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Union of Ajahadya
Anthem: Song of the Free Satrian Army
Controlled territory is in dark green.
|Recognised national languages||Vespasian|
|Recognised regional languages||Himavantan |
|Ethnic groups||Himavantan (36%)|
|Government||Unicameral One Party Republic|
|Gen. Banjot Kak|
|Legislature||National Assembly of Ajahadya|
|1,088,192 km2 (420,153 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
|172.87/km2 (447.7/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| 38.1|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.681|
|Time zone||UTC-1 1/2 (Ajahadyan Time, AJT)|
Ajahadya (Vespasian: Adjadyo), officially the Union of Ajahadya (Vespasian: Unione di Adjadyo) is a is a presidential republic in Satria. It is bordered to the east by Zorasan and Oyithpath, to the south by Duran and Ansan, to the west by xx and Rajyaghar and to the north by Patharistan. It has a population of 188,112,000 and a nominal GDP of $811,955,456,000. It is regarded as a regional power in Satria.
Located in the Bashurat River Basin, home to one of the cradles of civilisation, the valley was first united under the Sangma Dynasty in 12 BC, which would last for the next 1200 years, although a scholarly consensus has emerged that the Sangma Dynasty was not one continuous line of descent, but rather to the concept of the Chakravarti, the ruler of the Bashutat Valley and the surrounding regions. The Sangma Empire can be split into three periods, the Early Period, lasting from the founding of the dynasty in 12 BC to the disposition of Vikramaditya Jatavarman III in a coup in 311 AD and the following First Interregnum, a period of civil war from 311 AD to the reunification of the empire in 399 AD by Vikramaditya Mahendra I, the Middle Period from 399 AD to 812 AD, which ended with the Second Sangma Interregnum, which would last for most of the 9th Century until Susarman I reunified the lands and claimed the mantle of the Sangma.
The Late Period of the Sangma Dynasty followed, lasting from 812 AD until 1133 AD. This period saw a series of wars as the empire gradually contracted and then expanded again in wars against its neighbours. The period ended with the defeat and death of Khengara I in battle against the Great Nam. From 1133 until the 1300s, the Bashurat Valley was ruled by the Great Nam, with the only remnant of the Sangma being the Thakurate of Zubad.
The Great Nam collapsed into a series of successor states around 1300 following a extended period of decline. None of the successor states was able to successfully conquer the others, and the Bashurat Valley remained divided for the next two centuries, paying tribute to the Ansan Empire for the 13th and 14th centuries until the invasions of the Togoti Khanate under Manzur Khan and Arslon Khan conquered the various independent Thakurates in the mid to late 1500s. Under Gurkhan the Togoti would grown into one of the largest empires in history, destroying the Gorsanid Empire and conquering southern Zorasan and invading the Ansan Empire and Shangea. Although not successful in his conquests, and dying in 1662, Gurkhan's invasion weakened the Jiao Dynasty and allowed the Senrian Toki Dynasty to take power. Gurkhan's empire did not survive his death, and after a brief war his sons Ajahad and Khardar agreed to split the empire between them, with Ajahad inheriting the Satrian lands and Khardar the Zorasani lands.
The Rajadom of Ajahadya, as Ajahad's territory would become known, would reconquer parts of the former Togoti Khanate from other successor states and would fight a series of wars to retain its independence in the face of Euclean colonialism throughout the later 1700s and 1800s, eventually securing its nominal independence through a diplomatic balancing act between Euclean powers. The Rajadom became a colonial puppet government of Etruria after its surrender in the Great War, with the current government being established after obtaining independence after the Solarian War following a period of civil war.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Prehistoric Ajahadya
- 2.2 Ancient Ajahadya (~2850 BC - 12AD)
- 2.3 Classical Ajahadya/Sangma Period (12 BC - 1247 AD)
- 2.4 Medieval Ajahadya/Post-Sangma Period (1133 AD - 1665 AD)
- 2.5 Togoti and Ansene Period (1500 - 1665)
- 2.6 Early Modern Ajahadya/Post-Togoti Period (1665 - 1935)
- 2.7 Interwar Period and Solarian War (1935 - 1941)
- 2.8 Post-Solarian War and Satrian Republic (1946 - 1976)
- 2.9 Modern Ajahadya (1976 - Present)
- 3 Politics and Government
- 4 Geography and Climate
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Military
The name Ajahadya, as used commonly by Eucleans, is derived from the Ajahadid Dynasty that ruled the area following the collapse of the Togoti Khanate from 1665 until 1935, which is usually called the Rajadom of Ajahadya although this name was not used formally. The dynasty in turn takes its name from its founder, Ajahad I, the first Raja of the dynasty and from where it derives its name.
