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2nd Republic of Cavala
2e République de Cavala (Cavalan)
Motto: "Vive le Cavala"
"Long live Cavala"
Anthem: "Notre Pavillon Tricolore"
"Our Tri-Coloured Flag"
Location of Cavala (Green) in Oranland (Dark Grey)
and national language
|Ethnic groups |
13.1% No religion
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Assembly of Deputes|
|12 Kunnen 1812–28 Gunyana 1816|
• Cavalan Republic established
|1 Okjatab 1816|
• Cavalan Empire established
|12 Kunnen 1817|
|31 Tebax 1948|
• Current constitution and 2nd Republic
|2 Gunyana 1948|
|422,633 km2 (163,180 sq mi) (X)|
• Water (%)
• 1987 estimate
• 1994 census
|114.5/km2 (296.6/sq mi) (X)|
|GDP (PPP)||1998 estimate|
|$4.391 trillion (X)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||1999 estimate|
|$3.289 trillion (X)|
• Per capita
|Gini (1996)|| 27.5|
low · X
|HDI (1994)|| 0.854|
very high · X
|Currency||Bilet (Ƀ) (BLT)|
|Time zone||MTS-9 (West Oranland Time)|
Cavala, officially the 2nd Republic of Cavala (Cavalan: 2e République de Cavala), is a country in western Oranland. It also has overseas regions and territories in the Domicas and the Nullaric. Its main territories extends from the X river to the Ingentric and from the Zestoric to the Neragese Channel; overseas territories include Cavalan Iolana in Flonesia and many islands in South and North. Cavala borders X to the north, Paloa and Paqueonia to the south, and X to the east. Its 12 provinces span a combined area of 422,633 km2(163,180 sq mi) and over 48 million people (as of 1994). Cavala is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Godfrey, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Moreux, Port-de-Gagnon, Veerla, Libtrud, and Rotraud.
Inhabited since the Vetuslithic Age, the territory of what is now Cavala was settled by the Dordon people during the Bronze Age. Around the same time, the Calidum Empire founded the colony of Ganoia (present-day Port-de-Gagnon), on the shores of the Zestoric Sea. Around the 5th and 4th century BCE, small kingdoms would appear throughout the region the most well known of which are the kingdoms of Moredum, Hydorun, and Beslius. From 4 CE, to 300 CE, the Alarican Empire conquered the rest of modern day Cavala. Many cities were founded during Alarican control, including Moreum (present-day Moreux). Around 670 CE, the Ressen Empire conquered huge swaths of territory stretching from modern day X and X. However, the empire did not survive after the death of Wagner II in 795. Under the Treaty of Helmsburg, the empire was divided into East Ressen and West Ressen. In 921 CE, Terranity was formed as a religion that promoted peace in West Ressen then called the Veragese Collective as well as an alternative to Hafanism. As war was frequent in the collective, the religion appealed to the lower class population as they were the ones who had to suffer the most during the conflicts. The religion was despised by the upper class and some of the middle class. The Oranland War in the Veragese Collective saw many major battle. The Resurgence of Terranity in 1320 saw the conversion of many rulers in the collective. The Great Enlightenment in the Veragese Collective saw a spectacular cultural development and the first standardisation of the Cavalan language.
The new Volkist ideology developed by Markus Volk in Godfrey in the 1770s. In 1774, Volk attempted to lead a peasants revolt in the southern Veragese Collective in what is known as the Phupu Revolt. The Phupu Revolt failed, however, it inspired other workers and peasants to rebel against the collective resulting in numerous other revolts. This eventually led to the Cavalan Revolutionary War in 1812. Under William Chapelle the Cavalans took over the southern Veragese principalities in 1816, Establishing the Cavalan Republic as well as the Cavalan National Council. On the 19th of Enero 1817, the Anti-Cavalan Coalition between multiple principalities as well as Seronia-Sotha was created. In Memesa 1817, Seronia-Sotha and Serida threatened Cavala to intervene by force of arms to restore the principalities captured by the Cavalans. A majority in the National Council saw a war with the coalition as a chance to boost the popularity of the government and thought that Cavala would win a war against them. On 10 Marto 1817, therefore, they declared war on the Coalition. In the spring of 1817, the coalition pushed into Cavala. Infuriated by the failures of the Cavalan Army as well as counter-revolutionary uprisings, William Chapelle and an army of loyalists stormed Château de Saint-Beaumont and dissolved the legislatures, seizing control of Cavala. Chapelle then proclaimed himself Emperor of the Cavalan Empire. His army kicked the coalition out of Cavala with swift victories; by 1819, the Cavalans has conquered most of the Veragese Collective including Serida. The Great Coalition War ended on 12 Phupu 1820 after a victorious albeit deadly Sothan campaign ended in the fall of the Sothan capital. During the Treaty of Godfrey, the Veragese Collective was dissolved with Cavala annexing most of it. Cavala also aquired 6 colonies.
