Gassasinia

Kingdom of Ghasasinah

المملكة الغساسنة
ממלכת רסניד
Flag of Gassasinia
Flag
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Coat of arms
Anthem: 
"النشيد الملكي لمملكة الغساسينة" (Arabic)
"ההמנון המלכותי של ממלכת גסאנידים" (Hebrew)
Royal Anthem of the Kingdom of Ghasasinah
CapitalJabiyah
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Gassasinian
GovernmentUnitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
• King
Yousef II bin Al-Hashim
• Prime Minister
Ahmed al-Rashid
LegislatureParliament
House of Peers
House of Representatives
Independence from [BRITAIN]
• Declared
1st of March, 1949
• Civil War
1972
• End of civil war
25th December, 1975
• First free General Election, modern constitution
2nd of May, 1979
Area
• Total
75,000 km2 (29,000 sq mi)
Population
• February 2019 estimate
15,103,000
• January 2015 census
14,729,181
• Density
200/km2 (518.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
~$844.4 billion
• Per capita
$55,909
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
~$740 billion
• Per capita
$49,000
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 39
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.925
very high
CurrencyGassasinian Pound (GAP)
Time zoneUTC-2 (Gassasinian Standard Time (GAT))
Driving sideleft
Calling code+962
Internet TLD.ga

Gassasinia, officially the Kingdom of Ghasasinah (Arabic Language: المملكة الغساسنة, Modern Hebrew: ממלכת רסניד) is a Sovereign State in northern [MIDDLE EAST] bordered by #### to the South-West and #### to the South-East. Notable for its' hilly and mountainous north and fertile plains, Gassasinia is home to a mainly Arab population with a small minority of Jews.

Although through much of the 20th century, Gassinia suffered from violent strife and even civil war along economic and religious lines, today Gassasinia is a [EUROPEAN]-styled Liberal Democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy with one of the strongest economies in [MIDDLE EAST]. The monarch of Gassasinia is King Yousef II bin Al-Hashim of the House of Harith, son of King Hashim II, who has ruled Gassasinia since 1975 and proved essential in instituting a liberal democratic system and reconciling internal tensions, turning the country onto the path of recovery, stability and prosperity from the ruins of its' recent past.

Whereas many of its' neighbours rely on oil to fuel their economies, Gassasinia is completely absent of any oil and instead relies on exporting electronics, computer software and hardware, medical equipment, pharmaceuticals, phosphates and refined materials to drive its' economy. Gassasinia is a developed industrialised country, with a well-educated population and one of, if not the highest standards of living across the nations of [MIDDLE EAST].

The Kingdom of Ghasasinah, and the House of Harith date back to the 14th Century, when members of the Al-Yaman tribe travelled from the hot deserts in the south to the fertile hills and plains in the north, forming the Jabiyah Kingdom which would eventually become the modern Kingdom of Ghasasinah.

Etymology

History

Ancient History

-Originally populated by a mix of Paganistic and Christian Arabs, and Jews
-Christian House of Harith migrated from the deserts of modern day Gorabo in the 3rd Century, conquered lands and converted the local Pagans and some of the local Jews.
-Conquered by Muslims in mid 7th Century, many converted due to Islam for benefits
-Rebelled, House of Harith retook power in late 15th Century
-Deep ties formed with [BRITAIN] in 19th Century, English becomes secondary language of Christian elite
-On and off wars with Muslims until 1880s, when it became a protectorate of [BRITAIN]

Protectorate of [BRITAIN]

-Enforced religious equality between Jews, Christiand and Muslims
-House of Harith client monarch of [BRITAIN]
-Earliest roots of prosperity

Independence

-Independence in 1949 under King Hashim II
-Prosperity grows, and so does economic inequality
-On and off terrorist attacks until 1980s
-Prince Yousef becomes voice for change

Civil War

First Fair Elections

Modern Day

Culture

Gassasinian culture is reflective upon the wide variety of peoples and empires that have inhabited its' lands throughout history - the early Assyrians, early Arabs, the Jews, the Christian Al-Yaman tribe of Gorabo, the Islamic Caliphate of Gorabo and most recently - the Anglophone empires. Modern Gassasinian culture is derived from a wide variety of influences, both Arabic and foreign. Furthermore - especially amongst upper-class Christians, there is a notable trace of Anglophone influence owing to the historical affinity amongst the Gassasinian upper-classes for Christian civilisations in contrast with other Islamic Arab civilisations. Despite religious differences in modern Gassasinian society, Gassasinians still have more in common than they have differences. Alongside influence from past civilisations and empires, Gassasinian culture also has hints of Mehrani influence owing to Mehrani settlers during the Gorabonese caliphate.

