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Union of Federal Republics of Satria
Anthem: Song of the Free Satrian Army
Controlled territory is in dark green. Claimed territory is in light green.
|Recognised national languages||Gaullican|
|Recognised regional languages||Himavantan |
|Ethnic groups||Himavantan (37%) |
|Government||Unicameral Federal Presidential Republic|
|Legislature||Parliament of the Union of Federated Republics of Satria|
|936,848 km2 (361,719 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
|200.7/km2 (519.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| 38.1|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.681|
|ISO 3166 code||AJA|
Ajahadya, officially the Union of Federal Republics of Satria (Etrurian: Unione delle Repubbliche Federali di Satria) is a is a federal presidential republic in Satria. It is bordered to the east by Zorasan and xx, to the south by Dakata and Baekjeong, to the west by Arthakhand and Rajyaghar and to the north by Gulbistan. It has a population of 188,112,000, a nominal GDP of $811,955,456,000, and is a founding member of ROSPO. It is regarded as a regional power in Satria.
Located in the Bashurat River Basin, home to one of the cradles of civilisation, the valley was first united under the Sangma Dynasty in 12 BC, which would last for the next 1200 years, although a scholarly consensus has emerged that the Sangma Dynasty was not one continuous line of descent, but should instead be considered to be similar to the Xiaodongese concept of the Mandate of Heaven. The Sangma Empire can be split into four periods, the Early Period, lasting from the founding of the dynasty in 12 BC to the disposition of Vikramaditya Jatavarman III in a coup in 311 AD and the following First Interregnum, a period of civil war from 311 AD to the reunification of the empire in 399 AD by Vikramaditya Mahendra I, the Middle Period from 399 AD to 812 AD, sometimes also referred to as the Mahendra Period which ended with the Second Sangma Interregnum, which would last for most of the 9th Century until Susarman I reunified the lands and claimed the mantle of the Sangma. The Middle Period saw cultural and religious growth, with the arrival of new faiths such as Badi and Irfan into the empire's borders from the Great Coian Steppe and the sea.
What followed was the High Period of the Sangma Dynasty, lasting from 812 AD until 1247 AD. This period saw a series of wars as the empire gradually contracted and then expanded again in wars against its neighbours and as Thakurs declared independence or attempted to take the empire for themselves. The period ended with the defeat and death of Durlabha I in battle against Al-Samid in Battle of Mukta and the establishment of the xx From 1247 until 1439, the Sangma Empire declined in power and influence as internal revolts and foreign wars weakened the empire until the last Chhatrapati, Ajayapala I, died in 1439. Upon his death, the Thakurs had his heir murdered and the Sangma Empire broke apart.
None of the successor states had the power of the Sangma, and so the Bashurat Valley remained divided for the next century until the invasions of the Togoti Khanate under Manzur Khan and Arslon Khan conquered the various Thakurates in the mid to late 1500s. Under Gurkhan the Togoti would grown into one of the largest empires in history, destroying the Gorsanid Empire and conquering southern Zorasan, weakening the Alsamid Heavenly Dominion and invading Xiaodong across the Shalegho Mountains. Although not successful in his conquest, and indeed dying in 1662, Gurkhan's invasion weakened the Jiao Dynasty and allowed the Senrian Toki Dynasty to take power. Gurkhan's empire did not survive his death, and after a brief war his sons Ajahad and Khardar agreed to split the empire between them, with Ajahad inheriting the Satrian lands and Khardar the Zorasani lands.
The Rajadom of Ajahadya, as Ajahad's territory would become known, would reconquer parts of the former Togoti Khanate from other successor states and would fight a series of wars to retain its independence in the face of Euclean colonialism throughout the later 1700s and 1800s, eventually securing its nominal independence through a diplomatic balancing act between Euclean powers. The Rajadom would collapse after its surrender in the Great War, with the current government being established after the Ajahadyan Civil War. Ajahadya would fight in the Solarian War to reclaim territories lost to Etruria in the Great War, and in multiple following conflicts as it sought to unify the continent under one government. Since the 1980s, Ajahadya has undergone the process of rebuilding and modernisation of its economy and military after its defeat and near collapse in the Third Satrian War and Dakatan War, following Nishant Balchandra's policy of 'Hide your strength, find your allies, bide your time' which all presidents since have followed over the more aggressive military policies previously.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Prehistoric Ajahadya
- 2.2 Ancient Ajahadya (~2850 BC - 12AD)
- 2.3 Classical Ajahadya/Sangma Period (12 BC - 1247 AD)
- 2.4 Medieval Ajahadya/Post-Sangma Period (1133 AD - 1665 AD)
- 2.5 Early Modern Ajahadya/Post-Togoti Period (1665 - 1935)
- 2.6 Interwar Period and Solarian War (1935 - 1941)
- 2.7 Modern Ajahadya (1946 - Present)
- 3 Politics and Government
- 4 Geography and Climate
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Military
The name Ajahadya, as used commonly by Eucleans, is derived from the Ajahadid Dynasty that ruled the area following the collapse of the Togoti Khanate from 1665 until 1935, which is usually called the Rajadom of Ajahadya although this name was not used formally. The dynasty in turn takes its name from its founder, Ajahad I, the first Raja of the dynasty and from where it derives its name. Within Ajahadya itself, the name is used to refer to the territorial area of the states of Zubad, Togotistan, Himavanta and Prasumidesa which were ruled by the Rajadom, but formally the state's full title of Union of Federal Republics of Satria is used to reflect the state ideology of Pan-Satrianism.
