This article is incomplete because it is pending further input from participants, or it is a work-in-progress by one author.
Please comment on this article's talk page to share your input, comments and questions.
Note: To contribute to this article, you may need to seek help from the author(s) of this page.
Federation of Krumlau
Krumlawische Föderation / Крумловская Федерация
Motto: Viribus Unitis
With United Forces
Map of Krumlau
Krumlau in green, Erdara in light green
and largest city
|Official languages||Hesurian, Wenish|
|Government||Federal parliamentary monarchy|
|1,004,344.2 km2 (387,779.5 sq mi)|
• 2015 census
|44/km2 (114.0/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)|| 33.2|
|HDI (2015)|| .907|
|ISO 3166 code||KR|
The Federation of Krumlau, also known as Krumlov, is a country in southern Erdara bordered by Mascylla, Lilienburg and Hytekia in the north, Finstria to the east and Dulebia to the southwest. Krumlau is a landlocked country covering an area of 1,004,344 square kilometers, making it the largest nation in Erdara. It is a federal parliamentary monarchy consisting of 15 highly autonomous constituent states and three free cities. The organization of the nation is complex and structured on regional and linguistic grounds, given the country's bilingual nature. It's largest city and capital is Rakonitz, with 2.5 million residents. Other major cities include Vladika, Nordgau, Ihlenburg, Rühen, Kandau and Waasenfurt. Krumlau is both the largest and most populous state in Erdara, as well as being one of the least densely inhabited.
Krumlau is home to two major ethnic groups, a Hesurian community, which forms the majority of the nation, and a Pomric Wenish community, which is a significant group with 40% of the population of Krumlau identifying as Wenish. Additionally, certain regions of Krumlau are inhabited by Kuns, consisting of 3.7% of the population. The Hesurian language is considered the Lingua Franca in the nation, although both the Standard Hesurian dialect and Wenish are taught at schools. The free cities of Rakonitz and Vladika are officially bilingual, although Hesurian is the dominant language in the Capital, while in Vladika Wenish is dominant.
The Krumlavian state's formation begins in the 10th century, with the creation of the Order of the Haemator Knights of the Cathartic Temple, an order mainly composed of Hesurian followers of Ditanery with the goal of converting the Pomric peoples south of Erdara. Sponsored by the Ragucin Empire, the order, together with Hesurian local nobles, made significant gains in conquering northern Winyan pagan area. The Krumgemeinschaft was established in 1039, amongst leading figures of the Haemator Knights and the Dukes of what is now Krumlau. Several of the conquered lands were also granted to the Haemator Order, who undertook significant conversion efforts of the local Pomric folk. The recently created duchies and margraviates grew in influence and size, receiving major imperial support during invasions from eastern hordes. As the Ragucin Empire splintered in the early 15th century, the members of the Krumgemeinschaft banded in a loose confederation, centered in Rakonitz. In the 19th century the unstable order of this confederation reached its peak in the Krumlavian Revolution, which would eventually cause the undertaking of significant reforms and a new constitution which would be the foundation of Krumlau's modern state. The nation grew as an industrial powerhouse and has since then emerged in Erdaran affairs.
The aftermath of the Revolution was defined by increasing animosity between the Hesurian and Wenish peoples, with significant separatist movements present during the second half of the 19th century. The economic differences between the industrializing, Hesurian north of the nation and the more rural Wenish south created a sour political environment, which shaped the political organization of the country to this day. It was only during the Continental War and posteriorly at the Vishnevsk War that a true shared Krumlavian identity was created. Despite this, separatism and regionalist politics have remained, albeit at a weaker state.
Krumlau is one of the founding states of the Erdaran Union and the Assembly of Nations, partaking in various multilateral efforts particularly when it comes to the further economic and political integration of Erdara. It sponsors active cooperation policies with neighbour nations such as Dulebia and certain Cardish nations like Finium with distinct pragmatism, having seen significant improvement on foreign relations and economic interaction with the former and an active stance on improving transparency and democracy in the latter through non interventionist means.