Society

Gassasinia is home to a society which is much more culturally liberal than other Arab countries such as Gorabo - especially in significant urban areas such as Jabiyah, Al-Nasfan and Lawdada. Notably, Gassasinian society has a surprisingly liberal view on many issues such as LGBT+ Rights and Women's Rights. Gassasinian law makes discrimination, and inflamatory or hateful speech directed against religions, ethnic groups, races, sexual orientations, genders and gender identities illegal, while upholding an expectation of equal treatment.

Gassasinia has been home to significant strife mainly amongst the lines of economic class in the past, which gave fuel to the 1972-1975 Gassasinian Civil War. While policies instituted during the 1980's have eased conditions for the working class and grown a sizeable middle class, there still remains significant issues with income inequality.

Clans are a significant aspect in Gassasinian society, and are generally passed down patrilineally - albeit in recent years in some cases kinship has been increasingly passed down through matrilineally. Loyalty to one's clan and family is very important in Gassasinian families, including the expectation of nepotism - to provide employment for one's family members - especially within upper-class Christian clans, although the government has worked to fight this expectation of nepotism. Furthermore, parenting in Gassasinia doesn't end when one reaches the legal age of majority but rather until one's children move out or get married.

While it was common to move out of one's home after turning 18 during the late 1980's through to the early 2000's, in recent years, Gassasinians have increasingly reverted to living with their parents well into their thirties, until they can secure home-ownership or marriage owing to increasing costs of buying a house.

Gassasinia has a five-day weekday, which runs from Saturday to Sunday, owing to Sunday's holy significance to Christians and Jews. Furthermore, on Friday, many schools and businesses either close early or give a 2 hour lunch break to allow for Muslims to attend prayer. As of current, Gassasinia has a 38 hour average work-week. In early 2020, the Ministry of Labour announced its' intention to reduce working hours to about 21 hours a week by the end of the 2020's.

Television, Theatre and Film

The Gassasinian Broadcasting Service was formed in 1979 as the public broadcasting service of Gassasinia, responsible for providing entertainment and news through television and radio, along with other media services. Funded mostly through television licenses, the Gassasinian Broadcasting Service is notable for several famous television shows and movies, well-known across the Arab world and even translated into English. Furthermore, the Gassasinian Broadcasting Service is also well-known for its' news broadcasts, which generally present a rather truthful and reliable - albeit generally somewhat Liberal slanted - perspective of events and are broadcasted around the world in a variety of foreign languages.

Gassasinian cinema dates back to the 1920's, pioneered by the likes of Michel Awad, a businessman considered the father of Gassasinian cinema, who pursued directing movies out of personal interest and formed the first Gassasinian movie production company with his own personal income, well-known for his magnum opus, the 1941 movie Labourer, a movie examining the positives and negatives of life for Gassasinia's growing urban working class.

Gaming

Gaming in Gassasinia has been popular since the late 1980's, when arcades started to appear in Gassasinia and gaming became a popular hobby for middle-class children. Gassasinia is home to several notable development and publishing companies involved in the gaming industry, including ARCOM, Bariq Games and Liwa Software. Along with most common contemporary gaming genres, western role-playing games and strategy games have typically been popular, owing to the rise of computer gaming in the 1990's when computers became common in many households, and gaming became available to those who could not afford game consoles.

Gassasinia has a legally-binding age-rating system which controls games and movies containing offensive and inappropriate material, such as drug usage and extreme violence. Gassasinia has in the past refused to certify certain games, but owing to the rise of digital distribution, censorship in media has lightened in recent years.

Arts

Music

Literature

Sports

Cuisine

Holidays

Public holidays in Gassasinia are generally a mixture of Christian, Muslim and Jewish religious events, along with secular holidays which acknowledge certain events within the nation's history. The most major Gassasinian secular holiday is National Day on the 9th of June, which celebrates the anniversary of the 1487 Christian Revolt which saw Gassasinia split off once more from the Gorabonese caliphate and become an independent Christian kingdom.

Politics

The make-up of the Gassasinian Parliament.