-First arrival of humans circa 65,000 BC
-Migration of Satari-Euclean people into Ajahadya circa 10,000 BC
Ancient Ajahadya (~2850 BC - 12AD)
Dynastic/Mythic Era (~2850 - ~1250 BC)
-Bashurat River Valley culture
-Development of river kingdoms
-Creation of mythic oral histories
-Patchy historical records
River Kingdoms Period (~1250 BC - 453 BC)
-Minor wars between river kingdoms and river city states
-Rise and fall of various hegemonic states
-Beginning of proper historical records
-Most information about previous period comes from texts and records made in this time
Classical Ajahadya/Sangma Period (12 BC - 1247 AD)
Sangma Early Period (12 BC - 311 AD)
-Founding of Sangama Dynasty
-Conquest of Bashurat River against rivals complete (34 BC)
-Failed invasion of unconquered Satrian states (79 BC)
-Wars against the Arasanid Empire
-Conquest of Togotistan from Uluchig Confederacy (44 - 54 AD)
-Deposition of Vikramaditya Jatavarman III in palace coup (116 AD)
-Arasanid invasion wins decisive battle at the Bashurat (185 AD)
-Popular uprisings following major famine
-Unsuccessful wars against the Sarmin Khanate
-Death of childless Vikramaditya Mahendra III causes War of the Great Bastards among his illegitimate offspring (302 - 311 AD)
-Death, suspected assassination, of Vikramaditya Mahendra IV, victor of the War of the Great Bastards starts Second Interregnum (311 AD)
First Sangma Interregnum (311 AD - 399 AD)
-Civil war between ambitious governors and generals
-Multiple sub-states named after cities established
-Long and bloody series of wars and backstabbing
-Victor, Susarman I, claims descent from Vikramaditya Mahendra IV, declares restoration of the Sangma Dynasty
Sangma Middle Period (399 AD - 812 AD)
-Empire reunified under Vikramaditya Mahendra IV in 399 AD
-Golden age of the Sangma
-Flourishing of art, philosophy and culture
-First records of Badi followers living within the Sangma Empire, earlier but unrecorded arrival assumed
-Wars against Arasanid Empire
-Invasion and destruction of Kingdom of Pyeongwan, incorporation of Bumistan and Vijay into Empire (463 - 471 AD)
-Invasion and conquest of Dakata (501 - 517 AD)
-Spread of Irfan into coastal Satria by trade
-Attempted invasions of Peshkal Khanate, wars against Heavenly Dominions weaken Empire (608 - 812 AD)
-Death of Emperor Kapatu I in 812 AD leads to succession crisis
Second Interregnum (812 AD - 839 AD)
-Civil war between various sons of Kapatu I and Thakurs trying to claim the throne for themselves
-Rebellions in more distant parts of the empire seeking independence
-Empire reunified under Indra III in 839 AD
Sangma High Period (839 AD - 1133 AD)
-Empire reunified under Indra III in 839 AD
-Reconquest of Togotistan and Dakata (839 - 861 AD)
-Conquest of Avanidhara (864 - 877 AD)
Indra IV conquers Antarita, Daksina, Pushkarma Valley (909 AD - 921 AD)
-Sangma at greatest extent (922 AD) -Ansan Empire conquers Bumistan and Vijay (941 - 946 AD)
-Resurgence under Khengara I
-Bumistan reconquered (1097 AD)
-Vijay reconquered (1101 AD)
-Khorshid Confederacy invades, Khengara I killed in battle marks end of High Period (1127 - 1133 AD)
Medieval Ajahadya/Post-Sangma Period (1133 AD - 1665 AD)
Sangma Late Period (1133 AD - 1439 AD)
-Brief civil war after death of Khengara I, breakaway of most distant provinces
-Empire temporarily held together, series of wars against First Gorsanid Empire weaken Sangma authority (1133 - 1201)
-Gradual decline in central authority
-Thakurs of Vijay and Dakshin Bumi revolt, defeat Sangma Army in Battle of the River Dakia, Vijayan Thakurate and First Thakurate of Dakshin Bumi proclaimed (1260 - 1261)
-Sangma attempt to reconquer lost territories fail, weaken empire internally (1250 - 1350)
-Further loss of central authority to sanga-durga and local provincial administrations and military commanders
-Togoti revolt under Sandjar Khan in fails, weakens empire further (1305 - 1306)
-Wars against Gorsanids (1300 - 1340)
-Shavkat Khan leads Great Togoti Revolt, establishes Togoti Khanate (1337 - 1358)
