State of Tinza
dawa gze khams
azhom dhrog-po la rahng-tsen
"Friends, come together in freedom."
Location of Tinza in Coius; areas controlled by Tinza in dark green, regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Tavan, Xiaodongese, Duljunese|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary state under an imperial constitutional monarchy|
|Kelsang Karpo (RLM)|
|Tashi Lotsawa (RLM)|
• First Tsenmo
• Norzin's Empire
• Drogon's rise
• End of the Tinzan Civil War
• Current constitution
|2 February 2011|
|1,668,477 km2 (644,203 sq mi)|
• 2019 estimate
• 2017 census
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2016)|| 43.2|
|HDI (2016)|| 0.696|
|Currency||Tinzan dnul (TND)|
|ISO 3166 code||TIN|
Tinza (Tinzan: དཝ་གྯེ, tr. dawa gze), officially the State of Tinza (Tinzan: དཝགྯེཁམྶ, tr. dawa gze khams) and also known archaically as the Tinzan Empire (Tinzan: དཝ་གྯེ་པ་མྠ་བྲེལཁུལ, tr. dawa gze pa mtha brel khul), is a sovereign state in Southeast Coius, bordering Xiaodong to the west and north, Lainan to the east, and the Coral Sea to the south. It is a relatively large country with an area of 1,668,477 square kilometres (644,203 square miles), and a population of 112 million. The historic and sprawling metropolis of Ladumra is the nation's largest city and acts as the administrative capital.
Tinzan oral spiritual tradition maintains that the Empire was founded by the warrior-queen Tselha in 918 BCE, when she was granted the Mandate of Amadawa and united the Tinzan people. Tradition asserts that she then founded the royal dynasty which has held the throne to this day, though in reality numerous dynasties have sat upon the White Throne. The Tinzan Empire would largely remain a minor power until the ascension of Norzin the Conqueror in the 500s CE, who would greatly increase the size of the empire, spanning much of Southeast Coius. After his death, his empire entered a slow decline, and by the 1300s, the empire was a shadow of it's former self, and a peasant rebellion would lead to a cadet branch of the ruling dynasty taking the throne.
Throughout the colonial era, Tinza would suffer 'national humiliation', with the realm forced to cede treaty ports and swathes of territory to colonial powers, though it would ultimately remain independent. In the late 1800s, Xiaodong would occupy the disputed Lhogrong territory, and while it would be retaken by the realm in the 1930s, ethnic cleansing and Xiaodongese migration had drastically changed the ethnic make-up of the province. Rapid state-led industrialisation occurred from the 1940s onwards, leading to rising economic growth alongside growing income inequality. During this period, Drogon Tsering cemented his position. In November 2006, influential leader Phu-bo was arrested and supposedly murdered by government agents, sparking the Renewed RLM Insurgency, which eventually grew into the wider Tinzan Civil War after the defection of Kya II. The Civil War came to a conclusion in 2010, with the death of Tsering and peace talks between the remaining combatants. The victorious parties then assembled the Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution, which was ratified in 2011 by all participant parties. In 2012, a referendum on the monarchy was held, and the country voted to retain the institution by a wide margin.
Tinza is now a unitary parliamentary state with an imperial constitutional monarchy, and is governed under both the 2011 constitution and the Mandate of Amadawa. The current Tsenmo is Kya II, while Kelsang Karpo of the Revolutionary Labour Movement has served as the President of the Nation since 2010. The country has been described as a developmental state in economic terms. Electronics, agriculture and fishing are key industries, with the manufacturing sector remaining the largest industry. Tinza records a nominal GDP per capita of $5,289, which stands in contrast to its GDP (PPP) per capita of $13,982. Tinza is a member of the CN, the ICD, COMSED, SECAC, the ITO and GIFA, an observer of AIS, and a key backer of Intercon.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
Tinza, the Estmerish name for the country, is derived from Tenzin, the name of a Tsenpo of the country who reigned over an expanding realm following the conquests of Norzin. In Euclea and portions of Coius, his name became associated with the realm, and eventually the lands of Tenzin devolved into Tinza. The native Tinzan name for the country is dawa gze (དཝ་གྯེ), which can be translated to home of the moon, and is derived from the country's mythical origin story and spirituality, both of which are heavily connected to lunar events and the moon goddess Amadawa.