Gassasinia is a three-party constitutional parliamentary monarchy with universal suffrage, subject to the 1979 Constitution of the Kingdom of Gassasinia. Under the 1979 Constitution, the parliament is made up of two houses and an Advisory Council. The Lower house, the House of Representatives, which legislates on laws and votes to send them to the House of Peers, the upper house which finally criticises, votes on and amends legislation from the lower house before it is put into law, and is also responsible for scrutinising and criticising the government's policies and actions. The House of Representatives elected based on a proportional voting system by which each house is host to 150 seats.

Elections for the House of Representatives and local Councils are held every 4 years.

Along with the two Houses of Parliament, there is also the Advisory Council, which is made up of elected local council officials.

Members of the House of Peers are not elected. Instead, they are voted on by the Privy Council, which is mainly made up of prestigious politicians, experts and judges. Members of the House of Peers are required to relinquish their membership in any political parties, as Peers are supposed to be impartial to party bias. Most members of the House of Peers are prestigious politicians, technical experts, lawyers and judges. Peers are supposed to "Set aside all biases and prejudices in the name of impartially scrutinising the government and helping to secure the Liberal Democratic order of the nation." The House of Peers was formerly filled with nobles before parliament was suspended in 1979, only being reformed 4 years later in 1979.

The Prime Minister, who is the executive Head of Government and chooses the ministers who form the Cabinet, is generally chosen from the leader of the party with the most seats. If the largest party fails to gain a majority in Parliament, it will form a coalition with one or more parties. Generally the second largest party in this coalition government will be chosen as the Deputy Prime Minister, who is essentially the 2nd in line of succession.

There are three main parties in Gassasinia: the Liberal Party, the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. As of current Gassasinia is currently host to a coalition lead by the Liberal Party with Labour Party support after the 2019 election and the rise of the left-wing in Gassasinia in response to what is seen as an unfair wealth gap and disadvantages for the working class. Before 2019, Gassasinia had been considered by many to be a dominant-party system, with the Liberal Party having held power for most of Gassasinia's history between 2019 and 1979.

Party Colour Party Name MPs Ideology
Government
Social Liberal and Progressive Party (LIB) 55 Centre - Centre-left Wing, Progressivism and Liberalism
Unionist Labour Party (LAB) 45 Centre-left - left wing, Social Democracy and Democratic Socialism
Opposition
Conservative Party (CON) 30 Centre-right wing, Conservatism
Independents (IND) 20 Varied

Cabinet

  • Prime Minister's Office - Prime Minister Ahmed al-Rashid, LIB + Deputy Prime Minister Nadim Saqqaf, LAB
  • Minister for Labour - Rahar Khayyam Mohammed, LIB
  • Minister for Economic Affairs - Marisa Abdul Rashid, LIB
  • Minister for Finance - Ikraam Samara, LIB
  • Minister for Defence - George Aoun, LIB
  • Minister for Health and Social Care - Hamida Naaji, LAB
  • Minister for Culture and Media - Rashad Bousaid, LAB
  • Minister for the Interior - Jamal al-Din Mus'ad Amjad, LIB
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs - Joseph Hussain, LIB
  • Minister for Education and Youth-Affairs - Elias Ahmed, LIB
  • Minister for Justice - Naseer Karimi, LIB
  • Minister for Transportation - Tarik Arif, LAB
  • Minister for Science and Technology - Akmal Selim, LIB
  • Minister for Information Technology, Communication and Information - Basel Badour, LIB
  • Minister for Agriculture - Adar Uki, LAB
  • Minister for Veteran Affairs - Tahir Zahra, LIB
  • Minister for Women's Affairs and Equality - Mariam Hamed, LAB
  • Speaker of Parliament - Aden Meir, IND

Legal System and Courts

The Gassasinian legal system is a common law system based on [ENGLISH] law, made up of mainly two branches: criminal law and civil law. Each branch is subject to their own specific courts and procedures. Gassasinian law is based both on the legislation passed by Parliament, and case law derived from interpretations of the law from previous judges based on their reasoning and logic.

There are many levels of courts in Gassasinia, which are overseen by the Supreme Court of Gassasinia, the highest court of appeal in Gassasina, made up of prestigious judges who hear cases of constitutional importance, or cases which affect the general populace as a whole.

