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Vardana

Republic of Vardana

Flag of Vardana
Flag
Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
Anthem: Պետական հիմնը
Petakan himny
State Anthem
MediaPlayer.png
Location of Vardana (green) – in Ochran (grey)
Location of Vardana (green)
– in Ochran (grey)
Political Map of Vardana
Political Map of Vardana
Capital
and largest city
Hrazdan
Official language
Regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2018)
  • 78% Vardanan
  • 10% Ayrumi
  • 9% Mysian
  • 3% other
Religion
Recognized religions:
Christianity (Vardanan Apostolic, Eastern Orthodox, Fabrian Catholic), Azdarin, Judaism, Mazdayasna, Sadhana
Demonym(s)Vardanan
GovernmentFederal directorial republic
• Directory
Anastas Barkhudar (Director-General)
Lucine Argutian
Nebez Gewirk
Tamar Zakarian
Sara Lekandrean
Isaac Vorsapetn
David Avanian
David Kiurikian
Tigran Saroyan
• President of the National Convention
Gamsar Pokayuni
LegislatureNational Convention
Formation
• Teispid dynasty
c.1000 BCE
• Latin rule
c. 200 CE
• Kingdom of Greater Vardana
600
• Kingdom of Lesser Vardana
1286
• Kingdom of Vardana
15th century
• Personal union with Lihnidos
1716
• Hazarasp dynasty
1832
• First republic
4 October 1924
• Second republic
7 May 1933
• Current constitution
11 July 1985
Area
• 
357,680 km2 (138,100 sq mi)
• Water (%)
7.1%
Population
• 2020 estimate
51,202,572
• 2015 census
46,650,421
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$744.485 billion
• Per capita
$14,540
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$270.964 billion
• Per capita
$5,292
Gini35.4
medium
HDI0.740
high
CurrencyDram (Ð) (IOD)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (AOT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+99
ISO 3166 codeVA
Internet TLD.va

Vardana (Vardanan: Վարդենիս; tanslit.Vardenis), officially the Republic of Vardana (Vardanan: Վարդենիս հանրապետություն; Vardenis Hanrapetut’yun), is a sovereign state on the Chersonian peninsula. It is boarded to the east by Thraysia, and to the west by the Latin Diocese of the East, while having a maritime border to the south along the Ozeros Sea, and Periclean Sea to the northwest. With just over 51 million inhabitants, it is the Xth largest nation in the world, and Xth largest on Ochran.

Vardana was first used to describe an ancient kingdom on the Chersonian peninsula around 1000 BC, centered on what is now the city of Metsamor. It was eventually incorporated into a series of successive empires, including the Kardish Empire, Latin Empire, Bayarid Empire, and intermittently the Thraysian Empire. The Kingdom of Greater Vardana was first established in 1000 AD after the departure of the Bayarids, lead by the Manavazean dynasty. A minor rump kingdom known as Lesser Vardana was eventually established on Corduene by the Artavazd dynasty. The modern Kingdom of Vardana was established in the early 16th century from remnants of Lesser Vardana and lasted through a personal union with Lihnidos from the 17th to 19th centuries. The end of the personal union resulted in the break up of Vardana into numerous minor realms, most of which were eventually unified by the Hazarasp dynasty.

By 1920, growing popular unrest was leading to constitutional reforms with the once absolute monarchy, but quickly turned into a violent revolution between royalists and an alliance of left and right-wing republican groups, which ultimately culminated in the establishment of the First Vardanan Republic. By 1944 popular sentiment turned against the republic resulting in a socialist, single-party state during the era known as the Second Vardanan Republic. A military coup launched amid large scale protests in 1980 saw the socialist regime collapse, prompting a brief civil war between the military, democratic elements, communist regime loyalists and a brief royal restoration movement. The conflict ended in 1982 with military leadership agreeing to democratize Vardana after its victory.

Today, Vardana is the Xth largest economy in the world. Though the economy has grown in recent years, it still suffers from high unemployment rate and poverty, and with high income inequality. According to international reports, human rights in Vardana are considered poor. The regime is considered undemocratic due to the oppressive tactics used against critics of the government and members of the opposition. Vardana is a member of the Forum of Nations, Kiso Pact, and {other org}.