Cavala retains its centuries-long status as a global centre of art, science and philosophy. It is the world's leading tourist destination, receiving over 102 million foreign visitors in 1998. Cavala is a developed country with the world's X-largest economy by nominal GDP and X-largest by PPP; in terms of household net income, it ranks X in the world. Cavala performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy and human development. It remains a great power in global affairs, being an official state with nuclear weaponry. Cavala is a founding and leading member of the Union of Realms as well as a key member of the Alfed-Riverend Defence Organization (ARDO) and the X.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The earliest trace of human civilization in modern day Cavala dates back to around 2.2 million years ago. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. Cavala has a large number of decorated caves from the Vetuslithic Age, including one of most well preserved, Soutenir Cave. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 6th and 3rd millennia BCE, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium, initially working gold, copper and bronze, as well as later iron. Cavala has numerous megalithic sites from the Novalithic Age, most notable being the dense Fortuna stones site (approximately 3,400 BCE).
Ancient Era & Alarican control
Around the 23rd century BCE, the Calidum Empire founded the colony of Ganoia (present-day Port-de-Gagnon), on the shores of the Zestoric Sea. This makes it Cavala's oldest city. Around the same time, the Dordon people begun to settle the region.
Around 1100 BCE, Calidum colonies in modern day Cavala were abandoned due to constant attacks by the Dordon people. At the same time, the Veragese people from the Hesterlon Peninsula migrated north gradually spreading through the rest of the country between the 11th and 5th century BCE and driving the Dordons north to modern day X. Around the 5th and 4th century BCE, tribes throughout the region settled down and formed more complex societies resulting in the creation of small kingdoms the most well known of which are the kingdoms of Moredum, Hydorun, and Beslius.
During the 1st century BCE, Pylos colonized some of what is now Cavala, However, Pylosan rule lasted for barely a century, as the conclusion of the 2nd Zestoric War saw the assimilation of many Pylosan colonies in the region by the Alaricans. From 4 CE to 300 CE, the Alarican Empire would attempt to conquer the Veragese people of present day Cavala.
In 56 CE, a Veragese chieftain Aodhan unites the Veragese people in what is now Cavala and defeated the Alaricans in the Battle of the Silva in 58, and besieged and ransomed Ganoia (Port-de-Gagnon). The Veragese invasion left Alarico weakened, and the Veragese continued to sabatoge Alarican control over the region when they entered into a formal peace treaty with Alarico. But the Alaricans and the Veragese would remain adversaries for the next centuries, and the Veragese would continue to be a threat in Alarico.
Around 264 Alarico conquered the southern region of Cavala. Emperor Sangarinus conquered the remainder of Cavala and overcame a revolt carried out by the Veragese chieftain Finnini in 300 officially beginning Alarican rule over Cavala. Many cities were founded during Alarican control, including Moreum (present-day Moreux), which is considered the capital of the region. These cities were built in traditional Alarican style, with aqueducts, theatres, gymnasiums, and bath complexes. Some cities also included libraries and shops, and marketplaces. The Veragese mixed with Alarican settlers and eventually adopted Alarican culture and Alarican speech (X, from which the Cavalan language and culture evolved).
From the 4th to early 5th century CE, the the Alarican Empire faced many challenges in the form of attacks on its borders from native Oranland tribes from the northern region of Oranland. These attacks eventually led to the downfall of the empire in 500 CE as many tribes migrated and settled on former Alarican territory replacing them by the so-called barbarian kingdoms. In Cavala, the Cavalan people revolts against the Alaricans in 463. Together with the Veragese people from the north, succeeded in defeating Alarico and pushing them out of Cavala in the Battle of Surmontum. However, unity between the 2 people fell apart during the late 5th century resulting in the formation of an unknown number of barbarian kingdoms in what is now Cavala and X.
