Bànca de Montecara

Bànca de Montecara
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
HeadquartersVìa dei Conti 1, Montecara
Established16 March 1608; 412 years ago (1608-03-16)
Executive bodyGoverning Council
Central bank ofMontecara
CurrencyMontecaran libra
MCL (ISO 4217)
Reserves593 billion Euclo
2,400 tonnes gold
(1 January 2017)
Websitebanca.go.mc

The Bànca de Montecara is the central bank and de facto currency board of Montecara. It is responsible for issuing the Montecaran libra and setting its value against the Euclo in a fixed exchange-rate mechanism and also has certain financial regulatory powers. It is noted for the extensive gold reserves in its vaults, one of the world's largest holdings.

The bank was founded in 1608 when the Senate of Montecara, overwhelmed by war costs, requested a loan from a group of leading banking families. During the negotiations that followed, it was agreed to form a new bank that would have sole authority to coin Montecaran state money with the families as shareholders. In return for this concession, the families controlling the bank would agree to loan funds to the Montecaran government upon request in perpetuity. The descendants of these original families still control large numbers of shares in the bank today.

Governance

Tarçise Croçi, President of the Governing Council

The bank is managed by a five-member Governing Council appointed by law. The foremost member is the President of the Governing Council, a first-among-equals leader who sets the agenda and terms of debate for the rest of the council. Members of the council serve six-year terms, renewable indefinitely, and ordinarily may not be dismissed during their term. These measures are intended to shield them from short-term thinking and political influence.

Bànca de Montecara Group

The bank is the central institution of the Bànca de Montecara Group (Grupo da Bànca de Montecara), which also includes the Montecaran Fund for Assistance and Development (Càsa Montecarà per asistènse e silupo) and the Montecaran Fund for Climate Action (Càsa Montecarà per aziòn climàtica).

Securities

The bank works with the Secretariat for Finance to manage the state debt. This duty includes placing for sale and buying back government securities, several varieties of which are available for purchase by investors.

Bearer bonds

These zero-coupon bonds are sold in paper form to anonymous buyers and must be physically held, in essence functioning like cash. They offer the advantage of secrecy and the ability to hold a large value in a compact, portable, and fully negotiable format. They are periodically sold via auction with a face value of Ł10,000 for a term of 10 years.

Main building of the Bànca

Ordinary bonds

The Bànca offers ordinary bonds at a range of maturities.

  • 1 year
  • 2 years
  • 3 years
  • 5 years
  • 7 years
  • 10 years
  • 15 years
  • 20 years
  • 25 years
  • 30 years
  • 50 years

Bills

Montecaran state bills are securities that mature within one year of issue.

  • 1 month
  • 3 months
  • 6 months
  • 12 months (52 weeks)