Krumlau is a highly developed nation, with an advanced high-income economy. It has very high standards of living, quality of life, education and healthcare, yet regional disparities in development are still noticeable.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
The region of the Kurom valley in southern Krumlau had historically been inhabited by Winyans since the 5th century in the very least, with them having migrated from the south across the TBD mountains. Various settlements were created along the Matka river, heart of the occupation and demographic of the early Winyans. Kurom was never a unified political entity, rather being a group of various tribes who shared a common identity, yet often had internal strife and power disputes. The Winyans expanded beyond the Kurom valley in the 7th century, settling much of the sparsely populated southern Erdaran plain. Much like its other pomric counterparts at the time, Winyans lacked an organized religion, adhering to animistic practices transmitted through oral tradition. Winyan tribes to the north of the Kurom valley had regular contact with Hesurian peoples, often conducting trade and raids throughout the massive basin of the Adel river.
By the late 13th century, Hesurian nobles to the north, mainly established in the Duchies of Adelnau, Kameland and Aitau, as well as the Margraviarate of Wollstein, banded together with the cathartic military order of the Haemator Knights in a coordinated expansion initiative to ensure not only the conversion of the Winyan peoples south of the erdaran plain, but also their conquest. The Winyans, known to Hesurians as Wens, were in a weakened state, with many settlements forced to pay tribute to the eastern kuns, who had at the time been unified under the banner of Khagan Yesugei the Great. The fragmented northern wenish polities were quickly conquered by the Hesurians, who established new duchies and founded new cities along the Adel river. While control of the region was solidly established, this first crusade failed to convert the local peoples.
The formation of the Ragucin Kingdom and its incorporation of both the Haemator Knights and the Hesurian duchies into it cemented a second wave of expansion shortly after. Autonomous under King Dilisme and bolstered by increased financial support of the Piloro, the second crusade achieved immense military success, conquering the entirety of the Adel basin and much of the southern erdaran plain, reaching the Kurom valley by 1311. Centered in Vladika, the remaining independent Winyans banded together under King Svetovid I, who with the help of cuman mercenaries, whom he allowed settlement inside the Kurom valley, gathered a formidable army.
The Battle of Drenzig in 1318 was a decisive victory for King Svetovid, succesfully establishing the end of the second crusade. Svetovid's death in 1333 and the succession of his eldest son Yaropolk marked a distinct downturn in the stability of the Kurom valley, with Yaropolk's brother, Svetopolk, taking up arms in order to gather power. The Ragucin empire, exploiting this disunity, offered Svetopolk support in his claim if the converted and swore fealty to the Ragucin Emperor. While this offer was initially rejected, as Svetopolk's claim to the throne waned he agreed to the terms and, in 1337 his army was bolstered by hesurian retinues and the now feared Haemator knights. In Wulkow, Yaropolk's forces suffered a crippling defeat, which allowed Ragucin forces to move into the Kurom valley. Shortly after, Yaropolk was captured and the Winyan kingdom was conquered, with Svetopolk being given the title of Margrave of Wenya.
The region of what is now Krumlau was never centralized under a single vassal of the Ragucin Empire. Instead, its many recently founded duchies and margraviates were given significant autonomy and home rule privileges, with many villages along the Adel and Matka granted imperial city rights to stimulate the migration of Hesurians south. To guarantee their mutual autonomy and cooperate on military affairs within the Ragucin Empire, the Order of the Haemator Knights, together with the Duchies of Adelnau, Aitau, Brunnen, Kameland, Waagland, Walden, Wolvege, the archbishopric of Saale and the margraviates of Helmark, Wollstein and Wenya, banded together in the Krumgemeinschaft, a fellowship of feudatories who would mutually support each other in the conversion of the local peoples, as well as support one another against foreign raids and incursions.
Archduchy of Krumlau
The Federation of Krumlau is a Federal parliamentary state under a constitutional monarchy. The monarch is Head of State and commander in chief of the armed forces, still holding some executive power. The position of Chancellor, Krumlau's head of government, belongs to the elected politician most likely to command a Coalition in parliament. The Chancellor chooses ministers which are formally appointed and taken from office by the monarch. While seldom used, the monarch may make use of these powers to remove a Minister from office, an event done only after major political scandals. The Monarch is also responsible for calling federal elections.