Middle Era and Early Modern Age
At the end of the Antiquity Era, Cavala was divided into several Cavalan and Veragese kingdoms as well as a remaining former Alarican territory known as the Kingdom of Orvana. The kingdoms fought for control over the region, as a result, around 670 CE, the Ressen Empire emerges under the reign of Wagner I, routing the last forces of the former Alarican Empire out of Cavala in 678. He conquering huge swaths of territory stretching from modern day Legerville and X.
The Cavalans embraced the Alarican culture and adopted Alaric languages, except in the north of the empire where Alarican settlements were less dense and where Veragese languages emerged. Wagner made Godfrey his capital, further solidifying his control over the region. However the empire did not survive after the death of his son Wagner II in 795, after a few months of quarrel, the empire was divided under the Treaty of Helmsburg between Wagner's 2 sons, with East Ressen going to Wagner III, and West Ressen to Charles I.
During the 8th and 9th century CE, West Ressen became a very decentralised state: the nobility's titles and lands became hereditary, and the authority of the king became more religious than secular and thus was less effective and constantly challenged by powerful noblemen. Thus, in 877 a group of noblemen overthrew the king at the Battle of Sang Colline, establishing the Veragese Collective: a group of unified principalities that acted as one large nation. A puppet monarch was also installed on the throne to act as a figurehead. Over time, some of the principalities would grow so powerful that they often posed a threat to each other. For example, in 1128, Monika von Sotha, the princess of the largest principality in the Veragese Collective married Jakub II of Seronia which added "Queen of Seronia" to her titles, becoming both the subject to (as Princess of Sotha) and the equal of (as Queen of Seronia) the puppet monarch, creating recurring tensions between Seronia and Sotha, and the rest of the Collective.
In 921, the Terran religion was created which promoted peace and cooperation as well as an alternative to Hafanism. Due to the fact that conflicts were frequent in the collective, the religion looked appealing to the lower class population as many felt they were being exploited for the gains of others. However, the religion was somewhat despised by the upper and middle class. Throughout the Middle Era, Terranists would be heavily persecuted in Veragon resulting in numerous uprisings of which all failed. Like the rest of Oranland, Hesterath and Naphtora, the Veragese Collective was struck by the Great Plague; about 200,000 people died within the first 3 years after the plague had reached the region, by the time the plague died down in the 1270s, around half of the Veragese Collective's population of 15 million had perished.
In 1295, the Oranland War begun after a series of raids conducted by Seronia-Sotha on Brigano results in their declaration of war. Major principalities and their allies saw the war as an excuse to resume conflicts with other faction within the Veragese Collective resulting in many major battles where tens of thousands of soldiers died. Some major battles include the Battle of Bruno, Battle of Godfrey, and the Battle of Egon.
The Great Enlightenment in the Veragese Collective saw a spectacular cultural development and the first standardisation of the Cavalan language, which would become the language of Oranland's aristocracy. Additonally, Cavalan explorers, such as Robin Beaulne and Auguste Barreau, claimed lands in the Domicas and Flonesia for the Veragese Collective or Seronia-Sotha, paving the way for the Seronia-Sothan colonial empire. The rise of Altenicism in Oranland led to a civil war known as the Veragese Wars of Religion in 1627, where, in the most notorious incident, thousands of Altenic members were murdered in the St. Delon massacre of 1630. The war ended in 1633 when Charles VII signed the Rights of Religion.
In 1592, the first government body in Runburg was established by Hoffman von Runburg to deal with magical and Mutamni affairs known as the Ministère des Anomalies Magiques (Ministry of Magical Anomalies). It resulted in a long set of wars, known as the Matar Wars, between the southern Veragese principalities and the House of Matarjaro, a Mutamnier family which did not think the Mutamni people should rely on the government. After the Cavalan Revolutionary War in 1816, the ministry merged with Ivaburg's Council of Mutamni Affairs to form the Cavalan Ministry of Magic.
