All-Soravian Union of Republics
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All-Soravian Union of Republics
Всезоравський Cоюз Pеспублік
Vsezoravs'kyy Soyuz Respublik
Motto: "Через силу та справедливість, порятунок"
Cherez sylu ta spravedlyvist', poryatunok
("Through power and justice, salvation")
|Recognised regional languages|
|Government||Federal presidential republic|
|Historical era||Great Game|
• 1936 constitution ratified
|June 29, 1936|
|January 8, 1983|
|1936||3,763,510 km2 (1,453,100 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| Amathia|
The All-Soravian Union of Republics (ASUR; Soravian: Всезоравський союз республік; Vsezoravs'kyy soyuz respublik; VSR, Gaullican: Union pansoravienne des républiques; UPSR), commonly known as just Soravia, was a sovereign state in Western Euclea between 1936 and 1982. The largest country in Euclea during its existence, it spanned over 3.7 million square kilometres, making it one of the largest states in the world in its era. The one-party state was governed by the Soravian Nationalist and Revivalist Party (ZVNP), whose leader, Vladislav Pudovkin, had cemented its power in the 1936 constitution that was drafted and ratified during the Great War. The UPSR was comprised of thirteen Federal Sovereign Republics, known as FSRs, and two Federal Autonomous Regions, known as FARs. At its height, it was a major player in both Euclean and global geopolitics, with some political scientists calling it the first superpower of the modern era.
The Second Republic was established after the ratification of the 1936 constitution, in which Pudovkin and the ZVNP capitalised on the absolute executive power they possessed after they self-couped the minister-presidency in 1933. Soravia also lost a significant region in West Miersa after it was partitioned by the Godfredson Plan after the Miersan General Strike, though it maintained nominal power over the country in the form of a satellite state. Over the next years, Soravia exerted significant influence on post-war Euclea through its size and military power. West Arciluco was ceded to Soravia by Amathia's Equalist government, giving Soravia vital political influence over the country as well as a significant military presence in geographic Eastern Euclea.
After the Solarian War and the formation of the Euclean Community, Soravia's geopolitical influence partially diminished, though it maintained a firm hold on the states of Western Euclea. This hold was amplified by the Kireno-Amathian Split, which saw the Equalists distance themselves from Kirenia and come under the influence of Soravia. The repression of the Thistle Uprising by the Soravian military effectively brought the Equalists under the Soravian military umbrella, and the regime saw an increase in authoritarianism and totalitarianism, as well as increased financial and political support from Soravia. In 1956, Soravia successfully tested Orel-1, becoming the second nation after Kirenia to develop a nuclear arsenal. As such, in 1968, it became a signatory of the Treaty of Shanbally, and was one of the world's seven legally-recognised nuclear states.
Vilem Gardos ascended to the presidency in 1971, appointing himself as minister-president and assuming a de facto dictatorial role as both head of state and government. This caused a divide in the ZVNP between pro-president and pro-party factions. As the divide accentuated and become more prominent in Soravian politics, many pro-party politicians and influential military figures broke away from the ZVNP and formed a splinter party in 1977, which would eventually become the Patriots' Front in 1981. In 1979, portions of the military launched an open rebellion against the presidency, beginning the Sostava War in 1979. As Soravia descended into civil war, many of the FSRs declared independence, and over the next year three new states (Kantemosha, Radushia and Vedmed) declared their independence from the central government. Amathia seized West Arciluco and Zalykia attempted to secede under Tagai Chulgetei, but pro-presidency forces launched an assault on Zalyk guerrilla forces in Yashkul in late 1979. Eventually, the Patriots' Front took control of Samistopol and proclaimed the new Soravian Republic in 1982, and Vilem Gardos fled to Zorasan where he led the UPSR's government-in-exile for four years before he was assassinated by the PDP in 1986. Chulgetei was also assassinated in Yashkul in 1983.
For its near half-century of existence, the UPSR demonstrated its extensive influence over global geopolitics, science, technology and culture. Its state-owned space agency Natkosma played a vital role in putting humans on the moon in 1964, with Soravian cosmonaut Viktor Matvyenko being the first man on the moon as part of a joint mission between Soravia, Kirenia and the EC. Its significant military industrial complex produced some of the world's most advanced military equipment, including the first supersonic jet in 1953. It was also a significant exporter of vital natural resources such as crude oil, natural gas and uranium. Soravia itself was one of the main geopolitical factions of the Great Game. Culturally, its influence is seen in brutalist buildings in the nebozhy style, pioneering science fiction films such as Keshkov, novels such as Ivanna Medvid's Tale of Two Halves and genres such as electronic and experimental rock through bands such Zhakhy and Irzha. Even after the UPSR was dissolved in 1982, its influence across the world continued for decades after, and can still be felt extensively in the western Euclean states.
- 1 History
- 2 Government and politics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Legacy
- 8 See also
Interwar period (1936–1943)
During the Great War, Vladislav Pudovkin had exploited a loophole in the early Soravian republican constitution, drafted and enacted in 1861, that allowed him to usurp the position of Minister-President with the legislature and his party's backing. Utilising his autocratic centralisation of power, Pudovkin promulgated the new 1936 constitution, which established the Soravian Nationalist and Revivalist Party as the sole legal "popular and political front" of the country. It erased many prior clauses of the constitution that were deemed outdated and moved power away from the legislature and towards the presidency. As a result of the new constitution, the republic was renamed the Soravian Federated Republic, and consisted of 13 Federal Sovereign Republics (FSRs) and 3 Federal Autonomous Regions (FARs).
