This article belongs to the lore of Kylaris.

Bistravia

Bistravian Republic

Бістравска Републіка
Bistravska Republika
Bistravian flag
Flag
Bistravian Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
Motto: 
"Хродость a усіловность"
(tr.) "Hrodost a usilovnost'"
"Pride and diligence"
Anthem: 
"Ґлас народу"
(tr.) "Glas narodu'"
"Voice of the people"
CapitalMiensk
Official languagesBistravian
Ethnic groups
(2021)
87.2% Bistravians
3.2% Soravians
9.6% others
Demonym(s)Bistravian
GovernmentUnitary Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic
• President
Viktor Kríž
• Prime Minister
Martina Ovoječka
• Speaker of the Rada
Artur Martin Halent
LegislatureRada
Establishment
• Principality of Vyzemia
597
• Tengarian rule
1350
• Soravian conquest
July 27, 1650
• Bistravian FSR
March 11, 1936
• Independence
February 4, 1980
• Current Constitution
May 17, 1982
Area
• Estimate
171,288.32 km2 (66,134.79 sq mi)
• Water (%)
13.41%
Population
• 2020 census
Decrease 10,422,100
• Density
60.85/km2 (157.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $206,222 billion
• Per capita
Increase $19,787
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $123,710 billion
• Per capita
Increase $11,870
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 23.1
low
HDI (2020)Increase 0.818
very high
CurrencyBistravian Orol (BSO)
Time zoneUTC-1
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+32
Internet TLD.bi

The Bistravian Republic (bi. Бістравска Републіка, Bistravska Republika), also known as Bistravia (bi. Бістравя, Bistravia) is a landlocked country in central Euclea. It is bordered by Vedmed to the north, West Miersa to the east, Champania and Amathia to the southeast, Tengaria to the south and Radushia to the east. Bistravia has a hilly landscape that covers over 170,000 km² (66,000 sq mi) with a mostly temperate climate. The capital, Miensk, is also the largest city in the republic. Other major urban areas include Kraljovice, Růžyn, Sveti Hora and Andřejovice.

Several early feudal Marolevic states fought for the control over the area after fall of the Solarian Empire, with Vyzemia gaining an upper hand in the late 9th century, following the support of the Empire of Arciluco and introduction of the Sotirianity in the region. The Principality of Vyzemia, a client state of the Empire, controlled most of the eastern coast of lake Min until its vassalization by the Empire of Tengaria in 1330 by Ivan II. During the Iconoclast Wars the population of modern-day Bistravia, prone to religious conversion, supported the Iconoclasts, mainly the Realm of Thorns. Tengarian intervention ended the rebellion and installed Tengarian nobility on the principal seats. During the Tengarian golden age, many towns were founded, mostly along the coast of lake Min, as well as mines, latifundiums and universities. Fall of the empire saw the emergence of Tengaro-Bistravian and Amathian nobility, which created an independent Verominian Principality in 1549. Increasing Soravian and Amathian influences in the late 16th and early 17th century ultimately ended with the partition of the state in 1650.

Bistravian lands were subjected to heavy industralization in the second half of the 19th century - mining, manufacturing and textile industry developed in the area. The region, comparatively undeveloped, quickly turned into an important industrial sate of the Soravian Empire. During the late 1800s, a Bistravian nationalism emerged, focused mostly on the rural population, which had less privileges and opportunities than Soravo-Bistravian and Amathio-Bistravian burgher class. Bistravian nationalism would be hindered by the Great Collapse and the Great War, though, eventually, a Bistravian Federal Sovereign Republic was created in 1936, the first Bistravian ethno-state. The Soravian civil war resulted in the Bistravian declaration of dissolution on 4th February 1980, while a new constitution was signed in 1982. Since then, the republic is a democratic and independent state.

Bistravia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic and a developing country comprised of 13 regions (bi. крає, kraje). Its market economy is largely based on services, though industries (such as machinery or mining) and agriculture still play a major role. Bistravian Republic is a member of important international organizations: Community of Nations, International Trade Organization and, most importantly, Samorspi. The country faces several socioeconomic problems: poverty is still prevalent throughout the nation, while corruption and nepotism affect political institutions on national and local levels. Bistravia is considered a flawed democracy, with many of the human rights below the level of other Euclean nations in the east.