During the rise of the Slave Network in the 1750s, numerous businesspeople, with the help of local authorities, set up trading posts and slave prisons along the coast of the Veragese collective. However, the most concentration of slave trading posts and prisons were located on Île-de-Noir (literally meaning Isle of Black) where it get its name. This eventually resulted in Veragon's—later Cavala's—dependency on the Slave Network to function as an economic powerhouse.
The Industrial Revolution in Oranland brought about the first factory in 1768, a textile factory. Over the next few decades, more and more factories popped up in the countryside resulting in the creation of new settlements which in turn led to the foundation of a more complex social hierarchy. However, these new changes also introduced a larger wealth gap throughout Oranland. Because of this, the new Volkist ideology developed by Markus Volk, a Veragese-Cavalan lawyer and politician in Godfrey. In 1774, Volk attempted to lead a peasants revolt in the southern Veragese Collective in what is known as the Phupu Revolt. The revolt failed in 1775 and Volk was forced into exile in Walivia.
Despite the failure of the Phupu Revolt, it inspired other workers and peasants to rebel against the collective resulting in numerous other revolts such as the Theodora Revolt, Autumn Uprising of 1780, the Hunyo Rebellion, and the Earque Revolt. This eventually led to the Cavalan Revolutionary War in 1812. Under William Chapelle, a Cavalan Mutamnier, the Cavalans took over the southern Veragese principalities in 1816, Establishing the Cavalan Republic as well as the Cavalan National Council, the predecessor of the Cavalan Parliament. Through the Declaration of the Rights of the Workers and Peasants in 28 Okjatab 1816, Cavala established fundamental rights for men. The Declaration affirms "the natural and imprescriptible rights of man" to "liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression". Freedom of speech and press were declared, and arbitrary arrests were outlawed. It called for the destruction of aristocratic privileges and proclaimed freedom and equal rights for all men, as well as access to public office based on talent rather than birth.
On the 19th of Enero 1817, the Wolfgang Conference between multiple principalities as well as Seronia-Sotha results in the creation of the Anti-Cavalan Coalition led by the Principality of Serida and Seronia-Sotha. In Memesa 1817, the Emperor of Seronia-Sotha and the Prince of Serida in the Declaration of Veerla threatened Cavala to intervene by force of arms to restore the principalities captured by the Cavalans. This led to development and deepening between a group, later called the 'Frappers', who favoured war with Seronia-Sotha and the Veragese Collective, and a group later called 'Apaisers', who opposed such a war. A majority in the National Council however saw a war with the Anti-Cavalan Coalition as a chance to boost the popularity of the new government and thought that Cavala would win a war against those gathered monarchies. On 10 Marto 1817, therefore, they declared war on the Coalition.
In the spring of 1817, the coalition pushed into Cavala. Infuriated by the coalition Army capturing Grasbourg and counter-revolutionary uprisings in the north of Cavala, William Chapelle and an army of loyalists stormed Château de Saint-Beaumont, the meeting place of the National Council, and dissolved the legislatures, seizing control of Cavala. On the 12th of Kunnen, Chapelle proclaimed himself Emperor of the Cavalan Empire. His army kicked the coalition out of Cavala with swift victories such as the Battle of Brumeux or Ôter-Colline. By 1819, the Cavalans has conquered most of the Veragese Collective including Serida. These victories led to the worldwide expansion of Cavalan ideals and reforms, such as the metric system, and the Declaration of the Rights of the Workers and Peasants. The Great Coalition War ended on 12 Phupu 1820 after a victorious albeit deadly Sothan campaign ended in the fall of the Sothan capital.
During the Treaty of Godfrey, the Veragese Collective was dissolved with Cavala annexing most of it. The remaining principalities was reorganised into the Grand Duchy of Ivo. Cavala also aquired 6 colonies, 2 being in Flonesia and 4 in the Domicas. In Gunyana of 1824, William Chapelle also known as William I died of a stroke leaving his son William II to rule as emperor.
During the Amplan Wars with Cavalan participation from 1820 to 1826, Cavala successfully defended their newly acquired colonial possessions. Their success being often credited to two Cavalan generals known as Edgar Renaud who won the Battle of X, and Patrick DeMoreum. After the war, a period of peace known as Pax Orania begun. It is identified as a golden age of increased as well as sustained Oranish imperialism, relative peace and order, prosperous stability and technological growth. During this period, the University of Godfrey as well as other institutions was established. The most well known invention of Pax Orania was the microphone which was invented in 1832 by Côme Favieux.