-First arrival of humans circa 65,000 BC
-Migration of Satari-Euclean people into Ajahadya circa 10,000 BC
Ancient Ajahadya (~2850 BC - 12AD)
Dynastic/Mythic Era (~2850 - ~1250 BC)
-Bashurat River Valley culture
-Development of river kingdoms
-Creation of mythic oral histories
-Patchy historical records
River Kingdoms Period (~1250 BC - ~450 BC)
-Minor wars between river kingdoms and river city states
-Rise and fall of various hegemonic states
-Beginning of proper historical records
-Most information about previous period comes from texts and records made in this time
Archaic Period (~450 BC - 12 BC)
Classical Ajahadya/Sangma Period (12 BC - 1247 AD)
Sangma Early Period (12 BC - 311 AD)
-Founding of Sangama Dynasty
-Arrival of Sotirianity according to Satrian Sotirian traditions (42 AD)
-Conquest of Togotistan from Uluchig Confederacy (44 - 54 AD)
-Deposition of Vikramaditya Jatavarman III in palace coup (116 AD)
-Arasanid invasion wins decisive battle at the Bashurat (185 AD)
-Popular uprisings following major famine
-Unsuccessful wars against the Sarmin Khanate
-Death of childless Vikramaditya Mahendra III causes War of the Great Bastards among his illegitimate offspring (302 - 311 AD)
-Death, suspected assassination, of Vikramaditya Mahendra IV, victor of the War of the Great Bastards starts Second Interregnum (311 AD)
First Sangma Interregnum (311 AD - 399 AD)
-Civil war between ambitious governors and generals
-Multiple sub-states named after cities established
-Long and bloody series of wars and backstabbings
-Victor, Susarman I, claims descent from Vikramaditya Mahendra IV, declares restoration of the Sangma Dynasty
Sangma Middle Period (399 AD - 812 AD)
-Empire reunified under Susarman I in 399 AD
-Golden age of the Sangma
-Flourishing of art, philosophy and culture
-First records of Badi followers living within the Sangma Empire, earlier but unrecorded arrival assumed
-Wars against Second Heavenly Dominion
-Invasion and destruction of Kingdom of Eunyeon under Rama II (463 - 471 AD)
-Spread of Irfan into Bashurat Valley by trade
-Attempted invasions of Peshkal Khanate, wars against Second Heavenly Dominion and Eunyeon successors weaken Empire (608 - 812 AD)
-Death of Kapatu I in 812 AD leads to succession crisis
Second Interregnum (812 AD - 839 AD)
-Civil war between various sons of Kapatu I and Thakurs trying to claim the throne for themselves
-Rebellions in more distant parts of the empire seeking independence
-Empire reunified under Indra III in 839 AD
Sangma Late Period (839 AD - 1133 AD)
-Empire reunified under Indra III in 839 AD (ruled 839 AD - 877 AD)
-Reconquest of Togotistan (839 - 861 AD)
-Conquest of Avanidhara (864 - 877 AD)
-Payment of tribute to Tao Dynasty as gifts
-Indra IV conquers Antarita, Daksina, Pushkarma Valley (909 AD - 921 AD)
-Sangma at greatest extent (922 AD)
-Ansan Empire conquers Bumistan and Vijay (941 - 946 AD)
-Breakaway of most distant provinces, formation of the Madhyarajyas in Rajyaghar (990 - 1050 AD)
-Resurgence under Khengara I (ruled 1092 - 1133 AD)
-Bumistan reconquered (1097 AD)
-Vijay reconquered (1101 AD)
-Great Nam invades, Khengara I killed in battle, marks end of High Period and end of the Sangma (1127 - 1133 AD)
Medieval Ajahadya/Post-Sangma Period (1133 AD - 1665 AD)
Great Nam Period (1133 AD - 1300 AD)
-All the stuff about the Great Nam goes here
Hundred States Period (1300 AD - 1500 AD)
Togoti Khanate (1358 - 1497)
Rajadom of Zubad (xxxx - 1538)
Thakurate of Himavanta (xxxx - 1551)
-Conquered by Togoti Khaghanate (1551)
Rajadom of Prasumidesa (xxxx - yyyy)
Togoti and Ansene Period (1500 - 1665)
Ansene Tributary States (1500 - 1551)
Togoti Khaghanate (1497 - 1665)
-Formed by Consolidation of Mirghazab; Tsustemori Khan under with absorption of Khorshid Confederacy (1497)