-Major loss of imperial prestige, sparks Thakurate Revolts
-Thakur of Zubad rebels, defeated (1360 - 1363)
-Thakur of Himavanta rebels, defeated (1369 - 1371)
-Thakur of Uttar Himavanta rebels, defeated (1390 - 1399)
-Thakur of Zubad rebels, defeated (1404 - 1406)
-Yarmat Khan, Khan of the Togoti Khanate, invades Zubad, defeated (1408)
-Thakur of Himavanta rebels, successful (1420 - 1422)
-Empire little more than a rump state, at mercy of Thakurs of Zubad (1400 - 1439)
-Death of Ajayapala I in 1439 marks end of Sangma Dynasty, Thakur of Zubad Jagadhekamalla declares himself Raja of Zubad
Togoti Khanate (1358 - 1497)
-Formed by Shavkat Khan after Great Togoti Revolt (1337 - 1358)
-Yarmat Khan, Khan of the Togoti Khanate, invades Zubad, defeated (1408)
-Wars against Khorshid Confederacy (1419 - 1420, 1433, 1454 - 1456, 1493 - 1497)
-Consolidation of Mirghazab with absorption of Khorshid Confederacy, proclamation of Togoti Khanate (1497)
Thakurate of Himavanta (1422 - 1551)
-Defeated Rajadom of Zubad in Reclamation War (1459 - 1470)
-Strongest of the successor kingdoms to the Sangma
-Fought off invasion by Alsamid Heavenly Dominion (1488 - 1490)
-Conquered by Togoti Khaghanate (1551)
Rajadom of Zubad (1439 - 1538)
-Declared by Thakur of Zubad Jagadhekamalla after palace coup against last Sangma Emperor, Ajayapala I
-Successor kingdom to the Sangma, sought to establish a successor empire
-Defeated by Thakurate of Himavanta in Reclamation War (1459 - 1470)
-Never militarily powerful afterwards, prone to raids by Togoti Khanate
-Conquered by Togoti Khaghanate (1538)
Togoti Khaghanate (1497 - 1665)
-Formed by Consolidation of Mirghazab; Tsustemori Khan under with absorption of Khorshid Confederacy (1497)
-Death of Tsustemori Khan sparks civil war, Khaghanate reunited under Nurmat Khan (1511 - 1515)
-Conquest of the Lower Steppe under Nurmat Khan (1527 - 1538)
-Death of Nurmat Khan (1539)
-Conquest of Zubad under Manzur Khan (1543 - 1547)
-Death of Manzur Khan (1550)
-Conquest of Thakurate of Himavanta under Arslon Khan (1551 - 1553)
-Conquest of Dashkin Bumi and Vijay from Ansan Empire under Arslon Khan (1555 -1559)
-Conquest of Dakata (1560 - 1589) under Arslon Khan
-Death of Arslon Khan (1593)
-Period of consolidation and wars against Alsamid Heavenly Dominion under Ruslan Khan (1589 - 1611)
-Rustam later known as Gurkhan, son of Ruslan Khan born (1594)
-Death of Ruslan Khan (1611)
-Invasion of Alsamid Heavenly Dominion, conquest of Prasumidesa, Arthakhand by Gurkhan (1613 - 1626)
-Invasion of First Gorsanid Empire by Gurkhan, conquest of Pardaran, Gulbistan and Northwest Zorasan, collapse of First Gorsanid Empire into Emirates (1630 - 1648)
-Invasion of Xiaodong, rampages across countryside for 12 years winning several battles, Gurkhan killed in Battle of Saqalaskar, invading army returns to Satria (1650 - 1662)
-Civil war between Gurkhan's two sons Ajahad and Khardar, surrounding nations invade to take parts of the empire back or local rulers declare independence, Gurkhan's sons eventually agree to split the empire between them into Rajadom of Ajahadya and Khardarid Khanate (1663 - 1665)
Early Modern Ajahadya/Post-Togoti Period (1665 - 1935)
Thakurate of Prasumidesa (1665 - 1684)
-Broke away from Togoti Khaghanate, effectively autonomous
-Short-lived, only ruler was Thakur Aryabhata Pandya
-Spent most of its existence playing the Alsamid Heavenly Dominion and Rajadom of Ajahadya off against each other
-Successful until Prasumidesan War of 1680-1684, annexed by Second Alsamid Heavenly Dominion (1680 - 1684)
Rajadom of Ajahadya (1665 - 1935)
-Southern successor state of the Togoti Khaghanate
-Attempted to reconquer steppe, defeated by Oogid Khanate in Great Steppe War (1665 - 1673)
-Fought over Thakurate of Prasumidesa, defeated in Prasumidesan War of 1680-1684 (1680 - 1684)
-Several inconclusive conflicts against Alsamid Heavenly Dominion weakens both it and the Rajadom (1690 - 1720)
-Arrival of Euclean presence in region (1720s onwards)