Etymology

Vardana is derived from the Vardanan phrase Վարդենիս (vardenis), literally translating to "rosy lands".

History

Prehistory

Classical antiquity

Medieval period

Early modern period

From the 1800s to the 1920s

Contemporary era

Geography

Vardana is located on the subcontinent of Chersonia. The territory controlled by Vardana is 357,680 km2. It is bordered to the south by the Ozeros Sea, which is its longest maritime border; it also borders the Periclean Sea in the north. The country consists of low coastal plains leading into high plateaus inland.

Climate

Vardana features a diverse climate, ranging from temperate Periclean climate along the Perilcean and northern Ozeros coasts. Further south along the Ozeros in the region of Ayrum, the climate is temperate oceanic – this coastal area receives the highest annual rainfall in Vardana. These coastal areas often are transitional between Periclean and oceanic climates. Inland, the climate is continental and leads to more varied seasons and at times snowfall in higher elevations.

Fauna

Regions, provinces and cities

Officially Vardana is divided into 9 regions, of which it exercises de jure and de facto control over 7 regions. These 7 regions are further subdivided into 30 provinces, each governed by a governor elected by popular vote by its residents. Provinces are then divided into districts and again into cities, towns, villages or other forms of municipalities.

Vardana has experienced rapid urbanization since the 1950s, with nearly 65% of all citizens living in urban areas. The Forum of Nations projects that nearly 75% of the population will be urban by 2030. The largest settlements are Hrazdan, Sophene, and Tigranocerta . Overall, there are 7 cities with populations over 1 million, and a total of X with a population over 450,000.

Hrazdan is the capital of Vardana, and has a population of over 7.8 million. Since 1950, it has been the economical, cultural and focus of the country's transportation and communication networks.

The second largest city in Vardana is Sophene, with a population of around 4.1 million, and also serves as the capital of the Commonwealth of Mysia.

Politics

According to the constitution, Vardana is a federal directorial republic, wherein the directory is the collective head of state and head of government. The Republic of Vardana is structured as a multi-party democracy with an elected head of state and government, legislature, and appointed judiciary. The constitution sets out the governing principles and established Vardana as a federal state.

Directory are directly elected by popular vote every four years with elections staggered, serving as the head of state, and government, and chief executive of the country. Legislative power is vested by the unicameral National Convention. The judiciary is nominally independent from both the executive and legislative branches of government, though the Directory is given expansive powers in appointing or dismissing judges. The High Constitutional Court is the highest court in the country, and is charged with determinations of constitutionality of laws and decrees, while also hearing cases on appeal from lower courts, stripping political parties of funding or outright banning them.

Law and criminal justice

The Constitution of Vardana was adopted on 11 July 1983 by popular referendum with 62.4% approval, and took effect on 11 July 1985. The constitution sets out the fundamentals of the government, rule of law, an ideological neutrality of the state, political pluralism, competitive elections and a separation of powers, guaranteeing fundamental human rights to all citizens regardless of religion.

The Directory appoints all members of the civil judiciary, and chief public prosecutor. There are civil, criminal, and sanctioned religious courts for recognized religions where jurists are appointed among local clerics or priests with approval of the Directory. Religious courts have no appeal system, but may be brought in civil or criminal courts instead. Special courts are convened for crimes of treason, and attempts to subvert the Republic.

Foreign Relations

Vardana presently maintains relations with all nations of the world, however relations with neighboring Latium and Thraysia are widely considered negative. Since 1832, all successive Vardanan governments have claimed sovereignty over the neighboring Diocese of the East, complicating relations with Latium. Relations with Thraysia are also historically poor due to claims over Vardana by Thraysia, which have been contested since the end of the Caliphate rule over the area in the 16th century.

Vardana is a member of numerous international organizations, chiefly the Forum of Nations, Organization of the Ozeros, Group for Ozeros Economic Cooperation.

Military

The Directory of Vardana is collectively responsible for managing the military of Vardana, serving as commander-in-chief of the armed forces. However, the Director-General is considered the functional commander-in-chief. Day-to-day management is undertaken by the Ministry of Defense and the Republican Guard. Vardana has over 400,000 active members in the armed forces throughout its three branches and independent military agencies.