In the ensuing interwar period, the UPSR was considered by academics to be a potential superpower, capitalising on the power vortex left by the economic destruction of nations considered prior axes of influence, such as Estmere and Gaullica, though in recent times its place as a superpower has been widely up for debate. Immediately after the war, the UPSR had Euclea's largest industrial base, largest economy and largest population, though nominally it had endured a large amount of casualties and destruction from the war, especially in places that saw extensive frontline action such as Miersa and Vynichia. The UPSR gained recognition as the legitimate Soravian government over the course of 1936, though many were quick to recognise the new government in goodwill efforts.
As well as the country's political and economic influence, its military buildup during the war, which escalated during the bloody Horn Offensive, had left it with a considerable military force, both in personnel and equipment. Soravia's land forces consisted of millions of men, many of whom conscripts who had no employment to return to after the war. When hundreds of thousands were discharged in 1935–36, it precipitated a huge employment crisis that left as much as 15% of the general population unemployed. Cities grew exponentially as former soldiers searched for work, and many rural villages were almost entirely abandoned in favour of larger regional towns and cities. One notable consequence of this was the Miersan General Strike of 1936, eventually concluding in the partition of Miersa into East and West under the Godfredson Plan.
Among the most influential ZVNP politicians of the era were Pudovkin, Michel Dudka, whose personal favour with Pudovkin landed him a four-year tenure as Minister-President from 1936 to 1940. Other party officials such as Ivan Mykhajlyuk and Pavel Klemenko, both of whom founded the party in 1921, exercised considerable influence behind the scenes despite their absence from public office.
Post-war Pudovkin era (1943–1955)
Tozulyak era (1955–1971)
Gardos era (1971–1982)
Government and politics
|Map (1970)||Name and flag||Administrative centre||Population (1970)|
|Federal Sovereign Republics|
|Kriklivets FSR||Velike Vishnavaya||6,192,881|
|Federal Autonomous Regions|
|George Ruset Land FAR||Nizhnebersutsk||491,731|
|Ludoy Islands FAR||Eryksborg||70,865|
|West Arciluco FAR||West Arciluco||1,541,326|
Industry and manufacturing
Science and technology
The government of the UPSR often placed great emphasis on the development of science and technology, particularly in the fields of astronomy, chemistry and nuclear physics, but also in other fields such as biology, cybernetics, linguistics, medicine, philosophy, psychology and sociology. In many of these fields the UPSR was considered a global leader due to its size and range of scientific output, but particularly so in astronomy and nuclear physics.
Most major cities across the UPSR had many institutes and facilities dedicated to the sciences. These establishments were centralised under individual Academies of Sciences (Soravian: Aкадемії наук; Akademiyi nauk). Each FSR had its own Academy of Sciences, except in Soravia, where the Pansoravian Academy of Sciences presided over all the Soravian FSRs. The VAN was considered the most prestigious of these academies, though each individual academy often specialised in different fields depending on the industry or geography of a particular area. The Bistravian Academy of Sciences often worked closely with the VAN and Natkosma in astronomical fields due to the high concentration of astronautic industry surrounding Miensk, and the Belosoravian Academy of Sciences specialised in agricultural studies and biology.
Many famous scientific discoveries and advancements were pioneered or obtained by Soravian scientists during the UPSR period, including the isolated development of the nuclear bomb (and its first test) in the 1950s and putting the first humans on the moon as part of the joint lunar mission in 1964. Among the most famous scientists and their discoveries were Yuri Vann (1901–1978), who first observed the eponymous phenomenon of Vannian radiation and Adyan Bormanzhinov (1912–1969), who discovered pulsars at the Boskovsky Cosmodrome in 1967.
There was often a subtle divide between the church and the state over scientific matters. Some priests who disapproved of the government's promotion of sciences often spoke against them in sermons. In small towns or villages this anti-scientific sentiment was influential, impacting or influencing much of the town's population, though most high-ranking clergymen supported the state's scientific practises. There was often an exacerbated war of words between the state and the church, such as refusing to include national leaders or party members in blessings, though this largely did not affect the state. In extreme cases, some priests were arrested and tried for dissent.
Art and architecture
The government of the UPSR generally loosened its restrictions against music as time went on. During the Pudovkin era, the government shunned early developments in popular music, promoting classical music as well as culturally significant music in its stead. During this period many Soravian theatres established their prestige at the forefront of western instrumentalism and vocalism.
Starting in the late 1960s, owing to brief goodwill between the UPSR and Werania, many Weranian bands played shows or otherwise toured Soravia, and Weranian records were among the first mainstream popular music to be sold in Soravia. The emerging genre of krautrock greatly influenced early Soravian bands such as Kol Korol, who in 1976 became the first popular music act to be inducted into the Soravian National Auditory Archives for their 1972 piece Hosianna Mantra, which blended classical instrumentation with krautrock and featured Senrian vocalist Otsuka Kame. Famous contemporary composers such as Lev Letov were also popular during this period.
The ZVNP still kept a tight hold over music. After the accession of Vilem Gardos, another government pushback on popular culture and music began. Through the government-owned record label Zormuz, the largest in the country, the government exacted its political will on the emerging cultural scenes in large cities such as Samistopol and Patovatra. In respond to this, a large underground culture developed across the country that became known as the Northern Rats, taking the name tongue-in-cheek from a 1978 Gardos speech. Members of this culture included Andrusha Semyonov, Ardenkin Panch, Krutin & Sechenov, and Richky, all of whom became popular after the war. The Rats were generally non-conformist, but in other places were known for the politicisation, in some cities even co-opting separatist movements.