Foundation and early history
Early modern era
A vast country, Tinza is home to an interesting geography. Across the country's interior and southern coast is an expansive lowland, containing within it the major Moon River and it's delta, in addition to vast agricultural lands. In the northeastern portion of the country, comprising much of Tinzan Duljun, is the Huashan mountain range, within it containing the Mount of the Moon, which at 5,583 metres above sea level, constitutes Tinza's highest point. Throughout the north and east exists a rugged, mountainous steppe. Considered to be arid and desert terrain, it's unique topography is well-known both in the country and abroad.
Industrialisation and deforestation has had a recognisable impact on the geography of the country. Having previously been covered in forested areas, the contemporary lowlands are now only 2% forested; combined with more dsenly forested regions of the country, only 7% of the country is forested. The lowlands are now besmeared with farmland; ranging from traditional lowland farms to terraced ones. Industrialisation efforts have led to a rapid increase in urban sprawl, primarily surrounding the capital of Ladumra, and an increase in the number of mines across the countryside. This, combined with increased industrial output and the resultant pollution, has had a particularly adverse effect on the country's environment. Environmental protection was largely ignored by the Drogon regime, though the current administration has made an effort to reverse ecological decline.
Despite being a vast country, in general Tinza is home to a temperate climate. This climate is most prevalent in the country's interior lowlands and long southern coastline, while the northeastern regions of the country sport cooler mountainous, desert and semi-arid climates. Due to intense deforestation, while the country's lowlands were previously covered in vast forested areas, in the modern days close to 98% of the lowlands are deforested, mostly utilised for agriculture. Additionally, in the mountainous and steppe regions, forested areas are far less common. The country's lowlands hosts the deltas of one of Southeast Coius's major rivers, the Moon River, which has a major impact on the local climate. The northern portion of the Huashan mountain range, which resides in the country's northeastern districts, similarly has a major impact on climate.
Much of the country enjoys a full 4-season year, however there are many regions which lack this temperate biome, leading to pronounced temperature differences between winter and summer. In the winter, northeastern winds coming from high-latitude areas are cold and dry; in summer, southern winds from coastal areas at lower latitudes are warm and moist. The relatively complex topography of the region has led to a vast number of climates existing at different locations within the country. Tinza is also plagued with numerous climate-related environmental issues, including; deforestation, water quality, erosion, and pollution control.
Biodiversity and environment
A vast country encompassing numerous ecosystems and bioregions, Tinza is home to many of species, a sizable number of which are considered endemic to the region. Natural geographic features such as the Huashan mountain range in the country's northeast and the country's extensive southern coastline create numerous unique habitats for diverse species to flourish; which in turn has allowed for great biodiversity within the country's borders. Among the diverse set of flora and fauna which resides within the country is the Macaca fuscata, Leo Australis, Camelus Duljunnus, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Vulpes vulpes, Elephas maximus, Grus Tinzonensis, Lilium bulbiferum, Prunus serrulata, Chrysanthemum and Pinus parviflora. Water habitats within the borders of the country are similarly diverse; the Tinzan coast is home to Amphiprion percula, Calotomus Tinzonicus and Chlamydoselachus anguineus, while freshwater habitats have spawned Cyprinus rubrofuscus, which has been bred into the popular Koi fish.
Under the Drogon regime, this biodiversity was considered to be under threat, as there was little to no governmental environmental policy and a general lack of conservation efforts in the country, with experts theorising that close to 25% of the country's flora and fauna could be critically endangered by 2030. The demise of the Drogon regime, however, led to to the introduction of vital conservation efforts within the country, with the current administration working with foreign conservation organisations in attempts to protect Tinza's vast biodiversity. In 2013, the government created the Ministry for Natural Harmony, which is responsible for conservation of the environment and ecological wellbeing.
Government and politics
Tinzan tradition and spirituality teaches that the monarch represents the moon goddess Amadawa, and rules in her stead according to her wishes as laid out in the Mandate of Amadawa, and the country has historically been described as an absolute monarchy. Following the conclusion of the Tinzan Civil War and the adoption of the 2011 constitution, however, Tinza is now a unitary parliamentary state, existing under what is now ultimately a constitutional monarchy. The current Tsenmo is Kya II. According to the new constitution, the monarch officially appoints the President of the Nation and their deputy, based on their ability to carry the confidence of the Consultative Assembly, the national legislature.