Pax Orania ended on 29 Phupu 1843 after the death of king Filipe IV resulted in a succession crisis between Sebastião da Alves, an uncle of the late king; and Pedro III, King of Paqueonia and cousin of Filipe IV. This resulted in war on the 15th Pulungana the same year called the War of Palon Succession. The war ended 4 Memesa 1845 resulting in Paqueonia annexing Paloa and the exile of Sebastião to New Roque. Paqueonia's control over Paloa lasted until 1848 when an uprising in Leitao occurred which became a full blown rebellion in Okjatab. On the 22 Okjatab, Cavala declared war on Paqueonia starting the Peninsular War after the Brumeux Conference between the Palon Rebellion and Cavala resulted in an alliance between the two states. Cavala's invasion of Paqueonia was led by General Jean Forgeron which resulted in the fall of Paqueonia's capital of Castelano on the 12th of Tebax 1852. The Treaty of Hidalgo on the 17th resulted in the independence of Paloa and some minor border changes between Cavala and Paqueonia.
In 1859 in eastern Oranland, a war known as the Urgo-Wravian War breaks out between the 2nd Urgan Republic and the Kingdom of Wravia. The war eventually saw the participation of Paloa, Paqueonia, Cavala, Seronia Sotha, and Neo-Calidum. The war also saw the first large scale use of the steam warship. The most well known battle involving them was the Battle of the Neragese Channel between forces of Cavala and Seronia-Sotha. Cavala had joined the war after Paqueonia had declared war on Paloa which was allied with Wravia. The war in eastern Oranland ended in Disemba of 1868 after a two-pronged attack at the Battle of Zsofia conducted by Neo-Calidum and Urga ended in the death of King Dzmitry II of Wravia. However, the conflict between Cavala and Paloa; and Seronia-Sotha and Paqueonia did not end until 23 of Kunnen 1869 with the Armistice of 23 Kunnen 1869.
In 1871, 2 years after the last major war, the Grande Vitrine was held in Cavala. It was an international exhibition which took place in X, X, from 2 Kunnen to 16 Pulungana, 1871. It was the first in a series of World's Fairs, exhibitions of culture and industry that became popular in the 19th and early 20th century. Modern historians such as X believe that without the emergence of World's Fairs, then the Contemporary Age would have been drastically different then what we recognise.
The early 20th century challenged the faltering Cavalan monarchy with a number of existential and social crises. Frustrated by parliament’s inability to solve the economic and political issues plaguing the empire, General Néo Couvreur establishes a military dictatorship in Hunyo of 1895 with the backing of King José VI, Néo Couvreur’s regime alleviated unemployment and improved infrastructures. However, his regime did not last long as a train accident in Memesa of 1900 resulted in his demise at St Roteaux Hospital in Godfrey the same month. A conservative win in the 1900 Cavalan general election heralded the “L’Années Sombre”, marked by political, violence, and paramilitary action. In 1903, a coup occurred, replacing the Conservative Party with the Fierté Nationale under Jean-Pierre Lazard. After fending off counter-coups, the situation stabilised.
In 1918, the Great War begun and blah blah blah
Cavala is located in western Oranland and has a total area of 422,633 km2 (163,180 sq mi) making it the X largest country in Gentu by area and the X largest in Oranland. The country is bordered by X the east; Paloa, X, as well as the Zestoric Sea to the south; and the Ingentric Ocean to the west and north. The geography of Cavala consists of a terrain that is mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in the north, east and west; and mountainous in the south which includes the Surmonté mountains. The tallest point in Cavala is Mount Sudist standing at 1,391 metres. The main rivers are the Godfrey River and the Walon which empties into the Godfrey Estuary and Walon Delta respectively.
Cavala has a varied landscape. The south is characterised by its tropical savanna climate which recieves and annual rainfall of about 762 to 1270 milimetres (30 to 50 in) per year. The dry seasons of the climate can become severe, and often drought conditions prevail during the course of the year. The north and numerous southern mountains are defined by its humid subtropical climate which has hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters; While oceanic and tundra climates can be found on the peaks of tall mountains.