-Rajadom conquers Prasumidesa (1747 - 1751)
-Series of colonial wars against Etrurian expeditions into Satria and Etrurian-allied Thakurs (1750s to 1850s)
-Treaty of Vadavarja grants concessions of extraterritoriality and reductions of tariffs and allowing Etrurian companies preferential treatment in Ajahadya in exchange for recognition of Raja Shahu I's rule over Ajahadya (1864)
-Balancing act of Etrurian and Gaullican influence under Kulachandra I (1869 - 1909)
-Coup against Kaval I leads to Shahu II becoming Raja after death of Kulachandra I (1905)
-Bashurat Crisis shifts balance of influence to firmly pro-Gaullican (1909)
-Growth of Pan-Satrianism (1909 - 1927)
-Great War (1927 - 1934)
-Peace of Vadavarja signed, ending Aja's involvement in the Great War (1934)
-Military coup against Raja over Peace of Vadavarja ends Rajadom, starts Ajahadyan Civil War (1935)
Interwar Period and Solarian War (1935 - 1941)
Jutha Control (1935 - 1943)
The Solarian War (1943 - 1946)
Modern Ajahadya (1946 - Present)
In the aftermath of the Solarian War, several new states were established from the former Etrurian colonies in Satria in the peace treaty rather than being made states of Ajahadya as Mohan Balchandra had envisaged. Seeking to secure a fait accompli by taking over these new states before they could be securely established and develop their own sense of identity in opposition to the pan-Satrian identity espoused by Ajahadya, and while the Ajahadyan Army remained the largest in Satria, Ajahadya invaded the new states in 1948 in the First Satrian War.
Euclean and CN assistance provided to the new states, along with the rapid creation of armies for the new states from Great War and Solarian War surplus would by 1948 see to Balchandra's plan to quickly unify Satria by violent means defeated, with Ajahadya and the new states signing a ceasefire, but crucially the Ajahadyan government refused to acknowledge the new states as legitimate entities. Mohan Balchandra would fall into a depressive state following the war, which in addition to a kidney wound sustained in the Ajahadyan Civil War that had never properly healed led to the country being run by the Premier Aman Sabanis until 1950.
Although Ajahadya's first president, Mohan Balchandra is widely regarded as being a compromise candidate after the Ajahadyan Civil War between the major factions during the formation of the Pan-Satrian League, rather than being the best candidate as he lacked the military records of Jalender Sarai or the administrative skills and academic qualifications of Aman Sabanis. Following his death, the 1950 Ajahadyan presidential election saw Jalender Sarai, running for the Pan-Satrian League, defeat Aman Sabanis who was running for the same party, in Ajahadya's first democratic elections, with Sabanis retaining the post of Premier that he had held under Balchandra.
Having campaigned on a platform of rapid modernisation, industrialisation and rearmament, Jalender Sarai presided over a period of state-led industrialisation that would last for most of the 1950s, prioritising heavy and military-related industries, modelling his economic policy off of the Xiaodongese economic policies of import substitution industrialisation, central planning and the nationalisation of Ajahadya's limited heavy industry and rail networks, along with the extension of invitations to Euclean and Xiaodongese technical experts to establish universities and military-related technical institutes, as well as the secret establishment of a secret program to produce nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Although only having extremely limited success in increasing living standards, Sarai's economic policies, guided by Aman Sabanis in his role as Premier, created a solid industrial base within Ajahadya and a small research and development community, while purchasing modern weaponry from Soravia and Xiaodong to equip its armed forces, supplementing domestically-produced equipment.