Magistrates and judges are not chosen by the Executive but rather by the Judiciary itself. Local magistrates are appointed by local Advisory Commissions who appoint Magistrates to be appointed by the Lord Justice of Gassasinia. This system, while criticised as elitist and undemocratic by some, is said to keep the courts of Gassasinia meritocratic, impartial and unbiased.

Administrative Divisions

[[|right|thumbnail|500px|A map of Gassasinia, annotated with regions and basic national statistics]] Gassasinia is made up of four Mintaqah, translated into English as "regions", which are further divided into Qadaa or "districts", along with an Amanah which houses the capital of Jabiyah. Furthermore, Qadaas are divided by Baladiyah which are local municipalities for villages, towns and cities which house a constituency for the Advisory Council, and a council who can set certain local laws and standards.

Name Population Largest City Numbering
Jabiyah Amanah 4,500,000 Jabiyah City 1
Al-Aradi Almunkhafida Mintaqah Al-Nasfan 2
al-Qazzani Mintaqah Lawdada 3
Mount Ghassan Mintaqah 600,000 Al-Mukatra 4
Southern Judea Mintaqah 300,000 Ramat HaGassan 5

Foreign Relations

Gassasinia is a member of the Two Rivers Pact, an organisation of similarly cultured nations mainly speaking Arabic, who are involved in mutual defence, single-market free trade, and have abolished most travel restrictions between each other's countries. While being the smallest country in the Two Rivers Pact, Gassasinia plays an important role in the pact, being the most technologically advanced and developed nation in the pact and being the source of both rivers.

Gassasinia is heavily involved in international peacekeeping. Recently, Gassasinia deployed the Gassasinian Defence Force to Ereska for peacekeeping and technical assistance.

Gassasinia has strong relations with Neferheim, and has upheld business ties, a free-trade agreement and foreign aid to the developing nation.

Human Rights

Gassasinia generally has a very strong track record with human rights, and is considered a Full Democracy. Gassasinia's judicial system is notable for being independent and impartial, and there are legal protections establishing the presumption of innocence. Furthermore, the Independent Commission on Human Rights is a government commission tasked with ensuring that government agencies act in line with international and national human rights laws, in particular those set out in the Gassasinian Constitution, the Equality Act of 2003, and the Human Rights Act of 2001. Furthermore, the Royal Gassasinian Civil Liberties Organisation is one of the largest political organisations in Gassasinia outside of the main three political parties, and hires hundreds of lawyers to pursue cases pertaining to human rights, along with raising awareness about one's legal rights and campaigning for the expansion and protection of human rights law.

Since 2006, Gassasinia has recognised same-sex civil partnerships. Furthermore, in 2013, Gassasinia's parliament voted 102-9-39 to legally acknowledge same-sex marriage, becoming the only country within the Two Rivers Pact to recognise same-sex marriage. Under the equality Act of 2003, Conversion Therapy is strictly illegal. Under Gassasinian law, one can legally change their gender without necessarily having to undergo reassignment surgery before a Gender Recognition Panel made up of medical practitioners, psychologists and lawyers. Furthermore, anyone over the age of 18, or 16 with consent from the Gender Recognition Panel, can undergo sex reassignment surgery.

Gassasinia has strong legislation to protect individuals from discrimination on the basis of disability, race, gender, economic status, marital status, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation or religion, Furthermore, Gassasinia has strong laws in the areas of worker's rights and accommodation for those with disabilities. Much of this legislation was passed during the 1990's, before being finally succeeded by the Equality Act of 2003 which combined all this legislation into one act intended to modernise equality law, while labour laws were accumulated into the Worker's Rights Act of 1999. Gassasinia protects Freedom of Association under the 1979 Constitution.

While free-speech is protected under the 1979 Gassasinian Constitution, there are specific speech - in particular, inflamatory, offensive, pro-terrorist or hate speech - which are specifically not protected, and have been banned by the Unconstitutional Speech Act of 1984. Gassasinian inflamatory and hate speech laws have been subject to criticism. While rare, there have been high-profile cases where people have been prosecuted for making offensive jokes. Furthermore, there are accusations that despite attempts to ensure equal opportunities, those from a lower-class background and women are still subject to economic disadvantages. Several political ideologies in Gassasinia - notably, Ba'athism, Fascism, Leninism and Islamism - are not allowed within the Gassasinian political system. Those who publicly associate with such ideologies are disqualified from holding government office. Furthermore, symbols representing such ideologies, such as the Hammer and Sickle are illegal outside of "artistic, scientific, academic, educational and historical purposes" under the Unconstitutional Speech Act of 1984.

