Estonian SSR (TheodoresTomfooleries)
Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Motto: Kõigi maade proletaarlased, ühinege!
Anthem: State Anthem of the Estonian SSR
and largest city
|Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party soviet socialist republic
|(De facto) Union Republic of the Soviet Union (1940-)
|45,339 km2 (17,505 sq mi)
• 2022 estimate
• 2019 census
|42.21/km2 (109.3/sq mi)
• Per capita
|Soviet Ruble (SUR)
|CE, mm dd yyyy
Estonia, officially the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, is since 1940 a de-facto Union Republic of the Soviet Union. Its territory is legally recognised by most of the west as being illegally occupied by the Soviet Union, and it is recognised in most of the first world as being the independent state of Estonia. To clarify the Soviet republic from the de-jure independent state, the former is referred to as "Soviet Estonia" while the latter is referred to as simply "Estonia".
Due to Estonia's geography, it sits between the crossroads of Scandinavian, Slavic, and Baltic cultures. Its inhabitants have been ruled by the Danish, Swedish, and Russians, and modern day Estonia is significantly affected in both its culture, language, and demographics by Nordic culture and Russians. Estonia gained its independence in 1918 as the Republic of Estonia in 1918. Estonia was largely dominated by Social democratic and Agrarian parties throughout 1920 until 1935 when the state turned into a one-party autocracy under Konstantin Päts. Estonia was included in the Soviet sphere of influence under the provisions of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and thus annexed to the Soviet Union in 1940. Estonia was briefly occupied by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1944 and integrated as Generalbezirk Estland in the Reichskommissariat Ostland until Estonia was liberated and re-occupied by the Soviet Union as part of the Baltic Offensive of 1944. Due to immigration from Russia, Estonia has a significant Russian minority, making up nearly 40% of the population- the largest percentage of Russians in the Union (outside of Russia)