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The Republic of Negara
Motto: Jaya Raya (Victorious and Great)
|Negara, on southern Coius.|
Negara, on southern Coius.
|Largest city||Kota Tangerang|
|Ethnic groups||Negaran (76.3%)
Hesian (21.3%)Other (2.4%)
|18th July 1895|
|11th March 1951|
|3,217,872 km2 (1,242,427 sq mi)|
• 2013 estimate
|214.6/km2 (555.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Negaran Rupiah (NRp)|
|Time zone||Merdeka Standard Time|
Negara, officially the Republic of Negara, is a sovereign state in eastern Coius. It is Kylaris' second most populous country, with a population just under 700 million. Negara is a directorial republic with an elected bicameral legislature and an independent judiciary. Negara's capital, and sole Special Administrative Region is the city of Kota Merdeka. It borders Songguo, Namkwon and Siamat to the southwest, Denikert to the northwest, Kigomba and Iyakasar to the north, and to the east, as well as sharing a maritime border with the Gaullican territory of New Anglet. The Negaran economy is the second of Kylaris' largest by size.
The nation has an extremely diverse population, while many of the citizens are considered Negaran, this is merely a state designation with their true ethnicities which range from Ceramese and Hesian being the most prominent to Rygali and Retwai.
The Government of Negara, is headed by the Head Director Jida Ambonta, who recently won the 2017 Election beating out all of his opponents by a landslide being one of the most one sided elections in Negaran History. The legislative branch of Negara is made up of the Directorate and the Negaran Assembly.
The Economy of Negara is an open market economy though there still remains several industries still owned solely by Government Corporations. Its Gross Domestic Product sits at $11.4 Trillion. Negara is known as the 'Workshop of the East' being known for its large and powerful manufacturing industry which primarily exports to the Federation and the Euclean Community.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Government and Politics
- 4 Foreign Relations and Military
- 5 Geography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
The name "Negara" derives from the Negaran word for "state," and was used by the early Negaran revolutionaries to define their support for a centralised, modern state as opposed to the Berseri ideals of ceremonialism and tradition, and the word was only adopted later after the the first civil war as an ethnonym for the mainland Negaran population as well as a formal name for the state internationally.
The earliest known human remains in Negara are dated to about 28,000 BCE. The first known Neolithic settlements are dated to approximately 8,000 BCE, which led to the rise of the poorly-documented Bronze Age Ceram Civilisation around 3,000 BCE, which dominated the upper Ceram Plateau for roughly a thousand years. By about 1,600 BCE, Negara entered the iron age with the beginning of the Firasati Period, in which the earliest Ibadat scriptures were produced in eastern Negara. It is thought that the first major West Hesian migrations into mainland Negara occurred during this period as well as East Hesian migrations to Sublustria, as a result of climatic and population pressures.
In the mid-Firasati Period, a number of polities and city-states along the upper Ceram River were unified under the Ibadati Haruku Empire, which spread both the Ibadati religion and the Hyndi Alphabet throughout Negara as a result of its sheer size and influence, which served as an alternative to various local writing systems. The Haruku Empire was the first major state to be dominated by Hesian technocrats, traders, and nobility, and led to the spread of the proto-Negaran language throughout the region. The rise of Ibadat led to the absorption of a number of other, smaller, local religions and reinforced the authority of the Haruku state throughout all of its territories, especially after it gained prominence among the lower classes. Haruku flourished in the 6th century BCE as the dominating factor of a network of trade which may have stretched as far north as Solaria, according to the spread of contemporary Negaran crafts and goods.
By the 2nd century BCE, Haruku started to decline, leaving behind the framework of an expansive Ibadati church which mediated social disputes and facilitated the preservation of knowledge much as Christianity did in Euclea. The church promoted increased suppression of women and established a strong monastic tradition throughout northeastern Negara that has lasted into the modern day. Art and knowledge from these monasteries led to a rapid renaissance in the relatively prosperous Ceram Delta, giving rise to the Ceram City States, which rejuvenated art, architecture, science, and medicine as trade with Songguo, and Euclea continued, leading to the beginning of the Negaran medieval period.