Military

As of 2020, Gassasinia has an army of 80,000 active-duty soldiers with 45,000 reservists on stand-by who can be deployed as needed to fill demands, along with 200,000 Defence League militia reservists who are deployed in times of war to defend the homeland while the highly mobile Regular Army carries out offensive actions against any invaders. Equipped with 400 tanks and 528 infantry fighting vehicles, along with 282 combat aircraft, the Gassasinian Defence Force is well-equipped, well-trained and well-organised. Military spending in Gassasinia is at about 2.5% of the national GDP.

Since the 1980's, the Gassasinian Defence Force has been highly active in foreign deployments for peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. A Quick Deployment Force is kept ready to be mobilised with Gassasinian Royal Air Force C-5 Galaxy and C-17 airlift planes to provide technical help, humanitarian aid and peacekeeping forces across the world.

Gun Laws

Gun laws in Gassasinia are regulated by the Firearms Act of 1981, which replaced the Controlled Arms Act of 1965, and legislates the production, carrying and ownership of firearms, ammunition, explosives and firearms parts. In particular, the Firearms Act of 1981 legislates that the government shall make self-defence of responsible individuals equally accessible, meaning that fees for acquiring licenses and taxes for acquiring arms are proportional to one's income. Every year, the tax for arms purchases as a percentage of the firearm's base cost is recalculated depending on one's income.

Firearms ownership is based on a may-issue basis by which the Gassasinian National Police takes in requests for a firearms license and reviews them, and often rejects licenses requested by those who are considered to hold extremist political views. To acquire a firearms license in Gassasinia, one must attend firearms training lessons and prove that they can properly keep the weapon stored safely and securely. In Gassasinia, there are three levels of licensing that one can acquire from the National Police.

  • Level 1 "Hunting Arms" License: A Level 1 license allows one to acquire simple hunting weapons such as bolt-action rifles, hunting shotguns and low-calibre semi-automatic rifles such as the .22LR Ruger 10-22.
  • Level 2 "Self Defence Arms" License: A Level 2 license allows you to acquire semi-automatic handguns, revolvers and pump-action shotguns, allowing one to carry their weapon either concealed or openly.
  • Level 3 "Tactical Arms" License: A Level 3 license allows you to acquire semi-automatic rifles and shotguns, along with fully-automatic rifles issued by the Defence League. Level 3 Licenses are generally available for civilian purchase, but are also automatically issued to regular infantry militiamen of the Defence League.
  • Level 4 "Military Arms" License: A Level 4 license allows you to acquire fully-automatic weapons, high-calibre rifles and explosives, and they are generally only sought entertainment purposes to film armourers, firearms dealers, security personnel, shooting range owners, and to members of the Defence League. While not impossible, acquiring a Level 4 license as a regular civilian is very difficult and requires intense vetting, a clean criminal record, supportive statements from one's peers and for one to have been a firearms owner for at least ten years. Firearms purchased under a Level 4 license are also subject to approval and scrutiny by the National Police.

Anyone with a Level 2 license can concealed carry, and only certain types of private property, such as schools, hospitals, places of worship and private homes can restrict or ban one's ability to concealed carry within their premises. While there are no laws against open carry nation-wide, local Baladiyah councils can set a restrict or even outright ban open carry.

The Right to keep and bear arms is not officially recognised or protected in constitution or law of Gassasinia. However, Gassasinia has a strong history of firearms ownership dating back to the turbulent and even violent times of the 1960's and 1970's, during which many - especially the lower classes - distrusted police to arrive, let alone protect them properly.

About a quarter of Gassasinian citizens - especially rural citizens and those living in more turbulent lower-class neighbourhoods - are gun-owners. Since the 1990's, low-cost sub-compact semi-automatic pistols have become particularly popular, with several firearms manufacturers producing models specifically for the Gassasinian markets.

Police

The Gassasinian National Police is the police force of Gassasinia. Formed in 1978 by the National Police Act, the National Police replaced the Royal Police, who were accused of supporting far-right paramilitaries and police brutality.

In spite of the horrific actions of its' predecessor, the Royal Police, today the Gassasinian National Police is recognised as one of the most professional and responsible police forces in the region, upheld by a strong and independent judiciary which seeks to fairly prosecute and investigate police abuses.