Some commentators have labelled Tinza a dominant party state, due to the continued dominance of the Revolutionary Labour Movement, which has formed all national governments since the culmination of the Tinzan Civil War. While other major parties do exert some influence on the political scene, they have remained either in opposition or as junior coalition partners. The RLM is the largest party in the Assembly, and currently forms a majority government. Opposition parties with representation in the Assembly include the militarist National Democratic Alliance, the royalist Peace and Progress Coalition, the communist Socialist Republicans and the minority interest Party for a Democratic Duljun.
Monarchy and aristocracy
Tinza has been a monarchy since the foundation of the Empire by the first monarch, Tselha. The Tinzan monarch is known as the Tsenmo (བྩནྰྨོ, btsan-mo) if female or the Tsenpo (བྩནྰྤོ, btsan-po) if male. Often, the monarch and the institution of the monarchy itself are referred to as the White Throne (དྐར་གྡན, dkar gdan), the official name of the throne of the monarch which is also considered an embodiment of the institution. According to the Mandate of Amadawa - from which the monarchy draws divine right to rule - the power of the monarch is absolute, for they are the living embodiment of the will of the moon goddess Amadawa. While this may have been true in the past, in the modern day the powers held by the Tsenmo are minimal, and almost entirely within her ceremonial and spiritual roles.
Generally accepted to have arisen during the reign of Norzin the Conqueror, Tinza is also home to a vast aristocratic class; traditionally they place themselves between the ruling royal household and the state bureaucracy. Since the 1940s, their influence waned significantly, and following the culmination of the Civil War they lost the majority of their remaining privledges. Although many continue to hold property across the nation, they do not govern any territory. Many instead reside in the capital or other large cities, where they now find their wealth put to use in the business world. Most nobles belong to a lineage; the term for Tinzan aristocratic houses. Many lineages consist of large noble families, which once held great martial power and in the modern day great financial sway. One notable noble lineage is the Line of Su, a lineage descended from the infamous Xiaodongese illegitimate child Su the Clever.
The State of Tinza is a unitary state, divided into 14 districts (མྡོ, mdo), 3 of which are designated Special Autonomous Regions (ཀེའྖེནྰྤོརངསྐྱོངལྗོངྶ, ke-chen-po rang skyong ljongs). The districts are largely for administrative purposes, but do retain some level of self-governance. The SARs are granted additional powers and extended self-governance, and regional languages are considered official languages in their respective SARs. Each SARs primary ethnic group is granted a number of protections within their SAR. The 14 districts are subdivided into prefectures (རྡུནྒ, rdung), of which there are metropolitan and rural variants, while the 3 SARs also maintain an additional mid-tier subdivision known as regions (མ་མྡོ, ma mdo).
|Name and emblem||Capital||Population|
|Tava||Löi Löbö Lö||7,639,547|
Tinza has been considered a major power and a regional power in Southeast Coius. Tinza and neighbouring Xiaodong share a strong, antagonistic rivalry, a result of historically hostile and negative interactions between the two countries. The two countries have been involved in a number of conflicts with each other, including Norzin's conquest, the Tinzan-Xiaodongese War of 1867, the South Coian theatre of the Great War and the War in Lhogrong. This antagonism is best exemplified by the dispute over the region of Lhogrong, which is de jure a Special Autonomous Region of Tinza, but de facto under the control of Heijiang, widely considered a Xiaodongese puppet state. The Tinza-Xiaodong Border is one of the most fortified and patrolled borders in the world, and the border crossings are often compared to Crossing 93.
Since the end of the civil war, Rongzhuo has hosted the Drogonist government in exile, and does not officially recognise the current Tinzan administration. The two governments maintain informal relations, but both have ruled out normalised relations until certain criteria are met, with Xiaodong demanding the recognition of Heijiang, and Tinza demanding the repatriation of Drogon regime members living in Xiaodong.
Tinza is a member of the Community of Nations and, since 2013, the country has also been a member of the International Council for Democracy, and of associated organisations such as the International Trade Organisation and the Global Institute for Fiscal Affairs.