Etymology

History

Antiquity

Tribal period

Middle Ages

Soravian Empire

Great War

Bistravian FSR

Independence

Geography

Climate

Environment

Biodiversity

Politics and government

Government

Foreign relations

Judiciary and Law Enforcement

Military

Administrative divisions

Demographics

According to 2020 census, the population of Bistravia was 10,422,100, making it 16th most populous country in Euclea. With a population density of 60.85/km2 (157.6/sq mi), it's also one of the least densely populated nation on the continent. After peaking at 11.2 million people in 1998, the population of Bistravia is continuously decreasing, with nearly 800,000 inhabitants less in 2020 than it was in 1998. This is, partially, due to very low total fertility rate, estimated at 1.55 children per woman, much below the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman, combined with high numbers of reported abortions. The other reason is a negative net migration rate of -2.2, with insufficient living conditions, low quality education and lack of job perspectives cited as the main causes. People migrate mostly to countries like Soravia or Amathia but there is also a significant number of Bistravians in Eastern Euclea. Bistravia is one of the few countries in Kylaris that suffers from population decline. It is expected to reach 10 million by 2030 and 9 million by 2050. The life expectancy is 73.14 years (68.53 years male; 77.87 years female). Bistravia has one of the lowest male-to-female ratio, at 0.87 males/females. In 2020, there was 4,869,118 males and 5,552,982 females living in the republic. Every year, more boys are born than girls and until the age of 39 there are more men than women. From the age of 65, there are over 2 times more women than men.

Bistravia can be considered ethnically homogeneous, with 87.2% of the population considering themselves Bistravian. The group is of Marolevic origin and has inhabited area since at least 4th century, though the Bistravian ethnic identity has formed only in late 19th century, following the rapid industrialization and mass migrations of rural population to city centers. Soravians are the largest minority, constituting for 3.2% of the population - these are mostly descendants of Soravian or Soravian married families that moved to the coast of Lake Min during 1950s and 1960s to work in newly developing aerospace, logistics and energy industries. Other notable minorities include Tengarians, Vedmedi, Savaders (also called Hercí) and Vysemians, who distinct themselves from Bistravians by the usage of Vysemian language (sometimes treated as a dialect) and belonging to the Syčavite Church that rose to prominence in the Bistravian eastern highlands during the Iconoclast Wars.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1850 2,500,000—    
1910 4,070,000+0.82%
1936 5,588,000+1.23%
1950 6,728,715+1.34%
1960 7,661,830+1.31%
1970 8,897,441+1.51%
1982 9,780,645+0.79%
1990 10,386,488+0.75%
2000 11,187,644+0.75%
2010 10,742,876−0.40%
2020 10,422,100−0.30%

Languages

Bistravian, regulated by the National Language Council, is the sole official language of Bistravia, according to the Constitution of 1982. Belonging to the Rutto-Marolevic branch, it is close to Ambrazkan and Miersan languages, although, due to geographic proximity and historical influences, it bears many similarities both to Soravian and Tengarian languages as well. As of 2020, 82.4% of the population declared they use Bistravian at home, while 98.6% claimed they use it on daily basis. It's the only compulsory language taught in schools, starting from kindergarten. The National Language Council classifies only one dialect of Bistravian, sometimes considered a separate language, which is Vysemian, from the medieval Duchy of Vyzemia. Spoken mostly in the sparsely populated east and southeast, it was first introduced to the census data in 2010, when 3.4% of the population declared it their home language. The figure increased to 4.1% according to the 2020 census, though the exact extent is unknown, due to lack of proper classification and definition of the dialect. Vysemian is characterized by its resistance to Soravian and Tengarian influences, which shaped Bistravian to a higher degree and is sometimes described as "indigenous" language of the region or proto-Bistravian. The activists fight for its recognition as a regional or minority language, however, it is yet to be achieved.

Soravian is the second most common language in the republic, spoken by around 15.5% of the population on daily basis. This conflicts with the percentage of the citizens claiming Soravian as their ethnic identity, however, it can be attributed to a long period of Soravianization of Bistravia during the UPSR and popularity of the language in business, international relations and professional work fields. It is widely used in the media: 4 out of 9 most popular newspapers publish in both Bistravian and Soravian and several TV stations use it as a support language. Soravian language music, movie and TV series subtitles and video games make it popular within the younger generations, too. Every high school is obliged to provide courses for at least one foreign language, with Soravian present in over 95% of schools, and most primary schools offer either mandatory or voluntary Soravian courses as part of their curriculums. The language was granted an official minority language status in 1984.

