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Jacobus Claudius, Duke of Adrianople

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The Illustrious

The Duke of Adrianople

CI EE EAA MCG ECC MCC ESM
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Consul of the Latin Empire
In office
1 January 1975 – 31 December 1975
Serving with The Prince of Youth
MonarchDiana I Anicia
Leo X Claudius
Preceded byMichael Claudius
The Duke of Keld
Succeeded byDiana I Anicia
Valens Poppaeus
Consulships
In office
1 January 1969 – 8 March 1969
Serving with Leo X Claudius
MonarchDiana I Anicia
Leo X Claudius
Preceded byNAME
Succeeded byNAME
Master of Offices
In office
9 June 1947 – 31 October 1976
MonarchDiana I Anicia
Leo X Claduius
Preceded byFlavian Appuleius
Succeeded byStephan Tullius
Magister Militum in praesenti
In office
19 April 1945 – 2 April 1970
MonarchDiana I Anicia
Leo X Claduius
Preceded byGeorgius Papinianus
Succeeded byJustinus Vetilius
Praeses Senatus
In office
17 January 1946 – 23 July 1968
MonarchDiana I Anicia
Preceded byJohn Arrius
Succeeded byJosephus Verrucosus
Senate Minority Leader
In office
22 August 1942 – 13 April 1945
MonarchConstantine XIX Anicius
Preceded byFlavian Appuleius
Succeeded byStephen Tullius
4th Latin Diplomatic Legate to Garza
In office
22 February 1924 – 1 June 1929
MonarchMarius IV Anicius
Preceded byJordanes Egnatius
Succeeded byConstantine Ranius
Senator of Latium
In office
3 May 1920 – 31 October 1976
Personal details
Born
Gaius Claudius Sabinus Iason Felix Alexander

18 May 1895
Adrianople, Latium
Died31 October 1976(1976-10-31) (aged 81)
Palatine, Castellum
Political partyPopulares
Spouse(s)
Valentia Martia (m. 1921)
RelationsClaudii dynasty
Children5 (inc. Leo X Claudius)
Alma materOlympia
Military service
Allegiance Latium
Branch/service Latin Army
Years of service1911–1951
RankChief Prefect
Battles/wars

Jacobus Claudius, Duke of Adrianople, EE EAA MCG ECC MCC ESM (Gaius Claudius Sabinus Iacobus Felix Alexander Hadrianus; 18 May 1895 – 31 October 1976), was a Latin nobleman, general, statesman, and one of the leading political and military figures in Latium during the 20th century.

Born in 1895, Claudius was the eldest son of Theodosius Claudius, Duke of Adrianople and Princess Isobel of Gaemar, and member of Claudii dynasty. Under an alternative succession to the Latin throne, Claudius would have been Emperor Jacobus X. His first government appointment was as Latin Ambassador to Garza, serving from 1924 until 1929. He was rumored to have been selected for the posting due to lobbying by his grandfather.

Claudius first served as Cohort Prefect in the Latin military from 1927 until 1933, with a military tribunate, first as Tribunus angusticlavius, in 1933. In 1945 he was appointed Master of Soldiers and chief military officer of all Latin forces during the Social War, by Empress Diana I Anicia in the wake of the Ascanium Massacre. During the Social War, Claudius quickly led Imperial forces to a string of victories in the surrender of Castellum, Pola and Ravenna. The war ended in 1949 following the Battle of Ascanium and the capture or death of members of republican high command.

Claudius held a number of high ranking offices both during and after the Social War. For a time he concurrently served as Master of Offices , Praeses Senatus, and Master of Soldiers, and has since been the only individual in modern memory to do so. He was first appointed Praeses Senatus during the Social War, in 1945, and served until stepping down from the role in 1968. He continued to hold the office of Master of Offices until his death, and Master of Soldiers until 1970. He served in the Senate from 1920 until his death in 1976. During his tenure, Claudius also led Latium through the 1972 Sydalene succession crisis and strengthened Latin ties in the eastern Periclean through the establishment of the Trans-Periclean Free Trade Area and P3.

Claudius is considered one of the greatest Latins of the 20th century for his actions during the Social War and its aftermath. Though not without controversy, Claudius was widely criticized for his poor and often brutal treatment of prisoners of war, including captured offices and leaders of opposing forces.