Tinza joined COMSED in 2012, and has been a leading member of the organisation since. The Tinzan government maintains often rocky relations with fellow member Subarna, largely due to stark ideological differences. Conversely, Tinza maintains strong bilateral relations with Senria, which is sometimes described as a special relationship, and positive relations with other fellow members such as Lainan due to strong cultural ties. Tinza is one of the largest contributors to COMSED, and maintains the second largest military force in the bloc. Conversely, the Drogon regime was widely seen to follow Xiaodongese foreign policy, and Drogon Tsering maintained strong personal relations with the Xiaodongese leadership.
Tinza is a founding member of SECAC, through which it maintains strong cultural relations with other nations in the Southeast Coian subcontinent. Additionally, Tinza is a key backer of Intercon, and the ruling RLM is considered a key member. Tinza is also an observer of AIS, and through this and, it maintains strong relations with Swetania, Dezevau and other socialist republics.
The Tinzan State Security Forces (དཝ་གྯེ་ཁམྶ་དྨག་གཱབྰྤ, dawa gze khams dmag agab-pa, literally "Tinzan State Army of Security") are the standing armed forces of Tinza. There are three core branches of the Tinzan military: the Tinzan National Liberation Army, the Tinzan Naval Forces and the Tinzan National Air Force. Additionally, three periphery branches exist: the Tinzan Royal Guard and the Five Banners of Duljun - two largely ceremonial components which act as bodyguards of the monarch - and the Tinzan Special Military Police.
Servicemembers swear allegiance to the Tsenpo and to the ideals of the State of Tinza when joining the armed forces. The President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, though the Minister for Defence takes on an active role within military command, and the Tsenpo acts as a patron to the military. The TNLA, the largest branch, is comprised of 1,126,000 active troops and 491,000 reservists. Military funding accounts for 5.2% of public spending.
Tinza has experienced issues with its officer core. Prior to the Drogon regime, most officers were aristocrats, and most regiments were funded by their commanding officer. This was replaced by a centralised officer cadre under Drogon, which has been largely retinaed by the new adminisration, but due to most officers siding with Drogon during the civil war, the officer core has experienced staffing problems, and low levels of professionalism among officers. This has been partially alleviated by a joint training problem with Senria.
Conscription is enforced for all male citizens aged 18-21 for a period of 26 months, and is considered optional for women of the same age. Most regiments are mixed gender, though in the ceremonial branches there are some exceptions; most notably, the bu-mo regiment of the Royal Guard is comprised entirely of women.
Tinza has been described as a developing mixed economy, with elements of state-sponsored capitalism and decentralised planning, with significant foreign investment. Important industries include the manufacturing, mining, energy, tourism and agriculture sectors. The central government remains an important economic actor, but participatory economics is also encouraged at the local level. Information technology and high-tech industries form a fast-growing component of the modern Tinzan economy. Tinza is characterised by dependence on export markets, state control of strategic economic sectors and a sizable and productive workforce.
According to the Coian Economic Report, the 2018 Tinzan GDP (PPP) per capita was $13,982, with a total nominal GDP of $1.570 trillion. Tinza has emerged as one of the fastest growing economies in South Coius, with an average annual growth rate of 11% since 2010, up from 3% in the previous decade. National rankings in income equality, workers' rights and living standards have risen dramatically in the past decade, with deep poverty also having declined significantly. Equitable economic policies, such as egalitarian land distribution and subsidisation of rural services, are seen a key reason for this success. It is predicted that if Tinza can maintain the current rate of poverty reduction, it will be eliminated within the next 25 years. The administration has been hard-pressed to solve a deep housing crisis that has been worsened by migrant workers and returning refugees. Corruption remains an issue in some rural districts.
Historically, the Tinzan economy has was focused primarily on agriculture, in particular the production and export of rice and other cereal crops. Double cropping was a significant historical phenomenon fuelled by advanced irrigation infrastructure, and led to a number of early population explosions. Mining and the extraction of raw resources was also a major historical industry, with deposits of iron, copper and silver being especially prominent in the region. The colonial era saw a sharp decline in the country's wealth. Tinza engaged in rapid state-led industrialisation starting in the 1940s, which led to marked growth of the manufacturing and mining industries.
The advent of the Coian Agricultural Revolution saw triple cropping combined with higher-yield varieties of rice, which led to a modern population explosion, but has also contributed greatty to ongoing water scarcity in parts of the region. The Drogon regime was responsible for a number of economic changes; namely a preferential trade policy which valued Xiaodong as a primary economic partner. Foreign investment from Xiaodong was also pronounced during the period, at the expense of investment from elsewhere. The Tinzan Civil War led to a significant level of destruction and population diplacement, and the economy contracted during that period.