Civil Defence Force

The Gassasinian Civil Defence Force is the government agency responsible for firefighting, rescue and emergency medical response in Gassasinia. Additionally, they organise and co-ordinate ambulance response through the National Ambulance Service, a child-agency of the Civil Defence Force which facilitates co-operation between the Civil Defence Force and volunteer aid organisations such as the Red Cross.

Geography

The al-Harith Nature Reserve, as seen from Mount Ghassan
Geographical map of Gassasinia.

Gassasinia's climate is mainly characterised by a Mediterranean-esque climate featuring long, moderately hot, dry summers and cold, rainy and snowy winters, with the mountainous arid Qaroun Desert in the north.

hereas much of Gassasinia's geography is hilly and mountainous, with a few plains in the lower portion of the country. To the south-east of the country are fertile plains, whereas the north and west is characterised by hilly and mountainous terrain. The highest peak in Gassasinia's northern mountainous region is Mount Ghassan, a snowy mountain which from which Gassasinia lends its' name, and measures in at about 3,100 kilometres above sea level. Gassasinia is famous for it's vast forests of Cedar trees, which are the national tree of Gassasinia.

Economy

Over-view of the capital city of Jabiyah.

Gassasinia's economy is a developed social market economy dominated by the services economy. The main exports and industries of Gassasinia include electronics, computer software and hardware, pharmaceuticals, phosphates and refined metals. Before the 1970's, Gassasinia was considered an emerging economy and many predicted that Jabiyah would become the centre of the [MIDDLE EAST]'s business world by the 1980's. However, this was disrupted by the outbreak of the Civil War in 1972. Regardless, after the end of the Civil War in 1975, the country quickly got back onto the road of recovery, and since the 2000's, Gassasinia has become the trade centre of the [MIDDLE EAST].

Although located in the [MIDDLE EAST], Gassasinia was thought to be mostly devoid of significant natural resources other than phosphates. As such, Gassasinia was forced to work hard to build up a diverse, industrialised economy with a well-educated population. Although Christian populace of Gassasinia is better off economically than the Muslim populace, it is generally agreed that in the past and even after the liberalisation period of the late 1970's, Gassasinia was at least partially built upon the backs of cheap labour from the Muslim populace. Most economists put the transition from an emergent developing economy to a developed economy around the mid 1980's to the early 1970's.

As of 2020, Gassasinia has an unemployment rate of 4%. Although generally considered a high-income country, Gassasinia has a history of stark economic inequality, and despite the measures instituted in the 1980's meant to even the disadvantage between the poor and privileged, even today Gassasinia suffers from income inequality.

Gassasinia has strong trade relations with Bakyern, Gorabo, Neferheim and New Sebronia, amongst other developed nations. Gassasinia is home to a wide variety of modern high-tech industries including: Computer hardware and software, electronics, fruits and vegetables, communications equipment, optical equipment, ship-building, precision and scientific equipment, tourism, medical equipment and technology, refined materials, phosphates, metallurgy, plastics, textiles and chemical production. On the other hand, Gassasinia's main imports are fossil fuels - particularly diesel and petroleum, along with natural gas, raw metal ores, motor vehicles, foodstuffs, meat, miscellaneous raw materials and consumer goods.

Gassasinia is home to a moderate variety of major international and regional businesses including Zhayed Heavy Industries, Hacohen Microsystems, Al-Haddad Business Computers, MEDTEK Health Solutions, SARACEN Industries, Bariq Communications, SuperSouq Supermarkets, BlueCross Pharmaceuticals, amongst others.

Gassasinia is an emergent trade-partner of Neferheim, mainly in areas of mobile communications, with plans to expand into exporting computers, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, well-trained expertise, and to import iron ore and textiles. Furthermore, Gassasinia is a trade partner of Gorabo and Mehrava, who both have strong economic ties with eachother and Gassasinia and form the single market of the Two Rivers Pact. Mehrava is an important business partner of Gassasinia, giving Gassasinian companies a large cheap labour base, while Gorabo is important for its' role in providing for Gassasinia's energy needs.

With the recent election of the Labour Party to power, the Ministry of Economic Affairs plans to build a National Co-Operative Business Fund to provide government investment into worker-run co-operatives.

