-profit businesses. However, most of them are for non-emergency medical services as for-profit private ownership of hospitals is highly restricted.

The most common non-profit health insurance providers in Gassasinia are the Gassasinian Red Cross Health Insurance Initiative, Green Shield and the Gassasinian Health Coverage Society. On the other hand, the most common for-profit health insurance providers are Fupa Health Insurance, Gassasinian Insurance Services and TopStandard Health Services.

Gassasinia has a very strong system of social support for vulnerable people, including disadvantaged children, the elderly, those with disabilities and the mentally ill. The Disability and Social Services Agency, formed under the Vulnerable People's Act 1999, is responsible for providing support for people recognised as "vulnerable, disabled or disadvantaged", including children from abusive families, children and adults with mental, intellectual and learning difficulties, people with disabilities, those addicted to harmful substances and the elderly.

The Disability and Social Services Agency in particular is involved in providing one of the most extensive and effective systems of special educational needs and supported living services in the world. As such, Gassasinia tends to have stronger outcomes for children with developmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Passed in response to growing rates of obesity, the Public Health Act 2009 makes it a fineable offence for parents whose children are found to be dangerously overweight. Furthermore, the act makes it mandatory for businesses to provide at least two hours of exercise for all employees outside of mandated breaks. Additionally, the act sets limits to the weights and volumes that certain sugary and fatty foods can be sold in, and raises a special "Municipal Automotive Tax" for car owners who fail to provide a good reason they need a car as opposed to commuting by public transport, bike or on-foot, the proceeds of which are used to fund local public transport and health systems.

Gassasinian law proscribes alternative and traditional medicine, and it is illegal to provision or promote traditional medicine.

Education

Even since the early 20th century, Gassasinia has had a relatively well-educated population. Between the 1900's and the 1970's, most education came from mainly Christian religious schools. This affinity for education in Gassasinia has carried on into the modern day, where Gassasinia has one of the highest rates of tertiary education in the world. Notably, Gassasinia pioneered computer literacy education during the 1980's and 1990's, as the Liberal Minister for Education Charles Kader recognised early-on the importance of Information Technology in the transforming technological world of the 1980's, which gave the kickstart that Gassasinia needed to pioneer the digital age.

Gassasinia's current education system dates back to the Educational Reform Act of 1977, which introduced standards for a standardised secular curriculum, with an education system based on helping students to succeed rather than pressure. The Gassasinian educational system is considered to have one of the most accessible educational systems in the world with strong services to support disadvantaged students, and a centralised student loan system to reduce financial strain upon poorer university students.

There are five levels of Gassasinian education: Primary, High School, College and University. Gassasinian children generally enter Primary School aged 5 in Year 1, and then leave for High School Year 7. Starting in Year 9, Gassasinian students start studying for the Standard National Educational Ordinary Levels, or O-Levels, which are a collection of mandatory and elective topics, and generally take their final exams in Year 11.

Upon graduating high school in Year 11, Gassasinian students will enter College, where they have the option of studying a range of courses specifically focused on between one to three subjects intended to prepare them for further study in university.

Gassasinian education is made up of five levels:

  • Primary Education (5-11, Year 1 - Year 6)
  • Middle Education (11-14, Year 7 - Year 8)
  • Secondary Education (14-16, Year 9 - Year 11)
  • Further Education (16-18, Year 12 - Year 13)
  • Higher Education (18+)

Types of Gassasinian education facilities include...