There are 5 other officially recognized minority languages. To be provided that status, a language must have "historical roots and presence in the Bistravian cultural heritage". Tengarian was recognized as such in 1984 along Soravian. According to 2020 census, it's spoken by 1.1% of the population daily, mostly along the southern border of the country. The variety of Tengarian used in Bistravia can be classified as Visoclesian, however, the governments of Tengaria and Bistravia consider it a dialectal form of Tengarian language. Savader, called Herský is spoken by the Savader populations scattered around the republic, with most of them residing in the northeast. The real number of its users can vary, as many Savaders only use the language at home but rarely in daily communication. Major Savader populations migrated to Tengaria or Soravia after the dissolution of the UPSR, while some of them assimilated with the Bistravians, leaving only a portion cultivating the culture. Other recognized minority languages include Vedmedi, spoken mostly in the north, Miersan, used along the border with West Miersa and Amathian, present in the southeast of the country.

Gaullican, Weranian and Estermish gained significance in the first decade of the 21st century, a result of globalization and exposure to the international media, including Eastern Euclean ones. Gaullican is the currently rapidly gaining popularity, with over 50% high school students learning the language and 12% of the population claiming they are able to hold a conversation in it. Weranian and Estmerish, while not as popular, are often available to learn in larger cities, though both languages are currently known by less than 10% of Bistravians.

Religion

Religion in Bistravia

  Episemialist (88.9%)
  Other Sotirian (5.2%)
  Irreligion or Atheism (4.9%)
  Other (1.0%)

The national constitution states that the republic allows freedom of religions and does not restrict its citizens from practicing faiths, as long as the practices do not involve hate speech, government criticism and violence or its promotion. There are 34 officially recognized faiths and churches in Bistravia. Most of the population belongs to the Episemialist Church. Sotirianity spread to the region of modern-day Bistravia in the 6th century and has played an important role in the regional politics ever since. Over 88% of Bistravians is Episemialist, with the numbers continuously dwindling since the 1990s. Bistravian Episemialist Church is organized under Soravian Episemialist Church, though there is also the autocephalous Syčavite Church that does not report to any higher ranked institution and is considered heterodox by other Episemialist Churches. Around 3.5% of the population reported their adherence to the Syčavite Church, mostly in the east and southeast of the country. There are small Solarian Catholic communities in Bistravia, centered around the capital city of Miensk.

Religious cultural heritage, especially Episemialist, is of high importance due to its unique aesthetics and historical meaning. Bistravian landscape is often accented by religious architecture, including churches, cathedrals and monasteries.

Urbanization

There are 3,046 localities in Bistravia: 925 cities and towns (Bistravian term: město, plural: města; the terminology does not distinguish between these two terms), with one of them above 1 million inhabitants, further 5 cities above 100,000 inhabitants, 13 above 50,000 and 298 above 5,000 people. The urbanization rate is 75.4% and is projected to reach 80% by the end of 2035 due to large rural-urban migration flow, especially to the coastal region of the country. There are over 2,000 villages throughout the republic, however, the number can change as any village can be elevated to a town status by act of the President - in 2020, 5 villages were granted that status. The largest village, Šumnica, has 4027 inhabitans, while the smallest town, Vihný Rog, has a population of 1112. Bistravian Statistical Office distinguishes 4 agglomerations (or early stage agglomerations) areas - these are Miensk, Kraljovice, Růžyn and Andřejovice.

Education

The National Academy in Miensk is the most important university in the country.

Education in Bistravia is largely based on Soravian model and, since 1982, has been subjected to various reforms. Government spending on education has reached 4.2% in 2020 and is among the lowest in Euclea, although the number of students has been continuously increasing since 2004. Many students study abroad, mainly in Soravia and Tengaria, who offer scholarships and student exchange programs for Bistravian students, especially those aiming to study sciences.

Children start their education at the age of 5 and are obliged to learn until they are 16. First two years are described as kindergarten (bi. predškola), where pupils attain basic knowledge and skills, such as reading, writing and counting. From ages 7 to 11 kids enter primary school (bi. poćatkova škola) and finish it with exams that determine which high school they are eligible to attend. First five years of high school (bi. sřední škola) are considered "general" and consist of the same curriculum - however, all students can pick other subjects to learn for the final two years and write a maturity exam (bi. maturá), that allows them to apply for college or university. All higher education institutions also require a preliminary test to be taken by applicants.

Higher education consists of state-run and private universities, with tuition free in Bistravian language for firs-time attendants until the age of 26. The university courses take from 2 to 6 years, depending on the degree. There 22 public universities in Bistravia, with most of them focusing on sciences, such as physics, engineering or computer sciences, as Bistravia was one of major technical research centers in the UPSR. The largest university if the National Academy in Miensk, followed closely by the Jandóv University of Kraljovice, the oldest in the republic.

Economy

Culture