-Death of Tsustemori Khan sparks civil war, Khaghanate reunited under Nurmat Khan (1511 - 1515)
-Conquest of the Lower Steppe under Nurmat Khan (1527 - 1538)
-Death of Nurmat Khan (1539)
-Conquest of Zubad under Manzur Khan (1543 - 1547)
-Death of Manzur Khan (1550)
-Conquest of Thakurate of Himavanta under Arslon Khan (1551 - 1553)
-Conquest of Dashkin Bumi and Vijay from Ansan Empire under Arslon Khan (1555 - 1559)
-Death of Arslon Khan (1593)
-Period of consolidation and inconclusive wars against Rajadom of Pali and Naratha Confederacy under Ruslan Khan (1589 - 1611)
-Jasur later known as Gurkhan, son of Ruslan Khan born (1594)
-Death of Ruslan Khan (1611)
Gurkhan's Conquests (1611 - 1665)
-Conquest and vassalization of Rajadom of Pali in modern Arthasthan by Gurkhan (1613 - 1626)
-Invasions of First Gorsanid Empire by Gurkhan, conquest of Pardaran, causes collapse of First Gorsanid Empire into Emirates, makes Naratha Confederacy in modern Rajyaghar pay tribute (1630 - 1648)
-First invasion of Ansan in reprisal for Ansan invading while campaigning in the Gorsanid Empire, burns Paglan to the ground and takes tribute, leaves to consolidate northern conquests (1653)
-Second invasion of Ansan, burns Sangang to the ground, executes the Seonggol, leaves subjugating Sindae to subordinate and continues into Shangea (1657)
-Invasion of Shangea, rampages across countryside for 7 years winning several battles, Gurkhan killed in Battle of Saqalaskar, invading army returns to Satria (1657 - 1665)
-Civil war between Gurkhan's two sons Ajahad and Khardar, surrounding nations invade to take parts of the empire back or local rulers declare independence, Gurkhan's sons eventually agree to split the empire between them into Rajadom of Ajahadya and Khardarid Khanate (1665)
Early Modern Ajahadya/Post-Togoti Period (1665 - 1935)
Second Thakurate of Prasumidesa (1665 - 1684)
-Broke away from Togoti Khaghanate, effectively autonomous from death of Gurkhan
-Short-lived, only ruler was Thakur Aryabhata Pandya
-Spent most of its existence playing the Rajadom of Akdoğan and Rajadom of Ajahadya off against each other
-Successful until Prasumidesan War of 1680-1684, annexed by Rajadom of Ajahadya (1680 - 1684)
Rajadom of Ajahadya (1665 - 1935)
-Southern successor state of the Togoti Khaghanate
-Fought over Thakurate of Prasumidesa, conquered it in Prasumidesan War of 1680-1684 (1680 - 1684)
-Several inconclusive conflicts against Rajadom of Akdoğan weakens both it and the Rajadom of Ajahadya (1690 - 1720)
-Arrival of Euclean presence in region (1720s onwards)
-Series of colonial wars against Etrurian expeditions into Satria and Etrurian-allied Thakurs (1750s to 1850s)
-Treaty of Vadavarja grants concessions of extraterritoriality and reductions of tariffs and allowing Etrurian companies preferential treatment in Ajahadya in exchange for recognition of Raja Shahu I's rule over Ajahadya (1864)
-Balancing act of Etrurian and Gaullican influence under Kulachandra I (1869 - 1909)
-Coup against Kaval I leads to Shahu II becoming Raja after death of Kulachandra I (1905)
-Bashurat Crisis shifts balance of influence to firmly pro-Gaullican (1909)
-Growth of Pan-Satrianism (1909 - 1927)
-Great War (1927 - 1934)
-Peace of Vadavarja signed, ending Aja's involvement in the Great War (1934)
Interwar Period and Solarian War (1935 - 1941)
Etrurian Rule (1935 - 1943)
Following Ajahadya's unconditional surrender after the Great War, the country's fate was dictated by Etruria. Although right-wing factions within Etruria sought to annex Ajahadya outright following the Great War, the government of Marco Antonio Ercolani instead installed Kaval I, the former Raja of Ajahadya from 1905 to 1906. Kaval I had been removed in a palace coup in 1906 and had been living in exile in Etruria. The previous Raja, Shahu II, went into exile.