  • Universities - "University" generally refers to larger facilities which are dedicated specifically to Higher Education and research. Universities tend to be private organisations (albeit some may be run by the local municipality) and are generally more prestigious, attracting students from across the country and even across the world.
  • International Schools - International schools are generally private schools, which offer their education primarily in English, rather than in Gassasinian.
  • State Schools - State schools are publicly-funded secular schools which are run by the local municipal government.
  • Public Schools - Public schools are prestigious private schools, generally catering to middle and secondary education, which generally charge tuition fees rather than receiving government funding.
  • Grammar Schools - Grammar schools are prestigious state or private schools, which admit students based on high-performance.
  • Religious Schools - Religious schools are privately-owned schools which are run by religious organisations. Although religious schools are allowed to teach their religion, they have certain restrictions in that they cannot teach values which are "contradictory to tolerant and democratic principles". Furthermore, they are not allowed to discriminate on the basis of family and student religion, meaning that they cannot force their students to take part in religious activities or reject students on the basis of differing religion.
  • College - Colleges are educational facilities which focus on providing further education after graduation from highschool.
  • Polytechnic - Polytechnics are local higher education facilities which generally provide free or low-cost vocationally-focused courses, often in cooperation with local businesses.
  • Special Needs School - Special Need Schools are generally small schools, often run by charities or the Disability and Social Services Agency, which provide education for those with special educational needs and are assessed to have a better likely outcome compared to mainstream schools. Many special needs schools also provide part-time services for students with special educational needs attending mainstream schools.

English and Gassasinian language education is mandatory for all students in Gassasinia from primary school all the way up to university. As such, a majority of Gassasinia's populace is fluent in English, and are often exposed to English through media before they have even reached primary school.

Gassasinia is renown for its' universities, especially in the areas of IT and science. The Royal Jabiyah Technical Institute is considered one of the best universities to study IT and engineering topics at, while the Royal University of Jabiyah has educated some of the region's most successful scientists and doctors, and is considered one of the best countries in the world in the study of computer science.

Other well-known Gassasinian educational institutes include the Saint Ignatius University, Jabiyah Metropolitan University, Asur University, Nasfan School of Economics and Business, Victoria University and the Riamese University of Jabiyah

Finance

Demographics

As of 2020, it is estimated that Gassasinia has a population of about 15 million. Furthermore, Gassasinia has a moderate population density of 200 people per kilometre squared, much of which is centred around the urban regions in south-west Gassasinia and along the coast. The ethnic identity of Gassasinia has been historically debated, and although Gassasinians share a similar language, similar customs and similar ancestry with Arabs, most Gassasinians reject an Arab identity due to the rise of Gassasinian Nationalism during the mid 1800's.

Gassasinia is home to major populations of immigrant and naturalised Mehranis, who started migrating to Gassasinia during the 1980's as the Gassasinian economy grew.

Major Urban Areas

City Name Province County Population
Jabiyah City Metropolitan Jabiyah Province Metropolitan Jabiyah County 2,250,000
Asur Metropolitan Jabiyah Province Metropolitan Jabiyah County 1,895,983
Victoria South Western Province Victoria 1,040,592
Nasfan South Western Province Karoumeh County 618,128
Michal Western Province Michal County 456,523
Demetria Southern Province Kfariyeh County 325,522
Zetayeh Western Province Zetayeh County 238,388
Lawdada Northern Province Lawdada and Amida County 175,460
Mansoura Southern Province Mansoura County 172,903
Boutron South Western Province Baltuwz County 150,121

Religion

Since the turn of the millenia, irreligion in Gassasinia has grown significantly, particularly amongst younger generations. As such, there is no longer any majority religious group in Gassasinia. Dating back to unification in 1891, Gassasinia was a secular state. Gassasinia has a universal single civil code for all persons regardless of religion.

Freedom of Religion is a guaranteed right within Gassasinia. Furthermore, hate speech and discrimination legislation which have most recently culminated in the Equality Act of 2003 forbid discrimination based on religion in areas including but not limited to employment, education, government position, pay and provision of both public and private services, while also making inflammatory and hate speech against religious beliefs a summary, misdemeanour, or - if serious enough - even felony offence.

Throughout history, Gassasinia's relatively tolerant attitude towards religious differences and minorities, and the mountainous terrain of the country's south, has made the country a popular refuge for those fleeing religious persecution.

Ethnicity

The most common label for the largest ethnic group in Gassasinia is the vague term "Gassasinian". So-called "Gassasinian" people are predominantly a mixture of ancient peoples such as Marigic, Assyrians and Arab Bedouins whom over-time assimilated one-another into a dominantly Marigic-influenced culture. Although in the modern day, most Gassasinians simply identify with the label "Gassasinian", there has been controversy in the past as to the ethnicity of Gassasinians, with some arguing that Gassasinians are in-fact "Marigic" and others suggesting that Gassasinians - at least to some degree - are Arabs.