Early Medieval Period Negara
The Ceram city states maintained a complicated network of trade throughout the Old World, with particularly strong connections to Florena, and their expansive maritime network led to a number of far-flung settlements being established, including those on New Anglet and the westernmost islands of modern Valentir. City-states along the Ceram River also grew increasingly wealthy, culminating in the rise of the city of Kelang, which grew to be one of the largest cities in Negara.
The early medieval period also saw the rise of the Tembuki Kingdoms in the Serong highlands and along the Serong river in Southern Negaran in the early 6th century. These Kingdoms would eventually through forceful annexation or clever diplomacy, would be united under the King Iwan Suharto Hermanto in 878 C.E., forming what we refer to as the Hermanto Empire due to its founding dynasty. This Empire would eventually conquer all of Southern and Central Negara further extending its might into the Southern city states before being halted by a union of Ceram city states known as the Oransuni Kingdom which would beat back the Empire before collapsing agin into various city states.
Late Medieval Period Negara
The Berseri Empire was founded in 1609, commonly referred to as the first year of the First Emperor. Originally hailing from the island of Hesia, the Berseri were the first unifers of the island driving out the ruling Mumin trading sultanates and began centralizing power before launching their first invasion of the mainland sweeping aside many of the Northern Ceram city states. Within the next hundred years the Berseri Emperors were able to unify most of modern day Negara.
The growth of an educated middle class of administrators and skilled labourers in Berseri led to the rise of nationalism and demands both for greater political participation and the abolishment of archaic institutions and customs which were problematic for the nouveau riche. Despite Berseri attempts to suppress these movements, continued collusion between nationalist and modernising groups, both in public life and the Army, led to the Tembuki Revolts of 1886 which culminated in the formation of the People’s National Council in 1895. The new Negaran state centred around continuing modernization and ethnic nationalism, and as a result it introduced the Solarian alphabet to the Negaran language.The early Negaran state, which saw itself as the national homeland of all ethnic Negarans, sought to dismantle the Berseri imperial state and establish her own nationalistic goals within the country, while Berseri sought to dominated the Ceram Plateau and re-establish itself as a major player on the international stage.
Unsurprisingly, Negaran attempts to annex Berseri were not appreciated by Berseri itself. Major Euclean powers, particularly Gaullica and Ruttland also sought to support Berseri in the face of the thread of a modernised Negara, and as a result contributed to the gradual modernisation of the Berseri state. In order to gain a new ally in Negara and to retain the balance of power, the Estmere and Werania forged an alliance with Negaran and supplied it with armaments. Euclean arms sales to Negara and Berseri were ultimately limited by the Four Powers Agreement, which led to Negara seeking supplies from Valentir, who had not entered the alliance system and could thus be regarded as neutral despite broadly supporting the Democratic Alliance.
During the Great War, Negara fought on the side of the Democratic Alliance, principally against Berseri although it also faced Gaullican forces in Kigomba. By virtue of both greater preparedness and sheer numerical superiority, Negara quickly emerged as victorious on the Coian mainland, rapidly seizing control of the entirety of mainland Berseri. Developments in the Euclean theatre caused Negara to take an increasingly aggressive stance against Gaullican colonies in Bahia: the former was invaded in 1932, with Negaran troops handing over control to Estmeran colonial authorities by 1934. Negara also sustained a short-lived occupation of Iyakasar in 1932 before handing over control of the colony back to Estmere
By 1932, with the war turning against Gaullica, the Negaran People's Republican Armed Forces launched an amphibious invasion of the island of Hesia, then still under Berseri control, under the codename Operation Black Bay. The Red Tuesday Landings as they became popularly known in Euclean and Asteria media ended in utter failure, with the loss of nearly ten thousand men; ultimately, the invasion of Hesia never became successful and the NPRAF turned its attention to Bahia and Euclea.