Following the end of the war, Etruria imposed military limits on the Rajadom, restricting its formerly large army to 100,000 men, disbanding the nascent Ajahadyan Air Force and ceding several fortresses and military barracks in perpetuity to Etruria for garrisons in the country. From 1935 to 1942, the Rajadom of Ajahadya was unstable and faced a number of minor rebellions, primarily by leftist peasant groups that had begun to organise in the final years of the Great War or by Shangean soldiers that remained in Ajahadya after the end of the war. Several military revolts led by lower-ranking members of the army and a series of minor revolts among the Togoti tribes but these were crushed by the Etrurian garrisons stationed in the country and Etrurian air power. There were also numerous protests and strikes demanding an end to the Raja's absolute rule, which had been greatly undermined by Shangean presence in Ajahadya during the Great War and his post-War status as an Etrurian puppet, and the removal of Etrurian troops.
Following the Legionary Reaction of 1937, the new Greater Solarian Republic sought to avenge what it regarded as Etruria's unjust treatment in the peace terms following the Great War. On October 24th 1942 the Greater Solarian Republic forced Kaval I to abdicate and cede the entirety of Ajahadya to them as the new colonial territory of Satria Libera. In response, the Ajahadyan Army led by Field Marshal Zalim Kumar, with the support of the Minister of War, General Srijan Chadda, and prominent generals and war heroes such as Jalander Sarai and Arjuna Kalsarah, staged a coup in the Orange Triangle Revolution on October 25th 1942, deposing and executing the Raja and proclaiming the Republic of Ajahadya.
In response the Etrurian Army invaded Ajahadya in Operation Lexicon on October 27th 1942, defeating the smaller and ill-equipped Ajahadyan Army by the end of November and relieving the Etrurian forces already in the country, which had resisted Ajahadyan assaults inside their fortresses and fortified barracks. After their defeat, Zalim Kumar and Srijan Chadda were captured and executed by the Etrurians. Arjuna Kalsarah escaped to the Togoti tribes in the backwater regions bordering Zorasan and Jalander Sarai fled to Senria where he reformed the Azad Fauj in 1942, primarily from fellow recent Ajahadyan exiles and other Satrian exiles with Senrian support.
Kalsarah's Togoti would be a problem for the Etrurian occupation of Ajahadya, relying on their mobility and knowledge of the country to prevent Etruria from taking control of Togotistan. A major Etrurian offensive in Janruary 1943 called Operation Terracotta, although successful in heavily weakening the Togoti and forcing Kalsarah to flee across the border into Zorasan, did not destroy the threat entirely.
In this short period after the Golden Triangle Revolution the main source of opposition came from the peasant-based Green Bashurat Movement led by Mohan Balchandra, a leftist movement drawing inspiration from the initial peasant revolt of the Bashurat Crisis and later peasant-led revolts during the early 1930s. Although unable to undertake large-scale resistance against the Etrurians, the Green Bashurat Movement did undertake small raids and terror attacks against Etrurians within the country.
Non-violent opposition to the Etrurian occupation was also common. Aman Sabanis, who had been Minister for Finance since 1933 until the end of the Rajadom, founded the Free Satrian Congress, a moderate republican anti-colonial group. The Congress operated largely underground due to Etrurian bans on all nationalist and leftist groups. It gained members primarily from the middle and upper classes, who resented the Etrurian occupation and their loss of power and status, but were unwilling to use violent methods and feared the Green Bashurat Movement.
The Free Satrian Congress gradually expanded, having absorbed smaller anti-Etrurian groups and anti-royalist groups and became the dominant anti-Etrurian group in Ajahadya by 1943, eclipsing the Green Bashurat Movement. The Green Bashurat Movement continued to agitate and operate underground, occasionally organising small revolts and attacks on Etrurian barracks and businesses, but it also targeted the Free Satrian Congress in street battles. Sarai's Azad Fauj, despite training from Senria in leadership, espionage, guerrilla warfare and political tactics, failed to gain a widespread presence as its members returned to Ajahadya in 1943.