Climate change in Cavala includes above average heating.
Cavala was 1 of the first nations in Gentu to create an environment ministry in 1969. According to the 1998 Environmental Protection Index conducted by X, Cavala was the X-most environmentally-conscious country in the world, at 66.3 out of 100.
Like all ARDO member states, Cavala agreed to cut carbon emissions by at least 30% of 1980 levels by 2000, compared to X plan to reduce emissions by 5% of 1980 levels. As of 1999, Cavalan carbon dioxide emissions per capita were lower than that of X. The country was set to impose a carbon tax in 1999 at 17 bilets per tonne of carbon emitted, which would have raised 4 billion bilets of revenue annually. However, the plan was abandoned due to fears of burdening Cavalan businesses.
Forests account for 49 percent of Cavala's land area. Cavalan forests are some of the most diverse in Oranland, comprising more than 120 species of trees. There are 5 national parks and 34 natural parks in Cavala, with the government planning to convert 20% of its territorial waters into a Marine protected area by 2010. The parks foster ecological research programmes and public education in the natural sciences.
The 2nd Republic of Cavala is divided into 12 provinces. The provinces are further subdivided into 40 counties. The counties are in turn, subdivided into 171 conteurs. The provinces, counties and conteurs are possess local assemblies as well as an executive.
Cavala is a representative democracy organised as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. The Constitution of the 2nd Republic was approved by referendum on 2 Gunyana 1948, establishing a framework consisting of executive, legislative and judicial branches. It sought to address the instability of the Cavalan Empire by combining elements of both parliamentary and presidential systems, whilst greatly strengthening the authority of the executive relative to the legislature.
The executive branch has 2 heads, the President of Cavala, currently Mathéo Vasseur as the head of state, elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 7-year term. The Prime Minister of Cavala, Alberte Jacquinot is the head of government, also elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 7-year term to lead the Government of Cavala. the President also appoints judges and civil servants, negotiates and ratifies international agreements, as well as serves as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The Prime Minister determines public policy and oversees the civil service, with an emphasis on domestic matters. In the 1997 Cavalan presidential election, president Vasseur was re-elected.
The legislature comprises of the Cavalan Parliament, a bicameral body comprising a lower house, the Assembly of Deputes (Assemblée des députés) and an upper house, the Senate. Legislators in the Assembly of Deputes, represent the 40 counties and are directly elected for 6-year terms. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the government by majority vote. Senators are chosen by an electoral college for 10-year terms, with half the seats submitted to election every 5 years. The Senate's legislative powers are limited; in the event of disagreement between the two chambers, the Assembly has the final say. The parliament is responsible for determining the rules and principles concerning most areas of law, political amnesty, and fiscal policy; however, the government may draft the specific details concerning most laws.
The electorate is constitutionally empowered to vote on amendments passed by the Parliament and bills submitted by the president. Referendums have played a key role in shaping Cavalan politics and even foreign policy; voters have decided on such matters as the election of the president by popular vote, the joining of ARDO, and the reduction of presidential term limits.
The Cavalan Armed Forces (Forces armées cavais) are the military and paramilitary force of Cavala under the President of Cavala as supreme commander. They consist of the Cavalan Army (Armée de terre cavais), Cavalan Navy (Armée de mer cavais), Cavalan Air Force (Armée de l'air cavais), Cavalan Space Force (Armée spatiale cavais), and the Cavalan National Police (Police nationale cavais), which also fulfils civil police duties in the rural areas of Cavala. According to a 1998 study by X, the Cavalan Armed Forces are ranked as Gentu's X-most powerful military, and the X-most powerful in Oranland. As far as the Cavalan intelligence units are concerned, the Agency of Intelligence and External Threats (Agence du renseignement et des menaces extérieures) is considered to be a component of the Armed Forces under the authority of the Ministry of Defense. In 1996, a law to ban national conscription was passed making Cavala the last one in western Oranland to do so.