As a result of winning the war against the ill-prepared Berseri forces, Negara annexed mainland Berseri. Its participation in Democratic Alliance led it to support them during the Phoney War. As a result of Berseri's defeat in the Great War, they would no longer be recognized as a state by some powers ultimately isolating them on the island of Hesia during the reign of the Fifty First Berseri Emperor.
After the Great War, Negara invaded Hesia in 1951 in The Hesian War ultimately annexing it into Negara. Negara also supported Siamati forces against Namkwon during the Namkwon Emergency both with supplies and in combat and faced Songguo in the Southwest Frontier War. Ultimately relations calmed as a result of mutual nuclear proliferation which led to the current long peace between these two states.
During the digital revolution of the 1980s and 90s, Negara became increasingly become known as a manufacturing hub due to plentiful supplies of relatively cheap labour, which allowed the country to advance quickly economically. Negara remains a key player in many international institutions such as the Community of Nations and CDI. Negara is also known for the Invasion of Iyakasar in 1995 and the subsequent occupation of the state which has been ongiong till this day
Negaran forces were involved in the 2016 Siamti War after the initial invasion by Song troops, Negaran forces pushed back Song to the Koom River.
Government and Politics
Foreign Relations and Military
The armed forces of Negara are collectively organized under the Negaran People's Republican Armed Forces, an organization which includes the naval, air, and ground forces of the Republic. The NPRAF is among the largest armies of Kylaris, and is responsible for territorial defense, protection of the states' international interests, assisting in the upholding of the constitution, and control of the state's nuclear arsenal.
In addition to being a partially unrecognized states, Negara maintains a number of unresolved territorial disputes, most notably with Songguo over the Southwest Frontier Territory, a conflict which escalated into the Southwest Frontier War in 1971, as well the recently-resolved dispute over the Gaullican territory of New Anglet which by mutual agreement remains under Gaullican control.
Negara is the fourth largest country in Kylaris by land area and the largest country on Bahia. Negara is known for its natural diversity, and its subtropical climate combined with the presence of volcanic soil in the west of the country makes it exceptionally productive agriculturally.
As of 2015, Negara has one of the largest economies in Kylaris, totalling approximately 12 trillion according to the Community of Nations' Economic Committee. From its founding to the end of the Namkwon Emergency, Negara was a largely state-controlled economy, which encouraged local enterprise but retained control over many industries under the auspices of furthering the nation's economic development. By the 1970s economic mismanagement had led to a host of problems including rising inflation, falling living standards, and continued adult illiteracy. As a result of the Southwest Frontier War the Negaran government was pushed towards reform. With the assistance of Asterian economic advisors, Negara encouraged a greater degree of free trade in order to exploit its abundant labour: as a result of these free-market reforms, Negara entered a recovery period by the 1980s. The state remains heavily invested in "strategic" industries such as transport, energy production, education, and healthcare, but industry, agriculture, and services have largely been left to private enterprise.
Since economic liberalisation began in 1973, Negara has experienced continued economic growth, and finally escaped the middle-income trap after a decade of relative stagnation between 1995 and 2007. As a result of continued mechanisation and state-supported efforts to improve labour-industry relations, it has largely managed to avoid Western-style deindustrialisation as per the Flamian Model, although its economic growth, particularly in terms of the manufacturing sector is significantly slower than before 1995. Relatively lax regulations continue to make Negara an attractive alternative to Euclean industrial economies for manufacturing.
State investment in the energy sector has resulted in over 31% of Negara's domestic energy needs being met by nuclear power. The proportion of power provided by nuclear power plants is set to rise in future as a result of state investment and the shutdown of coal stations, which currently account for about 54% of Negara's energy needs. 8% of Negara's energy comes from renewable sources, particularly hydroelectric power, while the remaining 7% of power is provided by natural gas. Negara remains one of Kylaris' largest oil importers by volume, most of which is used for transport and the manufacture of plastics.