Until around the mid 1990's, Gassasinia was a wide-scale manufacturer. However, nowadays, much of manufacturing by Gassasinian companies has been outsourced to cheaper countries as Gassasinia became a higher income country, inflating costs of labour. Nowadays, most Gassasinian manufacturing is outsourced to Mehrava and Neferheim where labour costs are much lower.

The currency of Gassasinia is the Gassasinian Pound (£GAP), with a value of about £1 GAP to $0.10 ACU.

Science and Technology

Tourism

Energy

A pie-chart of Gassasinian energy production.

Gassasinian energy companies are mainly private companies who are regulated by the Energy Regulatory Commission. Most of Gassasinia's energy is generated in gas and petrol plants, and as such Gassasinia is partially reliant on Gorabo for fossil fuels imports.

In early 2020, the Gassasinian government set out the Renewable Energy Plan for 2045, an ambitious plan meant to bring Gassasinian energy production to 100% renewable and nuclear sources within 25 years.

Dana Hydroelectrical Plant, along the Dana Gorge. Dana Hydroelectrical Plant is one of Gassasinia's largest dams.

Gassasinia's first nuclear power plant started construction in 1971. However, due to the civil war, it was only finished in 1985. Gassasinia's nuclear program is completely peaceful, albeit estimates suggest that - if needed - Gassasinia could produce nuclear arms within about a year.

Healthcare

Healthcare in Gassasinia is a mix of private and public universal health insurance, which is paid in a ratio of 50:50 by the private individual and their employer. By law, all Gassasinian citizens and residents are required to have health insurance which covers all healthcare costs. Most citizens of Gassasinia have private health insurance provided by a non-profit corporation. Alternatively, poorer citizens who cannot afford private health insurance, orphans, individuals in state care, elderly over 65 and those with pre-existing serious health conditions are provided for by the National Health Insurance Service with costs being scaled based on calculations of one's disposable income after taxes, bills and costs of living.

Private for-profit health-insurance is generally only paid for by some middle-class citizens, along with most upper-class citizens. Private for-profit health insurance generally tends to get one seen quicker for less-urgent treatments and check-ups as private for-profit health insurance pays out much more, and often allows greater access to private clinics who often have a top-tier standard of care and shorter waiting lists.

About three quarters of hospitals and GP Practice clinics are run by non-profit corporations, whereas one in five are state-run by the Ministry of Health, often in poorer areas. On the other hand, about five percent of clinics and hospitals are privately-owned for-profit businesses. However, most of them are for non-emergency medical services as private ownership of hospitals is highly restricted.

The most common non-profit health insurance providers in Gassasinia are the Gassasinian Red Cross Health Insurance Initiative, Green Shield and the Gassasinian Health Coverage Society. On the other hand, the most common for-profit health insurance providers are Fupa Health Insurance, Gassasinian Insurance Services and TopStandard Health Services.

Ambulances, similar to hospitals, are run by the National Ambulance Service, which is a child agency of the Gassasinian Civil Defence Force which co-ordinates and sets standards for GCDF ambulances, along with ambulances run by non-profit health services. About three quarters of ambulances are operated by the Gassasinian Civil Defence Force, whereas the other quarter are operated by public organisations.

Education

Even since the early 20th century, Gassasinia has had a relatively well-educated population. Between the 1900's and the 1970's, most education came from mainly Christian religious schools. This affinity for education in Gassasinia has carried on into the modern day, where Gassasinia has one of the highest rates of tertiary education in the world. Notably, Gassasinia pioneered computer literacy education during the 1980's and 1990's, as the Liberal Minister for Education Charles Kader recognised early-on the importance of Information Technology in the transforming technological world of the 1980's, which gave the kickstart that Gassasinia needed to pioneer the digital age.

Gassasinia's current education system dates back to the Educational Reform Act of 1977, which introduced standards for a standardised secular curriculum, with an education system based on helping students to succeed, and giving students a wide variety of methods to get to the correct answer without over-stressing them.

There are five levels of Gassasinian education: Primary, High School, College and University. Gassasinian children generally enter Primary School aged 5 in Year 1, and then leave for High School Year 7. Starting in Year 9, Gassasinian students start studying for the Standard National Educational Ordinary Levels, or O-Levels, which are a collection of mandatory and elective topics, and generally take their final exams in Year 11.

Upon graduating high school in Year 11, Gassasinian students will enter College, where they have the option of studying a range of courses specifically focused on between one to three subjects intended to prepare them for further study in university.