The Solarian War (1943 - 1946)
Following the outbreak of the Solarian War in 1943, the Azad Fauj numbered 2,300 men and crossed the border into Ajahadya from Ansan, while the Togoti under Kalsarah revolted in the east of the country, quickly expelling the small Etrurian garrison in the city of Svaragni. Both groups refused to cooperate owing to personal dislike between their leaders. Although initially successful, the anti-Etrurian forces lacked the numbers to oppose the Etrurian army in conventional warfare and the Azad Fauj and Togoti swiftly changed to fighting an insurgency against the Etrurians, as the Green Bashurat Movement had been doing.
As the scope of the war expanded, Etruria began a mass conscription of Satrians into the Corpo di Soldati Ausiliario Satriani which was deeply unpopular with many Satrians, especally in Ajahadya. Many conscripts deserted to join the Azad Fauj or the Green Bashurat Movement, bolstering their numbers. Senrian intervention in 1944 proved decisive, allowing the anti-Etrurian forces to transition to conventional warfare. By early 1946, Etruria had completely abandoned Satria.
Post-Solarian War and Satrian Republic (1946 - 1976)
Ajahadyan Republic (1946 - 1949)
In the aftermath of the Etrurian withdrawal, Jalander Sarai was named as the first Prime Minister of the Ajahadyan Republic, which would be modelled on Senrian lines and under the protection of Senria through a Community of Nations mandate, following the success of Senra's mandate over Ansan. Katurou Imahara, Prime Minister of Senria, believed that the mandate over Ajahadya could be handled through similar policies and be turned into an ally against Shangea.
The situation in Ajahadya was, however, very different to Ansan. Unlike Ansan, the anti-Etrurian movement was heavily divided among different factions, some of which were opposed to the new republic. The Green Bashurat Movement immediately declared the People's Councilist State of Ajahadya in response in Parvat, requiring Senrian intervention to crush the rival government and starting the Ajahadyan Civil War. The Free Satrian Congress of Ajahadya declared the Senrian-backed republic and CN mandate to be 'colonial rule under a different name and master' and called for an immediate end to the Senrian occupation, leading protests and strikes. The 1946 Ajahadyan general election, which resulted in a decisive victory for the Free Satria Party of Jalander Sarai, was marred by a turnout of 20% owing to a boycott of the elections by the FSC and the banning of the Green Bashurat Movement from fielding candidates, leaving only the FSP as a major political party.
Widely seen as little more than a Senrian puppet regime, the Sarai government proved extremely unpopular and ineffectual. A split in the Free Satria Party between Sarai's liberal wing and Udit Dhinsa's socialist wing over the role of the government in implementing the Imaharist principle of national prosperity in 1947 led to the loss of the FSP's majority in the Parliament of the Ajahadyan Republic, with Sarai continuing as leader of a minority government.
By 1948, the Senrian government had concluded that stabilizing Ajahadya would require more men, money and material than it was willing to commit, and began to withdraw troops, with the last Senrian soldiers leaving by the end of the year. Without Senrian support, the weak Army of the Republic of Ajahadya was defeated in a series of battles as the Satrian Green Army advanced on Banabadura, taking the city on July 7th 1949 after a five-month campaign.
Satrian Republic (1950 - 1976)
With the defeat of the Ajahadyan Republic, the Green Bashurat Movement and the Free Satrian Congress of Ajahadya agreed to a national election in 1949, which saw the Free Satrian Congress win a parliamentary majority, defeating the Green Bashurat Movement and the Free Satria Party. On January 15th 1949, the Ajahadyan Republic formally joined the Satrian Republic and the main Ajahadyan political parties were formally incorporated into the wider Free Satrian Congress.
Modern Ajahadya (1976 - Present)
Politics and Government
The President of Ajahadya is the titular head of state and is elected every 8 years by the State Central Committee. The President is customarily the General-Secretary of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya, who controls the party's organization and administration. The President chairs Ajahadya's cabinet, the State Directorial Committee which holds executive power collectively and handles the administrative day-to-day functions of government. Members are elected by the State Central Committee every four years. The number of members of the State Directorial Committee is not constitutionally defined; instead, the General-Secretary of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya will declare how many positions will be available on the State Directorial Committee prior to its election by the State Central Committee, with the nominees that ranked at or above the number of positions available being elected. Customarily, this number has been six in addition to the President for a total of seven members.
The State Directorial Committee supervises 24 ministers with specific ministerial portfolios appointed by the State Directorial Committee, under which serve a Secretary-General appointed by the General-Secretary of the National Revolutionary Party, who is responsible for administrative coordination and party-department relations, and a variable number of Deputy Ministers that handle more specific policy functions and are appointed by the minister they report to.
