Second War in Vulkaria
|Second War In Vulkaria|
|Part of Vulkaria Unrest|
Clockwise from the top-left: Zamastanian forces inspect a road following an IED explosion; a coalition airstrike hits a MLF position in Godenia; Vulkarian and Cadairian troops recieve instructions before conducting a counter-terror operation; a Zamastanian army helicopter over Southern Vulkaria; the PetroVulk Towers are engulfed in flame during the Battle of Amstelveen; Zamastanian troops hurry away a wounded soldier
Other state actors
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
The Second War in Vulkaria, also known as the Second Vulkaria War, was a series of collective armed conflicts in the nation of Vulkaria that started in the late summer of 1999 and lasted until early 2005. The war involved Coalition of Crown Albatross forces led by Zamastan and consisting of Cadairian, Emmirian, Rio Palitan, Austrolisian, Quetanan, Besmenian, and Haduastani forces battling numerous terror and insurgent networks which had declare independence in their respective provinces. The groups included the revitalized Malvarian Liberation Front, backed by Malvare, along with mercenaries supplied by Ossinia and Martin Saint-Yves' regime and West Chanchajillan aid provided by Parish White's government. Following the events of the First War in Vulkaria and the sporadic protests and violence that persisted throughout the next decade, a government policy regarding capitalist and global economics installed in 1999 led to a revitalization of the M.L.F. and many other embattled groups wanting to take over power from the federal government in order to install a socialist regime. A civil war erupted in 2000 once again, and the nation was embroiled with global interests once again being threatened in the form of trade along the Vulkarian Pass canal route, as well as the threat of terror attacks being experienced by many of the nations involved in the coalition efforts.
After attempts at a diplomatic solution failed, the Coalition of Crown Albatross intervened, justifying the campaign in Vulkaria as a "humanitarian war". President Abram Mullen sent an international coalition into Vulkaria in 1999. In 2000, opinion shifted massively against the war and President Mullen, and President Camren Ellison inherited the war. In 2004, anti-war demonstrations were sweeping the globe, and newly elected President Cassious Castovia promised to find an end and pull forces out. By 2005, investigations had recovered the remains of tens of thousands of victims of all ethnicities, as well as that there had been "a systematic campaign of terror and severe maltreatments by rebel organizations". Often described as Iearth's deadliest conflicts since the World War, the conflict was marked by many war crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity and rape.
The war ended with the surrender of rebel forces and the Neboroskiev Accords signed on February 6th, 2005 in Neboroskiev, Beleroskov. The accords solidified the surrender of the majority of insurgent forces and allowed capitulated rebel conscripts unobstructed access to flee to Malvare. The war was staggering in terms of the death toll, with over 2.3 million people killed, over half of them citizens. Vulkaria lost over 103,000 soldiers. The Coalition forces lost a total of 8,658 troops, including 3,246 from Zamastan, 2,502 from Emmiria, 972 from Cadair, 857 from Besmenia, 648 from Haduastan, 394 from Quetana, 30 from Rio Palito, and 9 from Austrolis. The captured and surrendered insurgent, rebel, and terrorist leadership were judged at the Vongane Trials in Vongane, Quetana from 2006-07, resulting in hundreds of prison sentences. The war was widely opposed by the general public, and anti-war protests went on for the entire course of the conflict.
The post-war Vulkaria retained all of its previous memberships in international organisations and began to work towards more international cooperation. In 1992, Gerod Kenili was elected President and instated a period of economic reform to rebuild Vulkaria's economy and infrastructure after the war. However, Kenili's government was widely corrupt, and the parliamentary systems of government voted to completely revamp the political sphere of Vulkaria. A relocation of a revitalized government was completed in 1996. Following the 1996 elections, Pokia Dirries became President with a dual-party legislature. Among the major projects of the two legislatures was to reform the labor market to become more flexible and reduce unemployment.
The modernization and integration of the Vulkarian economy was a long-term process scheduled to last until the year 2000. The economic integrations, however, had the unintended consequence of causing massive wealth disparities.
President Pokia Dirries' new sweeping policies regarding capitalist and global economics installed in 1999 led to a revitalization of the M.L.F. and many other embattled groups wanting to take over power from the federal government in order to install a Marxist regime. The rebel alliance of groups like the M.L.F. and the Vulkarian National Army began an insurgency to gain control of Vulkaria.
A civil war erupted in 1999 once again, and the nation was embroiled with global interests once again being threatened in the form of trade along the Elkjop Bay and the Strait of Vulkaria shipping routes, as well as the threat of terror attacks being experienced by many of the nations involved in the coalition efforts.
President Abram Mullen sent troops into Vulkaria in 1999 to aid the Vulkarian government.
In February of 2000, the international coalition intervened after a sweeping CCA resolution. Coalition forces, led by Zamastan, consisted of Cadairian, Emmirian, Austrolisian, Rio Palitoan, Quetanan, Besmenian, and Haduastan forces. Coalition forces arrived in Vulkar and Amstelveen on February 17th, 2000, tasked with securing government facilities and diplomatic offices.
In 2000, President Dirries was reelected as the coalition observed the election.
Meanwhile, the Vulkarian government was able to rebuild some democratic structures, and the country changed its name to the Federation of Vulkaria. Attempts were made, often with the support of foreign donor countries, to improve the country's economy, healthcare, education, transport, and agriculture. International forces also began to train the Vulkarian National Security Forces, with official training beginning in June of 2000.
Abram Mullen, facing growing unpopularity domestically, was replaced on the reelection ticket by Camren Ellison. On September 22nd, 2000, Ellison was elected president and promised to end the intervention. However, on September 30th, three TAH-60A Vultures were shot down in the town of Grayana, about 10 miles east of Amstelveen. The ensuing rescue mission and battle was the first major combat operation against the insurgency and Coalition forces, and resulted in 23 Zamastanian, 6 Quetanan, and 2 Haduastan soldiers being killed.
On January 5th, the Vulkarian government began introducing repatriation programs for Vulkarians who began returning after years of refugee status in other nations. Nearly five million Vulkarians were repatriated by 2010.
By 2003, a M.L.F.-led shadow government began to form in parts of the country.
President Dirries attempted to hold peace negotiations with the M.L.F. leaders, but the rebel group refused to attend. Samuel Kannit was captured by Coalition forces on May 9th, 2004, leaving the M.L.F.'s control to Van'a Kamoni.
In early-2005, Van'a Kamoni finally decided to back the peace talks as their chance for victory dissipated.
The war ended in 2005 with the surrender of rebel forces and a signed treaty by the Federal forces and Coalition observers to allow small territorial governance by M.L.F. and V.N.A. forces. The war was staggering in terms of the death toll, with over 2.3 million people killed, over half of them citizens. Vulkaria lost over 103,000 soldiers. The Coalition forces lost a total of 8,658 troops, including 3,246 from Zamastan, 2,502 from Emmiria, 972 from Cadair, 857 from Besmenia, 648 from Haduastan, 394 from Quetana, 30 from Rio Palito, and 9 from Austrolis. Until the Syraranto civil war, it was the deadliest conflict since the World War.
The Vongane Trials
Samuel Kannit was convicted of 43 counts of war crimes, 7,034 counts of murder, and 120,000 counts of attempted murder at the Vongane Trials in 2006, and he was sentenced to death. Kannit was executed by lethal injection on April 8th, 2008, in Tregueux, Zamastan.