The 1957 Ajahadyan presidential election saw Jalander Sarai elected relatively unopposed with Aman Sabanis declining to stand for election, campaigning on the same platform that he had in 1950 but as a 'safe pair of hands'. In September 1957 Ajahadya invaded Baekjeong in the Dakian War, achieving a decisive victory by October over the unprepared Baekjeongi and annexing Vijay and Bumikam. By 1959, Ajahadya had militarised to the point where Sarai ordered the invasion of Arthakhand and Chanda in the Second Satrian War. By 1964, Ajahadya had emerged victorious, annexing large swathes of Arthakhand and Chanda but unable to advance any further due to international pressure to withdraw, international assistance provided to Arthakhand and Chanda and growing resistance.
Declaring victory, Jalander Sarai swept to victory in the 1966 Ajahadyan presidential election died in 1966 at the age of 72. Although domestically regarded as Ajahadya's greatest president for his victories in the Second Satrian War and the Dakian War and for the initial rapid industrialisation of Ajahadya, internationally he is regarded as a Satrian ultranationalist, a warmonger and a military strongman.
Rather than sitting the remainder of Sarai's full 7 year term, Aman Sabanis held the 1967 Ajahadyan presidential election following Sarai's death. Although facing oppositon from Nishant Balchandra and Amal Hathiwala, Sabanis emerged victorious as his almost three decades as Premier for Mohan Balchandra and Jalander Sarai had given him a reputation for competence in government, especially in economic affairs, and following the Second Satrian War and the Dakian War there was less of a desire to continue Balchandra and Sarai's policy of unification by violence as advocated for by Amal Hathiwala due to domestic demands for more of a focus on improving the standard of living than waging further wars.
From 1967 to 1972, Sabanis gradually reoriented the state's priority away from the military-first nature of the Balchandra and Sarai presidencies, instead focusing the Ajahadyan government's efforts on investments in light industry, public health and agriculture while cutting back on military spending, especially Ajahadya's programs focused on weapons of mass destruction, while also cutting back partially on the extensive licensing and regulation on private businesses that had been implemented under Sarai's economic plans. Sabanis' term saw Ajahadya grow isolated internationally, as the unexpected military triumphs of the early 1960s marked a fear among other states about the prospect of the formation of a unified pan-Satrian state that would disrupt the post-Solarian War order. Although not achieving the fast rates of economic growth seen in other parts of Coius during this timeframe, Sabanis' succeeded in improving the agricultural yields of the already fertile Bashurat Valley, leading Ajahadya to be nicknamed the 'Breadbasket of Coius', and saw a moderate increase in the standard of living for the average citizen with the opening of several new state-run hospitals.
In 1972 a coalition of Baekjeong, Arthakhand and Chanda invaded Ajahadya seeking to regain the territories lost during the Second Satrian War, starting the Third Satrian War. The Ajahadyan Army, which had suffered from funding cuts under Sabanis, was caught by surprise, and by the end of 1972 Ajahadya had been defeated by Baekjeong and the territory taken from it in the Second Satrian War returned. Aman Sabanis was killed in late 1972 when an Arthakhandi airstrike struck his convoy, unaware that it was carrying him, although some conspiracy theorists allege that it was an assassination plot.
Although lauded for his accomplishments in improving the Ajahadyan economy and standard of living, many nationalists blame Aman Sabanis for Ajahadya's defeat in the Third Satrian War and believe that if he had instead continued the policies of Balchandra and Sarai, Satria could have been unified by 1975. Upon his death, his Premier, Nishant Balchandra, son of Mohan Balchandra, temporarily assumed the Presidency but citing his lack of military experience and lack of reputation, instead proposed that Arjuna Kalsarah, the last living of the Founding Fathers of Ajahadya, be named President by the Parliament after suspending the 1974 Ajahadyan presidential election. The Parliment agreed, citing the 'national state of emergency', and voted to confirm Kalsarah as the new Emergency Acting President with Nishant Balchandra as his Premier.
Kalsarah's emergency presidency was dominated by the Third Satrian War, which by 1974 had devolved into an attritional war as Ajahadya's peace with Baekjeong had freed up large numbers of forces to move to other fronts, and support had begun to arrive from Xiaodong as well as arms purchases from Soravia, shipped in via Zorasan. Chemical weapons were extensively used during the war, both against conventional forces and in missile strikes against enemy civilian populations, leading to Kalsarah being named a war criminal. The Third Satrian War ended with a CN-brokered ceasefire agreement in 1978 that saw Ajahadya return all territories gained after the Second Satrian War. With the end of the war, Arjuna Kalsarah resigned the emergency presidency to retire peacefully, letting it pass to his Premier, Nishant Balchandra.