The Monarchy in Krumlau is considered by the constitution a moderating political figure, and thus focused in affairs of state and mediating the balance between the country's legislative, executive and judiciary. The Monarch is bound to uphold constitutional rights of the country's citizens and be a neutral figure between governments. Krumlau is an elective monarchy, with special elections taking place at the times of a monarch's death. Registered voters of each constituent state or free city will vote for three electors from their state's nobility to represent their constituency in the Reichstag, with the exception of Free Cities, where any citizen of age may be a candidate. The term of an elector lasts until the death or deposition of the monarch, which the Reichstag may do with a qualified majority. The Reichstag meets yearly during a monarch's reign, to discuss and counsel the reigning monarch in affairs of state. In these yearly sessions the Reichstag may enact a motion of no confidence, and with a two thirds majority depose the ruler.
Other than particular monarch related affairs, the federal legislation is responsibility of the Bundesrat. The Bundesrat represents each of the constituent states and free cities, with their amount of seats proportional to the population. Deputies are elected for 4 year terms, with elections for deputies within each state being specified by their associated state or free city's constitution. Most states are elected by proportional representation. The Bundesrat has the power to dismiss the government, and thus the majority in the Bundesrat determines the choice of Chancellor. In modern times, the Social Democratic Party of Krumlau, the Liberal Democratic Party and the regionalist Krumlavian National Party and Krumlavian Agrarian Movement have been the major parties, with more recently the Green Party having achieved significant victories in major constituencies.
|Coat of Arms||State||Head of government||Bundesrat votes||Population||HDI||Capital||GDP per Capita|
(LDP / ЛДП)
(LDP / ЛДП)
(LDP / ЛДП)
|Alexander von der Leyen
Krumlau has a social capitalist economy, being one of the leading industrialized countries in Gaia. It is ranked the second largest economy by GDP and is the largest economy in the Erdaran Common Market. The country has significant social programs and government participation in the energy, infrastructure, telecommunications and the airspace sectors. Private enterprise is extensive, with the nation being amongst the freest to do business with in Gaia. It has a low unemployment rate of 5.1% and enjoys high labour productivity. Krumlau's economy has significant regional differences. While the northern Hesurian area is a highly dynamic service oriented economy, the Wenish area, especially in the east, is lagging behind. The service sector accounts for 69.8% of Krumlau's GDP, with industry at 28.5% and agriculture at 1.7%.
As part of the Erdaran Common Market, Krumlau enjoys significant integration with its neighbours, being a net exporter of many goods all over Erdara. Krumlau has a highly advanced automotive industry, being one of the most competitive suppliers of automobiles worldwide. The pharmaceutical and electronic sectors also hold major importance and global outreach, as well as its highly developed airspace sector. It is considered one of the most innovative economies in Gaia. The top exports of Krumlau are vehicles, machinery, electronic products, chemical goods, pharmaceuticals, plastics, food products, base metals and rare earths.
Regional economic differences in Krumlau have always been historically present. The north was first to industrialize, growing rapidly with a significant textile industry in its base. The Kurom valley, centered in Vladika, took some decades before it truly began industrializing, with the eastern areas remaining mostly agrarian. The region saw significant shifts in the 1950s, with steel industry largely being outsourced abroad and causing significant economic shifts in the south, rich in iron and coal. Unemployment rates in the south were severely higher than in the north in the 70s and 80s, which caused a strengthening in regionalist policies. Through large federal subsidies towards the south, the economic situation has improved considerably especially in the Kurom valley, yet Arkona and Kurgan remain behind in economic development.
Krumlau has historically been Erdara's largest supplier of agricultural produce. The extensive fertile lands and irrigated plains and valleys, combined with modern technology and mechanization make Krumlau a leading figure in the agricultural market. Regional agricultural trade is regulated and safeguarded by the Erdaran Agricultural Comission, which Krumlau hosts in the city of Rühen. Notable exports are dairy, beef, pork, rye and wheat. Krumlau is famous worldwide for its many beers, as well as its extensive variety of cheese. Overall, agriculture is a relevant sector in the economy, employing circa 3.8% of the population and with the agricultural and food processing industry combined accounting for 5.1% of the GDP.
