Moldavian SSR (TheodoresTomfooleries)

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Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ (Romanian; Moldovan Cyrillic)
Молдавская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
Motto: Пролетарь дин тоате цэриле, уници-вэ!
Anthem: State Anthem of the Moldavian SSR
Location of Moldavia
and largest city
Official languages
Recognised languagesGagauz
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist one-party soviet socialist republic
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
Union republic of the Soviet Union (1940 -)
• Total
33,851 km2 (13,070 sq mi)
• 2022 estimate
5.912 million
• 2019 census
• Density
174.57/km2 (452.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $72.309 billion
• Per capita
CurrencySoviet Ruble (SUR)
Date formatCE, mm dd yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeMD

Moldavia[b], officially the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, is a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe, with an area of 33,851 km2 and a population of 5.912 million in 2022. Moldavia is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. Kishinev is the largest city and capital, other major cities include Bălți, Tiraspol and Bendery.

Moldavia emerged as a principality in the 14th century, falling under the various vassalage of different states, including the Ottomans. In 1812 the region of Bessarabia was ceded to the Russian Empire, resulting in the region being split between Russia and what would become Romania. The independent Moldavian state united with Wallachia to form Romania, while in Bessarabia the Moldavian population declared independence from Russia in the aftermath of the 1917 revolutions and united with Romania. The Soviet Union disputed this and established the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within Ukraine. Later, in 1940, Romania returned Bessarabia as well as Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, establishing the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Moldavia is recognized as among the poorest republics of the Soviet Union.

  1. Moldavian is the official term for the Romanian language in Moldavia
  2. Alternatively Moldova