Party divisions of the Yisraeli Knesset

Introduction

Kingdom of Yisrael

First Party System (1922-1941)

Second Party System (1951-1974)

Third Party System (1974-present)

Knesset Years Knesset President Governing Majority Party Margin of Majority Control
Royalist Conservatives Constitutional Liberals Torah Achdus Action Yisrael Alliance of Greens, Seculars, and Workers League for New Judea Independents Vacan
cies
48th 2018-2020 59 42 16 12 8 5 0 0 Noah Feldman Blue-Gray-Maroon coalition +4/
+20 (with supply and confidence from Torah Achdus)
47th 2016-2018 64 39 18 7 3 11 0 2 Blue-Maroon coalition +31
46th 2014-2016 41 66 15 9 6 2 3 1 Gold-Gray-Green-White coalition +5
45th 2012-2016 64 48 16 5 42 3 2 2 Blue-Silver coalition +8
Knesset Years Knesset President Governing Majority Party Margin of Majority Control
Royalist Conservatives Constitutional Liberals Torah Achdus Action Yisrael3 Green Party Yisraeli Labor Party League for New Judea Yisraeli Christian Association4 Independents Vacan
cies
44th 2010-2012 58 51 16 3 2 2 5 3 2 45 Eitan Herzog Blue-Silver coalition +2
Knesset Years Knesset President Governing Majority Party Margin of Majority Control
Royalist Conservatives Constitutional Liberals Torah Achdus Green Party Yisraeli Labor Party League for New Judea Yisraeli Christian Association Independents Vacan
cies
43rd 2008-2010 52 60 13 5 3 2 3 4 0 Eitan Herzog Gold-Green-Pink-White coalition +1
42nd 2006-2008 576 576 14 3 2 07 4 5 0 Gold-Green-Pink-White coalition +16
Knesset Years Knesset President Governing Majority Party Margin of Majority Control
Royalist Conservatives Constitutional Liberals Torah Achdus Green Party Yisraeli Labor Party National Union Yisraeli Christian Association Independents Vacan
cies
41st 2004-2006 46-459 66-679 12 5 4 28 3 3 3 Eitan Herzog Gold-Green-Pink coalition +4/+59

Footnotes
1. Torah Achdus neither sat in the opposition nor had a supply and confidence agreement with the ruling Conservatives.
2. The smaller Green Party and Yisraeli Labor Party merged together on February 8th, 2012, three weeks after the 2012 elections, combining their 4 seats (3 Greens, 1 Labor Party).
3. The Action Yisrael party was formed on May 24th, 2009, in advance of the 2010 elections.
4. The YCA was found to have illegal ties to anti-Yisrael terrorist groups the Christian Defense League and the Free Yarden Valley Catholic Front in the aftermath of the 2011 Yericho riots. Its MKs were arrested by the YeMep and the party banned under the Domestic Subversive Organizations Act before the 2012 elections.
5. None of the vacancies resulted in a change of partisan affiliation. All the seats were filled by persons of the same party.
6. Vice-President Oren Waltenstein would often be required to stay on premises for Knesset votes to cast the deciding vote due to the evenly-split Knesset between HRM Government led by the Con-Lib-Green-Labor-YCA-Indep. coalition (71) and HRM Opposition of the Conservatives and their allies the Torah Achdus party (71).
7. The Northern League, although in existence since 1974, had no won any seats since the 1980s. The party had a leadership election in February 14th, 2006, and elected David Touro as party chairman. Touro rebranded the party as "far right lite" and moderated the more extreme stances of the party as well as recruited credible right-wing activists and buildt needed campaign infrastructure in the Yarden River Valley and ethnic Tarsan Jewish areas to field successful candidates for the next election cycle.
8. The right-wing National Union merged with the Royalist Conservatives several months before the 2006 elections.
9. Avigdor Korvo, an MK from Ashkelon, party-switched several days after the election from Conservative to Con-Lib and was given a prominent role on the Knesset Appropriations Committee.