Of Gaia's 500 largest companies, 25 are housed in Krumlau. Krumlau's biggest companies maintain key roles in the insurance and banking industries, as well as the automotive and pharmaceutical sectors. The airspace sector is also one of the most competitive in the world. As well as large companies, Krumlau is notable for many small and medium sized enterprises, which have for decades accounted for the bulk of Krumlau's economy. Krumlau also sponsors a thriving environment for startup companies, with Vladika being a prime example of a startup hub.
This list shows the 5 largest companies in Krumlau, as per their revenues reported in 2016.
Energy and Infrastructure
Krumlau is the largest consumer of energy in Erdara, being the second largest producer. Consumption of electricity in 2018 was 290.1 Twh per year. The nation is a major importer of natural gas, importing it mainly from its neighbour Dulebia and historically from Rotsir. A majority of its energy generation comes from hydroelectric and nuclear sources, with 36% of Krumlau's electricity produced by hydro sources, 27% by nuclear, 19% by gas, 11% by coal, 4% by wind and 3% by solar, biofuel and wastes. The largest single power plant in Krumlau is the Kuznetsovskaya Dam, with an annual generation of 43.5 TWh, 14.9% of the total energy consumption in Krumlau.
Natural gas is also used significantly for heating, with gas consumption import being more than three times the gas imports used for electricity generation. The majority of Krumlau's gas comes from Novatek Naftogaz, Dulebia's state owned company, with 62% of the total gas utilized in Krumlau coming from them. Krumlau is currently aiming to reduce gas consumption, particularly in electricity generation, in favour of more renewable and locally available sources of energy. Nuclear power has been the current focus of expansion, due to the environmental damages caused by the construction of new dams. The region of Kameland has small gas resources, whose total production accounts for 11% of Krumlau's gas consumption.
Transport in Krumlau relies on several main modes, with an extensive waterway and railway network. Additionally, Krumlau counts with a highly developed highway system, and major airports in Erdara. Air travel is used for greater distance, although facing competition from the state-owned Reichsbahn, Krumlau's national railway company. High speed trains connect major urban centers, with speeds as high as 505km/h in the recently opened HGW Magnetzug line which links Rakonitz to Vladika. Highways in Krumlau are notable for having no speed limit in several sectors. Many cities have rapid transit systems, with subways in several major settlements and tramways being a very common sight in all of Krumlau. Overall, Krumlau has 29,892km of railway and 618,297km of highways.
Krumlau's biggest airport is Krajisnik International Airport, a major hub in Erdara which is located in the vicinity of Rakonitz. It has one of the largest rosters of destinations in Gaia, as well as being home of Krumlau's national airline, RLG Reichsluftfahrtgesellschaft, one of the largest airlines in Gaia. The second largest airport is Vladika-Myakulov International, another major airport.
Waterways in Krumlau are a major network for cargo transport, due to the extensive navigability of both the Adel and Matka basins. A canal exists between rivers Dravinya and Narau, effectively linking both river basins and integrating the waterway network throughout most of Krumlau. The waterways of Krumlau are amongst the busiest in the world. Ludwigshafen in Rakonitz is the largest inland harbour in Gaia, serving as a hub for cargo distribution inland in south Erdara.
Tourism in Krumlau is a very important part in the country's economy. It accounts for 9.4% of the country's GDP and supports over 2 million jobs. Krumlau receives 49.7 million foreign tourists a year, more than its population. The nation sees roughly the same ammount of visitors in winter and summer. Krumlau is famous for its well preserved historical sites, winter resorts and cities of high cultural interest. The capital of Rakonitz sees the most visits yearly, with many historical landmarks such as the Reichsmuseum, one of the most visited museums in Gaia and the biggest science museum in Erdara, the Palace of Westerwitz, which remains the seat of Krumlau's Archduke, and Altstädter Ring, a historic square in the city center.
The cities of Vladika and Ihlenburg are also very common destinations, with smaller cities such as the historical town of Neuburg being a popular destination, especially amongst the nation's common river cruises. Most of Krumlau's tourists come from the Erdaran Union, which accounts for 79% of the tourists who visit the country for more than one night. Outside the EU, Dulebia is second place, with Lavaria as another major source of tourists.