Cavala is a permanent member of the Security Council of the VR, and a recognised state with nuclear weaponry since 1963. Cavala's annual military expenditure in 1998 was $69.5 billion, or 1.5% of its GDP, making it the X biggest military spender in Gentu after X. Cavalan nuclear deterrence, (formerly known as "Force de dissuasion nucléaire"), relies on complete independence. The current French nuclear force consists of 7 Victorieux-class submarines equipped with submarine-launched ballistic missiles. In addition to the submarine fleet, it is estimated that Cavala has about 93 MAT mid-range air-to-land missiles with nuclear warheads, of which around 32 are deployed by the Air and Space Force using the Souhaits 4X long-range nuclear strike aircraft, while around 51 are deployed by the Cavalan Navy's Après-Choc Modernisé (ACM) attack aircraft, which operate from the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier La République. The new Venue A3 aircraft will gradually replace all Souhaits 4X and ACM in the nuclear strike role.
Cavala has major military industries with one of the largest aerospace industries in the world. Its industries have produced such equipment as the Venue fighter, the La République aircraft carrier, the Atieau missile and the Meltra tank among others. Cavala is a major arms seller, with most of its arsenal's designs available for the export market with the notable exception of nuclear-powered devices.
Cavala has consistently developed its cybersecurity capabilities, which are regularly ranked as some of the most robust of any nation in Gentu.
Cavala has developed, high-income mixed economy. For roughly 1 century, the Cavalan economy has consistently ranked among the X largest globally; it is currently the world's X-largest by purchasing power parity at $4.391 trillion, and the X-largest by nominal GDP at $3.289 trillion. According to the Union of Realms, Cavala is ranked X in GDP per capita, with roughly $44,000 per inhabitant. It placed X in the Human Development Index. Political corruption is among the highest in Gentu, with Cavala consistently ranking among the 50 most corrupt countries since the Political Corruption Index began in 1978 at 69.3 out of 100; it placed X as of 2000, down one place from the previous year. Cavala is Oranland's second-largest spender in research and development, at over 4 percent of GDP; globally, it ranks Xth. The Caalan economy is considerably open, although the state still owns considerable shares in key industries related to the energy, telecommunications and transport.
Cavala's economy is highly diversified, the sevices sector represents 62.4% of both the workforce and GDP, while the industrial sector accounts for 30.2% of GDP and a similar proportion of employment. Roughly 7% of GDP is generated by the primary sector, namely agriculture. However, Cavala's agricultural sector is among the largest in value and leads the Oranland Trade Union in terms of overall production; it is highly concentrated in the production of diary products, pork, beef, fruits and vegetables and wine, which is a nationally protected product. The central provinces of Cavala are characterized by large wheat farms, while coastal, greener regions count with a higher presence of farms. The services sector is based around banking and finances, in which the state plays an important role with saving banks. The sector sees large contributions from tourism seeing around 102 million foreign visitors in 1998 which is why it is regarded as a crucial portion of the economy of some Cavalan provinces.
In 1998, Cavala was the X-largest trading nation in the world and the X-largest in Oranland, with the value of exports representing over two-seventh of GDP. Its membership in the Oranland Trade Union facilitate access to capital, goods, services, and skilled labour. Despite protectionist policies over certain industries, particularly in agriculture, Cavala has generally played a leading role in fostering free trade and commercial integration in Oranland in order to enhance its economy. In 1999, it ranked Xth in Oranland and Xth in globally in foreign direct investment, with Oranish countries being leading sources. According to the Bank of Cavala, the leading recipients of FDI were manufacturing, real estate, finance and insurance. Le-Grand-Godfrey province has the highest concentration of multinational firms in Oranland.
The Moreux-Godfrey stock exchange (Cavalan: Bourse de Moreux-Godfrey) is one of the youngest in Oranland, created by X in 1874. In 1990, it merged with counterparts in the Oranland Trade Union to form the Orannet stock exchange, Gentu's X largest stock exchange. Oranet Godfrey, the Cavalan branch of Orannet, is Oranland's X-largest stock exchange market, behind the X.
Cavala has historically been one of the world's major agricultural centres and remains a "global agricultural powerhouse". Over half its total land area is farmland, of which 43% is devoted to permanent field crops such as cereals. The country's extensive arable land, and modern farming technology has made it Oranland's X agricultural producer and exporter; it accounts for one-fifth of Oranlands's agricultural production, including and over one-third of its oilseeds, cereals, and wine. As of 1997, Cavala ranked X in Oranland in beef and cereals; X in dairy and aquaculture; and X in poultry, fruits, vegetables, and manufactured chocolate products.