English and Arabic language education is mandatory for all students in Gassasinia from primary school all the way up to university. As such, a majority of Gassasinia's populace is fluent in English, and are often exposed to English through media before they have even reached primary school.

Gassasinia is renown for its' universities, especially in the areas of IT and chemistry. The Royal Jabiyah Technical Institute is considered one of the best universities to study IT and engineering topics at, while the Royal University of Jabiyah has educated some of the region's most successful scientists and doctors.

Other well-known Gassasinian educational institutes include the Saint Ignatius University, Jabiyah Metropolitan University, Ramat HaGassan University, Al-Nasfan School of Economics and Business and the University of Western Jabiyah.

Demographics

The majority of Gassasinia's populace identify themselves ethnically as Arabs, but not all Arabs in Gassasinia come from the same point of origin, nor are all Arabs in Gassasinia really descended purely from Arabs. Gassasinia's native peoples are known to have likely been a mixture of Arabs, Assyrians and Jews, who practised a mixture of Christianity, Judaism and paganism. However, these native peoples were conquered in the 6th Century by early Christian Arabs who had migrated from the deserts in the north in search of more fertile land and escaping from religious prosecution at the hands of local pagans.

Between the 6th Century and the 18th Century, the Assyrian natives of Gassasinia were assimilated into the Christian Arab populace, whereas the others generally assimilated into the Islamic Arab populace during Muslim rule in response to past forced assimilation on the part of the Christian Arabs. On the other hand, the Jewish presence in Gassasinia never really died out and has persevered into the 21st century thanks to their distinctive strong ethno-religious identity, which saw them retreat into the mountainous north as they fled Christian persecution.

As of 2020, it is estimated that Gassasinia has a population of about 15 million. Furthermore, Gassasinia has a moderate population density of 200 people per kilometre squared, much of which is centred around the urban regions in coastal areas and on the shores of Lake Ghassan.

Gassasinia is home to major populations of immigrant and naturalised Gorabonese and Mehravans. In particular, Mehravan Arabs tend to migrate to Gassasinia due to the cultural similarities, along with the economic reasons of most other immigrants.

Religion

Before 1979, the state church of Gassasinia was the Church of Gassasinia, which is in communion with the Anglican Church. However, the 1979 Constitution defined Gassasinia has a secular state, severing the Church of Gassasinia of its' seats in the House of Peers and erasing any legal connection between the monarchy and the Church of Gassasinia. However, in reality, the House of Harith still performs its' religious duties within the Church of Gassasinia, and it is known that King Yousef II is a practising member of the Church of Gassasinia.

Freedom of Religion is a guaranteed right within Gassasinia. Furthermore, hate speech and discrimination legislation which have most recently culminated in the Equality Act of 2003 forbid discrimination based on religion in areas including but not limited to employment, education, government position, pay and provision of both public and private services, while also making inflamatory and hate speech against religious beliefs a summary, misdemeanour, or - if serious enough - even felony offence.

Ethnicity

Language

The main language of Gassasinia is the Gassasinian Dialect of Arabic, which is considered a mixture of Gorabonese varieties of Arabic, with influences from local varieties of Arabic and other languages, including English, Hebrew, Sofrezi and Assyrian. Due to Gassasinia's largely billingual - even trillingual - population, code-switching between Arabic, English and sometimes Hebrew is not uncommon amongst speakers of Gassasinian Arabic.

Judeo-Gassasinian Arabic is the main language of Gassasinia's Jewish population, alongside Modern Hebrew. While generally completely mutually intelligible with Gassasininan Arabic, Judeo-Gassasinian is often written using Hebrew script.

Hebrew is one of the three nationally recognised languages of Gassasinia, and all national services are offered in Hebrew. Furthermore, businesses and government services are required to render their services in Hebrew, Arabic and English within the Southern Judea Mintaqah, which houses approximately half of Gassasinia's Jewish population. About half of Gassasinian Jews, mainly concentrated in Southern Judea, are native speakers of Modern Hebrew, whereas those originating from the rest of the country tend to be speakers of Judeo-Gassasinian Arabic.

English is the third national language of Gassasinia, and all services are required to be rendered in English. Approximately 85% of Gassasinia's population speaks English as an additional language, as English has been required to conduct trade internationally and communicate with tourists. Furthermore, English used to be considered the secondary language of the Christian upper-class before the 1980's.

Major Urban Areas