Regional tourism is also very significant, with 40% of Krumlavians spending their vacations within their own country. Cities in the vicinity of Rakonitz such as Aahof receive significant visits from Krumlavians, with the settlement known for its romantic canals and harbours, as well as being a hub for winter sports and resorts, with many natural saunas. Krumlau has over 3,000 hot springs, which are a big attractive for tourists with their spas and baths. Another popular destination for tourism is the Erzherzog Sigismund national park, located in the south of the Kurom valley. The region is notable for its spas, resorts and ecotourism, with camping also being quite popular. Health tourism is frequent among krumlavian residents, with many seeking to spend their holidays in resorts and spas.
Major events which attract visitors worldwide are Ihlenburg World Trade Fair, hosted yearly and regarded by many as one of the most influential events in business, Nordgau's book fair, the Adel Regatta, one of the longest riverine racing events in the world, and Neuburg's Siege Fair, the largest reenactment event in Gaia, lasting two weeks and combining a mix of historical festivities, parties and celebrations surrounding the historical siege.
Science and Technology
Krumlau is a leading nation in several areas of science, with many renowned universities in the areas of science and engineering. Krumlau is notable for a historical protagonism in the airspace sector, being one of the founding members of the Joint Erdaran Space Agency. Notable engineers such as Günther von Bern and Viktor Voloshin were pioneers in rocket propulsion, with many others having played a significant role in rocket science and aerodynamics. Famous mathematician Nikolai Kuhn and engineer Dmitri Alexeyevich jointly developed in the early 19th century the famous Kuhn-Alexeyevich equations in the field of continuum mechanics. Physicist Elina Ivanova in 1946 developed the patent of the bipolar junction transistor, becoming the first woman to be given a fellowship in the Academy of Sciences. Additionally, significant scientists in the fields of metallurgy and chemistry originated from Krumlau. The nation has also been home to significant advancements in biomedicine and the pharmaceutical industry, which remain a major sector in development to this day. The Rakonitz Institute of Technology and the Rawen university are often rated amongst the top in the world. Rawen is the oldest secular university in Krumlau, created in the 13th century.
Research institutions in Krumlau include the Krumlawische Studiengesellschaft, the largest research and technology organisation not linked to a university in the country, the Voloshin Institute of Technology, which sponsors significant airspace developments, and the Erzherzogliches Zentrum für Wissenschaftsentwicklung, one of the oldest RTOs in Erdara. The Krumlavian Academy of Sciences is a multidisciplinary state sponsored institution created in the 18th century, which still exists to this day and honours Krumlau's most renowned scientists.
Krumlau was the third country to achieve nuclear capability and remains a leading nuclear developer to this day. It has the X largest nuclear arsenal in Gaia. It is also a leader in the use of nuclear power for energy generation, with several joint programs in Erdara, mainly with Mascylla. Krumlau sponsors active cooperation of science internationally, especially among the Erdaran Union. Research and development consists of a significant portion of the economy, both from public and private sources. Krumlau is the largest contributor to the JESA. It was one of the pioneers in space flight, being the third nation to launch a satellite in orbit. The airspace sector in Krumlau is amongst the most innovative and competitive in the world, in both the civilian and military sector. Companies such as Horst are pioneers in the development of missiles and electronics, whilst Eckhardt is a world leader in commercial aircraft and cargo planes.
The population of Krumlau can be divided in two major ethno-linguistic groups, the Hesurians and Wenish. Regionally, ethnic groups such as Kuns in the southeast and ragutic peoples in the far north are also present, yet in the case of the ragutic, largely assimilated into the Hesurian majority.
The population of Krumlau, as of the last census in 2015, stands at 43,941,015 inhabitants. Krumlau's population is growing at a rapid pace, with the total fertility rate at 2.3 children born per woman, above the replacement rate. While this rate has been declining since the last census, Krumlau's population remains growing steadily, partly due to the stable economic growth, but also due to the increasing growth of much of Krumlau's medium and small cities, particularly in the west and south of the nation.
The life expectancy at birth in Krumlau is 81.96 years, while the median age is 33.1 years old. According to the last census, almost 94% of the population has citizenship, with 4.6% of the remaining being residents from the Erdaran Union. Significant communities in Krumlau are Juznians, which are the largest migrant group, with Mascyllan and Dulebian communities being also common. It is estimated that 7.2 million Krumlavians live outside the country, with many being second or third generation emigrated families.
|Largest urban centers by population|