Cavala is Gentu's X-biggest exporter of agricultural products, generating a trade surplus of over $7.2 billion. Its primary agricultural exports are wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, pork, and internationally recognised brands, particularly beverages. Cavala is the X largest grower of wheat. It is the world's top exporter of natural spring water, flax, malt, and potatoes. In 1998, Cavala exported over $54 billion in agricultural products, compared to $25 billion in 1990. Cavala is also Gentu's X largest producer of wine, with many varieties enjoying global renown, such as Moreux and Eloise; domestic consumption is also high, particularly of Moreux. France produces rum primarily from overseas territories such as Cavalan Iolana.
Unlike other developed countries, agriculture is an important sector of Cavala's economy: 3.4% of the active population is employed in agriculture, whereas the total agri-food industry made up 3.9% of Cavala's GDP in 1995.
With 102 million international tourist arrivals in 1998, Cavala is the X most visited country ahead of X (X). Tourism as an economic sector made a considerable contribution to the economy of Cavala, generating a revenue of $346.2 billion, or 7.8% of Cavala's GDP in 1998. It is also an important source of employment in urban areas and in rural areas of frequent availability to tourists. According the the Ministry of Tourism, Cavala has 6,414 museums, 187 spas, 215 theatres, 17 amusement parks, 853 hotels and resorts, 26,542 tennis courts, 931 golf courses, more than 239,000 kilometres of hike trails, and 31,000 kilometres of biking ways all available and accessible to tourism activities.
The country is home to some of the most well-known cultural, iconic, and natural landmarks in Gentu, as well as 35 GEKSO sites. The most popular tourist sites include: the Nouvelle Tour Jumelle, Godfrey Musée d'Art et de Culture Cavais, Château de Moreux, Mont Sudist (Mount Sudist), Colline Victoria, Île Saint-Joseph, Château de Saint-Beaumont, Porte Godfrey, Forme Haute, Grande Salle de Vitrine, and X.
Science and Technology
Since the early Modern Era, Cavala and its predecessors has been a major contributor to scientific and technological achievement. In the mid 18th century, Fabien Cartier invented the spinning frame ushering in the Industrial Revolution. The University of Godfrey, founded in the early 19th century, is still one of the most important academic institutions in Gentu. In the 17th century, Hector Dimont became famous for his work on probability and fluid mechanics; both were key figures of the Great Enlightenment, which blossomed in Oranland during this period. The Saint Charles Institution of Science, founded in the late-16th century by Léo von Runburg to encourage and protect Runburg scientific research, was one of the earliest national scientific institutions in history; it was at the forefront of scientific developments in Oranland for the next few centuries.
Famous Cavalan scientists includes the mathematician and physicist Théodore Gueguen, physicists Frank Bessette, and virologist Lou Plantier who discovered the Jenivert virus. Their researches practically gave birth to standardized engineering education and mechanics in Cavala, their works are used in numerous universities worldwide. Leg transplantation was developed in Veerla in 1997 by a team of scientists from X and Cavala that included Nathan Jacquier who afterward performed the first successful double leg transplant. The most well known Cavalan biologist is Abel Baudelaire, known for his research into foodborne germs and the discovery of Baudelaire's bacteria in 1884.
Cavala is the X country to aquire nuclear weaponry in 1963 and has the X largest nuclear arsenal in Gentu. Cavala was the X nation after X to launch its own satellite. Cavala is also a founding member of the Oranland Space Organization (OSO) alongside X, contributing over a quarter of the organization's budget, the most of any member state. The Cavalan space programme, CCRS, is the X oldest in Gentu. Autovolant a leading aerospace company and the world's largest airline manufacturer, was formed and based in Cavala.
Cavala is a highly urbanised country, with its largest cities by population (including metropolitan area population) being Godfrey (13,259,283 population), Moreux (9,874,242), Port-de-Gagnon (4,756,296), Veerla (1,284,642), Libtrud (1,164,550), Rotraud (1,093,146), Lombarda (1,010,365), Richville (974,934), Eloise (763,645) and Grasbourg (705,677). Rural flight was a perennial political issue throughout most of the 20th century.
Largest cities or towns in Cavala
Music and Cinema