Nishant Balchandra continued the state of martial law originally imposed in 1974, suspending the 1981 presidential election, citing the need to rebuild the country without the 'distractions of petty electoral politics' and the 'threat to national unity posed by nationalist subversives'. Ajahadya was in economic ruin at the start of the 1980s, with the loss of sea access that it had relied on economically for the past decade harming long-term economic prospects. Nishant Balchandra embarked on an ambitious economic reconstruction program following the same basic principles as Sarai's economic policy of the 1950s of of import substitution industrialisation and central planning but paired with the expansion of subsidies to small businesses and farmers to aid in reconstruction. Nishant Balchandra's reconstruction program was paired with an increase in the use of authoritarian measures such as the creation of a secret police and the expansion of public surveillance domestically against growing ethnic nationalist and religious groups that threatened the existence of the UFRS, and an increase in ties with Xiaodong and Zorasan, becoming a founding member of ROSPO out of a desire to avoid the diplomatic isolation prior to the Third Satrian War.
Sometimes called the Ajahadyan Normalisation, Nishant Balchandra's brutal methods were able to hold the then-fragile state together while Ajahadya was rebuilding during the 1980s, but the suspension of the 1988 Presidential election led international observers to conclude that Nishant Balchandra intended to transform Ajahadya from a nominally democratic dominant party system under the Pan-Satrian League into a dictatorial one party state.
The 1990s saw the modernisation of the Ajahadyan economy and an increase in urbanisation, as the cheap labour combined with a sizable number of second-language Gaullican speakers made Ajahadya a good destination for companies to outsource call centres and similar service industries to. Nishant Balchandra's continued suspension of presidential elections led to a growing protest movement against his government in the 1980s with public demands for the return of democracy and elite groups concerned about Nishant Balchandra's potential dictatorial tendencies growing stronger through the 1990s. Waging a campaign of protest and non-violent resistance and unifying multiple sectors of Ajahadyan society, these groups succeeded in making Nishant Balchandra declare an end to martial law in 1999, with elections scheduled for January 2000.
Nishant Balchandra and the Pan-Satrian League, which had ruled Ajahadya since the end of the civil war in 1935, were defeated in the 2000 Ajahadyan presidential election by Vimal Sarai and the New Satria Party, formed from elements of the PSL that had grown disaffected with Nishant Balchandra's growing authoritarian and autocratic tendencies. This was the first ever defeat of an incumbent in an election in Ajahadya and the first election in Ajahadya for 33 years. Vimal Sarai, the grandson of Jalender Sarai, undertook a period of economic and social liberalisation, repealing the anti-union and anti-assembly laws passed by Nishant Balchandra while continuing the work of Aman Sabanis in rolling back business regulations along with the privatisation of while supporting an enlargement and modernisation of the Ajahadyan Army. The 2005 global recession, along with substantial dissatisfaction within the New Satria Party from more reformist elements over the slow pace of reforms in some areas and fear over the scope of Sarai's economic reforms, culminating in their breakaway to form the Satrian National People’s Party under Diya Kalsarah, led to his defeat in the 2007 Ajahadyan presidential election by Diya Kalsarah and the SNPP.
Diya Kalsarah was Ajahadya's first female head of state and reverted some of Vimal Sarai's economic reforms, re-nationalising the telecoms industry, steel industry, chemical industry, transport industry and the rail network while creating a fund to further increase crop yields. Her attempt to create a 'Satrian Community' in 2008, modelled off the Euclean Community, was rebuffed as decades of war and a mistrust of Ajahadyan intentions led to other Satrian states largely viewing it as another means for Ajahadya to unify Satria under its control, while it alienated the military and the right wing domestically contributing to her defeat in the 2014 Ajahadyan presidential election by Salil Balchandra and the New Satria Party.
Under Salil Balchandra Ajahadya has seen a renewed military build-up, although not to the same extent as under Vimal Sarai, coupled with a modernisation of Ajahadya's aging rail and road networks and a re-privatisation of the steel, chemical and transport industries and increased Ajahadyan involvement in ROSPO operations through the provision of support personnel and air power. Salil Balchandra is also believed to have increased support for pan-Satrian militas abroad.
Politics and Government
The federal government of Ajahadya is established in a presidential framework as established in the Constitution of 1937, loosely modelled after Euclean democracies. However, the leaders of the UFRS did not believe that a Euclean-style democracy would work in a unified Satria, and several notable differences have led Ajahadya to be considered a southern democracy by many Euclean commentators. Ajahadyan governments have routinely protested this classification, citing its commitment at the federal and state levels to creating a 'people's democracy with Satrian characteristics.' Elections at the federal level are considered to be largely free and fair by international electoral observers, as the populous nature of Ajahadya prevents the use of political machines to shape electoral results at the federal as has regularly been seen in state-level Ajahadyan politics.