The current administration is credited with having cultivated fast economic reconstruction and bullish economic growth, through a system of state-sponsored capitalism where the state plays a largely regulatory role. Xiaodongese industrial monopolies were nationalised, broken up and then privatised, while the government engaged in a widespread land reform program, with agricultural land distributed to local farmers, unemployed migrant workers and returning émigrés. In addition, the government has aggressively courted foreign investment, particularly from Senria and the Euclean Community. Tinza has been described as a future competitor to Xiaodong in the manufacturing industry, with some experts predicting that the sector will surpass Xiaodong in outsourced production per capita in the near future.
The most recent census, conducted across Tinza in 2017, recorded the population of Tinza at 112,261,345, with the estimated population in 2019 being aproximately 115,450,000. This would give Tinza an annual growth rate of 1.42%. According to the census, 17.09% of the country was aged 18 or younger, 38.29% aged between 18 and 29, 21.18% aged between 30 and 39, 12.52% aged between 40 and 59, and 10.92% aged 60 or older. The population is largely centralised on the country's southern coast and in the fertile Moon River valley.
Roughly 41% of the population is estimated to live in urban areas, the largest cities being the capital city of Ladumra with 17.5 million people and the second city of Motigzol with 6.7 million people. There is a growing divide in the country between urban and rural populations, with an economic disparity having emerged, with industry and finance driving urban growth at the expense of rural areas.
There has been a minor imbalance recorded in the sex ratio at birth, with the 2017 census recording 107 girls for every 100 boys. The census found that females accounted for 51.37 percent of the total population. Experts have considered that the matrilinieal system of inheritance, which favours women over men in terms of descent, may have contributed to this imbalance, with some parents abandoning male newborns.
Tinza is best described as a multicultural and ethnically diverse country, where the Tinzan people are considered socially and culturally dominant. Tinzans are a South Coian and Tinzetic people, closely related to other Tinzetic groups in southern Phula, and more distantly related to the Xiaodongese people. Most of those considered ethnically Tinzan speak one of the regional dialects of the Tinzan language.
The second largest ethnic group in Tinza are the Tavans, native to the island of Tava. The Tavans are considered ethnically and linguistically distinct from the broader Tinzo-Xiaodongese group, though they do share a number of close similarities with the Tinzan people. This is in large part due to continuous interaction between the two groups, and Tinzan rule of and migration to the island.
After Tinzans and Tavans, there is dispute as to which ethnic group is the third largest. According to official census data, it is the country's Xiaodongese minority, largely concentrated in the Lhogrong SAR. That region has not been administered by the State of Tinza since 2008, however, due to an ongoing dispute over sovereignty. If the dispute is taken into account, then the Duljunese people are the third largest ethnic group in Tinzan-administered territory. The Duljunese minority within Tinza inhabit the subregion of Greater Duljun known as Tinzan Duljun, which since 2011 has been administered as a Special Autonomous Region within Tinza. The Duljunese are historically a largely pastoral and nomadic people, who formed key cavalry components of ancient Tinzan armies.
Tinzan is the dominant language in Tinza, and the sole official language at the national level. It is considered a prestige language. Tinzan is the most widely-spoken member of the Tinzetic group of languages, and is found within the broader Tinzo-Xiaodongese langauge family. It is traditionally written using the Tinzan script, though a solarianisation system known as ke dhri-ua was created for the language primarily by Estmerish traders in the 17th century. Due to the variation in modern Tinzan dialects, some linguists have claimed that the official Tinzan language is actually just the most common standard within a much broader dialect continuum. According to the 2017 census, up to 96% speak the Tinzan language, with 83% speaking it as their mother tongue.
The Tavan language is the second most widely-spoken language in Tinza, though most speakers also speak Tinzan in some form. Its speakers are centred on the island of Tava. Xiaodongese, predominantly the Rongzhuo dialect, is another major language in Tinza, primarily spoken in the disptued Lhogrong region. Duljunese is also widely-spoken particularly within the Duljun SAR. All three of these languages are granted official recognition at the regional level, within their Special Autonomous Regions. There is believed to be as many as 98 living languages in Tinza, though few of these exceed 10,000 speakers, and they lack official recognition.