Vardanan armed forces can be broken down into two groups, the People's Army of Vardana and the Republican Guard. The People's Army consists of three branches: Army, Navy, Air Force. All agencies within the People's Army and the Republican Guard operate their own intelligence apparatus, though the Department for the Protection of the Republic is the nation's premier domestic and foreign intelligence agency.

The country has developed its own minor arms industry, but has primarily relied upon foreign suppliers since the collapse of the communist regime in 1986.

Economy

Demographics

Largest cities

Ethnic Groups

Ethnic groups within Vardana mirror the make up of languages spoken within the country. As with language, Vardanans make up the largest ethnic group in the country; however as with language, there is a political motive suspected to be behind census numbers. The most recent government census reported that 92% of inhabitants were Vardanan. Opponents suggest that this statistic is caused by confusing census questions and documents that lead to a desired outcome. Estimates from NGOs place ethnic Vardanan are anywhere from 65-77% of the population.

Ethnic Ayrumi make up the second largest ethnic group, with NGOs placing around 10% of the population. Due to its location bordering Thraysia, a significant Mysian population remains along Vardana's coastal regions. The Mysian population was once much larger, though saw widespread emigration during and after the 1920 revolution.

Languages

Vardanan is the sole official language of Vardana, and is spoken by an overwhelming majority of the population. Several other dialects are spoken throughout the country, with XXXX holding the status of a recognized language for historical purposes. The most recent census shows that nearly 98% of all inhabitants speak Vardanan, though this remains a topic of debate as many point out that such a statistic is politically motivated.

The largest minority language is Ayrumi, which is the native language of an ethnic group of the same name.

Other notable minority languages include Mysian, Kardish, and Teispid. Mysian is widely spoken in northern coastal regions along the Periclean in Sophene.

Religion

Religion in Vardana (State Census 2015)
Religion
Number %
Christianity 23,143,562 45.2
–Vardanan Apostolic 20,122,610 39.3
–Eastern churches 2,252,913 4.4
–Fabrian Catholic 102,405 0.2
–Other Christian churches 665,633 1.3
Azdarin 7,270,765 10.2
Zoroastrian 768,038 1.5
Judaism 460,823 0.9
Sadhana 256,012 0.8
N'nhivara 102,405 0.2
Spiritual but unaffiliated with any religion 11,213,363 23.9
Atheism 5,888,295 12.5
Not stated 1,792,090 4.1
Total population 51,202,572

Vardana is a secular state with no state religion and freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution of Vardana. Historically, Vardana had widespread religious diversity, though the Vardanan Apostolic Church was the dominant faith and state church. Now only holds a plurality following according to the 2015 census, with X% of the population adherents of Apostolic. Irreligion or spiritual but not religious and atheism are the next largest groups. A study by the Prince of Youth Institute determined that the communist era's repression of religion was widespread and that anti-religous law instituted before 1972 is the chief cause for these numbers. It is estimated that before 1972, as few as 21% of Vardanans remained Apostolic. Historically the Apostolic Patriarch of Aparan served as the leader of the Apostolic Vardanan Church. However, with the establishment of the Diocese of the East and the Vardanan loss of Leonopolis, the royal government established the Patriarch of All Vardana and Bayazet in 1830. The post Patriarch of All Vardana fell vacant in 1925 but was since re-established in 1982.

A number of other religious groups reside in Vardana, with minority Christian groups making up 5% of the population. The Orthodox Church is the largest Christian group within the country, Fabrian Catholicism and other Christian faiths. Adherents of Eastern Orthodoxy in Vardana are led by the autocephalous Patriarch of Kajnadzor. Azdarin and Judaism also have a significant presence in Vardana, the former among the Ayrumi minority. Before the 1920 revolution, followers of the Jewish faith consisted of almost 8% of the population, but the revolution and Yisraeli return laws have seen that number drop to barely 1% of the country's modern population. Other faiths make up at least 4% of the population include: Zoroastrianism, Sadhana, and N'nhivara.

Health

Education

Culture

Architecture

Literature and Theatre

Music

Sports

Cuisine

Fashion and design

Media