Executive power at the federal level in Ajahadya is held by the President of the Union, elected by direct popular vote every 7 years, unless a President dies in office in which case their Premier sits the remainder of their term, or if unwilling or unable, the Parliament elects a replacement. The current President, Salil Balchandra was elected to a second term following the 2021 Ajahadyan presidential election.
The President has some influence over the legislative through the Premier of the Union, who is appointed and dismissed at will by the President and serves as the Speaker of Parliament and by appointing members of the Satrian Federal Court. The President has the powers to name their cabinet, can veto legislation, can dissolve the Parliament with a supermajority vote and can declare martial law with a supermajority vote in Parliament.
The President has no formal term limits, however it is rare for a President to serve more than a single term in office in the modern era. Two-term presidents were more common historically, with Jalender Sarai serving two full terms from 1950 to 1966, being elected for a third time in 1966 only to die shortly after his election and Nishant Balchandra who served as President from 1978 to 1999 following the resignation of Arjuna Kalsarah in 1978.
Ajahadya has a unicameral legislative, formally the Parliament of the Union of Federated Republics of Satria, normally referred to as the Ajahadyan Parliament. The Ajahadyan Parliament elects 450 members through a closed party list system every four years, and is currently composed of five parties, with the New Satria Party holding a majority as of the 2021 Ajahadyan Legislative Election. The Premier of Ajahadya serves as the presiding officer for the Parliament.
The ability of the Premier to get legislation passed by the Parliament is often seen as a measure of confidence in the President's ability to rule and in their policies as well as the Premier's own skill, and it is rare for an ineffective Premier to last long before they are dismissed by the President. Equally, an especially effective Premier can emerge as a political rival to a President and may use the position to attempt to build up a power base within the legislative with the intent of challenging the President at the next election, as happened under Vimal Sarai's term from 1997 to 2005, as his Premier, Diya Kalsarah, positioned herself and her allies within the New Satria Party as opposition to Sarai while exploiting her political allies position as kingmakers within the New Satria Party to prevent Diya Kalsarah's dismissal from the post. Diya Kalsarah left the New Satria Party in 2004 due to dissatisfaction with the pace of reform within Ajahadya to form the Satrian National People’s Party, defeating Vimal Sarai in the 2007 Ajahadyan presidential election.
Euclean commentators consider Ajahadya to have a dominant party system, previously oriented around the Pan-Satrian League that ruled the country from 1943 to 1997 and currently under the New Satria Party that ruled the country from 1997 to 2005, and from 2005 to the present. Commentators have also noted the difficulty in getting new parties onto the ballot, and that independent candidates are constitutionally illegal, as are parties created specifically to represent individual religious or ethnic groups.
The judicial branch of the Ajahadyan government is formed by the Satrian Federal Court which serves as the nation's supreme court. Its members are appointed by the President, and it functions as the main court for matters of constitutional and civil law.
Ajahadya is composed of four constituent states, Prasumidesa, Zubad, Himavanta and Togotistan. Constitutionally, Ajahadya claims the entirety of Satria as x other states, but only the prior four are functioning governing entities. State governments are granted a great degree of autonomy in regards to internal matters, including education, healthcare and some powers over levying taxes and provision of business subsidies.
Geography and Climate
Ajahadyan geography is dominated by the Bashurat River Basin, which covers the vast majority of the nation's land, with parts of eastern Ajahadya being included in the Great Steppe. Ajahadya is mostly covered by a humid subtropical climate in its northern areas, becoming a warm semi-arid climate closer to the border with Dakata in the Himavanta region. Ajahadya has four general seasons; a hot, rainy season from December though March, a cooler wet season prone to heavy thunderstorms from March through to June, a cool, dry and foggy winter from June through September and a hot, dry spring from September to December.
Ajahadya is a multiethnic country, with no single ethnic group making up a majority of the population. The largest ethnic group in Ajahadya are the Himavantans, compromising roughly 37% of the population according to the 2018 Federal Census who live in the southwest of the country, with the next largest group, the Prasumi, compromise roughly 28% of the population and live in the west of the country, primarily centered along the river networks that flow through the region in the Bashurat Valley. The Zubadi people make up around 26% of the population and live primarily in the north-west and center of the country, and the Togoti make up some 7% of the population and live mainly in the sparsely-populated east of Ajahadya which is part of the Great Coian Steppe. The remaining 2% are various Satrian ethnic groups, usually migrants from Ajahadya's neighbours.
Despite the lack of an ethnic majority, the country is largely united under a single Pan-Satrian identity that first began to form under Euclean colonialism in the Satrian subcontinent that became part of the official state ideology in after the Ajahadyan Civil War.
