37th President of Carloso
|Assumed office |
11 February 2011
|Preceded by||Montero Irizar|
|Leader of National Salvation|
|Assumed office |
7 September 2010
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Minister for Finance|
11 February 2006 – 5 September 2010
|Preceded by||Tomás Berrocal|
|Succeeded by||Matthew Couturier|
for Tolesa, Maveira & Firosa
|Assumed office |
11 February 2001
Cárlos Magaña Tobón
7 November 1968
|Political party||National Salvation|
|Spouse(s)||Nicolasa Mendoza (m. 1995)|
|Relations||Facundo Tobón (brother)|
|Parents||Sebastián Tobón (father)|
Kaitlyn Parker (mother)
|Alma mater||Madrigal Metropolitan University (LLB)|
|Years of service||1987–1990|
Cárlos Magaña Tobón NA (born 7 November 1968) is a Carlosian statesman, barrister and Army veteran who has served as the President of the Executive Council of the Federal Republic of Carloso and commander-in-chief of the Carlosian Armed Forces since 11 February 2011. He is also the current leader of the National Salvation party and a former member of the Conservative Party. Tobón has served as a National Assemblyman for Tolesa, Maveira & Firosa since 2001.
Born and raised in the suburb of Firosa, Madrigal to a largely Hispanic family, Tobón served in the Carlosian Army during the Bourgougian Blitz. After the war, he studied Law at Madrigal Metropolitan University and became an active member of the Conservative Party. After working as a junior counsel for several years, Tobón was elected to Madrigal Corporation in 1995. He was elected as a National Assemblyman for Tolesa, Maveira & Firosa at the 2000 general election. Tobón quickly became a noted figure within the traditionalist wing of the Conservative Party and became friendly with fellow Blitz veterans including George Spalding, Estebán Santander and Army General Régulo Moran. When the Conservatives and Democratic Party formed a coalition after the 2005 general election, Tobón became an outspoken opponent of cooperation with the Democrats. In an attempt to pacify dissent within the Party, President Montero Irizar appointed Tobón as Minister for Finance in 2007.
As Minister for Finance, Tobón tried to introduce sweeping monetary and fiscal reforms to reduce the national debt and restart economic growth, however, these were blocked repeatedly by the Democrats. At the same time, the Democrat agenda of social reforms; which was agreed upon as part of the coalition agreement, saw many, more moderate members of the Conservative Party look to Tobón and George Spalding for leadership, rather than President Irizar. When the Democrats began to push for the legalisation of same-sex marriage and abortion in the run-up to the 2010 general election; eventually leading to President Irizar announcing that a referendum would be held on abortion that year, Tobón formed an organised faction within the Conservative Party to oppose the referendum, calling it the Alliance for the National Salvation of the Fatherland. In the aftermath of the Attorney General v. Q case, the destruction of the Supreme Court and mass rioting in the streets of major Carlosian cities, Tobón led a wave of mass resignations from the Conservative Party, co-founding National Salvation to contest the general election and becoming a key figure in the violent Blue Revolution.
A combination of the defections of many key Conservative figures, a military intervention led by General Moran and an attempt to flee the country by President Irizar caused Conservative support to implode, losing well over half their seats in the 2010 election, with the Democrats suffering similar loses. National Salvation achieved a shock plurality of the vote, entering into a coalition with the Rural Independents Group to form a government. Tobón was elected President of Carloso, taking office on 11 February 2011, with George Spalding as his Deputy. He immediately began the process of overhauling the Carlosian economy and rolling back the social policies of the previous government, renationalising many key industries, reintroducing the ban on divorce, stopping the state's recognition of same-sex civil partnerships and reinforcing the constitutional ban on abortion.
Within a year of taking office, Tobón ordered the withdrawal of Carloso from the World Assembly (WA) after a hotly contested referendum returned a result in favour of leaving. Carloso would go on to join the International Freedom Alliance (IFA); later the International Freedom Coalition (IFC), in 2014. Tobón continued with an economic policy of reindustrialisation, as well as administrative and legislative reforms, returning many powers to local government, including responsibility for healthcare, housing and planning permission. A total ban on the construction of land-based industrial wind turbines was also introduced.
Tobón led National Salvation to achieve a parliamentary majority in the 2015 general election, beginning his second term as President of the Executive Council. His cabinet remained largely unchanged. The first few months of his term were preoccupied with largely foreign matters, dealing with factional divisions in the IFC. He eventually ordered the withdrawal of Carloso from the organisation in March 2016, declaring the country to be neutral. At the same time, Tobón began cultivating links with members of the Santiago Anti-Communist Treaty Organisation (SACTO), including Nifon and Inyursta. In 2017 Shogun Maki Kojiro made a highly publicised state visit to Carloso, a first for a Nifonese leader. The country then became a party to the COSTAL Accords, redefining Carloso's maritime boundaries. Carloso eventually joined SACTO on 20 May 2017 after being invited by the Nifonese government, sparking international outrage.
In late 2018, Tobón scored a major victory in winning a referendum on the Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Carloso, making Christianity the state religion of Carloso with the backing of 57.72% of the electorate. Tobón had stated his intentions to step done as leader of National Salvation in late 2019 and not run for a third term as President, however, he has since reversed his decision and plans to seek a third five-year term as leader of the country. If successful, he will be the first individual in the republican history of Carloso to achieve this.
In his first term, critics of Cárlos Tobón broadly described him as a staunch conservative and nationalist but nevertheless committed to maintaining Carlosian democracy. However, since the beginning of his second term, many have referred to Tobón as being illberal and authoritarian. Tobón has been accused of being a demagogue. Carloso's shift towards SACTO received widespread condemnation, both domestically and internationally. Despite these claims, Tobón remains a popular political figure in Carloso, with an approval rating as high as 73% as of late 2018.
Cárlos Magaña Tobón was born on 7 November 1968 at Madrigal Metropolitan University Hospital – Saint Vincent's to Sebastián and Kaitlyn Tobón (née Parker). Sebastián's ancestors were a mix of Portuguese and Spanish immigrants to Carloso, who served as venecedors in the War of Independence. Parker was largely descended from Scottish and English immigrants who arrived in the eighteenth century. He was raised as a Roman Catholic, though his mother Kaitlyn was born into a Presbyterian household and converted to Catholicism in order to marry Sebastián. Sebastián Tobón fought in the Emergency War as a soldier in the Carlosian Army's IV Infantry Division, taking part in the Battle of Madrigal, Second Battle of Secano and Exercise Revelation.
First years in the National Assembly
First term (2011–2016)
Second term (2016–present)
Tobón is a devout Catholic and votary of Saint George of Lydda. He has an older brother, Jair Tobón, who is a General in the Carlosian Army. His younger brother, Facundo Tobón, is a National Assemblyman for Mostolt and also a member of National Salvation. He has three sisters; Diana, Magdalena and Rebeca. Magdalena is a well-known writer of political history and a regular columnist for The Madrigal Times.