Xiaodongese Civil War
|Xiaodongese Civil War|
|Part of aftermath of the Great War|
Other revolutionary armies
Revolutionary Labour Movement
Republic of Xiaodong|
Senrian Volunteer Army
|Commanders and leaders|
|A lot of soldiers||
A lot of soldiers|
~even more armed volunteers
|Casualties and losses|
|A lot||even more|
The Xiaodongese Civil War (Xiaodongese: 晓东内战; Xiǎodōng Nèizhàn) also known as the War for National Salvation (救国战争; Jiùguó Zhànzhēng) was an armed conflict that occurred from the Corrective Revolution in 1945 to the annexation of Chanwa in 1940. It was fought between the Army of National Salvation led by Lu Keqian and formed out of a coalition of the Xiaodong Regeneration Society and the Xiaodongese Section of the Workers' International, the Republic of Xiaodong and several other movements including various secessionist movements and foreign governments.
The end of the Great War in Xiaodong had resulted in the imposition of the Treaty of Keisi which had created several independent republics out of Xiaodong (Chanwa, Dakata and the Ba Republic) as well as ceding territory to neighbours such as Kuthina. The signing of the treaty was greeted with intense protests by nationalists whilst fighting between different ideological and ethnic groups was continuing well after the ceasefire was signed in December 1934.
The war began when elements of the Xiaodongese army disillusioned from the central government created the Xiaodong Regeneration Society and the Army of National Salvation in the north of the country before launching an uprising known as the "Corrective Revolution", setting up an alternate government in Rongzhuo led by Lu Keqian. Lu's takover was opposed by the republican government in Baiqiao which had been recognised internationally since the end of the Great War which was also opposed by the western provincial governors who were more heavily aligned with the former Grand Alliance powers. The republican government subsequently formed the Army for the Protection of the Constitution that sought to dislodge the new Rongzhuo government and protect the existing Republican government in Baiqiao. The collapse of central authority led to other groups such as anarchists to form to also overthrow the central government.
The initial stages of the war saw gains for the Rongzhuo governments forces thanks to large defections from the army, mass civil unrest and general hostility to the Six Province Alliance. Intervention from foreign governments, a failed offensive on Kuoqing and the presence of the newly founded ethnic republics halted the Army of National Salvation's advance between 1937-1938 which also saw gains for some of the various parties. Senria's 1937-1939 intervention on the Kaoming Peninsula saw the creation of the Kaoming Republic, but this collapsed by 1939 when Senria withdraw. The fall of Kuoqing led to the end of the republic in October 1940 and in April 1941 Xiaodong defeated the separatist republic of Chanwa formally annexing it, ending the civil war.
The civil war saw massive economic destruction, displacement and atrocities from all sides. The civil war brought to power the Xiaodong Regeneration Society which created a corporatist, "guided democracy" under the doctrine of National Principlism.