Many Gassasinians also proclaim foreign heritage, with Gassasinia being home to significant amounts of persons of Thuadian, Encessi, Abjekh, Qui Latinean, Riamese, Gavrilian descent. For the most part however, such persons usually identify themselves as primarily Gassasinian.

It is estimated that there is a worldwide Gassasinian diaspora of anywhere between 6 million, to as much as 42 million.

Since the eighties, more than a million Mehranis have migrated to Gassasinia, some for temporary work and others for permanent residency. Mehranis in Gassasinia compromise the largest foreign-born population in Gassasinia, and are predominantly found within the major cities of Gassasinia, especially the metropolitan area of Jabiyah.

Bedouins are a distinct group within Gassasinian society. Most of Gassasinia's approximately four hundred and fifty thousand Bedouin citizens live a semi-nomadic lifestyle, living a nomadic lifestyle during part of the year, and returning home for work - often agricultural work. However, a small portion of bedouins in Gassasinia still live a completely nomadic herding lifestyle. Similarly, Gassasinia is home to a small minority of about 50,000 gypsies.

Language

The official languages of Gassasinia are English and Gassasinian. "Gassasinian language", as with the Marigic ethnic label, is a label applied to the standardised variety of Marigic Arabic spoken in Gassasinia. The Gassasinian Language features strong influences from English, Syriac, Mehrani and other languages historically spoken by Gassasinia's diverse population. Written Gassasinian is different but still mutually intelligible with Modern Standard Arabic. Likewise, Gassasinian language is highly mutually intelligible with most dialects of Arabic. It is estimated that about 66.5% of Gassasinia's population are native speakers of Gassasinian language, whereas another 27.5% of Gassasinians can speak Gassasinian as a secondary language.

A majority of Gassasinian Jews are a mixture of Mizrahi and Mehrani Jews, who speak a mixture Mehrani, Judaeo-Aramaic and Judeo-Gassasinian languages. A small amount of towns and villages in Gassasinia recognise Ladino which is spoken by Jews of Shepardi descent, whereas other Jews of Ashkenazi descent may speak English.

Gassasinian Aramaic and other dialects of Aramaic language, including Syriac served as the predominant language of Gassasinia during much of the medieval period. Some communities still speak Aramaic dialects for cultural, historical and religious purposes, and it is estimated that about 10% of Gassasinians speak a dialect of Aramaic at home.

The second most common language in Gassasinia is Mehrani, which is spoken mostly by Mehrani immigrant communities and local Mehrani-speaking indigenous groups. Many first generation Gassasinian-Mehranis have at least a basic understanding of Gassasinian or English, and most second and third generation Gassasinian-Mehranis use Gassasinian as their main language. A small proportion of Marigics - an estimated 1% - have spoken Mehrani since ancient times despite having little Mehrani descent, due to the numerous occupations of Gassasinia by Mehravan dynasties throughout history.

English is the co-official language of Gassasinia, and all services are required to be rendered in English. Approximately 90% of Gassasinia's population speaks English as an additional language, as English has been required to conduct trade internationally and communicate with tourists. Furthermore, English used to be considered the secondary language of the Christian upper-class before the 1980's.

Judeo-Gassasinian

Gassasinian Standard English

Gassasinian Standard English is the standard dialect of English that is taught in Gassasinia. The Gassasinian Standard English standard was created in 1988 by the Ministry of Education to guide teaching of English towards proper spelling, grammar and pronunciation.

On paper, Gassasinian Standard English is based predominantly on traditional spelling, pronunciation and grammar, in practise the English spoke by most Gassasinians has a wide range of influences due to popular media influences.

It is not uncommon for Gassasinians to code-switch between English and Gassasinian. Although Gassasinian is the day-to-day language of life in Gassasinia, English is considered the secondary language of education, pop culture and business, and also serves of the primary language of international business and finance, and tourism. English-language in Gassasinia tends to have a prestigious and cosmopolitan connotation, and is often used in marketing of luxury goods.