Congress Chamber (Zamastan)
110th Congress of Zamastan
Congress Chamber political groups
The Congress Chamber is the lower chamber of Zamastan's bicameral legislature, which alongside the upper chamber, the Senate, create the Congressional Hall. The Chamber is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, which, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President of Zamastan for consideration. In addition to this basic power, the Chamber has certain exclusive powers, among them the power to initiate all bills related to revenue; the impeachment of federal officers, who are sent to trial before the Senate; and, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for President, the duty falls upon the Chamber to elect one of the top three recipients of electors for that office, with one vote given to each state for that purpose.
The Chamber has 305 seats, a decrease from the 359 prior to the secession of Auraine, Alutiana, and Mayotte in 2021. The fixed-term for Chamber members is for the two-year term of a Congress, subject to reelection every two-years or intra-term vacancy. The presiding officer of the Congress Chamber (as well as the Senate) is the Speaker of the Chamber. In the early 20th century, the practice of majority and minority parties electing their floor leaders began, although they are not constitutional officers.
Current compositions and election results
The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the Chamber is known as the majority party/coalition. The next-largest party/coalition is the minority party/coalition. The speaker, committee chairs, and some other officials are generally from the majority party/coalition; they have counterparts (for instance, the "ranking members" of committees) in the minority party.
The Constitution provides that the Chamber may choose its own speaker. Although not explicitly required by the Constitution, every speaker has been a member of the Chamber. The Constitution does not specify the duties and powers of the speaker, which are instead regulated by the rules and customs of the Chamber. Speakers have a role both as a leader of the Chamber and the leader of their party/coalition (which need not be the majority party/coalition; theoretically, a member of the minority party could be elected as speaker with the support of a fraction of members of the majority party). The speaker is the presiding officer of the Chamber but does not preside over every debate. Instead, they delegate the responsibility of presiding to other members in most cases. The presiding officer sits in a chair in the front of the Chamber. The powers of the presiding officer are extensive; one important power is that of controlling the order in which members of the Chamber speak. No member may make a speech or a motion unless they have first been recognized by the presiding officer. Moreover, the presiding officer may rule on a "point of order" (a member's objection that a rule has been breached); the decision is subject to appeal to the whole Chamber.
List of representatives
2016-2018 107th Congress of Zamastan (2016-2020)
2018-2020 108th Congress of Zamastan (2018-2020)
2020-2022 109th Congress of Zamastan (2020-2022)
2022-2024 110th Congress of Zamastan (2022-2024)
2024-2026 111th Congress of Zamastan (2024-2026)