Ajahadya is notable among Coian states for its strict anti-discrimination laws on ethnic or religious grounds, which have been noted to be more extensive than those in some Euclean states. Some political commentators have criticised these laws for curtailing freedom of speech and free assembly, such as the ban on organisations representing a single ethnic or religious group being formed, but the Ajahadyan government as routinely maintained the position that no identity other than a Pan-Satrian one is nationally acceptable.
Ajahadya is a religiously diverse country, and has sometimes been called the 'religious crossroads of Coius', centered between Irfanic Zorasan, the Great Steppe, coastal Satria and the Shalegho Mountains. The Bashurat Valley has a strong tradition of religious pluralism and syncreticism, with multiple religious groups coexisting in the valley for millennia.
The largest religious group in Ajahadya is Tulyata, a school of the Jati philosophy that takes influences from Badi and is native to the Bashurat Valley. Adherents number roughly 38.4% of Ajahadya's population, and mainly live in Himavanta and Prasumidesa, although substantial populations can be found throughout the country.
Other notable religions include Irfan and Badi, both of which arrived in the region during the rule of the Sangma and which number 17.4% and 15.1% of the population respectively. Both religions have had a large presence in the region, arriving in the region under the Sangma Empire around the year 50 and 344 respectively, and are mostly found in the east and north of the country in the states of Zubad and Togotistan respectively.
Followers of Sotiranity number around 9.7% of the population. Both a native branch carried to Ajahadya by missionaries and traders in the 500s and 600s and a branch of the Solarian Catholic Church from Euclean missionaries in the Colonial Period exist within Ajahadya, with the former being the more prominent branch. Followers of Sotiranity can be found as minority groups across the whole of Ajahadya.
Zohism is the most recent arrival, spreading into the valley during the 1600s under the Togoti Khanate, and the first Raja of Ajahadya, Ajahad I, converted to the religion in 1676 and began an effort to proselytize the religion into the new Rajadom. Zohism has followers numbering around 19.2% of Ajahadya's population, mostly living in the state of Himavanta, with some presence in the southern parts of Zubad and the eastern parts of Prasumidesa.
Ajahadya is a mixed economy where the state controls 'strategic industries' such as telecommunications, railways, arms production, the national airline and some parts of heavy industry, while the rest of the economy is privately owned.
Approximately two thirds of the Ajahadyan population works in the agricultural industry, primarily centered around the Bashurat River Basin which dominates central Ajahadya and which supports several other industries around the marketing, processing and export of agricultural goods. Ajahadya is one of the world's largest producers of foodstuffs as the vast majority of its land area is both arable and is easily irrigated from the Bashurat River or a tributary. Principal crops include cereals, especially wheat, tea, sugarcane and vegetables. Cattle grazing is common in Togotistan and is the largest industry in that state, as the land is not suited for farming but is ideal for cattle grazing. Agriculture is the largest industry by employment numbers.
Industry in Ajahadya is primarily focused around the production of textiles for export, and textiles are by far the largest single industry in Ajahadya. The cities of Vadavarja and Nicava are both major centers for textile and garment manufacturing. Heavy industry is primarily oriented to supporting the construction and defence sectors through the production of products such as steel and cement and the support of Ajahadya's agricultural industries through the production of domestic fertilizer. Ajahadya has a large chemical industry that produces agrochemicals, fertilizers and synthetic polymers, primarily located in the city of Phata.
Services in Ajahadya account for the largest proportion of Ajahadya's GDP as a sector. Ajahadya has a large and vibrant domestic film industry, primarily based in Banabadura, and small but growing sectors in finance, banking and insurance. Retail in Ajahadya mostly consists of small, family-run stores, primarily due to a lack of supporting infrastructure that would be required for larger chains to exist.
Ajahadya's lack of coastline, and unfriendly relations with its neighbours have led many domestic economic commentators to say that Ajahadya's potential for further economic growth compared to the rest of the Satrian region despite its large population is hamstrung by its lack of access to cheap sea transport, limiting its ability to export its agricultural and industrial products at commercially viable prices due to the increased cost of transportation.
The Ajahadyan Armed Forces are the xth largest in Coius and the yth largest in the subcontinent of Satria. Although smaller than its regional counterparts, and its ROSPO allies of Xiaodong and Zorasan, the Ajahadyan Armed Forces are noted to have a higher level of average mechanisation and higher proportion of modern equipment compared to its regional counterparts and allies.
Ajahadya does not practice peacetime conscription, but financial incentives are provided to join paramilitary groups and the military's reserve forces, and all citizens over the age of 18 are expected to register for conscription. Conscription has been enacted twice in Ajahadyan history, from 1959 until 1965, and from 1973 until 1982.