Customarily, the President also holds the positions of Chairman of the Economic Affairs Committee, formed from ten economic specialists chosen by the President to provide advice on national economic policy and direction to state-owned industry and Chairman of the Supreme Operations Command, with the Chairman being the commander in chief of the Ajahadyan Armed Forces. The SOC is composed of seven members of the Ajahadyan Armed Forces chosen by the President plus the Chairman to advise on matters of national defence and security and exercise control over the Ajahadyan Armed Forces. Although both positions have no formal legal requirements to also be the President, neither position has ever been held independently.
The President also chairs the State Central Committee, which is formed from the combined membership of the State Directorial Committee, ministers subordinate to the State Directorial Committee, the Economic Affairs Committee, the Supreme Operations Command, the General-Secretary of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya, the President of Ajahadya and the Premier. It is a non-permanent body that can be convened at the President's order for any purpose, but is usually called for the purpose of drafting and approving constitutional amendments, which must be unanimously approved by the State Central Committee. It is also called every four years to elect a new State Directorial Committee. Votes are not one per person, but rather one per position held that forms the State Central Committee; for example President Salil Kalsarah as President of Ajahadya, General-Secretary of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya and Chair of the State Directorial Committee, Economic Affairs Committee and Supreme Operations Command would have 5 votes. Members may not vote for themselves to be appointed to the State Directorial Committee, and if they have multiple votes may divide them as they wish.
The President is assisted by the Premier of Ajahadya, whom they appoint. The Premier acts as a deputy to the President, chairing the State Directorial Committee in their absence or as directed. The Premier also acts as the Speaker of the National Assembly.
Constitutionally, both the President and Premier must be members of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya. Neither position has a term limit.
Ajahadya has a unicameral legislative, formally the National Assembly of Ajahadya, normally referred to as the National Assembly. The National Assembly of Ajahadya's 300 members are elected through a closed party list system every 5 years, with a further 250 being appointed by the President, usually members of the armed forces. Elections are not regarded as being free or fair, and candidates are only allowed to run for the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya, for a satellite party in the NRP's popular front or as independents with endorsement of the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya. Constitutionally, a 2/3rds supermajority of seats in the People's Congress of Ajahadya must be held by the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya and appointed members in accordance with the party's leading role.
The legislative is presided over by the Premier of Ajahadya as the Speaker of Congress. The legislative is constitutionally barred from proposing policy, and may only vote to pass a law as presented by the government with a simple majority of 275 votes or a constitutional amendment with a 2/3rds supermajority of 363 votes. The Speaker does not vote except to break ties.
Euclean political commentators consider Ajahadya to be a one party state under the National Revolutionary Party of Ajahadya, and the National Assembly is regarded as a rubber stamp legislative with little independent power.
The judicial branch of the Ajahadyan government is formed by the Ajahadyan Supreme Court which serves as the nation's supreme court. Its members are appointed by the President, and it functions as the main court for matters of constitutional and civil law.
Geography and Climate
Ajahadyan geography is dominated by the Bashurat River Basin, which covers the vast majority of the nation's land, with parts of eastern Ajahadya being included in the Great Steppe. Ajahadya is mostly covered by a humid subtropical climate in its northern areas, becoming a warm semi-arid climate closer to the border with Duran in the Himavanta region. Ajahadya has four general seasons; a hot, rainy season from December though March, a cooler wet season prone to heavy thunderstorms from March through to June, a cool, dry and foggy winter from June through September and a hot, dry spring from September to December.
Ajahadya is a multiethnic country, with no single ethnic group making up a majority of the population. The largest ethnic group in Ajahadya are the Himavantans, compromising roughly 36% of the population according to the 2018 Federal Census who live in the southwest of the country. The next largest group, the Zubadi people make up around 26% of the population and live primarily in the north-west and center of the country. The Prasumi, compromise roughly 10% of the population and live in the west of the country, primarily centered along the river networks that flow through the region in the Bashurat Valley. The remaining 27% are a series of smaller ethnic groups such as the Ranindi (9%), and Dhanu (4%) that live in the areas between the Himavantans and Prasumi, and the Guran (7%), Togoti (7%) and Khlon (2%) who live mainly in the sparsely-populated east of Ajahadya which is part of the Great Coian Steppe or the lands neighbouring it. The remaining 1% are largely Satrian ethnic groups that have migrated from Ajahadya's neighbours.