Tinza retains no official religion, and religious tolerance is guaranteed in the constitution. Despite this, Satyism and in particular the Cult of Amadawa (Tinzan: མཱ་དཝ་ཆོའླུག ama dawa chö-lug) retain significant influence and following within the country, and in the past where the established religion of Tinza. It is believed that rouhly 25% of the population adhere solely to the cult, while a much larger portion of the population, close to 39%, align more closely to Orthodox Satyist thought. The two denominations maintain a great deal of syncretism, however, and the goddess Amadawa remains a focus of worship for both groups due to her place in the national psyche.
The presence of religious syncretism complicates the classification of religion and the censusing of religious followers. Among more isolated rural populations, Satyist worship is surprisingly rare, and the religion practiced in these rural areas is considered closer to folk religion, with the reverence of ancestors playing a key role in worship. It is estimated that roughly 13% of the population should be considered a follower of Tinzan folk religion.
Amadawa's role as a mother goddess to the nation has meant that she is often venerated as a spirit, minor goddess or angel of sorts in almost all religions in the country. Due to the belief and legal conventions which stipulate that the monarchy derives its right to rule from the Mandate of Amadawa, the goddess plays a key role in Tinzan national identity, and as such she is often considered the national goddess of Tinza.
Among the non-syncretic religions present in the country is Sotirianity. First introduced to the country during the 1500s with the arrival of Euclean missionaries and traders, the religion is most densely concentrated in the country's coastal cities, and is primarily an urban religion. Followers of the faith faced historical persecution. Census results indicate that 8.6% of the Tinzan population adhere to one of the Sotirian denominations.
Other sizable important religions in the country include Tai'u which is mostly by the Tavan minority within the country, recording 5.2% of the population as adherents, Duljunese Shamanism which is practiced by 3.7% of the Duljunese minority in Tinzan Duljun, and Irfan which is followed by a small number of adherents in rural border regions and larger urban areas where conversion efforts from foreign missionaries have taken place. Irreligion is a relatively new phenomenon in Tinza; though it is a rising trend among the younger population, particularly in urban areas. Atheism and agnosticism are both on the rise, having been considered legitimised by the Revolutionary Labour Movement. Rural regions remain sceptical of irreligious people, and they are generally believed to be of low moral standing.
Urbanisation in Tinza was steady for much of history, although the population boom following the Coian Agricultural Revolution saw the process accelerated at an unprcedented pace, with the capital of Ladumra in particular fast exceeding the growth rate of the rest of the country. Experts have attributed the rapid rise in the urban population on increasing life expectancy and a rising birth-rate, both brought on by the proliferation of modern medicine within Tinza, combined with a vast increase in the migration of citizens from rural areas to urban areas. Predictably, the rapid increase of citizens has had a detrimental affect on the city and its denizens. Tinza's urban areas suffer from mass urban sprawl, in addition to an ongoing housing crisis. Tinza is home to 80 cities with populations greater than 200,000; including seven major cities, including Ladumra, Motigzol, Cholarabs, Löi Löbö Lö and Gtsanpogrong, which are home to populations exceeding one million. Ladumra is classed as a megacity, and a leading city within South Coius.
Largest cities in Tinza
Office for State Statistics, 2017 census
Löi Löbö Lö
|4||Löi Löbö Lö||Tava||2,628,012||14||Lompamnga||Lhamoging||517,327|
Education has been a primary concern for the new administration. The Tinzan education system is comprised of five levels: preschool, primary school, secondary school, high school and higher education. Compulsory education lasts twelve years, though there have been considerable issues with drop-out rates and with education infrastructure in remote regions. Adult literacy rates remain low in comparison to neighbours, but have grown significantly since the advent of the new administration, and are likely to reach parity within the decade.
Technical schools, apprenticeships and other non-traditional forms of education have been heavily promoted by the Tinzan government, as part of its economic revitalisation program. Retraining programs for the unemployed are also common, though largely underfunded.
Private educators are common. Primarily, these are organised by either the noble lineages or by the Satyist faith. Aristocratic children often attain a high quality of education in a form of home schooling, where educators are hired to act as tutors. Other children from wealthy backgrounds will engage in education tourism and take advantage of greater educational opportunities in Euclea and the rest of Coius. For poorer children, attending an institution ran by the faith is considered a viable way to attain a good quality education.