Despite the lack of an ethnic majority, the country is largely united under a single Ajahadyan identity that first began to form under Euclean colonialism in the Satrian subcontinent.
Ajahadya is notable among Coian states for its strict anti-discrimination laws on ethnic or religious grounds, which have been noted to be more extensive than those in some Euclean states. Some political commentators have criticised these laws for curtailing freedom of speech and free assembly, such as the ban on organisations representing a single ethnic or religious group being formed.
Ajahadya is a religiously diverse country, and has sometimes been called the 'religious crossroads of Coius', centered between Irfanic Zorasan, the Great Steppe, coastal Satria and the Shalegho Mountains. The Bashurat Valley has a strong tradition of religious pluralism and syncreticism, with multiple religious groups coexisting in the valley for millennia.
The largest religious group in Ajahadya is Tulyata, a school of the Jati philosophy that takes influences from Badi and is native to the Bashurat Valley. Adherents number roughly 38.4% of Ajahadya's population, and mainly live in Himavanta and Prasumidesa, although substantial populations can be found throughout the country.
Zohism is the second largest religion in the country, numbering approximately 19.2% of the population. Zohist missionaries are first recorded as arriving around the 100s, and the Zohist community along the southern Bashurat River is believed to originate from their efforts. They mostly live in the state of Himavanta, with some presence in the southern parts of Zubad and the eastern parts of Prasumidesa.
Other notable religions include Irfan and Badi, both of which arrived in the region during the rule of the Sangma and which number 17.4% and 15.1% of the population respectively. Both religions have had a large presence in the region, arriving in the region under the Sangma Empire with their practices being first recorded around the years 50 and 344, and are mostly found in the east and north of the country in the states of Zubad and Togotistan respectively.
Followers of Sotiranity number around 9.7% of the population. A native branch, the Aradist Sotirians and a branch of the Brethren Church carried to Ajahadya by missionaries and traders in the 500s and 600s both existed prior to the colonial era along with a branch of the Solarian Catholic Church from Euclean missionaries in the colonial period all within Ajahadya, with the former being the more prominent branch. Followers of Sotiranity can be found as minority groups across the whole of Ajahadya.
Ajahadya is classed as a developing country and according to the principles of Netaji Thought is committed to a mixed economy. Although private enterprise is legal, it is heavily regulated. Most large businesses are directly state-owned, have a heavy degree of state control through ownership by the Ajahadyan Armed Forces or the People's Volunteer Organisation, or are privately owned by members of the government.
Approximately two thirds of the Ajahadyan population works in the agricultural industry, primarily centered around the Bashurat River Basin which dominates central Ajahadya and which supports several other industries around the marketing, processing and export of agricultural goods. Ajahadya is one of the world's largest producers of foodstuffs as the vast majority of its land area is both arable and is easily irrigated from the Bashurat River or a tributary. Principal crops include cereals, especially rice, wheat, tea, sugarcane and vegetables. Cattle grazing is common in Togotistan and is the largest industry in that state, as the land is not suited for farming but is ideal for cattle grazing. Agriculture is the largest industry by employment numbers. All agricultural land is formally owned by the state, but is rented out to local farmers for a nominal fee.
Industry in Ajahadya is primarily focused around the production of textiles for export, and textiles are by far the largest single industry in Ajahadya. The cities of Vadavarja and Nicava are both major centers for textile and garment manufacturing. Heavy industry is primarily oriented to supporting the construction and defence sectors through the production of products such as steel and cement and the support of Ajahadya's agricultural industries through the production of domestic fertilizer. Ajahadya has a large chemical industry that produces agrochemicals, fertilizers and synthetic polymers, primarily located in the city of Phata.
Services in Ajahadya account for the largest proportion of Ajahadya's GDP as a sector. Ajahadya has a large and vibrant domestic film industry, primarily based in Banabadura, and small but growing sectors in finance, banking and insurance. Retail in Ajahadya mostly consists of small, family-run stores, primarily due to a lack of supporting infrastructure that would be required for larger chains to exist.
Ajahadya practices peacetime conscription, with men being expected to serve a year in the Ajahadyan Armed Forces at 18. conscientious objectors are allowed alternative service. Further financial incentives are provided to join paramilitary groups and the military's reserve forces after finishing the conscription period.